Presentation on theme: "So you’re looking at a.pdf: Using the Model of a Supply Chain to Understand Electronic Resources Juleah Swanson Electronic Resources & Access Librarian."— Presentation transcript:
So you’re looking at a.pdf: Using the Model of a Supply Chain to Understand Electronic Resources Juleah Swanson Electronic Resources & Access Librarian Mary P Key Diversity Resident The Ohio State University Ohio Valley Group of Technical Services Librarians 2012 Conference Evansville, IN 3 May 2012
Objectives Develop a foundational understanding of a supply chain and the players/entities involved. Address the role the internet has played in reshaping supply chains. To demystify the “magic” of how electronic resources get from author to user. This presentation itself is intended to be an instruction tool for librarians, staff and those new to electronic resources.
OUTLINE What is a supply chain? Who are the players? Traditional model E-commerce model How does this translate to e-resources in Libraries?
What is a supply chain? Definitions: 1.Processes from the initial raw materials to the ultimate consumption of the finished product linking across supplier-user companies. 2.The functions within and outside a company that enable the value chain to make products and provide services to the customer (APICS Dictionary, 8 th Edition 1995) A distributed network of entities interacting to deliver products or services to the end customer, linking flows from raw materials supplier to final delivery. (Ellram, 1991; Lee & Ng 1997)
Generic Supply Chain Raw MaterialManufacturerDistributorRetailCustomer
Who are the players: Raw material Raw Material: Purchased items or extracted materials that are converted via the manufacturing process into component and/or products
Who are the players: Manufacturer Manufacturer: a producer or fabricator of something.
Who are the players: Distributor Distributor: A business that does not manufacture its own products but purchases and resells these products.
Who are the players: Retail Retail: The action or business of selling goods in relatively small quantities for use or consumption rather than for resale.
Retail spaces: Markets & Malls
Retail spaces: Grocery Stores & Big Box stores
Who are the players: Customers Customer: One who acquires ownership by long use or possession
Aligning supply chain examples Ore Mine Smelting & Manufacturing Parts Distributor Auto StoreCustomer AuthorPublisherAgentLibraryPatron Example of the supply chain for a car part Example of the supply chain for a print journal Raw MaterialManufacturerDistributorRetailCustomer Generic supply chain
Answers Yes! Ideas, manuscript, information, research Publisher.pdf
What happens when you add the internet?
eCommerce The use of electronic networks to facilitate commercial transaction. What does this mean to the supply chain? Replacement of the physical Consolidation and/or invisibility of the players
Influence of eCommerce Raw MaterialManufacturerDistributorRetailCustomer
Evolution Amazon Raw Material/ Authors Publishers Distributor & Retail
Evolution of Amazon Raw Material/ Author Distributor Publishing Manufactures devices Virtual Retail space Self Publishing
What does this mean to electronic resources in libraries?
Raw Material Manufacturer DistributorRetailCustomer
How can this model be applied? Raw MaterialManufacturerDistributorRetailCustomer Troubleshooting