2Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: Simple Present Present ContinuousWill futureBe going to futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous
3Future Tenses Simple Present I do / she does (form)We use present simple to talk about TIMETABLES, PROGRAMMES etc. (for public transportation, cinemas etc.)My train leaves at 11:30, so I need to be at the station by 11:15.What time does the film begin this eveningThe train leaves at 9 pm.Although the action takes place in the future, it takes place regularly and is set by a time table.
4Future Tenses Simple Present You can use the simple present tense to talk about people if their plans are fixed like a timetable. (such as politicians, businessmen)What time do you finish work tomorrow?I start my new job on MondayCompare the present use and future use of present simple:The buses start at 6 a.m. and stop at 12 p.m. every day. (simple present)The train to Ankara leaves at 9 a.m. tomorrow and arrives there at 6 p.m. (future)Our classes usually begin at 9 and finish at 12. (simple present)My class begins at 9 tomorrow and finishes at 12. (future)
5Future Tenses Simple Present action set by a time table or schedule
6Future Tenses Simple Present buraya simple present for the future bikaç alıştırma koy
8Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: Simple Present Present ContinuousWill futureBe going to futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous
9Future Tenses Present Continuous I am doing something (tomorrow) = I have already decided and arranged to do it.A: What are you doing on Saturday evening?B: I am going to the cinemaA: What time is Cathy arriving tomorrow?B: Half past ten. I am meeting her at the station.I am not working tomorrow so we can go out somewhere.Ian isn’t playing football next Saturday. He’s hurt his leg.
10Future Tenses Present Continuous Time expressions such as tomorrow, next week, next year, next summer are used with present continuous to express arranged future.I'm meeting Ann next Saturday.They are giving a party next month.She is leaving Istanbul in two days.(İki gün sonra İstanbul'dan ayrılıyor. / İki gün sonra İstanbul'dan ayrılacak.)
11Future Tenses Present Continuous Compare:I'm going to the theatre tonight.In the example you can see that the tickets are already bought. So we are talking about an arrangement for the near future.The play starts at 8 o’clock.The difference between Present simple and Present continuous can be seen in this example.
12Future Tenses Present Continuous Simple PresentPresent Progressiveaction set by a time table or scheduleaction already arranged for the near future
16Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: Simple Present Present ContinuousBe going to futureWill futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous
17Future Tenses be going to Future Form of “be going to future”AffirmativeNegativeInterrogativeI am going to help you.You are going to come early.He/She/It is going to eat lunch.We are going to work.You are going to leave early.They are going to visit us.I am not going to help you.You are not going to come early.He/She/It is not going to eat lunch.We are not going to work.You are not going to leave early.They are not going to visit, us.Am I going to help you?Are you going to come early?Is he/she/it going to eat lunch?Are we going to work?Are you going to leave early?Are they going to visit us?
18Future Tenses be going to Future Use of “be going to future”I am going to do something = I have decided to do it. I intend to do it.A: Are you going to watch the late film on TV tonight?B: No, I am going to have an early night.A: I hear Sarah has won some money. What is she going to do with it?B: She is going to buy a new car.I am going to make a quick phone call. Can you wait for me.If we are talking about an action which has been decided or planned earlier, we use be going to.A: Why have you bought this material?B: I'm going to make a skirt for myself.
19Future Tenses be going to Future Strong prediction: If we have proof that something will happen we use be going to.The sky is black. It is going to rain.There is a lot of blossom on the trees this spring. We are going to have a good crop.I feel terrible. I think I am going to be ill.The economic situation is bad now and things are going to get worse.
