Presentation on theme: "Membrane Filtration - Ahlstrom Brand – ReliaDisc and ReliaPrep - Sartorius Original Cornelia Wiegand."— Presentation transcript:
Membrane Filtration - Ahlstrom Brand – ReliaDisc and ReliaPrep - Sartorius Original Cornelia Wiegand
Ahlstrom ReliaDisc TM Membranes –Gridded sterile nitrocellulose membranes for use in colony counting and microbiological quality control. –Non-sterile microfiltration membranes used to remove particles and microorganisms from organic solvents (PA, PTFE, RC) and aqueous solutions (CA, CN). Ahlstrom ReliaPrep TM Syringe Filters –Wide variety of highest quality syringe filters for convenient sample preparation and fluid sterilization. –CA and PES membranes recommended for aqueous solutions filtration; PA, PTFE and RC membranes recommended for organic solvent filtration. Many references available on special order.
Filter Types Depth Filters Filter papers are mostly made of cellulose and are characterised by high absorbency. They have high particle retention capacity and allow a large sample throughput.
Depth Filter – –The filter matrix consists of a three- dimensional network of fibres. –Retention of particles and micro organisms mainly in the "depth" of the filter matrix by mechanical retention and adsorption. –Advantage: High particle holding capacity without premature clogging. –The nominal retention rate is especially influenced by the diameter of the fibres, the "compactness" of the fibre structure, and the thickness of the filter.
Filter Types Surface Filters –Membrane Filters are relatively thin and made of synthetic polymers. They are used for the filtration of fine particles or the collection of micro- organisms.
Surface Filter The filter matrix consists of a homogeneous "sponge-like" pore structure of high mechanical stability and pressure resistance Retention of particles and micro organisms is mainly "on or near the surface of the“ filter matrix by mechanical means. Advantage: High safety against breakthrough even at high differential pressures and pressure surges.
Scale of Dimensions – 1 µm = mm = m – 100 µm monkey hair – 30 µm smallest particle you can see – 3 µm yeast bacteria – 0.01 µm virus
Cellulose Acetate (CA) -High flow rates -Low affinity for protein -Routinely used to filter protein solutions e.g. Fetal calf serum (FCS) Bovine serum Albumin (BSA) -Good resistance to certain solvents -Manufactured without surfactant (SFCA) -Good handling, especially when wet -Autoclavable -Pore size 0.2 ; 0.45: 0.65 ; 0.8; 1.2; 5 µm
Page 9 Regenerated Cellulose (RC) For ultra cleaning and de-gasing solvents and mobile phase for HPLC Solvent-resistant hydrophilic membrane - Particle removal of solvents - Low non-specific adsorption - Good handling - Pore size 0.2 and 0.45µm
Page 10 How to convert to RC –Chemical compatibility –Flow rates –Non-specific binding –Thermal stability
Page 11 Minimizing Extractables -HPLC certification -Increase accuracy by removing unwanted particles -Compatibility tested with commons solvents What can cause extractables - Solubility and chemical compatibility - Particle displacement Why reduce extractables? How do you reduce extractables?
Page 12 Relatively slow to moderate flow rate due to low porosity and membrane thickness ( µm) - Excellent solvent resistance (Ideal for HPLC) - No surfactant required - Very low level of extractables - High non-specific affinity for proteins. - Used as an alternative to CN for blotting - Not recommended for filtering proteins e.g FCS and BSA - Autoclavable - Pore size 0.2 and 0.45µm Polyamide (NY)
Page 13 Polyethersulphone (PES) - Fast flow rates - Low extractables - Low protein binding - Good solvent resistance - Autoclavable - Good membrane for FCS - Pore size 0.1; 0.2 and 0.45µm
Page 14 Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) -PTFE is very low protein binding -Has good to moderate flow rate -PTFE resistant to all known solvents -PTFE is hydrophobic -Used for venting applications -Pore size 0.2 ; 0.45 ; 1.2 and 5µm
Membrane Filtration –Sterile filtration and ultra cleaning of liquids => 0.2µm –Particulate removal of liquids, micro-biological reduction filtration and particulate removal of dry air and gases => 0.45µm and 0.8µm –Clarification and pre-filtration => 1.2µm and 5.0µm
Membrane filtration has to become supported either by vacuum or by pressure Disc Filters and Disposables Disc membrane filters used in a disc device autoclavable device Ready to use filters have integrated membranes smal hold-up volumes available sterile or non- sterile
Page 15 rapid clarification or sterilization of up to 100 ml liquid volumes low unspecific adsorption fitted to a dosing syringe makes a very convenient system for dosing and sterilizing different pore size membrane filters => colour coded 0.45, 0.8, 1.2, 5.0 can be mounted directly in front of an 0.2 µm syringe filter Syringe filters / CA
MBS (methacrylate butadiene styrene polymerisate or Cryolite) –Similr to Plexiglas – good tensile strength and impact strength –Non-autoclavable. Can be Gi or EtO sterilized –Limited thermal resistance –pH range PP polypropylene –Can be autoclaved or EtO sterilized –Outstanding chemical compatibility –Low extractables –pH range 1-14 Syringe Filter Housing
Page 28 Syringe Filters, Application Overview ApplicationRecommended Application Sterile FiltrationRemoval of microorganisms from solutions with ≤0.2um hydrophilic syringe filters: PES/CA/RC/Nylon Clarification/Pre- filtration The pre-filtration and purification of liquids with ≥0.45um hydrophilic syringe filters Chromatography- sample prep Ultra cleaning of small volume samples with chemical resistant syringe filters: RC/Nylon/PTFE Sterile venting Removal of microorganisms from gasses and air with hydrophobic 0.2um syringe filters: PTFE Medical ApplicationsCA syringe filters for use in hospitals and pharmacies.
Volume / Diameter Volume to filterAqueous solution, solventsAggressive solution Up to 1 mlRC 4 mmPTFE 4mm Up to 5 mlRC 15 mmPTFE 15 mm Up to 100 mlRC,25 mmPTFE 25 mm