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Presentation on theme: "MGM 4254 PENGURUSAN PERUNCITAN"— Presentation transcript:


2 UNIT 1 An Introduction to Retailing
define retailing retailing special characteristics concept of strategic planning total retail experience customer service relationship retailing

3 A Typical Channel of Distribution
Retailer Manufacturer Wholesaler Final Consumer

4 What is Retailing? Retailing - Consists of the final activities and steps needed to place merchandise made elsewhere into the hands of the consumer or to provide services to the consumer. Any firm that sells a product or provides a service to the final consumer is said to be performing the retailing function. LO 1

5 Changes in Retailing? E-tailing Price competition Demographic shifts
Store size LO 1

6 Issues in Retailing How can we best serve our customers while earning a fair profit? How can we stand out in a highly competitive environment where consumers have too many choices? How can we grow our business, while retaining a core of loyal customers?

7 Successful retailers must:
become more service-oriented offer better value in price and quality be more promotion-oriented, and be better attuned to their customers’ needs. LO 1

8 Profit growth in retailing?
increasing same-store sales at the expense of the competition’s market share or by reducing expenses without reducing services to the point of losing customers. As stores increase in size the retailer often employs a scrambled merchandising strategy. Scrambled merchandising - Exists when a retailer handles many different and unrelated items. It is the result of the pressure being placed on many retailers to increase profits. LO 1

9 Private label branding
Occurs when a retailer develops its own brand name and contracts with a manufacturer to produce the merchandise with the retailer’s brand on it instead of the manufacturer’s name. Also called store branding. LO 2

10 Location Retailers are now aware that opportunities exist in new non-traditional retail areas. Retailers are reaching out for alternative retail sites, rather than simply renovating the existing stores. Today, the most significant of the new nontraditional shopping locations could be the one which combines culture with entertainment or shopping. LO 2

11 Retailing-Two Career Paths
LO 3

12 UNIT 2 Building and Sustaining Relationships in Retailing
“value” and its pivotal role in retailers’ building and sustaining relationships customer relationships and channel relationships in today’s highly competitive marketplace the differences in relationship building between goods and services retailers impact of technology on relationships in retailing retailers’ ethical performance and relationships in retailing

13 The Retailer’s Role in the Sorting Process

14 Relationship Management Among Retailers and Suppliers
Disagreements may occur: control over channel profit allocation number of competing retailers product displays promotional support payment terms operating flexibility

15 Relationship Retailing
Seek to establish and maintain long-term bonds with customers, rather than act as if each sales transaction is a completely new encounter Concentrate on the total retail experience Monitor satisfaction Stay in touch with customers

16 Effective Relationship Retailing
Use a win-win approach It is harder to get new customers than to keep existing ones happy Develop a customer database Ongoing customer contact is improved with information on people’s attributes and shopping behavior

17 UNIT 3 Strategic Planning in Retailing
the value of strategic planning for all types of retailers the steps in strategic planning for retailers: situation analysis, objectives, identification of consumers, overall strategy, specific activities, control, and feedback the individual controllable and uncontrollable elements of a retail strategy

18 Elements of a Retail Strategy

19 Checklist to Consider When Starting a New Business

20 Checklist for Purchasing an Existing Retail Business

21 Selected Kinds of Retail Goods and Service Establishments
Durable Goods Stores: Automotive group Furniture and appliances group Lumber, building, and hardware group Jewelry stores Nondurable Goods Stores: Apparel group Food group General merchandise group Gasoline service stations

22 Selected Kinds of Retail Goods and Service Establishments
Service Establishments (Personal): Laundry and dry cleaning Beauty/barber shops Funeral services Health-care services Service Establishments (Amusement): Movie theaters Bowling alleys Dance halls Golf courses

23 Selected Kinds of Retail Goods and Service Establishments
Service Establishments (Repair): Automobile repair Car washes Consumer electronics repair Appliance repairs Service Establishments (Hotel): Hotels Motels Trailer parks Camps

24 Selected Retail Positioning Strategies

25 Developing an Overall Retail Strategy
Controllable Variables: Store location Managing business Merchandise management and pricing Communicating with customer Uncontrollable Variables: Consumers Competition Technology Economic conditions Seasonality Legal restrictions Retail Strategy

