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Double-decker Paragraphs

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Presentation on theme: "Double-decker Paragraphs"— Presentation transcript:

1 Double-decker Paragraphs
How to Write an Eight-Sentence Paragraph A modified Jane Schaeffer paragraph PowerPoint

2 ABCs of Writing Schaffer Style
Attack the Prompt Brainstorm your ideas- Mind Mapping! Chunk and Choose the order of your outline

3 Attacking the Prompt… Step 1: Label the type of essay –
Pick your PIE piece! Persuasive Informative Entertain

4 Attack continues Step 2: Label the parts of the prompt
- “Situation” and “Directions” Step 3: Circle verbs/key words and underline the act Step 4: Create Do/What Chart

5 Do/What Chart Do What Write P.I.E Include

6 What is a mind map? Planning is key to making sure your writing is clear and concise Organizes your main thoughts Connects these thoughts to textual evidence Stops repetition

7 Mind Mapping Sample

8 Introduction The first paragraph in an essay
Starts off by grabbing the reader’s attention Includes background information regarding both the general topic and the specific subject found in the writing prompt. Includes a three-part thesis at the end that guides the direction of the paper. Possible thesis: In the story, The Three Little Pigs, the third pig possess wisdom, intellegence and a strong work ethic which help him succeed.

9 Body Paragraphs!

10 It’s time to Color! Materials: When we write, we will use blue, yellow, and green highlighters. BLUE is for Topic Sentences (TS) and Concluding Sentences (CS). Yellow is for concrete details (CD). GREEN is for Commentary (CM).

11 Step 1: TOPIC SENTENCE A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a hamburger. TS = first sentence of the paragraph. It shows the main idea. Usually something that you have to prove.

12 Example Topic Sentence (TS)
In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig has traits which help him succeed. .

13 Step 2: concrete details
concrete details are the meat patties of the hamburger. concrete details are the subcategories that prove your TOPIC SENTENCE

14 2) For example, he is wise and builds his house out of sturdy brick.
Example SUPPORT 2) For example, he is wise and builds his house out of sturdy brick.

15 Step 3: Expansion Commentary are the “extras” on the hamburger—the tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayo—they make it delicious! CM= your analysis, interpretation, explanation, or insight into the text.

16 Example Commentary (2 CMs)
3) The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. 4) This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf.

17 Step 4: CONCLUDING SENTENCE
A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of the hamburger. A CS wraps up the paragraph. It rephrases the main idea.

18 Example Concluding Sentence (CS)
In conclusion, the third pig outsmarts not only his brothers but the “big, bad” wolf as well.

19 TS, CD, CM, CS—Now What? CHUNKING
A combination of CD and CM is called a chunk. For an Eleven sentence paragraph, we will use a combination (or “ratio”) of 1:2. That is, for every 1 CD, you will have 2 CM.

20 Three layers For an eleven-sentence paragraph, you have three chunks:
Topic sentence CD (hamburger patty) CM (lettuce) CM (tomato) CM (cheese) CM (pickles) CM (onion) CM (mustard) Concluding sentence

21 One Chunk: 1 CD+ 2 CM For example, he is wise and builds his house out of sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. Ratio = 1:2

22 Transitions A good paragraph will also use transition words. These are words or phrases that help readers connect ideas. Example transitions (LLA 688): In summary, For example, Thus, Hence, For instance, Because of this, Therefore, Consequently, As a result,

23 Now you know how to write a three-chunk paragraph…
Does It Flow? Now you know how to write a three-chunk paragraph… LET’S EAT!

24 Step 6: A Whole Paragraph
In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig has the traits that help him succeed. For example, he is wise and builds his house out of sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. Additionally, he is a hard worker. Although it is much easier to build a house out of straw, he chooses the sturdy material. Even though

25 Continued… laying bricks is time-consuming, he knows it is the better choice. This oldest pig also learns his lessons. He remembers his mother taught him that predators seek out little pigs. Knowing a wolf-attack is likely, he plans out his home construction to prevent tragedy. In conclusion, the third pig’s nature enables him to outsmart not only his brothers, but the “big, bad” wolf as well.

26 Notice the color pattern:
In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig has the traits that help him succeed. For example, he is wise and builds his house out of sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. Additionally, he is a hard worker. Although it is much easier to build a house out of straw, he chooses the material that will hold up. Even though laying bricks is time-consuming, he knows it is the better choice. This oldest pig also learns his lessons. He remembers his mother taught him that predators seek out little pigs. Knowing a wolf-attack is likely, he plans out his home construction to prevent tragedy. In conclusion, the third pig’s nature enables him to outsmart not only his brothers, but the “big, bad” wolf as well.

27 Let’s try our own!!


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