Presentation on theme: "Kelly; Personal Construct Theory Samantha Davenport History of Psychology 4/23/13."— Presentation transcript:
Kelly; Personal Construct Theory Samantha Davenport History of Psychology 4/23/13
Biography of George Kelly Born on April 28th 1905 in Perth, Kansas Parents had an influence in his education Completed his BA in physics and mathematics in 1926
George Kelly Gained his Ph.D. in Psychology in Iowa In 1931 he began to work in clinical psychology Worked mainly as a clinical psychologist in the USA Developed construct theory as an alternative to behaviorism.
Construct Theory Published “The Psychology of Personal constructs” in 1955 Constructs are developed by people as internal models of reality. These constructs are used in order to help explain the world around them. Kelly thought of everyone as a scientist in relation to their constructs Constructs are based on observation and experimenting.
Levels on Construct Theory Carries a dual role “Your construct system is your history and your predisposition to perceive” Are often polar in that they have opposites; the construct of good implies another of bad When poles are denied, they are said to be submerged
Different types of Constructs The idea of constructs can be shared through words Personal Constructs; Details of construct are particular to the individual Core Construct; Constructs that are important to the person Peripheral Construct; Opposite of core construct
Different types of Constructs cont. Can be dilated or constricted “A person's processes are psychologically channelized by the ways in which he anticipates events”
Eleven Corollaries Construction corollary ; We conservatively construct anticipation based on past experiences. The experience corollary ; When things do not happen as expected, we change our constructs (thus reconstructing). This changes our future expectations. The dichotomy corollary ; We store experience as constructs, and then look at the world through them. Organizational corollary ; Constructs are connected to one another in hierarchies and network of relationships. These relationships may be loose or tight.
Eleven Corollaries cont. The range corollary ; Constructs are useful only in limited range of situations. Some ranges are broad, whilst other ranges are narrow. The modulation corollary; Some construct ranges can be 'modulated' to accommodate new ideas (e.g. 'big'). Others are 'impermeable'. The choice corollary; We can choose to gain new experiences to expand our constructs or stay in the safe but limiting zone of current constructs.
Eleven Corollaries cont. The individuality corollary ; As everyone's experience is different, their constructs are different. The commonality corollary ; Many of our experiences are similar and/or shared, leading to similarity of constructs with others. Discussing constructs also helps to build shared constructs. The fragmentation corollary ; Many of our constructs conflict with one another. These may be dictated by different contexts and roles. The sociality corollary ; We interact with others through understanding of their constructs.
References Atherton, J. S. (n.d.). (2011). Retrieved from http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/pe rsonal.htm Boeree, G. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/kelly.html Chiari, G. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.oikos.org/kelen.htm http://www.oikos.org/kelen.htm (n.d.). Retrieved from http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/p ersonal_construct.htm University of South Hampton. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.pgce.soton.ac.uk/IT/Learning/Kelly/