Presentation on theme: "The safest road to Hell is the gradual one the gentle slope, soft underfoot, without sudden turnings, without milestones, without signposts. C.S Lewis,"— Presentation transcript:
The safest road to Hell is the gradual one the gentle slope, soft underfoot, without sudden turnings, without milestones, without signposts. C.S Lewis, “The Screwtape Letters”
Space Trilogy Space Trilogy Out of the Silent Planet (1938) Out of the Silent Planet Perelandra (aka Voyage to Venus ) (1943) Perelandra That Hideous Strength (1945) That Hideous Strength The Screwtape Letters (1942) The Screwtape Letters The Great Divorce (1945) The Great Divorce The Chronicles of Narnia The Chronicles of Narnia The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (1950) The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe Prince Caspian (1951) Prince Caspian The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (1952) The Voyage of the Dawn Treader The Silver Chair (1953) The Silver Chair The Horse and His Boy (1954) The Horse and His Boy The Magician's Nephew (1955) The Magician's Nephew The Last Battle (1956) The Last Battle Till We Have Faces (1956) Till We Have Faces Screwtape Proposes a Toast (1961) (an addition to The Screwtape Letters ) Screwtape Proposes a Toast Letters to Malcolm: Chiefly on Prayer (1964) Letters to Malcolm: Chiefly on Prayer The Dark Tower (1977) The Dark Tower Boxen: The Imaginary World of the Young C. S. Lewis (ed. Walter Hooper, 1985 Boxen: The Imaginary World of the Young C. S. Lewis Gratitude looks to the past and love to the present; fear, avarice, lust, and ambition look ahead. C.S Lewis “The Screwtape Letters”
God (The Enemy) and the man that is tempted are the protagonists of The Screwtape Letters. The Enemy, as God is referred to as in The Screwtape Letters, is the only thing that is trying to help the man retain his virtues. The man becomes a Christian early on in the book, but by being religious many doors are opened to the Tempters to turn virtue into sin, it makes it that much easier to make sin seem like virtue, that is what the Tempters goal is, to slightly twist everything so it no longer is what it seems to be. The Enemy can’t get directly involved in any situation directly with the man, he can’t get into his head like the Tempters can. He must do the right thing because he feels it is right. Though The Enemy can’t get directly involved he is there and as his power grows over him the Tempters can’t utilize as many as their abilities and as soon as he becomes a true convert the Tempters can have no power over him “A man can no more diminish God's glory by refusing to worship Him than a lunatic can put out the sun by scribbling the word, 'darkness' on the walls of his cell.” C.S. Lewis
Screwtape is the Senior Tempter to Wormwood who is on his first assignment. Wormwood is a young and inexperienced tempter, his first assignment is a man from England, who quickly becomes a Catholic. Wormwood writes letters to inform Screwtape on the life of the Englishman and to receive council on ways to better lead the man to “The Father Below”. Unlike “The Enemy”, Wormwood is an active part of the mans life, he is constantly trying to twist the way he thinks, like instead of praying to god he twists it so he is praying to the cross, making what is regularly a good thing a sin, this is how Screwtape wants Wormwood to work, turn everything into little sins so eventually he will no longer know the difference. Wormwood makes many mistakes throughout the story and Screwtape makes sure that he knows when he does and just how serious they are. The goal is to bring the mans soul to hell so that Wormwood may drink from the mans soul, Screwtape tries to keep Wormwoods interest off of the sorrow he could drink of but rather on the fact that if Wormwood succeeds he will never be hungry again. This is the terrible fix we are in. If the universe is not governed by an absolute goodness, then all our efforts are in the long run hopeless. But if it is, then we are making ourselves enemies to that goodness every day, and are not in the least likely to do any better tomorrow, and so our case is hopeless again....God is the only comfort, He is also the supreme terror: the thing we most need and the thing we most want to hide from. C.S. Lewis “Mere Christianity “
Screwtape is my favorite character of The Screwtape Letters. He says what he means and doesn’t beat around the bush ever. He is straight forward and is as blunt as possible, which makes him a fairly sadistic character at times, but that’s what his character should be I think.
