Presentation on theme: "Physical and Behavioral Adaptations of Animals. What are Physical and Behavioral Adaptations? Physical adaptations can be a body structure that an animal."— Presentation transcript:
What are Physical and Behavioral Adaptations? Physical adaptations can be a body structure that an animal has that allows it to meet its needs in its habitat. Behavioral adaptations can be an activity or action that helps an animal survive in its habitat.
Hibernation Objective: Explain how hibernation is a behavioral adaptation that allows certain animals to survive in their habitat during the winter months.
Hibernation is a behavioral adaptation that allows animals to survive during the winter months. Behavioral adaptation is simply an activity an animal does to stay alive.
Hibernation Hibernation means a long rest, or sleep. During hibernation, the animal’s body processes, like breathing, slow down, and they survive on stored food or fat. Many animals, for example insects, birds, reptiles and some mammals, eat a lot of food in the autumn months to store up fat. Let’s take a look at some animals that are eating a lot of food to prepare for hibernation.
Hibernation Animals can burrow into the ground or curl up under leaves, or hide themselves in dens, safe from the winter cold and enemies. When the temperature rises in the spring, the animal wakes up and leaves its hiding place. Let’s take a look at some animals hibernating.
Defense Objective: Explain how defense can be a physical or behavioral adaptation that allows animals to protect themselves in their habitat.
Defense is how an animal protects itself. Some animals have special adaptations to protect themselves from being hurt, killed, or eaten. These special defense mechanisms include physical adaptations such as quills and claws, and behavioral adaptations such as taking flight, tricking (mimicry, playing dead), spraying, or fighting.
Let’s take a look at animals using physical adaptations to defend themselves.
Locomotion Objective: Explain how locomotion (physical adaptation) and movement (behavioral adaptation) allow animals to survive in their habitat.
Locomotion is a physical adaptation. In order for animals to find the resources they need for food, shelter, or space, they must be able to move around. Animals have special structures for moving depending on where they live, for example: -above ground (swinging, climbing and flying) -on the ground (crawling, walking, hopping) -in the water (floating, swimming and diving).
The Duck Where does the duck live? What special body parts does the duck have in order to move? How does the duck move?
Migration Migration is when animals move over the same route in the same season each year. This is a behavioral adaptation. The animals move because of the weather and to find food and shelter. Let’s take a look at animals that migrate.
How Do Animals Obtain Their Food? Objective: Explain how animals use physical adaptations to obtain food in their habitat.
Animals have special structures used for getting food, for example the beaks of birds, mouths of insects, teeth, or claws that are shaped in different ways depending on the type of food they eat. Let’s take a look at different mouths, teeth, and claws that animals use in order to get their food.
Camouflage Objective: Explain how animals use camouflaging to protect themselves in their habitat.
Camouflage Camouflage is a physical adaptation. Camouflage is a color or pattern that allows an animal to blend into its environment. It protects animals from being seen by their enemies, or allows the animals to sneak up more easily on their food.
Animals using Camouflage Can you find the animals?