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Vocabulary List #5 1. Hypertonic Solution- a solution that has more solute in it than a cell. 2. Hypotonic Solution- a solution that has less solute in.

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Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary List #5 1. Hypertonic Solution- a solution that has more solute in it than a cell. 2. Hypotonic Solution- a solution that has less solute in."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vocabulary List #5 1. Hypertonic Solution- a solution that has more solute in it than a cell. 2. Hypotonic Solution- a solution that has less solute in it than a cell. 3. Isotonic Solution- a solution that has the same solute concentration as a cell. 4. Passive transport- process of moving substances into/out of the cell that requires no energy. 5. Mitochondria- organelle that produces energy for the cell. 6. Concentration gradient- the difference in concentrations between two areas. 7. Selectively Permeable- term used to describe the cell membrane only allowing some things to enter/exit the cell. 8. Homeostasis – the ability of the cell/body to maintain a constant environment. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

2 Bellringer 10-17-12 1. What does the cell membrane do? I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

3 Level 3 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

4 Identify as many organic compounds as possible in this structure. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

5 1. Phospholipid- phosphate head (hydrophillic) fatty acid tails (hydrophobic) 2. Glycoproteins- protein + carbohydrate 3. Glycolipids- lipid + carbohydrate 4. Integral protein= embedded 5. Peripheral protein= on surface 6. Cholesterol I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

6 Cell Membrane Cell membrane a.k.a. ______ ________ Phospholipid bilayer Functions: _______________, controls what ________ & ____________ the cell, and maintains________________. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

7 Diffusion Lab 1. Fill a beaker with ½ full with water and add 10 drops of iodine to it. 2. Get a dialysis tube, fill it with 10mL of water-starch soln. 3. Mass your bag. 3. Submerge the bag in the beaker of iodine water. The bag is like a ____________. (simile) If particles of iodine move, the process would be ______. Initial mass of bag_______ Final mass of bag______ Name the process you observed. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

8 Question of the Day Between each point of the triangle, state the relationship between the words. (Not everyone’s will be the same) Cell MembraneCell Substance trying to enter the cell. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

9 A Tale of 2 Demonstrations… Febreeze KoolAid I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

10 Terminology Solute Solution I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

11 1. Movement of particles into and out of the cell, with no energy being used 2. Always going from high to low concentration. 3. Always trying to reach equilibrium. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

12 Four Types of Passive Transport Diffusion Osmosis Filtration Facilitated Diffusion I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

13 Analyze the chart, which term describes what the particles are trying to achieve when the divider is removed? (B.1.f, DOK2) A. equilibrium B. equality C. equation D. equinox I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

14 Diffusion Diffusion- movement of particles from areas of high to low concentration. The particles move because of kinetic energy, not energy used by the cell. diffusion animation I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

15 Diffusion Equilibrium- when the number of particles is the same in a given area. Even at equilibrium the particles will NEVER stop moving. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

16 Calculating Speed Speed= Distance (m) Time (s) In the car we do not measure in m/s, we measure in ___. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

17 Speed Graph Calculate speed of a toy tractor 10 times. Graph all 10 trials as points on the graph. Draw a Line of Best Fit. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

18 Osmosis Osmosis- movement of water into and out of the cell with no energy expenditure. The cell membrane is selectively permeable to water. Like particles in diffusion water wants to achieve equilibrium inside and outside the cell. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

19 Osmosis There are three different types of solutions that will cause water to move into and out of the cell. Isotonic solutions - Hyper tonic solutions - Hypotonic solutions - osmosis animation I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

20 Osmosis #1 Isotonic solutions-the same amount of solute exists inside and outside the cell. Water moves INTO / OUT OF the cell at the SAME rate. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

21 Osmosis #2 Hypertonic solutions- have more solutes in solution than inside the cell. Water moves OUT of the cell to achieve equilibrium. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

22 Osmosis #3 Hypotonic solutions- have less solutes in them than inside the cell. Water ENTERS the cell to try and achieve equilibrium. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

23 Vocabulary List #6 1. Hypertonic Solution- a solution that has more solute in it than a cell. 2. Hypotonic Solution- a solution that has less solute in it than a cell. 3. Isotonic Solution- a solution that has the same solute concentration as a cell. 4. Diffusion- movement of particles from high to low concentration that requires no energy. 5. Osmosis- movement of water from an area of high to low water concentration that requires no energy. 6. ATP- form of energy used by the cell. 7. Filtration- pressure driven process that uses no energy. 8. Facilitated Diffusion – the process of diffusion using a cell membrane protein. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

24 Bellringer 10-23-12 1. ___ If a cell were placed in pure water, predict the most likely consequence if left untouched for 12 hours? (B.1.e,DOK3) A. the cell would shrink B. the cell would burst C. the cell would maintain its size and shape D. the cell would alternate in size: growing and shrinking I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

25 2. ___ A person sets sail across the Atlantic Ocean, but forgets to bring any water; therefore, they are forced to drink salt water. Infer from your knowledge of passive transport what is most likely going to occur in the next few days? (B.1.e,B.1.g, DOK3) A. death from osmosis; drinking a hypertonic solution B. death from diffusion; drinking a hypertonic solution C. death from osmosis; drinking a hypotonic solution D. death from diffusion; drinking a hypotonic solution I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