When Wormwood began he was very eager to please his “Uncle”, Screwtape, but twisting everything to seem to be the right or to make his vices seem like his virtues is much harder then he first assumed. With every failure come a quick and sharp insult on Wormwoods ability as a tempter and as a demon at all. Though with every insult comes insight, Screwtape is able to show the way to slowly steer the man to hell. Though Screwtape is much wiser in the ways of Tempting the insults quickly build a tension between the two of them, leading to many attempts by Wormwood to get Screwtape reprimanded for spreading lies on how “The Enemy” actually loves Humans. The man quickly becomes a Catholic, and that is a massive failure by Wormwood. Screwtape’s advice to Wormwood when it comes to the mans religion is to not try and instantly remove him from it, but to pervert what the religion is. Turn his religion to a source of pride, or have him make it a materialistic religion. That is the way Screwtape works, he works to have Wormwood turn regularly good things into small sins that will later destroy him. Along with attempting to diminish the light of all the good things in life he wants Wormwood to build up a hatred between himself and his mother, along with planting the seeds of resentment for his wife if he should marry, so that they will destroy any chance of a good relationship in the future, which will open many other dark paths for Wormwood to take the man down. I live in the Managerial Age, in a world of "Admin." The greatest evil is not now done in those sordid "dens of crime" that Dickens loved to paint. It is not done even in concentration camps and labour camps. In those we see its final result. But it is conceived and ordered (moved, seconded, carried, and minuted) in clean, carpeted, warmed, and well-lighted offices, by quiet men with white collars and cut fingernails and smooth-shaven cheeks who do not need to raise their voice. Hence, naturally enough, my symbol for Hell is something like the bureaucracy of a police state or the offices of a thoroughly nasty business concern. C.S. Lewis, “The Screwtape Letters”
Screwtape increasingly grows annoyed with Wormwoods’ failures, he had a large number of opportunities to truly grasp the soul of the man, but rather Wormwood only took sips from the mans “Chalice of Sorrow”. The war blinded Wormwood for awhile, he became increasingly excited in the destruction and devastation that it was causing, and perhaps, that was what caused the man to be lost to them forever. The man was drafted into the English army. This huge change opened more then a handful of opportunities to make a large change in the mans life for the worse. However, the life that he was living had been one of a fairly honest man, because of this it was going to be much harder to turn the few virtues of men in war into the constricting vices of the world. The goal was to turn courage into hatred for the enemy, or turn it into cowardice, to make him think of a bed that he could be laying in right now rather then fighting in a “god forsaken” war. To make him believe that god couldn’t be involved in a world so full of evil would shake the foundation of the mans life forever and ultimately would turn him. The man was to strong though, the little courage he held onto until his death gave him a spot in gods graces.
The Screwtape Letters ends with Wormwood failing to take the man to Hell. The man who was sent to war held on to the religion he chose to follow to the end, and when he died The Enemy took him which was the ultimate failure in the eyes of all tempters. Shortly after his failure Screwtape informed Wormwood that his time as a tempter was up and that he would be decommissioned. He was sent lower to suffer for his failure.
The setting of The Screwtape Letters is in Europe (mainly England) during the 1930’s-1940’s. Most of the book took place during WWII http://www.historiaradia.neostrada.pl/Warsza wa%20prudential%201944.jpg Of course a war is entertaining. The immediate fear and suffering of the humans is a legitimate and pleasing refreshment for our myriads of toiling workers. But what permanent good does it do us unless we make use of it for bringing souls to Our Father Below? When I see the temporal suffering of humans who finally escape us, I feel as if I had been allowed to taste the first course of a rich banquet and then denied all the rest. It is worse than not to have tasted it at all. The Enemy, true to His barbarous methods of warfare, allows us to see the short misery of His favourites only to tantalize and torment us — to mock the incessant hunger, which, during this present phase of great conflict, His blockade is admittedly imposing. C.S. Lewis, “The Screwtape Letters”
Religion- The entire book is based on heaven and hell fighting for a soul Lies- The tempters use lies to get what they need and lead their subject to hell. Rationalization- Rationalizing what is right or wrong, and how easy what seems right can be wrong.
Screwtape Letters is an interesting book I give it a 9 out of 10
This issue showed up as something that the tempters tried to make him do, to take everything spiritual and turn it to a idol worship, which leads to many of the tragedies that happen today.
Every day we are affected by the fact that we have dual associations with religion and a secular world. It affects how we are able to speak in public, how our politicians vote, it even starts wars. On the other hand it unites communities and gives countries a common value that unites them.
"Right In Two“ Tool Angels on the sideline, Puzzled and amused. Why did Father give these humans free will? Now they're all confused. Don't these talking monkeys know that Eden has enough to go around? Plenty in this holy garden, silly monkeys, Where there's one you're bound to divide it. Right in two. Angels on the sideline, Baffled and confused. Father blessed them all with reason. And this is what they choose. And this is what they choose... Monkey killing monkey killing monkey Over pieces of the ground. Silly monkeys give them thumbs, They forge a blade, And where there's one they're bound to divide it, Right in two. Right in two. Monkey killing monkey killing monkey. Over pieces of the ground. Silly monkeys give them thumbs. They make a club. And beat their brother, down. How they survive so misguided is a mystery. Repugnant is a creature who would squander the ability to lift an eye to heaven conscious of his fleeting time here. Cut it all right in two Fight over the clouds, over wind, over sky Fight over life, over blood, over prayer, overhead and light Fight over love, over sun, over another, Fight... Angels on the sideline again. Benched along with patience and reason. Angels on the sideline again Wondering when this tug of war will end. Cut it all right in two RIGHT IN TWO! Right in two...
