Setting the Stage “Reign of Terror” allows Napoleon to come to power 20,000-40,000 executed
Napoleon’s Rise Napoleon was a Jacobin Said it was better to eat than be eaten Napoleon overthrew Directory in 1799 saying “I am no ordinary man” Became 1 st Consul for life 1802 Emperor in 1804 How does this betray Revolution and Enlightenment?
Napoleon’s Lust for Power Strategy was to keep the people happy while taking from them all that he could Order, security, and efficiency replaced liberty, equality, and fraternity as slogans during the Napoleonic era
Contradictions to Napoleonic Code Napoleon spread liberty and equality across Europe BUT... Reinstituted slavery in 1801 after it had been abolished in 1795 Sent Rebel leader of Haiti to Prison
“I Grieved for Buonaparte” “Thoughts motherly.../ Wisdom doth live with children round her knees... This is the stalk/ True power doth grow on” Napoleon lacked compassion Should’ve focused on taking care of France’s economy and people.
Napoleon vs. Frankenstein’s Monster Napoleon is “The Monster” created by the French Revolution Rousseau?
Napoleon – In Review Betrayed the Revolution Centralized the government Megalomaniac 3,500,000 deaths attributed to Napoleonic wars Romanticism Terror caused by Napoleon caused doubt as to the ability of reason and tolerance to end humanity’s ills Napoleon’s actions needed to have been tempered with compassion in order to succeed
Quiz Questions How did Napoleon’s actions help to usher in the Romantic era due to the doubt that he helped cause in the Enlightenment’s ability to end humanity’s ills? How is Napoleon like Victor Frankenstein?