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New College English II Unit 7 1 Best Wishes For You Unit 3 More Than Words.

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Presentation on theme: "New College English II Unit 7 1 Best Wishes For You Unit 3 More Than Words."— Presentation transcript:

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2 New College English II Unit 7 1 Best Wishes For You Unit 3 More Than Words

3 New College English II Unit 72 Background Information Background Information Unit 3 Menu of Preparation Unit 3 Menu of Preparation Act and Guess Why Are You Speaking Idioms Related to Parts of the Body

4 New College English II Unit 73 Background Information Humans are not the only living things that can communicate information to one another. There are some interesting forms of communication among the lower animal forms. Honeybees, for example, perform a kind of dance that accurately transmits information about the direction, distance, and nature of a food source. Dogs and wolves employ scents to communicate, in addition to barks, howls, and growls. They also use a system of visual signals that includes not only facial expressions and body movements but also positions of the tail. Humans are not the only living things that can communicate information to one another. There are some interesting forms of communication among the lower animal forms. Honeybees, for example, perform a kind of dance that accurately transmits information about the direction, distance, and nature of a food source. Dogs and wolves employ scents to communicate, in addition to barks, howls, and growls. They also use a system of visual signals that includes not only facial expressions and body movements but also positions of the tail.

5 New College English II Unit 74 Background Information-2 Communication gets more complex with the social organizations of animals. After humans, the nonhuman primates (pl. 灵长目动物 ) have the most intricate systems. Far from depending primarily on vocalizations, as we might expect, the nonhuman primates seem to rely heavily on combinations of gestures, facial expressions and postures as well as sounds. Just as is true with humans, the nonhuman primates are able to lend many shades of meaning to their body-language vocabulary. However, there are important occasions when only sounds will do. Discovering something good to eat, for example, a monkey or ape will let out a cry of pleasure that brings the rest of the troops running; or, sensing danger, it will give a shriek ( 尖声喊叫 ) that causes its companions to seek shelter. This wordless communication system serves the nonhuman primates extremely well. It is complex and allows them to do much. Yet, for all its complexity it falls short of human language. Communication gets more complex with the social organizations of animals. After humans, the nonhuman primates (pl. 灵长目动物 ) have the most intricate systems. Far from depending primarily on vocalizations, as we might expect, the nonhuman primates seem to rely heavily on combinations of gestures, facial expressions and postures as well as sounds. Just as is true with humans, the nonhuman primates are able to lend many shades of meaning to their body-language vocabulary. However, there are important occasions when only sounds will do. Discovering something good to eat, for example, a monkey or ape will let out a cry of pleasure that brings the rest of the troops running; or, sensing danger, it will give a shriek ( 尖声喊叫 ) that causes its companions to seek shelter. This wordless communication system serves the nonhuman primates extremely well. It is complex and allows them to do much. Yet, for all its complexity it falls short of human language.

6 New College English II Unit 75 Background Information-3 The gift of language provides a magnificently efficient and versatile ( 多才多艺的 ) system of communication. Its coded series of sounds conveys thought at least ten times faster than any other method of signaling can — faster than hand signs, moving pictures, or even other kinds of vocalization. Language is man's passport to a totally new level of social organization, the tool that enables him to vary his behavior to meet changing conditions instead of being limited by the less flexible action patterns that other primates have. Through language, man can step outside himself and give things names, reflect on them and refer to them in the past and the future. Most important of all, language gives man the capacity to share his thoughts and to pass along learned behavior to succeeding generations. The gift of language provides a magnificently efficient and versatile ( 多才多艺的 ) system of communication. Its coded series of sounds conveys thought at least ten times faster than any other method of signaling can — faster than hand signs, moving pictures, or even other kinds of vocalization. Language is man's passport to a totally new level of social organization, the tool that enables him to vary his behavior to meet changing conditions instead of being limited by the less flexible action patterns that other primates have. Through language, man can step outside himself and give things names, reflect on them and refer to them in the past and the future. Most important of all, language gives man the capacity to share his thoughts and to pass along learned behavior to succeeding generations. Since we are all humans, we might think that we would all have the same communication styles. This is not true. Sometimes, different personalities and different cultures can make it seem as if we come from countries with different traffic signal systems — interpreting the lights however we see fit. Since we are all humans, we might think that we would all have the same communication styles. This is not true. Sometimes, different personalities and different cultures can make it seem as if we come from countries with different traffic signal systems — interpreting the lights however we see fit.

