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The History of Jacksonville An Overview of our City Created by Mr. Kelly Revised by Mrs. Anderson.

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Presentation on theme: "The History of Jacksonville An Overview of our City Created by Mr. Kelly Revised by Mrs. Anderson."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The History of Jacksonville An Overview of our City Created by Mr. Kelly Revised by Mrs. Anderson

3 Morgan County History Organized January 31, 1823 Organized January 31, 1823 Seymour and Elisha Kellogg and Charles Collins and their families were the first to settle the area. Seymour and Elisha Kellogg and Charles Collins and their families were the first to settle the area. Cass and Scott Counties were part of Morgan County until 1837 and 1839 respectively Cass and Scott Counties were part of Morgan County until 1837 and 1839 respectively

4 Jacksonville History Platted in 1825 Platted in 1825 Name is kind of a mystery… in honor of a former President or of a charismatic Baptist minister? Which Andrew Jackson do you think the town was named after? Name is kind of a mystery… in honor of a former President or of a charismatic Baptist minister? Which Andrew Jackson do you think the town was named after? Diamond Grove was a focal point for settlers for its wood source Diamond Grove was a focal point for settlers for its wood source

5 Illinois College I.C. was founded in 1829 – It is the oldest college in Illinois I.C. was founded in 1829 – It is the oldest college in Illinois Rev. John Ellis was the Founder along with the “Yale Band” who came west to establish I.C. They wanted I.C. to be the “Athens of the West”. Rev. John Ellis was the Founder along with the “Yale Band” who came west to establish I.C. They wanted I.C. to be the “Athens of the West”. Beecher Hall - oldest college building in IL. It began as a medical school. Beecher Hall - oldest college building in IL. It began as a medical school. Edward Beecher, brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, was the first President of I.C. Edward Beecher, brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, was the first President of I.C. It was an all boys school for many years It was an all boys school for many years

6 Illinois College Jonathan Baldwin Turner and Julian Sturtevant were early professors at I.C. Jonathan Baldwin Turner and Julian Sturtevant were early professors at I.C. IL Gov. Richard Yates, U.S. Senator Edward Spilman, and lawyer William Jennings Bryan earned degrees at I.C. IL Gov. Richard Yates, U.S. Senator Edward Spilman, and lawyer William Jennings Bryan earned degrees at I.C. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Abraham Lincoln, and Mark Twain lectured at I.C. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Abraham Lincoln, and Mark Twain lectured at I.C. Who is pictured on the right? Who is pictured on the right?

7 MacMurray College Peter Cartwright -- preacher and founder Peter Cartwright -- preacher and founder Illinois Conference Female Academy established in 1846 and renamed Illinois Female College in 1863 and the in 1930 it became the MacMurray College for Women Illinois Conference Female Academy established in 1846 and renamed Illinois Female College in 1863 and the in 1930 it became the MacMurray College for Women MacMurray College became co-education in 1955, allowing men to enroll. MacMurray College became co-education in 1955, allowing men to enroll.

8 Women in Jacksonville History The Ladies Education Society (1833), closely connected with I.C., is believed to be the oldest women’s club in America The Ladies Education Society (1833), closely connected with I.C., is believed to be the oldest women’s club in America In 1847, Dorothea Dix was instrumental in establishing a State Hospital in Jacksonville In 1847, Dorothea Dix was instrumental in establishing a State Hospital in Jacksonville Catherine Kendall (Mother) Carson -- a midwife Catherine Kendall (Mother) Carson -- a midwife

9 Former Jacksonville Businesses J. Capps & Sons Mill was established in 1839 and carded and wove woolens for clothing J. Capps & Sons Mill was established in 1839 and carded and wove woolens for clothing Andre and Andre Department Store Andre and Andre Department Store Lane’s Bookstore Lane’s Bookstore Cassell’s Cigar Store and Factory Cassell’s Cigar Store and Factory Schmalz & Sons Grocery Schmalz & Sons Grocery Grand Hotel and Opera House Grand Hotel and Opera House

10 Jacksonville Transportation Cherry’s Livery Cherry’s Livery The Northern Cross was the first railroad in Jacksonville and it connected with the Illinois River in Meredosia The Northern Cross was the first railroad in Jacksonville and it connected with the Illinois River in Meredosia Hook’s Trolley System of Downtown and State Street Hook’s Trolley System of Downtown and State Street Jacksonville Bus Lines Jacksonville Bus Lines

11 Lasting Businesses in Jacksonville Lukeman’s Clothier Lukeman’s Clothier Walton’s Appliance Walton’s Appliance Farmer’s State Bank Farmer’s State Bank The Eli Bridge Co. has manufactured ferris wheels since 1900 The Eli Bridge Co. has manufactured ferris wheels since 1900 J.C. Penney J.C. Penney Jacksonville Journal Courier Jacksonville Journal Courier WLDS Radio WLDS Radio Passavant Area Hospital Passavant Area Hospital

12 Restaurants of Jacksonville Di Silva’s Cafe Di Silva’s Cafe Winstead’s Drive-In Winstead’s Drive-In Birdsell’s Drive-In Birdsell’s Drive-In C.R.’s Drive-In C.R.’s Drive-In Dairy Queen Dairy Queen Lonzerotti’s Lonzerotti’s Dog-N-Suds Drive-In Dog-N-Suds Drive-In Top’s Big Boy Drive-In Top’s Big Boy Drive-In Merrigan’s Merrigan’s