20Future Tenses be going to Future Exercise on Future I Simple (going to)The following people are about to do something. You can see that they have already planned or prepared the action.What does she need the telephone for? → (she / call / her boyfriend) ________Why are they wearing sport suits? → (they / play / squash) ________Why has Fiona bought chocolates? → (She / visit / her grandma) ________Why do you need a map? → (we / walk / in the mountains) ________What do you need the cloth and the bucket for? → (we / wash / the car) ________Why are you running about with the toothbrush? → (I / brush / my teeth) ________Why is daddy not coming with us? → (he / repair / the car) ________Hurry up! → (they / light / the bonfire) ________Why are all these tapes on the table? → (we / learn / Greek) ________What do you need the pen for? → (I / write / some postcards) ________
21Future Tenses be going to Future Exercise on Future I Simple (going to)The following people do not intend to do the following actions.Write negative sentences in going to future.(I / sell / my car) ________(he / help / us) ________(they / study / harder) ________(we / cook / dinner tonight) ________(I / celebrate / my birthday this year) ________(she / cleaning / her room) ________(they / move / house) ________(she / stay / with Amy) ________(they / change / their clothes) ________(we / get up early / next Sunday
22Future Tenses be going to Future Exercise on Future I Simple (going to)Write questions in going to future.(he / cook dinner / tonight) ________(you / run / in the race) ________(they / climb / that mountain) ________(she / exercise / at the gym / in the afternoon) ________(you / carry / that heavy box) ________(computer / crash) ________(we / eat / fish / tonight) ________(he / play football / tomorrow) ________(Lucy / call / a taxi) ________(you / sing / a song / for us) ________
23Future Tenses be going to Future Test on Future I Simple (going to)he / get up / earlyPositive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________they / do / their bestyou / learn / Irishshe / buy / a computerwe / take / the busPositive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________she / watch / the matchthey / wait / in the parkHe / buy / bread / this afternoon
24Future Tenses be going to Simple PresentPresent ProgressiveFuture I going toaction set by a time table or scheduleaction already arranged for the near futuredecision made for the futureconclusion with regard to the future
25Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: Simple Present Present ContinuousBe going to futureWill futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect ContinuousPresent Continuous or be going to
26Future Tenses Present Continuous or be going to Buraya present continuous ve be going to karşılaştırması konulacak
27Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: Simple Present Present ContinuousBe going to futureWill futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous
28Future Tenses Will Future Form of will futureAffirmativeNegativeInterrogativeI will help you.You will come early.He/She/It will eat lunch.We will work.You will leave early.They will visit us.I will not help you.You will not come early.He/She/It will not eat lunch.We will not work.You will not leave early.They will not visit us.Will I help you?Will you come early?Will he/she/it eat lunch?Will we work?Will you leave early?Will they visit us?
29Future Tenses Will Future Use of will future1. We use will when we decide to do something at the time of speaking.Oh! I’ve left the door open. I will go and shut it.“What would you like to drink?” “I’ll have an orange juice,please”“Did you phone Lucy?” “Oh, no. I forgot. I’ll phone her now.”Present simple cannot be used in these situations.I will go and shut the door. (not I go and shut)“I don't have any money.” “Don't worry. I'll lend you some.” (Üzülme. Ben sana veririm.)“Some guests are corning in two hours, and nothing is ready yet.” ”Don't worry. I'll wash the dishes and you can do the cooking.” (Ben bulaşıkları yıkarım, sen yemeği pişirirsin.)
30Future Tenses Will Future 2. Will is used in these situations:Offering to do somethingThat bag looks heavy. I will help you with it.Agreeing to do somethingA: Can you give Tim this book?B: Sure, I will give it to him when I see him this afternoon.Promising to do somethingThanks for lending me the money. I’ll pay you back on Friday.Asking somebody to do something (Will you.....?)Will you please turn the stereo down. I am trying to concentrate.
31Future Tenses Will Future 3. Will is generally used with these expressions.probablyI’ll probably be home late tonight.I expectI haven’t seen Carol today. I expect she’ll phone this evening.(I am) sureDont worry about the exam. I am sure you’ll pass.(I) thinkDo you think Sarah will like the present we bought her?(I) I don’t thinkI dont think the exam will be very difficult.I wonderI wonder what will happen.
32Future Tenses Will Future Will is used to make predictions without proof.There will be a rise in prices after the elections.With will we use tomorrow, next week, next month, next summer, in two days (iki gün sonra), in ten minutes (on dakika sonra), two days from now (iki gün sonra), five years from now (beş yıl sonra), soon ( az sonra, yakında).We will take an exam next week.Tomorrow is a public holiday, so she won't go to work.She will graduate in three years.Two months from now, they will move into a new flat.
33Future Tenses Will Future Further notes:With " I " and "we“ we can use "shall" instead of "will".We will/shall invite them to the party.I will/shall help you with your homework.Short form for "will not" and "shall not" are "won't" and "shan't“.They will not/won't come tomorrow.We shall not/shan't go to the party.
34Future Tenses Will Future Exercise on Future I Simple (will)Write positive sentences in will Future.We (help) ________ you.I (get) ________ you a drink.I think our team (win) ________the match.Maybe she (do) ________a language course in Malta.I (buy) ________the tickets.Perhaps she (do) ________this for you.Maybe we (stay) ________at home.She hopes that he (cook) ________dinner tonight.I’m sure they (understand) ________your problem.They (go / probably) ________to the party.
