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Double-decker Paragraphs How to Write an Eight-Sentence Paragraph A modified Jane Schaeffer paragraph PowerPoint.

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Presentation on theme: "Double-decker Paragraphs How to Write an Eight-Sentence Paragraph A modified Jane Schaeffer paragraph PowerPoint."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Double-decker Paragraphs How to Write an Eight-Sentence Paragraph A modified Jane Schaeffer paragraph PowerPoint

3 ABCs of Writing Schaffer Style A ttack the Prompt B rainstorm your ideas- Mind Mapping! C hunk and C hoose the order of your outline

4 A ttacking the Prompt… Step 1: Label the type of essay – Pick your PIE piece! Persuasive Persuasive Informative Informative Entertain Entertain

5 Attack continues Step 2: Label the parts of the prompt - “Situation” and “Directions” Step 3: Circle verbs/key words and underline the act Step 4: Create Do/What Chart

6 Do/What Chart DoWhat Write P.I.E Include

7 What is a mind map? Planning is key to making sure your writing is clear and concise Planning is key to making sure your writing is clear and concise Organizes your main thoughts Organizes your main thoughts Connects these thoughts to textual evidence Connects these thoughts to textual evidence Stops repetition Stops repetition

8 Mind Mapping Sample

9 Introduction The first paragraph in an essay The first paragraph in an essay Starts off by grabbing the reader’s attention Starts off by grabbing the reader’s attention Includes background information regarding both the general topic and the specific subject found in the writing prompt. Includes background information regarding both the general topic and the specific subject found in the writing prompt. Includes a three-part thesis at the end that guides the direction of the paper. Includes a three-part thesis at the end that guides the direction of the paper. Possible thesis: In the story, The Three Little Pigs, the third pig possess wisdom, intellegence and a strong work ethic which help him succeed. Possible thesis: In the story, The Three Little Pigs, the third pig possess wisdom, intellegence and a strong work ethic which help him succeed.

10 Body Paragraphs!

11 It’s time to Color! Materials: When we write, we will use blue, yellow, and green highlighters. Materials: When we write, we will use blue, yellow, and green highlighters. –GREEN is for Commentary (CM). –Yellow is for concrete details (CD). –BLUE is for Topic Sentences (TS) and Concluding Sentences (CS).

12 Step 1: TOPIC SENTENCE A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a hamburger. A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a hamburger. TS = first sentence of the paragraph. It shows the main idea. Usually something that you have to prove.

13 . Example Topic Sentence (TS) In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig has traits which help him succeed.

14 Step 2: concrete details concrete details are the meat patties of the hamburger. concrete details are the subcategories that prove your TOPIC SENTENCE

15 Example SUPPORT 2) For example, he is wise and builds his house out of sturdy brick.

16 Step 3: Expansion Commentary are the “extras” on the hamburger—the tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayo—they make it delicious! Commentary are the “extras” on the hamburger—the tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayo—they make it delicious! CM= your analysis, interpretation, explanation, or insight into the text.

17 Example Commentary (2 CMs) 3) The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. 4) This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf.

18 Step 4: CONCLUDING SENTENCE A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of the hamburger. A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of the hamburger. A CS wraps up the paragraph. It rephrases the main idea.

19 Example Concluding Sentence (CS) 5) In conclusion, the third pig outsmarts not only his brothers but the “big, bad” wolf as well.

20 TS, CD, CM, CS—Now What? CHUNKING CHUNKING For an Eleven sentence paragraph, we will use a combination (or “ratio”) of 1:2. That is, for every 1 CD, you will have 2 CM. A combination of CD and CM is called a chunk.

21 Three layers Topic sentence Topic sentence CD (hamburger patty) CD (hamburger patty) CM (lettuce) CM (lettuce) CM (tomato) CM (tomato) CD (hamburger patty) CD (hamburger patty) CM (cheese) CM (cheese) CM (pickles) CM (pickles) CD (hamburger patty) CD (hamburger patty) CM (onion) CM (onion) CM (mustard) CM (mustard) For an eleven-sentence paragraph, you have three chunks:  Concluding sentence

22 One Chunk: 1 CD+ 2 CM For example, he is wise and builds his house out of sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. Ratio = 1:2

23 Transitions A good paragraph will also use transition words. These are words or phrases that help readers connect ideas. A good paragraph will also use transition words. These are words or phrases that help readers connect ideas. Example transitions (LLA 688): For example, For instance, Consequently, Thus, As a result, Because of this, In summary, Hence, Therefore,

24 Does It Flow? Now you know how to write a three-chunk paragraph… LET’S EAT!

25 Step 6: A Whole Paragraph In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig has the traits that help him succeed. For example, he is wise and builds his house out of sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. Additionally, he is a hard worker. Although it is much easier to build a house out of straw, he chooses the sturdy material. Even though

26 Continued… laying bricks is time-consuming, he knows it is the better choice. This oldest pig also learns his lessons. He remembers his mother taught him that predators seek out little pigs. Knowing a wolf-attack is likely, he plans out his home construction to prevent tragedy. In conclusion, the third pig’s nature enables him to outsmart not only his brothers, but the “big, bad” wolf as well.

27 Notice the color pattern: In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig has the traits that help him succeed. For example, he is wise and builds his house out of sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. Additionally, he is a hard worker. Although it is much easier to build a house out of straw, he chooses the material that will hold up. Even though laying bricks is time-consuming, he knows it is the better choice. This oldest pig also learns his lessons. He remembers his mother taught him that predators seek out little pigs. Knowing a wolf-attack is likely, he plans out his home construction to prevent tragedy. In conclusion, the third pig’s nature enables him to outsmart not only his brothers, but the “big, bad” wolf as well.

28 Let’s try our own!!


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