7 New College English II Unit 76 Background Information-4 Some of us charge forward, always saying exactly what we think in every situation, assuming the light is green until we encounter a roadblock. Others of us always worry about how what we say causes others to react towards us and assume that the light is red unless someone tells us it's green. We don't say what we think until given the "go-ahead." Still others of us see yellow at every communication intersection, proceeding with caution, attuned ( 协调 ) to signs that others have missed. Each of these systems has advantages in some instances. A yellow-light person is more likely to avoid miscommunication problems, whereas a green-light person can quickly cause hard feelings without even thinking about it. Some of us charge forward, always saying exactly what we think in every situation, assuming the light is green until we encounter a roadblock. Others of us always worry about how what we say causes others to react towards us and assume that the light is red unless someone tells us it's green. We don't say what we think until given the "go-ahead." Still others of us see yellow at every communication intersection, proceeding with caution, attuned ( 协调 ) to signs that others have missed. Each of these systems has advantages in some instances. A yellow-light person is more likely to avoid miscommunication problems, whereas a green-light person can quickly cause hard feelings without even thinking about it.

8 New College English II Unit 77 Background Information-5 Furthermore, a red-light person may end up being a very poor communicator because he hesitates to ever express his true feelings and appears to be a shallow individual. This may seem to be a simplistic analogy (n. 类比 ), but it can be an interesting exercise to think about which color of the "light" you tend to see when you are communicating with others. Furthermore, a red-light person may end up being a very poor communicator because he hesitates to ever express his true feelings and appears to be a shallow individual. This may seem to be a simplistic analogy (n. 类比 ), but it can be an interesting exercise to think about which color of the "light" you tend to see when you are communicating with others. Communication, both verbal and non-verbal, is a fascinating subject, and as communicators we must not forget that half of communication is listening. Good listeners tend to be popular, well- liked people because they appear interested in those with whom they are communicating. They also tend to make fewer mistakes, for obvious reasons. Thus, in learning a new language, it is essential to both speak and listen accurately, just as is true with one's own native language. Communication, both verbal and non-verbal, is a fascinating subject, and as communicators we must not forget that half of communication is listening. Good listeners tend to be popular, well- liked people because they appear interested in those with whom they are communicating. They also tend to make fewer mistakes, for obvious reasons. Thus, in learning a new language, it is essential to both speak and listen accurately, just as is true with one's own native language.

9 New College English II Unit 78  Step One: Work in pairs and discuss with your partner for what purpose person A is speaking in each situation.(P69)  Step Two: Think of some other situations and speak to your partner. The latter should work out why you are speaking.  Percussion instruments ( 打击乐器 ): Why Are You Speaking

10 New College English II Unit 79  Directions: Work in group of 4-6. Each member of a group will be given a card printed with a verb phrases. For example, brushing one’s teeth, making a bed, etc. Take turns to act out the meaning of the verb phrase on your card and ask the rest of the group to guess the phrase. Act and Guess

11 New College English II Unit 710 Idioms Related to Parts of the Body Idioms Related to Parts of the Body Directions: In Column A are some idioms which are related to parts of the body. Work in pairs and match the idioms with their meaning in Column B. Directions: In Column A are some idioms which are related to parts of the body. Work in pairs and match the idioms with their meaning in Column B.

12 New College English II Unit 711 Idioms Related to Parts of the Body Idioms Related to Parts of the Body Column A Column A 1) with open arms 2) a pain in the neck 3) keep a straight face 4) put your heads together 5) be all ears 6) turn a blind eye to somebody or something 7) keep one ’ s nose out of some ’ s business 8) behind one ’ s back Column Column A. an irratation B. listen carefully C. work together with someone D. in one ’ s absence or without one ’ s knowledge E. ignore something and pretend one does not see it F. pay attention to only one ’ s own matters G. show that you are eager to see someone or accept something H. try not to laugh

13 New College English II Unit 712 Part 1: Part 1: Introduction: What “body language” is. (Para.1) Part 3: Part 3: Conclusion (Para.6) Part 2: Part 2: Nonverbal signals of different cultures may cause difficulties in learning a (Para.2~5) foreign language. Text Structure Text Structure

