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Mental Health Definition of mental health Having a positive outlook, being comfortable with yourself and others, and being able to meet lifes challenges.

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Presentation on theme: "Mental Health Definition of mental health Having a positive outlook, being comfortable with yourself and others, and being able to meet lifes challenges."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Mental Health

3 Definition of mental health Having a positive outlook, being comfortable with yourself and others, and being able to meet lifes challenges and demands.

4 Five signs of good mental health Are realistic about strengths and weaknesses Are responsible for personal behavior Express emotions appropriately Avoid high-risk behaviors Invest time and energy into good activities

5 Roadblocks to mental health All-or-nothing thinking Expecting the worst in others or yourself Being a perfectionist Letting your actions or works betray your values

6 Emotions Love Affection, concern and respect Empathy Understand how someone Else feels Fear Physical symptoms for Mind problems Anger Reaction to Being hurt Guilt When you think You have done Something wrong

7 Common defense mechanisms Compensation -making up for weakness by hard work Daydreaming - escaping reality with your mind Denial - Refusing to believe something Displacement - taking an emotion out on the wrong person Rationalization - making excuses rather then taking responsibility Regression - movement of maturity Repression - pulling memories to the back of the mind Somatization - physical symptoms for mental problem

8 Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Physical Hunger, thirst, sleep, safety, and security Emotional Need to belong and be loved Need to achieve Aesthetic Need to know and explore Self-fulfilling Best you can be

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10 Self- esteem Definition - how you feel about yourself

11 How does self-esteem development Parents influence Peer influence Life experience

12 What are four ways to raise self- esteem? Use I statements Think positive Do not surround yourself with negative people Reach for your goals

13 Self-disclosure Telling someone about your thoughts and feelings

14 Media TV Magazines Billboards Newspaper Music Poems Books

15 Stress Anything that causes a stress response.

16 Stress response Alarm - “fight or flight” - provoked by the nervous and endocrine systems –Eye sight improves –Hearing improves –Release of Adrenaline –Heart rate increases –Breathing gets shallow and quick

17 Stress Response Continued Resistance –Completion of activity (fighting or running) –Stress hormones are released from the body Fatigue –Physical, psychological, physiological exhaustion

18 Type A personality A person that is always on the go, is in a hurry, and may be uptight. Is more prone to heart disease and cancer

19 Type B personality Laid back, little stress, uncaring attitude

20 Disorders Caused by Stress Fatigue Heart Disease Cold/Flu Hypertension Cancer

21 Stress management techniques Planning - Make sure you have things planed and written down Relaxation - Autogenic training and progressive relaxation Time management - not scheduling yourself so much that you are pulled in to many directions Rechanneling energy - yoga and meditation (religion) Support - always have people who you can count on to help with rough times

22 Five stages in the acceptance of death Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance

23 Vocabulary Living will - A signed contract to state that a person does not want to live on machines Hospice - A peaceful place to live for those terminally ill until they pass away Will - signed agreement about who will get possessions Cremation - Alternative to burial, burn body to ashes

24 Suicide video clip

25 What is suicide? When someone takes there own life. Warning signs –Personality changes –Giving away possessions –Depressed mood –Withdraw from family or friends –Loss of interest in “normal” activities Who can be helpful in a crisis? School counselor, teacher, parent, police

26 Risk Factors Depression Previous suicide attempt Family disruption Psychiatric illness Recent losses Social isolation Drug or alcohol abuse Violence in the home

27 Psychosocial Factors Divorce Change in friends Change in activities Moving Dealing with death or personal tragedy

28 Mental and Emotional Disorders

29 Anxiety Disorders FEAR!

30 Anxiety Disorders General anxiety disorders: feelings of anxiety with physical symptoms such as perspiration and increased heart rate Phobia - persistent fear of something Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder - persistent recurring thoughts with the need to repeat some actions Panic Disorder - Intense feeling of terror without cause

31 Dissociate Disorders - personality changed Multiple personality - having two or more personalities Amnesia - loss of memory

32 Mood disorders Depression - Feeling of sadness, loneliness and hopelessness Bipolar (manic depression)- exaggerated feeling of euphoria and depression

33 Schizophrenia Hallucinations, hearing voices that are often mean, seeing things that are not there


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