16Mobile LimbsMost primates have flat nails as well as sensitive pads on the undersides of fingers and toes.Many also have both an opposable big toe and thumb.Mobile limbs and clawless opposable digits allow primates to freely grasp and release tree limbs.
17Other important features Upright posture.Small litter size.Expanded forebrain, larger brain capacity.Advantages?
30To be Human standard primate characteristics upright, bipedal posture much expanded brainwell defined sexual dimorphismhidden estrusaltered female sexual responseextended childhoodlanguagesocietyculture
57Homo sapiens Archaic – 100,000 to 35,000 years BP Sometimes called Homo sapiens and Homo sapiens neanderthalensisModern – 35,000 years BP to presentAnatomically modernSometimes called Homo sapiens sapiens
58Cro-Magnons Oldest fossils to be designated H. sapiens. Modern humans who entered Asia and Europe from Africa 100,000 years ago.Aurignacian tools.Accomplished hunters.Language.
59Cro-Magnon Man Cro-Magnon humans 1,600 cc cranial capacity Not a different species, just old Homo sapiens from EuropeArtist’s reconstruction of a Cro-Magnon man
60Archaic H. sapiens Culture ArtFemale figurines27,000 to 22,000 years agoCalled “venuses,”