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Point of View and the Narrator. From where is the story being told? External narrator (Beowulf): External narrator (Beowulf): 1.Aware of the story 2.Outside.

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Presentation on theme: "Point of View and the Narrator. From where is the story being told? External narrator (Beowulf): External narrator (Beowulf): 1.Aware of the story 2.Outside."— Presentation transcript:

1 Point of View and the Narrator

2 From where is the story being told? External narrator (Beowulf): External narrator (Beowulf): 1.Aware of the story 2.Outside the story 3.May be biased or reliable 4.Usually knows more than the reader Internal narrator (Canterbury Tales): Internal narrator (Canterbury Tales): 1.Character inside the story 2.Often biased 3.May or may not know more than the reader

3 How would the story change as told by….

4 Types of Narration First-person narrator: First-person narrator: “I never should have thrown the eraser at Mr. Feeley.” Third-person limited narrator: Third-person limited narrator: “He slumped in his chair and scowled.” Third-person omniscient narrator: Third-person omniscient narrator: “Mr. Feeley was furious and the students were anxious. Too late, Danny remembered his mother’s warning: never get caught.”

5 How does the perspective impact the story? Who is the narrator? Who is the narrator? What is the narrator’s goal? What is the narrator’s goal? What is the tone (attitude toward the story)? What is the tone (attitude toward the story)? What is the bias (narrator’s attitude toward the characters)? What is the bias (narrator’s attitude toward the characters)?

6 How does the perspective impact the story? Direct characterization: the author tells the reader about a character’s personality: Direct characterization: the author tells the reader about a character’s personality: “David is a studious boy who never causes trouble.” Indirect characterization: a character’s personality is revealed through Indirect characterization: a character’s personality is revealed through 1.Physical description2. Thoughts 3.Words4. Actions 5.Other character’s thoughts “However, his eyes sometimes betray a dark glint that occasionally unnerves other students.”

7 In other words, how does what we see and how we see it impact the thing itself?

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11 Point of View: Terms  Frame story—a story within a story  Bias—a judgment based more on emotion than on fact  Stereotype—oversimplified concept; assigning generalized traits of a group to an individual


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