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Domestication of Avalokiteśvara, Guanyin. Miracle tales Tell people about Guanyin’s salvific abilities and deeds Validate the scriptures’ claim about.

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Presentation on theme: "Domestication of Avalokiteśvara, Guanyin. Miracle tales Tell people about Guanyin’s salvific abilities and deeds Validate the scriptures’ claim about."— Presentation transcript:

1 Domestication of Avalokiteśvara, Guanyin

2 Miracle tales Tell people about Guanyin’s salvific abilities and deeds Validate the scriptures’ claim about what Guanyin can do Reinforce common understanding and application of the pre-Buddhist Chinese concept of “stimulus and response” (gan’ying) or “efficacious response” (ling-ying)

3 Earlier Collections of Miracle Tales about Guanyin A series of “Guanyin’s Responsive Manifestations” stories emerged: A Record of Guanshiyin’s Responsive Manifestations (late 4 th c)—7 stories Continued Records of Guanshiyin’s Responsive Manifestations (mid 5 th c)—10 stories More Records of Guanshiyin’s Responsive Manifestations (late 5 th c)—69 stories

4 Followed by later collections Record of Manifestations [Resulting] from Recitation of Guanshiyin Sutra and Mantras (17 th c) Compassionate Grove of Guanyin (17 th c) Record of Guanshiyin Bodhisattva’s Efficacious Responses (20 th c)

5 Stories in the Earlier Collections The faithful can benefit from chanting the Guanyin Sutra calling Guanyin’s name Combination of invocation of and meditation on Guanyin Being a filial son Being a devout Buddhist

6 Types of rewards or benefits Escape from fire and other disasters such as “peril of the water”—drown because of shipwreck gain a new and good voice to chant and recite sutras Deliverance from being killed and from other life-threatening situations Release from shackles Diseases cured Have vision of Guanyin and is helped, saved, or rescued

7 Rewards indicated in the Lotus Sutra Rewards come from Hearing, calling, chanting, reciting Guanyin’s name Deliverance from all kinds of trials and dangers fire ocean wind weapons demons imprisonment robbers

8 Stories in the Later Collections Guanyin in a wide array of manifestations  appeared in female form, known as Wife of Mr. Ma and Guanyin with a fish-basket  image revealed in an opened clam: “clam-dwelling Guanyin” Benefits of hearing, calling, chanting, reciting Guanyin’s name

9 Benefits/rewards indicated in later collections Relieved from various diseases: eye, foot, throat, leprosy, possession, skin, stomach and intestinal, fever, madness, smallpox Rescued from water and fire Rescued from imprisonment and other dangers Obtain sons and blessings Obtain wisdom, lengthening lifespan, and resurrection Receive reward of filial piety and good rebirth Relieved from natural disasters: drought, rainfall, locusts

10 Domestication of Guanyin through Indigenous Iconographies Chinese creation of new iconographies of Guanyin The Water-Moon Guanyin The White-robed Guanyin Song Dynasty, wood sculpture

11 Closer look

12 Water-Moon. Wall Painting, by fifteen court painters, Ming Dynasty

13 Liao Dynasty, Wood Scupture Thousand-armed Thousand-eyed Guanyin

14 Left: By an unknown modern painter Right: by Zhang Daqian in 1973

15 By a modern painter

16 White-robed Guanyin, stone sculpture, Southern Song, 1142-1146, now in Dazu Cave, Sichuan

17 Regional diversity of indigenous icons Great Compassionate Guanyin Great Compassionate Eleven-faced Guanyin Eleven-faced Guanyin, Stone sculpture, probably Tang Dynasty

18 Great Sage Wish-fulfilling Guanyin Guanyin Who Prolongs Life and Saves [One] from Suffering Great Merciful and Compassionate Guanyin Who Saves One from Suffering Guanyin Who Manifests in Response

19 Pure Vase Guanyin Precious Basket Guanyin Precious Sutra Guanyin Precious Fan Guanyin Willow Branch Guanyin Precious Jewel Guanyin Precious Mirror Guanyin Lotus Hand Guanyin Wish-fulfilling Wheel Guanyin Rosary Hand Guanyin

20 Guanyin of “The Universal Gateway Chapter” Guanyin Who Protects One from Bad Karmic Retribution Guanyin Who Removes Dangers from Elephants Guanyin Who Removes Dangers from Water Guanyin Who Removes Dangers from Fire Guanyin Who Subdues Ghosts and Evil Spirits Guanyin Who Removes Dangers from Beasts Guanyin Who Saves [One] from Suffering by Seeking Out Voices Mt. Potalaka Guanyin Guanyin of the Desolate Ocean Coast


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