1. When is All Saints Day Celebrated? A: October 31 B: November 1 C: July 4 D: May 31
B: November 1 All Saints Day is a surprisingly old feast. It arose out of the Christian tradition of celebrating the martyrdom of saints on the anniversary of their martyrdom. When martyrdoms increased during the persecutions of the late Roman Empire, local dioceses instituted a common feast day in order to ensure that all martyrs, known and unknown, were properly honored. The current date of November 1 was instituted by Pope Gregory III (731-741), when he consecrated a chapel to all the martyrs in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome and ordered an annual celebration. This celebration was originally confined to the diocese of Rome, but Pope Gregory IV (827-844) extended the feast to the entire Church and ordered it to be celebrated on November 1. From Scott P. Richert, Your Guide to Catholicism.Scott P. RichertCatholicism
2. What is round, usually green, and holds 4-5 candles? A: Advent Calendar B: Christmas Tree C: Jesse Tree D: Advent Wreath
The circle of the wreath reminds us of God Himself, His eternity and endless mercy, which has no beginning or end. The green of the wreath speaks of the hope that we have in God, the hope of newness, of renewal, of eternal life. Candles symbolize the light of God coming into the world through the birth of His son. The four outer candles represent the period of waiting during the four Sundays of Advent, which themselves symbolize the four centuries of waiting between the prophet Malachi and the birth of Christ. From: The Season of Advent Anticipation and Hope By Dennis Bratcher
3. The word Messiah means? A: Anointed One B: Prophet C: The one we are waiting for D: Covenant
A: Anointed One The definition of MESSIAH. The word translated "Messiah" in the Bible comes from the Hebrew word meshiach and means a "consecrated person," one who has been set aside by God to do a holy work. Another meaning is an "anointed one," one who has had the holy oil poured on his head, such as a priest, especially the High Priest. The word is found in Daniel 9: 24 and 26 as the title of some special one who was to come and "make a strong covenant with many." The word Messiah is Hebrew. The equivalent word in Greek is Christos (Christ), which is used to refer exclusively to Jesus, the "Christ (anointed one) of God." When we use the terms Messiah, Christ, Anointed One, or Consecrated One we refer to Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of God.
4. Holy Week is also know as? A: The first week of Lent B: The week after Easter Sunday C: The week before Easter Sunday D: The week of the Holland Tulip Festival
C: The week before Easter Holy Week is the week which precedes the great festival of the Resurrection on Easter Sunday, and which consequently is used to commemorate the Passion of Christ, and the events which immediately led up to it. It is the interval between Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday. Catholic Encyclopedia
5. What three things do we practice during Lent? A: Singing, Praying and Dancing B: Praying, Fasting and Almsgiving C: Drinking, Eating and Dancing D: Reading, Speaking and Walking
B: Praying, Fasting and Almsgiving The three traditional Lenten practices are almsgiving, prayer, and fasting. During Lent, we strive to remember the less fortunate through financial and material contributions. Some people choose to refrain from certain activities, such as dining out or going to the movies, and give the money that would have been spent on these activities to the poor. Almsgiving is another sign of our intention to avoid sin and to be more faithful to God. There are many ways to improve our prayer lives during Lent. We renew our commitment to pray daily. We attend Mass more often. We read Scripture with greater frequency and care. We pray the Stations of the Cross and the Sorrowful Mysteries of the Rosary. We celebrate the Sacrament of Reconciliation. Through our prayer, we seek to become closer to God. The Lenten practice of fasting includes several aspects. To fast is to refrain from food for a period of time in order to remember our dependence on God. Another aspect of fasting is abstinence. We stop eating certain foods, such as meat. Loyolla Press
6. What is the traditional color of the Advent season? A: Red B: Purple C: Blue D: White
B: Purple Purple has traditionally been the primary color of Advent, symbolizing repentance and fasting. Purple is also the color of royalty, demonstrating the anticipation and reception of the coming King celebrated during Advent. Today, however, many churches have begun to use blue instead of purple, as a means of distinguishing Advent from Lent.
7. When does Lent begin? A: Ash Wednesday B: Christmas C: Holy Thursday D: Good Friday
A: Ash Wednesday In the Western Christian Calendar, Ash Wednesday is the first day of Lent and occurs forty days before Easter (excluding Sundays). It falls on a different date each year, because it is dependent on the date of Easter; it can occur as early as February 4 or as late as March 10. The "ashes" used are gathered after the Palms from the previous years' Palm Sunday ceremonies are burned and are then, in the liturgical practice, mixed with the Oil of the Catechumens, which is one of the oils used to anoint all those who are baptized. This paste is used by the Priest, who presides at the Mass, to make the sign of the cross, first upon his own forehead and then on each of those present who kneel before him at the altar rail. He then recites these words: "Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return.“ Catholic Encyclopedia
8. What is Pentecost Sunday? A: Celebration of the birth of Christ B: Celebration of the birth of Mary C: Celebration of the birth of the Christian Church D: Celebration of the birth of Fr. Dennis
C: Celebration of the birth of the Christian Church Pentecost is the great festival that marks the birth of the Christian church by the power of the Holy Spirit. Pentecost means "fiftieth day" and is celebrated fifty days after Easter. Catholic Encyclopedia
9. When is Easter Celebrated? A: When ever the Pope wants. B: On the first Sunday that follows the first full moon after the vernal equinox. C: 40 days after Christmas. D: 50 days after Ash Wednesday.