14 New College English II Unit 7 13 Text Study

15 New College English II Unit 714 1. When you learn a foreign language you must learn more than just the vocabulary and the grammar. ( Line 1 ) “ More ”, as the quantifier comparative of many and much, is used to say that a particular number or amount is larger than another. “ More ”, as the quantifier comparative of many and much, is used to say that a particular number or amount is larger than another. e.g. 1) In some places bottled water costs more than a glass of beer. 2) I have done more work this morning than he. 2) I have done more work this morning than he. 译文 : 当你学习一门外语的时候,你要学的不仅仅是词 汇和语法。

16 New College English II Unit 715 2. To commnicate successfully in speech, you must also learn the nonverval language, or “ body language ”, of that culture. The prefix “ non- ” means “ not ” The prefix “ non- ” means “ not ” e.g. a nonalcoholic drink 不含酒精的饮料 a nonsmoker 不抽烟者 a nonsmoker 不抽烟者 a nonstop flight 直飞航班 a nonstop flight 直飞航班 a nonmember country 非成员国 a nonmember country 非成员国 Gandi ’ s policy of non-violence 甘地的非暴力政策 Gandi ’ s policy of non-violence 甘地的非暴力政策译文: 要想成功地进行交流,你还必须学习该文化的非言语 语言,或者说 “ 身势语 ” . 要想成功地进行交流,你还必须学习该文化的非言语 语言,或者说 “ 身势语 ” .

17 New College English II Unit 716 3. This means of communication is so important that we may actually say more with our movements than we do with words. 与 means 有关的短语: 与 means 有关的短语: (1) by all means: definitely, of course e.g. Can I use the phone? By all means. By all means. (2) by no means : not at all e.g. It is by no means certain that the game will take place. 译文: 这种交流方法非常重要,实际上我们用动作表达的信息可 以比用语言表达的信息更多. 这种交流方法非常重要,实际上我们用动作表达的信息可 以比用语言表达的信息更多.

18 New College English II Unit 717 4. Visitors to other countries must be aware of the difference or they may send the wrong message. ( Line 32 ) or 可做并列连词表示 “ 否则,要不然 ” 。 or 可做并列连词表示 “ 否则,要不然 ” 。 e.g. She can ’ t be ill or she wouldn ’ t have come. e.g. She can ’ t be ill or she wouldn ’ t have come. 她不可能有病,否则她不会来的。 她不可能有病,否则她不会来的。译文: 去国外访问的人必须了解这种差别,否则也许会表 达错误的信息。

19 New College English II Unit 718 3. Although we rarely think about it, the distance that we stand from someone during a conversation is also an important part of communication. Rarely means “ not often ”. Other words or expressions meaning “ rarely ” are not often, seldom, hardly/scarcely ever. Rarely means “ not often ”. Other words or expressions meaning “ rarely ” are not often, seldom, hardly/scarcely ever. e.g. 1) Sometimes, but not very often, Pippa persuaded her father to lend her his car. 2) Discipline is rarely a problem in this school. 2) Discipline is rarely a problem in this school.译文: 我们在谈话时与对方保持的距离同样也是交流过 程中的一个重要方面,但我们很少想到这一点. 我们在谈话时与对方保持的距离同样也是交流过 程中的一个重要方面,但我们很少想到这一点.

20 New College English II Unit 719 4. Generally, North Americans prefer more space than do Latin Americans and people from the Middle East. (Line 35) 比较状语从句的倒装。在 than 引导的复合句 中,如果谓语动词省略,且两句的主语进行 比较, than 后可用倒装。 比较状语从句的倒装。在 than 引导的复合句 中,如果谓语动词省略,且两句的主语进行 比较, than 后可用倒装。译文: 通常,北美人比拉丁美洲人和中东人更喜欢 彼此间距离大一点. 通常,北美人比拉丁美洲人和中东人更喜欢 彼此间距离大一点.