13 Current Jacksonville Businesses Pactiv Pactiv AC Humko (Kraft) AC Humko (Kraft) Nestle Nestle Eli Bridge Eli Bridge Hertzberg Permabound Hertzberg Permabound Bound to Stay Bound Bound to Stay Bound Passavant Area Hospital Passavant Area Hospital ILMO ILMO

14 Current State Institutions in Jacksonville Jacksonville Public Schools Jacksonville Public Schools Illinois School for the Deaf and Illinois School for the Visually Impaired Illinois School for the Deaf and Illinois School for the Visually Impaired Jacksonville Developmental Center Jacksonville Developmental Center

15 Civil War and Jacksonville General Grierson and Grierson Days General Grierson and Grierson Days General Grant’s Camp General Grant’s Camp Governor Richard Yates (Civil War Governor) Governor Richard Yates (Civil War Governor) Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln Stephen Douglas Stephen Douglas Sammy Nichols Sammy Nichols Civil War Memorial Civil War Memorial

16 Lawyers in Jacksonville Abraham Lincoln sometimes practiced in Morgan County Abraham Lincoln sometimes practiced in Morgan County Stephen A. Douglas was the Morgan County State’s Attorney Stephen A. Douglas was the Morgan County State’s Attorney William Jennings Bryan was famous for the “Monkey Trials” about the teaching of Evolution in Schools William Jennings Bryan was famous for the “Monkey Trials” about the teaching of Evolution in Schools David A. Smith David A. Smith

17 Politicians in Jacksonville Governor Joseph Duncan Governor Joseph Duncan Governor Richard Yates, Sr. Governor Richard Yates, Sr. U.S. Senator Edward Spilman U.S. Senator Edward Spilman Governor Richard Yates, Jr. Governor Richard Yates, Jr. Stephen A. Douglas Stephen A. Douglas Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln William Jennings Bryan William Jennings Bryan State Representative Jim Watson, Paul Findley State Representative Jim Watson, Paul Findley

18 Innovators in Jacksonville Jonathan B. Turner Jonathan B. Turner Dr. Vardiman Black Dr. Vardiman Black Dr. Kenniebrew Dr. Kenniebrew Samuel Nichols Samuel Nichols Jacob Strawn Jacob Strawn Sherwood Eddy Sherwood Eddy Brigadier General Daniel Morgan Brigadier General Daniel Morgan

19 Underground Railroad in Jacksonville Illinois College Illinois College Jonathan B. Turner Jonathan B. Turner Edward Beecher Edward Beecher Asa Talcott Asa Talcott Porter-Clay Family Porter-Clay Family Woodlawn Farm Woodlawn Farm Benjamin Grierson Benjamin Grierson Congregational Church Congregational Church

20 Sports Figures of Jacksonville Ken Norton, Sr. Ken Norton, Sr. Creston Whitaker Creston Whitaker Luther “Dummy” Taylor Luther “Dummy” Taylor Sherwood Eddy Sherwood Eddy Pops Hildner Pops Hildner Andy Kaufmann Andy Kaufmann Jerry Barber Jerry Barber Al Rosenburg Al Rosenburg

21 Historical Places in Jacksonville Ayer’s Bank Building Ayer’s Bank Building Labor Temple Labor Temple Carnegie Library Carnegie Library Morgan County Courthouse Morgan County Courthouse Strawn Art Gallery Strawn Art Gallery The old post office The old post office The Rectory The Rectory State Street Arches State Street Arches

22 Historical Homes of Jacksonville Grierson Home Grierson Home Gillett Home Gillett Home Talcott House Talcott House Ayer’s House Ayer’s House Hook Mansion Hook Mansion Thompson House Thompson House Yates-Rowe House Yates-Rowe House There are too many to list! There are too many to list! Look at this picture. Do you see why Jacksonville is sometimes called the “Elm City”? Look at this picture. Do you see why Jacksonville is sometimes called the “Elm City”?

23 Historical Homes of Jacksonville Octagon House Octagon House Smith House Smith House Porter-Clay House Porter-Clay House Samuel Adam’s House Samuel Adam’s House Fayerweather House Fayerweather House Routt-McMillan House Routt-McMillan House Peter Cartwright House Peter Cartwright House And so many more! And so many more!

24 Events in Jacksonville Chautaqua Chautaqua Prairieland Heritage Days Prairieland Heritage Days Morgan County Fair Morgan County Fair Grierson Days Grierson Days Jacksonville Raceways Jacksonville Raceways Cruise Night Cruise Night Theatre Guild Theatre Guild

25 Religion in Jacksonville First Presbyterian Church First Presbyterian Church Centenary United Methodist Church Centenary United Methodist Church Northminster Church Northminster Church Congregational Church Congregational Church Founders of I.C. and MacMurray Founders of I.C. and MacMurray Liberty Church Liberty Church Asbury Church Asbury Church Mt. Emory Baptist Mt. Emory Baptist 4 Church Corner 4 Church Corner Just to name a few… Just to name a few…

26 And you thought Jacksonville was boring! Wow! We have a lot to learn about our historic town! This was just the tip of the iceberg! Wow! We have a lot to learn about our historic town! This was just the tip of the iceberg!


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