B: On the first Sunday that follows the first full moon after the vernal equinox. The most commonly stated rule for determining the date of Easter is that it is the first Sunday that follows the first full moon after the vernal equinox (first day of Spring). This means that in Roman Catholic, Episcopalian, Lutheran, and Protestant churches, Easter can fall as early as March 22 and as late as April 25.
10. The act of recognizing a person as a Saint is called? A: Beatification B: Baptizing C: Canonization D: Confirming
C: Canonization Definition from the Glossary of Religion and Philosophy: In the Roman Catholic Church, canonization refers to the process by which a person is declared to be a saint. Canonization occurs only after beatification.
11. What means a three day celebration of the Death, Resurrection of Christ? A: Holy Week B: Easter Triduum C: Pentecost D: Holy Trinity
B: Easter Triduum Easter Triduum, Holy Triduum, or Paschal Triduum is a term used by the Roman Catholic Church, to denote, collectively, the three days from the evening of Holy Thursday (or Maundy Thursday) to the evening of Easter Sunday. The Triduum begins with the evening Mass of the Lord's Supper and ends after Vespers at sunset on Easter Day. Catholic Encyclopedia
12. Who is the Patron Saint of Lost Articles? A: St. Joseph B: St. Anthony C: St. Jude D: St. Zita
B: St. Anthony Saint Anthony of Padua, known as the “Hammer of Heretics” and declared a doctor of the Church for his zealous and learned preaching, performed many miracles during his life and, after his death, has been most famously invoked to help find lost items. http://catholicism.about.com
13. What word is not heard at Mass during Lent? A: Alleluia B: Glory C: Amen D: Holy
B: Alleluia The Alleluia comes to us from Hebrew, and it means "praise Yahweh." Traditionally, it has been seen as the chief term of praise of the choirs of angels, as they worship around the throne of God in Heaven. It is, therefore, a term of great joy, and our use of the Alleluia during Mass is a way of participating in the angels' worship. It is also a reminder that the Kingdom of Heaven is already established on earth, in the form of the Church, and that our participation in Mass is a participation in Heaven. During Lent, however, our focus is on the Kingdom coming, not on the Kingdom having come. The readings in the Masses for Lent and in the Liturgy of the Hours focus heavily on the spiritual journey of Old Testament Israel toward the coming of Christ, and the salvation of mankind in His death and resurrection. We, too, are on a spiritual journey, toward the Second Coming and our future life in Heaven. In order to emphasize that journey, the Church, during Lent, removes the Alleluia from the Mass. We no longer sing with the choirs of angels; instead, we acknowledge our sins and practice repentance so that one day we may again have the privilege of worshiping God as the angels do. From Scott P. Richert, Your Guide to Catholicism.Scott P. RichertCatholicism
14. What is Holy Thursday? A: The day Jesus was Crucified B: The day Christ was born C: The day we commemorate the Sacrament of Holy Communion, the priesthood and the Mass D: The day Jesus was Baptized.
C: The day we commemorate the Sacrament of Holy Communion, the priesthood and the Mass Holy Thursday is the day that Christ celebrated the Last Supper with His disciples, four days after His triumphal entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday. Only hours after the Last Supper, Judas would betray Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, setting the stage for Christ's Crucifixion on Good Friday. This feast, however, is more than just the lead-in to Good Friday; it is, in fact, the oldest of the celebrations of Holy Week. And with good reason: Holy Thursday is the day that Catholics commemorate the institution of three pillars of the Catholic Faith: the Sacrament of Holy Communion,the priesthood, and the Mass. During the Last Supper, Christ blessed the bread and wine with the very words that Catholic and Orthodox priests use today to consecrate the Body and Blood of Christ during the Mass and the Divine Liturgy. In telling His disciples to "Do this in remembrance of Me," He instituted the Mass and made them the first priests. Near the end of the Last Supper, after Judas had departed, Christ said to His disciples, "A new commandment I give unto you: That you love one another, as I have loved you, that you also love one another." The Latin word for "commandment," mandatum became the source for another name for Holy Thursday: Maundy Thursday. From Scott P. Richert, Your Guide to Catholicism.Scott P. RichertCatholicism
15. What is the Altar? A: The table on which the priest offers the Eucharist B: A box that contains bread C: A book D: The place where the sacred oils are kept
A: The table on which the priest offers the Eucharist The Christian altar consists of an elevated surface, tabular in form, on which the Sacrifice of the Mass is offered. From Catholic Encyclopedia