21 New College English II Unit 720 5. The person who prefers more distance usually loses the fight when he finds himself with his back against the wall. (Line 39) prefer 1) prefer something e.g. She prefers her coffee black. e.g. She prefers her coffee black. 2) prefer … to … e.g. I prefer singing to acting. e.g. I prefer singing to acting. 3) prefer … to do something e.g. Let me wash the dishes----or would you prefer me to try them? e.g. Let me wash the dishes----or would you prefer me to try them? 4) prefer that … e.g. Would you prefer that we reschedule the meeting for next week? e.g. Would you prefer that we reschedule the meeting for next week?译文: 想拉开距离的那个人退到背靠墙,无路可退为止,他的 奋斗只好以失败告终。 想拉开距离的那个人退到背靠墙,无路可退为止,他的 奋斗只好以失败告终。

22 New College English II Unit 721 Key to the Exercises

23 New College English II Unit 722  1. 1) A A) the way of life of a particular nation or group group B. music, art, theatre, literature, etc.  2) B A) one of three periods that the school or university year is divided into B) a word or expression that has a particulr meaning, especially in a techenical or scientific subject  1. 1) A A) the way of life of a particular nation or group group B. music, art, theatre, literature, etc.  2) B A) one of three periods that the school or university year is divided into B) a word or expression that has a particulr meaning, especially in a techenical or scientific subject

24 New College English II Unit 723  3) B A. the money or income that one has B. a way or method of doing or achieving something something  4) A A) a gesture, sound or action which is intended to give a particular message B) a series of radio waves, light waves, or changes in electrical current that may carry information  3) B A. the money or income that one has B. a way or method of doing or achieving something something  4) A A) a gesture, sound or action which is intended to give a particular message B) a series of radio waves, light waves, or changes in electrical current that may carry information

25 New College English II Unit 724  5) B A. a short written or spoken note B. the most important idea in a book, film, speech, etc.  6) A A) only B) in a way that is easy to understand  5) B A. a short written or spoken note B. the most important idea in a book, film, speech, etc.  6) A A) only B) in a way that is easy to understand

26 New College English II Unit 725  7) B A. be able to talk about and understand each other’s feeling or desire B. express your thoughts and feelings clearly so that other people understand them  8) B A) a long raised mass of water moving across the surface of the sea B) a sign of greeting made by raising and moving the hand  7) B A. be able to talk about and understand each other’s feeling or desire B. express your thoughts and feelings clearly so that other people understand them  8) B A) a long raised mass of water moving across the surface of the sea B) a sign of greeting made by raising and moving the hand

27 New College English II Unit 726  9) A A. the amount of area, room, etc.that is empty or available to be used B. the area beyond earth where planets, stars, moons, etc. exist  10) B A) unable to find B) be defeated; or win  9) A A. the amount of area, room, etc.that is empty or available to be used B. the area beyond earth where planets, stars, moons, etc. exist  10) B A) unable to find B) be defeated; or win

28 New College English II Unit 727  2. 1) gesture 2) signal 3) misunderstanding 4) behaved 5) curls 6) meaningful 7) rarely 8) means 9) unfamiliar 10) decreased 11) bowed 12) communication 13) facial 14) awareness 15) occur  2. 1) gesture 2) signal 3) misunderstanding 4) behaved 5) curls 6) meaningful 7) rarely 8) means 9) unfamiliar 10) decreased 11) bowed 12) communication 13) facial 14) awareness 15) occur

29 New College English II Unit 728  Translation 1) You won’t get the job unless you’ve got the exprerience. 2) Most of my time is spent studying the difference between Chinese and American cultures. 3) The statement/ sentence is so clear that it can’t cause any misunderstanding. 4) He wishes he could give her more help than he does.  Translation 1) You won’t get the job unless you’ve got the exprerience. 2) Most of my time is spent studying the difference between Chinese and American cultures. 3) The statement/ sentence is so clear that it can’t cause any misunderstanding. 4) He wishes he could give her more help than he does.

30 New College English II Unit 729 5) Put on your coat or you’ll catch cold. 6) She has added a Picasso to her collection. 7) I am not aware of ever having been here before. 8) You will soon find yourself without any friends at all if you keep on being so rude to everybody. 5) Put on your coat or you’ll catch cold. 6) She has added a Picasso to her collection. 7) I am not aware of ever having been here before. 8) You will soon find yourself without any friends at all if you keep on being so rude to everybody.

31 New College English II Unit 730


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