26 Question of the Day What are the three types of osmotic solutions we learned about yesterday? What is the type of energy that moves particles in diffusion? A. cellular energy B. kinetic energy I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

27 Bellringer 10-24-13 Level 2 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

28 L2

29 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

30 Filtration Filtration- pressure driven system that pushes water and nutrients across cell membranes. This is how urine is produced Does not require energy. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

31 Facilitated Diffusion Facilitated diffusion- within the cell membrane are channel proteins that allow materials to pass into the cell. Does not require energy. Animation: How Facilitated Diffusion Works Animation: How Facilitated Diffusion Works Channel Protein Animation Channel Protein Animation I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

32 Flip Chart/ Cube Assignment 20 pts. Title: Passive Transport 1. Requires no energy 2. Moving from high to low concentration. Diffusion Osmosis-Hypertonic solutions Osmosis-Hypotonic solutions Osmosis-Isotonic solutions Facilitated diffusion Filtration 1. Definition 2. Diagram labeled: Cell membrane Solute Water or Particles 3. Example of when this occurs on the cell 4. Easy way to remember the process (pictures are okay for this I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

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37 Concentration gradient Concentration gradient- the difference between concentrations in a given area. Serial Dilution- diluting multiple solutions the same way. Water will always try to move to ________ the concentration of solutes between 2 areas. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

38 Lab Report for Serial Dilution Lab I. Purpose II. Materials III. Procedure- do this as a numbered list IV. Results V. Conclusion- did the results confirm/refute your hypothesis? I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport. SolutionMass- Day I Length Day 1 Mass- Day 2 Length - Day 2 1 2 3 4

39 Group Assignment Choose a passive transport process from the hat. You will be presenting this to the class in 10 minutes. Define the process Give an example of the process Give a memorable drawing Give a memorable/funny way to remember this process While you do this, I will grade conference. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

40 Three Categories of Active Transport Cellular Pumps Vesicular Transport Cell Ingestion I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

41 Vesicular Transport Process that substances enter/exit the cell. 1. Endocytosis- substances are brought into the cell. 2. Exocytosis- substances exit the cell. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

42 QOD 1. How many age ranges are shown in this graph? 2. What are they? I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

43 Bellringer 10-30-13 1. What are two commonalities among all passive transport systems? 2. Describe what this graph is depicting (showing). I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

44 Processes that use energy (ATP). Go from regions of lesser to greater concentrations. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

45 Cellular Pumps Cell membrane proteins that pump substances through the cell membrane. Cellular Pump I Cellular Pump II I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

46 Endocytosis- 3 Types 1. Phagocytosis- process by which cells eat other cells or large materials. 2. Pinocytosis-process by which cells consume fluid 3. Receptor mediated endocytosis-receptors on the cell membrane attach to needed particles and pull them into the cell. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

47 Exocytosis The removal of things from your cell. Leave through a vesicle that fuses with the cell membrane. I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

48 11-5-12 L2 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

49 L3 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

50 L1 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

51 L2 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

52 11-7-12 L2 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

53 L2, L1 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

54 L3 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

55 L2 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

56 Anticipatory Set 10-19-11 Level 2 1. Ebola virus is a potentially deadly virus in the blood which causes Ebola fever. Ebola virus is often spread by monkeys. Scientists used 2 groups of monkey kidney cells in an experiment to confirm the first human case of Ebola fever. The scientists inoculated cells in Group 1 with samples of the Ebola virus taken from a human with Ebola fever. They did not inoculate the cells in Group 2. What was the control group in the experiment? A. The Ebola virus B. All of the monkey kidney cells C. Monkey kidney cells in Group 1 D. Monkey kidney cells in Group 2 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

57 Model Me… Use 2 colors Passive Transport Active Transport Diffusion Osmosis-Hypertonic Osmosis-Hypotonic Osmosis- Isotonic Filtration Facilitated Diffusion Cell Pump Phagocytosis Pinocytosis Receptor Mediated Endocytosis Exocytosis I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

58 Question of the Day 1-31-11 1. What is the highest health cost related to obesity? 2. What is a “cost burden?” I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

59 AS 10-24-11 Ebola virus is a potentially deadly virus in the blood which causes Ebola fever. Ebola virus is often spread by monkeys. Scientists used 2 groups of monkey kidney cells in an experiment to confirm the first human case of Ebola fever. The scientists inoculated cells in Group 1 with samples of the Ebola virus taken from a human with Ebola fever. They did not inoculate the cells in Group 2. What was the control group in the experiment? A. The Ebola virus B. All of the monkey kidney cells C. Monkey kidney cells in Group 1 D. Monkey kidney cells in Group 2 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

60 QOD 2-2-11 TEST TODAY: Clear your desk and get a clicker. Game Time after Test… Vocabulary Hangman I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.

61 Anticipatory Set 9-22-11 Level 3 I can describe the 6 processes of passive transport.


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