Presentation on theme: "Powered Industrial Trucks"— Presentation transcript:
1 Powered Industrial Trucks Safety requirements relating to fire protection, design, maintenance, and use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift trucks, motorized hand trucks, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines.
3 ANSI StandardsAll new powered industrial trucks acquired and used by an employer shall meet "American National Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks, Part II, ANSI B "
4 ANSI StandardsApproved trucks shall bear a label or some other identifying mark indicating approval by the testing laboratory.American National Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks, Part II, ANSI B
5 ANSI PlateLoad plate identifies the capacity, operation, and maintenance instruction plates, tags, or decals shall be displayed on the trucks.After market attachments may not be included on the plate’s weight.Make sure that all nameplates and markings are in place and are maintained in a legible condition.
6 The Physics of a Forklift How does a typical powered industrial truck work?IE: How does a forklift truck lift weight?What is the stability triangle?Which wheels are used to steer a forklift truck?What information is contained on the forklift load plate?Where is the fulcrum point located on forklift truck?
7 Powered Industrial Trucks Are powered industrial trucks covered by OSHA?How would I know if a particular powered industrial truck falls under the OSHA standards? ( )Are there any age limitations for driving a forklift truck?
8 DesignationsFor the purpose of this standard there are eleven different designations of industrial trucks or tractors as follows: D, DS, DY, E, ES, EE, EX, G, GS, LP, and LPS.
9 TYPES OF POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS D - DIESELG - GASOLINEE - ELECTRICL - LP GAS
10 DIESELD - STANDARDDS - EXHAUST, ELECTRICAL, AND FUEL SYSTEMS SAFEGUARDEDDY - NO ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS & TEMP LIMITS
11 ELECTRICE - STANDARDES - EXHAUST, ELECTRICAL, AND FUEL SYSTEMS SAFEGUARDEDEE- ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT ENCLOSEDEX-EXPLOSION PROOF
12 GASOLINEG-STANDARDGS- EXHAUST, ELECTRICAL, AND FUEL SYSTEMS SAFEGUARDED
13 LP GASLP-STANDARDLPS- EXHAUST, ELECTRICAL, AND FUEL SYSTEMS SAFEGUARDED
14 SELECTION OF TRUCKS CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENT TYPE OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PRESENT
15 Hazardous Environments Class ILocations where flammable and combustible gases, vapors are or may be present under normal operations.Class IILocations where combustible dusts are present.Class IIILocations where easily ignitable fibers are present.
16 Flammable and Combustible Vapors Class I Division 1Conditions continuously exist or periodically under operating conditions.Division 2Conditions may exist due to an accident (IE: ruptured drum).
17 Dusts Class II Division 1 Division 2 Conditions continuously exist or periodically under operating conditions.Division 2Conditions may exist due build up of dusts in equipment or where dusts may be ignited by sparks.
18 Fibers Class III Division 1 Division 2 Locations in which easily ignitable fiber materials are handled producing combustible flyings.Division 2Locations where easily ignitable fiber materials are stored.
19 Groups Acetylene Hydrogen Ethyl ether Gasoline, acetone, etc. Metal DustCarbon black, coal dustGrain DustCocoa fiber, jute, cotton fiber, etc.
20 Forklift RefuelingWhen refueling gasoline, diesel, and LPG gas, all open flames and sources of ignition must be kept away.Fire extinguishers should be made available.No smoking.
21 Batteries Hazardous gases and fumes being evolved from the batteries Batteries can explode under recharging conditions, acids can be splashed
22 Acid HazardsA carboy tilter or siphon shall be provided for handling electrolyte.Always add acid to the water. (A in W)Eyewash stationsAcid neutralizing systems (Emergency showers)
23 Operations Operators must be trained No one shall be allowed to stand under a load.When unattended, load must be lowered, controls neutralized, brakes set, truck shut offUnattended - more than 25 feet away or out of line of vision
24 Safety platformSecured to truckControls on the platform itself
25 Traveling Right of way Stay to the right Slow down and blow horn at intersections where view is obstructed
26 Traveling Mast shall be tilted backwards When ascending or descending, the load goes upward.Drive with mast down a few inches above the floor.
28 Wheel StopsThe brakes of highway trucks shall be set and wheel chocks placed under the rear wheels to prevent the trucks from rolling while they are boarded with powered industrial trucks.
29 TrainsWheel stops or other recognized positive protection shall be provided to prevent railroad cars from moving during loading or unloading operations.
30 Dockboards and Bridge Plates Positive protection shall be provided to prevent trucks and railroad cars from being moved while dockboards or bridge plates are in position.
31 Steps in Loading and Unloading The forklift Operator shall ensure:Set brakesBlock wheelsCheck flooring of trucks, trailers, railcars
32 TrainingThe employer shall ensure that each powered industrial truck operator is competent to operate a powered industrial truck safely, as demonstrated by the successful completion of the training and evaluation required under the law.Prior to permitting an employee to operate a powered industrial truck, the employer shall ensure that each operator has successfully completed the training
33 Training ComponentsTraining shall consist of a combination of formal instruction (e.g., lecture, discussion, interactive computer learning, video tape, written material), practical training (demonstrations performed by the trainer and practical exercises performed by the trainee), and evaluation of the operator's performance in the workplace.
34 Training program content Operating instructions, warnings, and precautions for the types of truck the operator will be authorized to operateList of topics required in the standard
35 Refresher training and evaluation Refresher training, including an evaluation of the effectiveness of that training, shall be conducted to ensure that the operator has the knowledge and skills needed to operate the powered industrial truck safely
36 Refresher Training Required When The operator:has been observed to operate the vehicle in an unsafe mannerhas been involved in an accident or near-miss incidenthas received an evaluation that reveals that the operator is not operating the truck safelyis assigned to drive a different type of truckThe workplace changes in a manner that could affect safe operation of the truck.
37 Maximum Length Between Training An evaluation of each powered industrial truck operator's performance shall be conducted at least once every three years.
38 InspectionsOnce a dayContinuously - Before each shift
39 Walking Working Surfaces At what fall distance do I need to protect workers on walking/working surfaces?General Industry?Construction Industry?