Presentation on theme: "Cricket - team sports, where matches are played between two teams of eleven players. It originally comes from England, where a similar game was known."— Presentation transcript:
Cricket - team sports, where matches are played between two teams of eleven players. It originally comes from England, where a similar game was known at the turn of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.
There are 42 rules in this game developed by the Marylebone Cricket Club, in consultation with other countries in which the game of cricket. In addition, it is possible of both teams to change the rules in particular matches. You can also apply additional rules, depending on the circumstances in which the match is played.
Traces of the existence of a simple version of cricket originate in the thirteenth century, but the game could have been established even earlier. Most likely, it was created by the children from peasant societies engaged in metallurgy and who lived in an area known as The Weald between Kent and Sussex. There are written sources confirming that the game creag was played in 1300 in Newenden by the Prince Edward, son of King Edward I of England.
Cricket matches are played on a grassy pitch with close to an oval shape, inside which there is a flat strip length 20.12 m. At the ends of the belt are set goals - three hammered wooden stakes into the ground. The player throws one of the teams hard ball of cork, leather, with a circumference of 224-229 mm in the opposite direction of the goal, so that it hit, and the player second team of weapons from being hit by a wooden stick.
The game is popular in many other countries the world - including nearly all belonging to the Commonwealth, as well as in Asian countries and some European countries. Countries whose teams are known to have „the test status” can play cricket matches between them in the highest league - is: * Europe: England, * Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, * Asia: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, * Africa: Zimbabwe, South Africa * West Indies: (Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Guyana, Antigua, Saint Kitts, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica, Grenada).
The basic equipment is equipment of players: * ball made of cork covered with white or red skin, having a circumference of about 23 cm * willow stick of wood with a long handle and a flat surface to reflect a maximum length of 96.5 cm and a width of 10.8 cm. The players' clothing is a polo shirt, long pants, shoes with spikes (for better grip), headgear to protect your eyes from the sun, and if necessary also woolen sweater.
A new era in the history of cricket began in 1963, when English counties modified the rules to allow a new type of staging matches - matches with top-set number of overs. Eight years later, under this provision formed one-day matches - One-day International (ODI). International Cricket Council quickly agreed to this form of the game and in 1975 organized the first World Cup cricket matches in a day. Since then, ODI gradually gained increasing popularity at the expense of multi-day matches. In the early twenty-first century, the longer variant of cricket has started to regain the popularity, but at the same time there is another variety with a limited number of overs - Twenty20.