35Future Tenses Will Future Exercise on Future I Simple (will)Write negative sentences in will future.(I / answer / the question) ________(she / read / the book) ________(they / drink / beer) ________(we / send / the postcard) ________(Vanessa / catch / the ball) ________(James / open / the door) ________(we / listen / to the radio) ________(they / eat / fish) ________(she / give / him / the apple) ________(the computer / crash) ________
36Future Tenses Will Future Exercise on Future I Simple (will)Write questions in will future.(you / ask / him) ________(Jenny / lock / the door) ________(it / rain) ________(the teacher / test / our English) ________(what / they / eat) ________(when / she / be / back) ________(who / drive / us / into town) ________(where / we / meet) ________(when / I / be / famous) ________(what / you / do) ________
37Future Tenses Will Future Test on Future I Simple (will)Harry / cause / troublePositive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________you / copy / the homeworkthe clouds / disappearhe / marry / his girlfriendthe snowman / meltPositive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________the people / panicthey / react / to my questionshe / probably / teach / in London
38Future Tenses Will Future Future I willFuture I going toSimple PresentPresent Progressiveaction in the futurethat cannot beinfluenceddecision made for the futureaction set by a time table or scheduleaction already arrangedfor the near futureassumption withregard to the future(prediction)conclusion with(strong prediction)spontaneous decision
39Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: Simple Present Present ContinuousBe going to futureWill futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuousbe going to or will
46Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: Simple Present Present ContinuousWill futureBe going to futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous
47Future Tenses Future Continuous FORMAffirmativeNegativeInterrogativeI will be studying.You will be working.He/She/It will be eating.We will be talking.You will be sleeping.They will be shopping.I won't be studying.You won't be working.He/She/It won't be eating.We won't be talking.You won't be sleeping.They won't be shopping.Will 1 be studying?Will you be working?Will he/she/it be eating?Will we be talking?Will you be sleeping?Will they be shopping?
48Future Tenses Future Continuous USE OF THE FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSEa) We use this tense to express an action which will be in proggress at a certain time in the future.(Bu tense'i, gelecekte bir noktada yapıyor olacağımız eylemleri ifade etmek için kullanırız.)Don't call me tomorrow between ten and eleven I'll be having an interview then.This time next year, you'll probably be attending university.My plane departs at nine tomorrow, so I'll be flying to New York at this hour tomorrow.b) We can also use this tense to request something from someone.(Bu tense'i birinden bir şey rica ederken de kullanabiliriz.)"Will you be going past the post office when you go out?“ 'Yes. Why?""If so, can you post this letter for me?""Will you be using your bike tomorrow?“ "No, I don't think so.“ "If not, can you lend it to me for the afternoon?"
49Future Tenses Future Continuous Signal Words(at) this time next weeknext yearnext monthin one yearnext weektomorrowat two o’clock tomorrowat midnight
50Future Tenses Future Continuous Exercise on Future ProgressivePut the verbs into the correct form (future progressive).At midnight we (sleep)____________.This time next week we (sit) ____________at the beach.At nine I (watch) ____________the news.Tonight we (cram up) ____________for our English test.They (dance) ____________all night.He (not / play) ____________all afternoon.I (not / work) ____________all day.(eat / you) ____________at six?(drive / she) ____________to London?(fight / they) ____________again?
51Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: Simple Present Present ContinuousWill futureBe going to futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous
52Future Tenses Future Perfect Tense FORMAffirmativeNegativeInterrogativeI will have finished.You will have left home.He/She/It will have eaten.We will have left work.You will have bought it.They will have gone out.I won't have finished.You won't have left home.He/She/It won't have eaten.We won't have left work.You won't have bought it.They won't have gone out.Will I have finished?Will you have left home?Will he/she/it have eaten?Will we have left work?Will you have bought it.?Will they have gone out?
53Future Tenses Future Perfect Tense We use this tense to express actions that will be completed at a certain time in the future.(Gelecekte bir noktada yapmış, tamamlamış olacağımız eylemleri bu tense ile ifade ederiz. )By, before, in a week (or in a week's time), in ten days (or in ten days' time), in three years (or in three years' time) are used with this tenseShe will have graduated from university in two years.She promises that she will have finished her report by tomorrow.They will have completed the new school building by next year.
54Future Tenses Future Perfect Tense "By the time", "when" ve "before", bu tense ile sık kullanılan zaman bağlaçlarıdır.I will have finished my homework by the time mother comes back.Before this term is finished, you will have learnt most of the English grammar.The children will have gone to bed when the guests arrive.We will already have eaten dinner when he comes.O geldiğinde biz yemeğimizi yemiş olacağız.*** "by" ile "by the time" arasındaki farka dikkat ediniz. "By" bir preposition olduğu için kendinden sonra bir isim gelir, (by two o'clock, by next month, by tomorrow, by then, etc.) "By the time" ise bir bağlaçtır. Kendinden sonra bir cümle gelir.l will have finished my work by 5 o'clock.I will have finished my work by the time you come back.I'll call you at I hope you'll have finished your work by then.I'll call you at I hope you'll have finished your work by the time I call you.
55Future Tenses Future Perfect Tense Exercise on Future Perfect SimplePut the verbs into the correct form (future II simple).By 9 o'clock we (cook) _________ dinner.They (eat) _________ by then.In one week he (cross) _________ the Atlantic by boat.She (go) _________ home.Jane (not / finish) _________ her work.Fred (not / return) _________ from his holiday by Monday.The sun (not / rise) _________ by 4 o'clock.(do / you) _________ the washing up by six o'clock?Our boss (not / leave) _________ the office yet.(buy / she) _________ the new car?
56Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: Simple Present Present ContinuousBe going to futureWill futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect ContinuousFuture continuous or Future perfect