All countries have an established religion or have prohibited religion being involved in the laws of the state. Throughout history religion has held up many countries, and has caused the destruction of many as well. Many wars and have been fought based on religion, or have used religion as an excuse to get what they want. i.e. the Crusades Having an established religion in a country leads to alienating the minority that are not of that religion, this has been a common excuse that has led to some racial and religious “cleansing”. i.e. The Spanish Inquisition. Having a statewide religion can lead to creating allies with other countries that share that same belief, as well as creating common enemies.
How your religion will affect your political policy is a genuine factor in how people will vote. Ex. As a Christian you Question are opposed to capital punishment. Could you be Attorney General of Texas? believed in racial integration when Could you be Attorney General of segregation was the law. Georgia in 1950? believe that illegal drugs like marijuana Could you be Attorney General of and cocaine should be decriminalized. New York? believe that abortion is immoral Could you be Attorney General of and should be against the law. the United States? “Religion and politics has to do with two spheres of activities in the life of the same persons. Citizens who belong to religious groups are also members of the secular society, and this dual association generates complications. Religious beliefs have moral and social implications, and it is appropriate for people of faith to express these through their activities as citizens in the political order.” Kenneth Cauthen The Ethics of Belief: A Bio-Historical Approach, 2 vols. (Lima, OH: CSS Publishing Co., 2001). http://www.frontiernet.net/~kenc/relandpo.htm
The Constitution of America separates church and state. When the Colonies first started, however, they all had a base religion, because when people came over they came over as large groups and they almost always had a common religion to keep the people together. Today we have small constitutional fights based on weather or not we should say god in our pledge, if we should have the 10 Commandments at a State Hall, and many other small things. Quotes: ”The Loathsome combination of church and state” Thomas Jefferson quotes (American 3rd US President (1801-09). Author of the Declaration of Independence. 1762-1826) Thomas Jefferson quotesAmericanPresidentAuthor17621826 “The purpose of separation of church and state is to keep forever from these shores the ceaseless strife that has soaked the soil of Europe with blood for centuries.” James Madison quotes (American 4th US President (1809-17), and one of the founding fathers of his country. 1751-1836) “The purpose of separation of church and state is to keep forever from these shores the ceaseless strife that has soaked the soil of Europe with blood for centuries.James Madison quotesAmericanPresident17511836 “Leave the matter of religion to the family altar, the church, and the private school, supported entirely by private contributions. Keep the church and state forever separate.” Ulysses S. Grant quotes (American 18th US President (1869-77), famous commander of the Union armies during the late years of the American Civil War. 1822-1885)Leave the matter of religion to the family altar, the church, and the private school, supported entirely by private contributions. Keep the church and state forever separate.Ulysses S. Grant quotesAmericanPresident18221885
The Crusades were a religious conquest set out by the Catholic Pope. They were sent to claim the “holy land” of Jerusalem from the “godless” people there. Almost all of the Middle East, except Israel, is Islamic, though their factions in the religion are between Shi’a and Sunni. These factions in the religion have caused a good amount of strife in areas where the two cultures meet. There are small skirmishes that happen frequently all in the name of god. Israel is the only non-Islamic country in the Middle East, Israel has been at war almost non stop ever since it was founded after WWII. Over 3/4 of the wars below are fought by 2 opposing religious factions or sects i.e. Palestinians vs. Jews, Kurds vs. Sunni 41 wars/short wars in a 62 year period, 75% based partially on religion.
Israeli War of Independence (1948-1949) Suez War (1956) Suez War Iraqi Army Revolt/Coup- (July 14, 1958) Lebanese Civil War (1958) Mosul (Iraq) Revolt--(March, 1959) Kirkuk (Iraq) Violence -(1959) Iraqi Kurdish Revolt—(1961-1970) North Yemen Civil War (1966-1970) Dhofar Rebellion in Oman (1960's-1970's) Six-Day War (1967) The War of Attrition ( 1968-1970 ) Jordanian Civil War (1970) Yom Kippur [or Ramadan] War (1973) Iraqi Kurdish Revolt -(March, 1974) Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990) Egyptian-Libyan Border War (June 21-24, 1977) Intra-Iraqi Kurdish warfare (1978-1979) Iraqi Shia unrest in Karbala -(February, 1979) Yemeni War (1979) First Persian Gulf War (1980-1988)
We have always seemed to fight about it. In congress we fight about it, during the crusades they fought about it, we have killed millions of civilians because of it. We should and can become more tolerant. We unite under a state and a religion, we should not mix the two together unless we can still accept the others among us, even then I disagree with it.