26 Factors to Consider When Engaging in Global Retailing

27 UNIT 4 Retail Institutions by Ownership
ways in which retail institutions can be classified retailers on the basis of ownership type and examine the characteristics of each methods used by manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers to exert influence in the distribution channel

28 Ownership Forms Independent Chain Franchise Leased department
Vertical marketing system Consumer cooperative

29 Store-based Retail Strategy Mix
Convenience store Conventional supermarket Food-based superstore Combination store Box store Warehouse store Specialty store Variety store Traditional department store Full-line discount store Off-price chain Factory outlet Membership club Flea market

30 Nonstore-based Retail Strategy Mix and Nontraditional Retailing
Direct marketing Direct selling Vending machine World Wide Web Other emerging retail formats

31 Structural Arrangements in Retail Franchising

32 UNIT 5 Retail Institutions by Store-Based Strategy Mix
the wheel of retailing scrambled merchandising the retail life cycle retail strategy mixes a wide variety of food-oriented retailers involved with store-based strategy mixes a wide range of general merchandise retailers involved with store-based strategy mixes

33 Retailer Strategy Mix A strategy mix is the firm’s particular combination of: store location, operating procedures, goods/services offered, pricing tactics, store atmosphere, customer services, and promotional methods

34 Retail Strategy Alternatives

35 UNIT 6 Web, Nonstore-Based, and Other Forms of Nontraditional Retailing
single-channel and multi-channel retailing the characteristics of the three major retail institutions involved with nonstore-based strategy mixes: direct marketing, direct selling, and vending machines the emergence of electronic retailing through the World Wide Web two other nontraditional forms of retailing: video kiosks and airport retailing

36 Approaches to Retailing Channels

37 Nonstore Retailing Retailing strategy that is not store-based
It exceeds $300 billion annually 78% comes from direct marketing Web-based retailing is fastest growing area

38 Nontraditional Retailing
Nontraditional retailing also includes formats that do not fit into the store and non-store based categories: Video kiosks Airport retailing

39 Direct Marketing Customer is first exposed to a good or service through a nonpersonal medium and then orders by mail, phone, fax, or computer Annual U.S. sales exceed $235 billion Other leading countries include Japan Germany Great Britain France Italy

40 Strategic Business Advantages of Direct Marketing
Reduced costs Lower prices Large geographic coverage Convenient to customers Ability to pinpoint customer segments Ability to eliminate sales tax for some Ability to supplement regular business without additional outlets

41 Strategic Business Limitations of Direct Marketing
Products cannot be examined prior to purchase Costs may be underestimated Response rates to catalogs under 10% Clutter exists Long lead time required Industry reputation sometimes negative

42 UNIT 7 Identifying and Understanding Consumers
The importance for a retailer to properly identify, understand, and appeal to its customers consumer demographics, lifestyle factors, and needs and desires consumer attitudes toward shopping and consumer shopping behavior, including the consumer decision process and its stages retailer actions based on target market planning environmental factors that affect consumer shopping

43 What Makes Retail Shoppers Tick

44 Understanding Consumer Lifestyles: Social Factors
Culture Reference Groups Lifestyle Time Utilization Social Class Household Life Cycle Family Life Cycle

45 Understanding Consumer Lifestyles: Psychological Factors
Personality Attitudes Lifestyle Class Consciousness Perceived Risk Purchase Importance

46 Top Reasons for Leaving an Apparel Store Without Buying
Cannot find an appealing style Cannot find the right size Nothing fits No sales help is available Cannot get in and out of the store easily Prices are too high In-store experience is stressful Cannot find a good value

47 Where America Shops: Weekly Purchases

48 The Consumer Decision Process

49 Key Factors in the Purchase Act

50 ASSIGNMENTS ASSIGNMENT 1 (20%) Short cases from text book
- Prepare a retailer strategy mix

51 EXAMS Mid term exam 20% Chapters 1-7 Multiple choice questions
Final exam 40% Chapters 9-19 Short answers


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