Presentation on theme: "CDR Diane L. Kelsch FDA Florida District"— Presentation transcript:
1CDR Diane L. Kelsch FDA Florida District Planes, Trains, and What? An Introduction to the FDA’s Interstate Travel Program (ITP)CDR Diane L. KelschFDA Florida District
2History 1894: 1st Interstate Quarantine Regulations (IQR) established Fell under Marine Hospital Service (USPHS) Treasury DepartmentQuarantine and detention only1917: Vessel Sanitation Program becomes a function of the PHS1798: Beginning of the PHS (Marine Hospital Service)President John Adams signed into law an act which furnished medical relief to merchant seamanA healthy merchant marine was necessary for economic prosperity and a strong national defense
3History Continued 1921: IQR revisions (a) included water for drinking and culinary purposes on any car, vessel, or other conveyance while engaged in interstate travel and approved water sources(b) included general sanitation requirements for conveyance dining and lavatory facilities
4History Continued1951: Bus and Railcar service area requirements (related to lavatory waste discharge)1969: IQR transferred to FDAVessel Sanitation Program CDC?
5History Continued1972: IQR amended and regulations transferred to CFR Title 21 Food & DrugsPart 1240: Control of Communicable DiseasesPart 1250: Interstate Conveyance Sanitation2000: FDA transfers regulatory authority to CDC for Interstate quarantine over personsAnimals and products remain under FDA1972: PHS Regulations recodified transfers IQR from 42 CFR (Public Health) Part 12 to 42 CFR part 72 (Interstate Quarantine)FDA does things and CDC does people. During the discussions and in the run up to the BT Act and regulations quarantine and detention of people was transferred (transfer of regulations) from FDA to CDC when it involves interstate conveyances. For food borne illness, it usually begins with the State EIS (CDC) or DOH, then FDA if a specific food is implicated, then the collaboration begins with the DOH and CDC doing the EPI and FDA doing the environmental and food trace back. I am attaching an example of a Shigella sp. outbreak involving a caterer, airlines, and the State of Hawaii DOH and EIS.It is dual jurisdiction until food and water is ruled out. CDC is the primary for such things as TB, influenza, SARS.
6Program Goal (ITP)To ensure that the personnel, facilities, and equipment are adequate and managed to prevent food borne illness, and the introduction or spread of communicable disease via common carriers operating in interstate commerce
7ITP Definitions 21 CFR Part 1250 Definitions: Conveyance: Any land or air carrier, or any vessel (as defined)Interstate traffic: The movement of any conveyance or the transportation of persons or property