Presentation on theme: "The History of Jacksonville"— Presentation transcript:
1The History of Jacksonville An Overview of our CityCreated by Mr. KellyRevised by Mrs. Anderson
2Morgan County History Organized January 31, 1823 Seymour and Elisha Kellogg and Charles Collins and their families were the first to settle the area.Cass and Scott Counties were part of Morgan County until 1837 and 1839 respectively
3Jacksonville History Platted in 1825 Name is kind of a mystery… in honor of a former President or of a charismatic Baptist minister? Which Andrew Jackson do you think the town was named after?Diamond Grove was a focal point for settlers for its wood source
4Illinois CollegeI.C. was founded in 1829 – It is the oldest college in IllinoisRev. John Ellis was the Founder along with the “Yale Band” who came west to establish I.C. They wanted I.C. to be the “Athens of the West”.Beecher Hall - oldest college building in IL. It began as a medical school.Edward Beecher, brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, was the first President of I.C.It was an all boys school for many years
5Illinois CollegeJonathan Baldwin Turner and Julian Sturtevant were early professors at I.C.IL Gov. Richard Yates, U.S. Senator Edward Spilman, and lawyer William Jennings Bryan earned degrees at I.C.Ralph Waldo Emerson, Abraham Lincoln, and Mark Twain lectured at I.C.Who is pictured on the right?
6MacMurray College Peter Cartwright -- preacher and founder Illinois Conference Female Academy established in 1846 and renamed Illinois Female College in 1863 and the in 1930 it became the MacMurray College for WomenMacMurray College became co-education in 1955, allowing men to enroll.
7Women in Jacksonville History The Ladies Education Society (1833), closely connected with I.C., is believed to be the oldest women’s club in AmericaIn 1847, Dorothea Dix was instrumental in establishing a State Hospital in JacksonvilleCatherine Kendall (Mother) Carson -- a midwife
8Former Jacksonville Businesses J. Capps & Sons Mill was established in 1839 and carded and wove woolens for clothingAndre and Andre Department StoreLane’s BookstoreCassell’s Cigar Store and FactorySchmalz & Sons GroceryGrand Hotel and Opera House
9Jacksonville Transportation Cherry’s LiveryThe Northern Cross was the first railroad in Jacksonville and it connected with the Illinois River in MeredosiaHook’s Trolley System of Downtown and State StreetJacksonville Bus Lines
10Lasting Businesses in Jacksonville Lukeman’s ClothierWalton’s ApplianceFarmer’s State BankThe Eli Bridge Co. has manufactured ferris wheels since 1900J.C. PenneyJacksonville Journal CourierWLDS RadioPassavant Area Hospital
11Restaurants of Jacksonville Di Silva’s CafeWinstead’s Drive-InBirdsell’s Drive-InC.R.’s Drive-InDairy QueenLonzerotti’sDog-N-Suds Drive-InTop’s Big Boy Drive-InMerrigan’s
12Current Jacksonville Businesses PactivAC Humko (Kraft)NestleEli BridgeHertzberg PermaboundBound to Stay BoundPassavant Area HospitalILMO
13Current State Institutions in Jacksonville Jacksonville Public SchoolsIllinois School for the Deaf and Illinois School for the Visually ImpairedJacksonville Developmental Center
14Civil War and Jacksonville General Grierson and Grierson DaysGeneral Grant’s CampGovernor Richard Yates (Civil War Governor)Abraham LincolnStephen DouglasSammy NicholsCivil War Memorial
15Lawyers in Jacksonville Abraham Lincoln sometimes practiced in Morgan CountyStephen A. Douglas was the Morgan County State’s AttorneyWilliam Jennings Bryan was famous for the “Monkey Trials” about the teaching of Evolution in SchoolsDavid A. Smith
16Politicians in Jacksonville Governor Joseph DuncanGovernor Richard Yates, Sr.U.S. Senator Edward SpilmanGovernor Richard Yates, Jr.Stephen A. DouglasAbraham LincolnWilliam Jennings BryanState Representative Jim Watson, Paul Findley
17Innovators in Jacksonville Jonathan B. TurnerDr. Vardiman BlackDr. KenniebrewSamuel NicholsJacob StrawnSherwood EddyBrigadier General Daniel Morgan
18Underground Railroad in Jacksonville Illinois CollegeJonathan B. TurnerEdward BeecherAsa TalcottPorter-Clay FamilyWoodlawn FarmBenjamin GriersonCongregational Church
19Sports Figures of Jacksonville Ken Norton, Sr.Creston WhitakerLuther “Dummy” TaylorSherwood EddyPops HildnerAndy KaufmannJerry BarberAl Rosenburg
20Historical Places in Jacksonville Ayer’s Bank BuildingLabor TempleCarnegie LibraryMorgan County CourthouseStrawn Art GalleryThe old post officeThe RectoryState Street Arches
21Historical Homes of Jacksonville Grierson HomeGillett HomeTalcott HouseAyer’s HouseHook MansionThompson HouseYates-Rowe HouseThere are too many to list!Look at this picture. Do you see why Jacksonville is sometimes called the “Elm City”?
22Historical Homes of Jacksonville Octagon HouseSmith HousePorter-Clay HouseSamuel Adam’s HouseFayerweather HouseRoutt-McMillan HousePeter Cartwright HouseAnd so many more!
23Events in Jacksonville ChautaquaPrairieland Heritage DaysMorgan County FairGrierson DaysJacksonville RacewaysCruise NightTheatre Guild
24Religion in Jacksonville First Presbyterian ChurchCentenary United Methodist ChurchNorthminster ChurchCongregational ChurchFounders of I.C. and MacMurrayLiberty ChurchAsbury ChurchMt. Emory Baptist4 Church CornerJust to name a few…
25And you thought Jacksonville was boring! Wow! We have a lot to learn about our historic town! This was just the tip of the iceberg!