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Seminar on National Safety Conference Recommendations on Contract Mining and It’s Implementation Prepared by S. G. Patel & Ankita Bhatt.

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Presentation on theme: "Seminar on National Safety Conference Recommendations on Contract Mining and It’s Implementation Prepared by S. G. Patel & Ankita Bhatt."— Presentation transcript:

1 Seminar on National Safety Conference Recommendations on Contract Mining and It’s Implementation Prepared by S. G. Patel & Ankita Bhatt

2 POMPOUS FEATURES OF CONTRACT LABOUR IN INDIA BACKGROUND  Contract Labour is a significant and growing form of employment. It is prevalent in almost all mining industries and allied operations and in service sector.  It generally refers to workers engaged through an intermediary and is based on a triangular relationship between the user enterprises, the contractor (including the subcontractor) and the workers  Contract Labour have very little bargaining power, have little or no social security and are often engaged in hazardous occupations endangering their health and safety.  Contract Labour are often denied minimum wages and have little or no security of employment  On the other hand, reasons like sporadic nature of work, difficulty in ensuring closer supervision by the employer or cost effectiveness, flexibility in manpower deployment, concentration in core competencies etc. justify the system of contract labour.  Recognising the need for protecting the interest of contract labour, the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 was brought S.G.Patel

3 PROVISIONS OF THE ACT & THE PRESENT STATUS  The Act & Rules were enforced w.e.f and applicable to the establishment/ contactor employing 20 or more workmen are employed on any day in the preceding 12 months. It does not apply to establishments where the work performed is of intermittent or seasonal nature. APPROPRIATE GOVERNMENT  The jurisdiction of the Central and State Government has been laid down by the definition of the ‘Appropriate Government” in Section 2(1)(a) of the Act, as amended in 1986  The Appropriate Government, in respect of an establishment under the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 is the same as that in the Industrial Disputes Act, S.G.Patel

4 THE CENTRAL AND STATE ADVISORY BOARDS  The Central Government and State Governments are required to set up Central and State Advisory Contract Labour Boards to advise the respective Governments on matters arising out of the administration of the Act as are referred to them. The Boards are authorised to constitute Committees as deemed proper. REGISTRATION  The establishments covered under the Act are required to be registered as principal employers with the appropriate authorities  Every contractor is required to obtain a licence and undertake or execute any work through contract labour in accordance with the licence issued in that behalf by the licensing officer  The licence granted is subject to conditions relating to hours of work, fixation of wages and other essential amenities in respect of contract as prescribed in the rules S.G.Patel

5 FACILITIES FOR CONTRACT LABOUR  The Act has laid down certain amenities to be provided by the contractor to the contract labour for establishment of Canteens and rest rooms; arrangements for sufficient supply of wholesome drinking water, latrines and urinals, washing facilities and first aid facilities have been made obligatory. In case of failure on the part of the contractor to provide these facilities, the Principal Employer is liable to provide the same. PAYMENT OF WAGES  The contractor is required to pay wages and a duty is cast on him to ensure disbursement of wages in the presence of the authorised representative of the Principal Employer. In case of failure on the part of the contractor to pay wages either in part or in full, the Principal Employer is liable to pay the same. The contract labour who performs same or similar kind of work as regular workmen, will be entitled to the same wages and service conditions as regular workmen as per the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Central Rules, S.G.Patel

6 PROHIBITION  Apart from the regulatory measures provided under the Act for the benefit of contract labour, the 'appropriate government' under section 10(1) of the Act is authorised, after consultation with the Central Board or State Board, as the case may be, to prohibit, by notification in the official gazette, employment of contract labour in any establishment in any process, operation or other work.  Central Advisory Contract Labour Board, have prohibited employment of contract labour in various operations/ category of jobs in various establishments. So far 73 notifications have been issued since inception of the Act EXEMPTION  The 'appropriate government' is empowered to grant exemption to any establishment or class of establishment or any class of contractors from applicability of the provisions of the Act or the rules made there under on such conditions and restrictions as may be prescribed. Eleven notifications granting exemption to establishments in exercise of this power in the Central sphere have been issued. S.G.Patel

7 STREAMLINING CONTRACT LABOUR LAW  In the wake of economic globalisation, privatisation and liberalisation, proposals have been received from social partners to bring about amendments in the Contract Labour Act. VIEWS OF EMPLOYERS’ ASSOCIATIONS  Since 1970 when the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act was enacted the economy has undergone a sea-change, from an era of protectionism to liberalisation, from restricted domestic competition to international competitiveness.  The system of contract labour offers tremendous opportunities for employment and allows the employers flexibility to choose what is best for them. This helps improve productivity and service competitiveness.  The Act should be made applicable only to the main and core activities of the establishment in so far as abolition of contract labour system is concerned.  Supportive or allied activities of an establishment like maintenance, house keeping should be out sourced and the Act should only provide for regulating the working conditions and wages. S.G.Patel

8 VIEWS OF EMPLOYERS’ ASSOCIATIONS  The Principal Employer should, however, have to ensure payment of wages to contract labour as laid down under the law in force as also other basic amenities and social security benefits.  Work requiring specialised skills unavailable within the establishment.  If the contract labour system, which is cost effective, is not allowed to continue, industries may go in for technological restructuring with less number of workers leading to reduction in employment. VIEWS OF THE TRADE UNIONS The Trade Unions are totally opposed to the idea of contracting of services and in jobs which are perennial in nature for following reasons:-  Reduction of regular employment  The contract labour generally belong to weaker sections of the society and will be deprived of the benefits that accrue to regular employees.  Efficiency will decrease as establishment will be deprived of experienced staff  Coordination of activities of large number of contractors/sub-contractors will prove to be more time consuming and costly than in house activity. S.G.Patel

9 VIEWS OF THE TRADE UNIONS The Trade Unions are totally opposed to the idea of contracting of services and in jobs which are perennial in nature for following reasons:-  What is required is not privatisation but in house improvements and restructuring.  Out sourcing will only lead to a type of employment founded on discrimination and exploitation of contract labour in regard to wages paid, working conditions, etc. VIEWS OF THE GOVERNMENT The Government, at the moment, has undertaken a thorough review of the Act, keeping in view the aforesaid views of the employers’ association and that of the trade unions. The changes to be made in the law are still being worked out S.G.Patel

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