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PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and.

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Presentation on theme: "PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and."— Presentation transcript:

1 PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman USCIdaho Concordia MiamiMIT Parsons Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab

2 Introduction Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE

3 Introduction Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE Energy Conservation CostHuman Health ViewColor Rendering and Perception

4 Introduction Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE ILLUMINANCE-BASED DAYLIGHTING METRICS

5 Introduction Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE CLIMATE-BASED DAYLIGHTING METRICS (CBDM)

6 Introduction Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE DA300lux[50%]

7 Introduction Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE DA300lux[50%] & OCCUPANTS?

8 Introduction Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE Student Assessment Simulation Results - Course: GSD 6205 Environmental Technologies in Buildings, 6332 Daylighting Buildings - Term: Spring Instructor: Christoph Reinhart - Number of Students 60 - Space Type: Studio CARPENTER CENTER, CAMBRIDGE, MA

9 Introduction Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE 11 SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE 13 SPACES WITHIN THE SCHOOLS BRAZIL, CANADA, EGYPT AND UNITED STATES

10 Methodology Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE Starting Package Conduct Experiment Return Results Exchange with Simulation LM-83 Model Setup Help Files Simulation Checklist Student Traces Space Model Material Details Amend Model Simulation Results Daylit Area

11 Methodology Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE

12 Methodology SchoolInstructorCourse titleSpace Type Size [m 2 ] # of students Surface properties based on Sky conditions Concordia, CanadaJosé Candanedo Building Illumination and Daylight Classroom77.520SpectrophotometerClear Federal University of Paraíba, Brazil Solange M. Leder Architecture & Urbanism Complete Floor CIBSE ChartClear Parsons the New School, USA Matthew Tanteri PGLT: Daylight & Sustainability Studio Illuminance MeterOvercast University of Idaho at Boise, USA Kevin V.D. Wymelenberg Daylight Design and Simulation Lab Room Macbeth Color ChartsOvercast Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE

13 Methodology Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE 1. MODEL 2. MATERIAL PROPERTIES 3. PHOTO DOCUMENTATION 4. DAYLIT AREA SURVEY (ALL PARTICIPANTS) IDAHO

14 Methodology Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE SURVEY EVALUATIONS MIAMI

15 Methodology Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE DAYLIGHT SIMULATIONS IDAHO Fully and partially daylit area in a top- and sidelit space in Boston according to DA 300lux [50%]/ DA 150lux [50%]

16 Results Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE

17 Results Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE

18 Results Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE

19 Results Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE

20 Results Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE Percentage of study space areas that are fully and partially daylit according to student evaluations and DA300lux[50%]/DA150lux[50%] simulation In 8 and 10 out of 13 spaces the fully and partially daylit area are estimated by the simulations within this error range which corresponds to a success rate of 69% (16/26). w/o outliers: 8 (fully daylit) and 9 (partially daylit) out of 11 spaces or a success rate of 77% (17/22).

21 Results Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE Outlier

22 Results Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE Outlier

23 Discussion OUTLIER CASES IMPLICATIONS FOR RATING SYSTEMS AND STANDARDS DESIGN IMPLICATIONS Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE

24 Discussion Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE DA_300lux950%)

25 Conclusion RATING SYSTEMS AND DESIGNERS VISUAL COMFORT AND DYNAMIC SHADING SYSTEMS CROSS-CAMPUS COLLABORATIONS GIVING VOICE TO ARCHITECTS IN DAYLIGHTING STANDARDS Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE

26 Acknowledgements The authors warmly thank all building science instructors who participated in this study namely Mary Ben Bonham, José Candanedo, Ashraf Nessim, Karen Kensek, Solange Maria Leder, Fernando Oscar, Ulrike Passe, Matthew Tanteri and Kevin Van Den Wymelenberg. The writing of this documents was supported through a grant from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences (HASS) as well as the MIT Energy Initiative. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture Building Technology Program Sustainable Design Lab Christoph Reinhart, Tarek Rakha, and Dan Weissman PREDICTING THE DAYLIT AREA A COMPARISON OF STUDENTS ASSESSMENTS AND SIMULATIONS AT ELEVEN SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE Christoph Reinhart Tarek Rakha


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