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COLOR CATEGORIES IN VARIOUS COLOR SPACES Hirohisa Yaguchi Dept. of Information and Image Sciences Chiba University The 9th CIC (Nov. 8, 2001) Scottsdale,

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Presentation on theme: "COLOR CATEGORIES IN VARIOUS COLOR SPACES Hirohisa Yaguchi Dept. of Information and Image Sciences Chiba University The 9th CIC (Nov. 8, 2001) Scottsdale,"— Presentation transcript:

1 COLOR CATEGORIES IN VARIOUS COLOR SPACES Hirohisa Yaguchi Dept. of Information and Image Sciences Chiba University The 9th CIC (Nov. 8, 2001) Scottsdale, AZ

2 CONTENTS Importance of color name Review of development of color spaces Experiment on categorical color naming Application; Categorical color rendering index

3 Importance of Color Name To communicate color information in every day life. To categorize objects and recognize them. Color names do not depend on viewing condition.

4 Berlin and Kay’s basic color

5 Eleven basic color names in OSA color space (Boynton and Olson, 1987)

6 What Color Space Should We Map Color Name? Object color space; OSA, Munsell System Color stimulus space; XYZ Nonlinear scale + complete chromatic adaptation space, CIELAB Viewing condition independent color space: NCS, CIECAM97s

7 Human color vision and advance of colorimetry

8 Basic colorimetric system LMS (Physiological system) RGB (Physical system) XYZ (Mathematical system)

9 LMS (Physiological colorimetry)

10 RGB (Physical colorimetry)

11 XYZ (Mathematical colorimetry)

12 CIELAB(CIE1976L*a*b*) Color adaptation – White is always white Non-linearity – Physical unit to psychological unit Color opponency – Luminance and chromaticness

13 CIELAB color space

14 Hunt94 Hunt91 RLAB96RLAB93 Nayatani97 Nayatani94 (CIE ) CIECAM97s CIECAM97c Bradford-Hunt96S Bradford-Hunt96C LLAB96bLLAB Luo Nayatani Fairchild Hunt CIE Others CIELAB ( uniform color space,CIE 1976) CIELUV (uniform color space,CIE 1976) von Kries (chromatic adaptation transform, von Kries1902 von Kries (chromatic adaptation transform, von Kries1902) ZLAB ATD (color perception and visual adaptation, Guth 1995) History of Color Appearance Models

15 CIE Color Appearance Model (CIECAM97s)

16 CIECAM97s Color Space

17 What Color Space Should We Map Color Name? Object color space; Munsell System Color stimulus space; XYZ Nonlinear scale + complete chromatic adaptation color space, CIELAB Viewing condition independent color space: CIECAM97s

18 EXPERIMENT

19 Light Sources

20 Spectral Power Distributions of Light Sources (1)

21 Spectral Power Distributions of Light Sources (2) ILNXNH MHLH HF

22 Color Samples Named Basic Color in the Munsell Color System (1)

23 Color Samples Named Basic Color in the Munsell Color System (2)

24 Color Samples Named Basic Color in the Munsell Color System (3)

25 Results in the Munsell Hue Circle

26 Color samples consistently sorted into the same category of color name for typical three illuminants: D65, IL and H

27 Color name regions in the CIE 1931(x, y) diagram (D65, IL, H)

28 Color name regions in the CIE 1976 (a*, b*) plane (D65, IL, H)

29 Color name regions in the CIECAM97s hue circle (D65, IL, H)

30 Color name region determined by the OR-region for all illuminants

31 Color name regions in the CIECAM97s hue circle (All illuminants)

32 White, Gray and Black in the (C, J) Plane

33 Red and Pink in the (C, J) Plane

34 Orange and Brown in the (C, J) Plane

35 Blue and Green in the (h,J) Plane

36 Specification of color name regions in the CIECAM97s space Hmin Hmax Cmin Cmax

37 Color name regions in the CIECAM97s space 75

38 Application of Color Name Map Color name reproduction in imaging technology Gamut mapping keeping color name constant Color rendering index of light sources based on categorical color rather than color difference

39 Color Chips under Different Illuminant

40 How to calculate ● CCRI for each test sample ● Averaged CCRI Categorical color rendering index (CCRI) × × × × Boundary of color samples under the test light source “St” Boundary of color samples under D65 × × × × Cmax HminHma x Cmin Chroma Hue angle Boundary of Color name “Si”

41 Relation between CCRI and R a

42 Conclusions Eleven basic color name regions are clearly separated in the CIECAM97s color space The CIECAM97s provides a good prediction of basic color name under various light sources Color name map in CIECAM97s can be applied to many fields including imaging technology

43 THANK YOU


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