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Life of Christ Part Eleven: Prophecies in Preparation for the Death of Christ.

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Presentation on theme: "Life of Christ Part Eleven: Prophecies in Preparation for the Death of Christ."— Presentation transcript:

1 Life of Christ Part Eleven: Prophecies in Preparation for the Death of Christ

2 Overview of Christ’s Public Ministry Birth First Year OPENING EVENTS 4 months John introduces Jesus EARLY MINISTRIES OBSCURITY (VANISHING) Largely in Judea 8 months POPULARITY (DECLINING) Jesus returns to Galilee Jesus appoints the Twelve 4 mos. 10 mos. Galilee Second Year PRIVATE PREPARATION Around Galilee 6 months To Tyre and Sidon CONCLUDING MINISTRIES 3 Mos. OPPOSITION (INCREASING) Third Year Judea Perea Tabernacles Triumphal Entry AscensionResurrectionDeath 1.5 Mos. PUBLIC PRESENTATION

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6 The Olivet Discourse: Prophecies about the Temple and the Return of Christ Setting of the discourse (Matt 24:1-3; Mark 13:1-4; Luke 21:5-7) Setting of the discourse (Matt 24:1-3; Mark 13:1-4; Luke 21:5-7) The disciples asked 3 questions: The disciples asked 3 questions: the first pertained to the destruction of the Temple, which subsequently took place in A.D. 70. the first pertained to the destruction of the Temple, which subsequently took place in A.D. 70. the second pertained to Jesus’ personal return and the consummation of the age. the second pertained to Jesus’ personal return and the consummation of the age. the third pertained to the sign when “these things” would take place. the third pertained to the sign when “these things” would take place. The disciples assumed that the destruction of the Temple would be the prelude to Messiah’s return and would initiate His Kingdom on the earth. Jesus did not reveal in the subsequent discourse the long interval that would take place between these two events; some predictions were fulfilled about 40 years after He spoke them, others still remain to be fulfilled. The disciples assumed that the destruction of the Temple would be the prelude to Messiah’s return and would initiate His Kingdom on the earth. Jesus did not reveal in the subsequent discourse the long interval that would take place between these two events; some predictions were fulfilled about 40 years after He spoke them, others still remain to be fulfilled.

7 The Olivet Discourse: Prophecies about the Temple and the Return of Christ Beginning of birth pangs (Matt 24:4-14; Mark 13:5-13; Luke 21:8-19) Beginning of birth pangs (Matt 24:4-14; Mark 13:5-13; Luke 21:8-19) “Birth pangs” is a frequent figure of speech in the OT for the time of Israel’s tribulation (Isa 13:8; 26:17-19; 66:7-9; Jer 30:7-8; Mic 4:9- 10; cf. 1 Thess 5:3). “Birth pangs” is a frequent figure of speech in the OT for the time of Israel’s tribulation (Isa 13:8; 26:17-19; 66:7-9; Jer 30:7-8; Mic 4:9- 10; cf. 1 Thess 5:3). Abomination of desolation and subsequent distress (Matt 24:15-28; Mark 13:14-23; Luke 21:20-24) Abomination of desolation and subsequent distress (Matt 24:15-28; Mark 13:14-23; Luke 21:20-24) Increasing human agony in the Day of the Lord will be climaxed by the Messiah’s return. Increasing human agony in the Day of the Lord will be climaxed by the Messiah’s return.

8 The Structure of Daniel’s 70 th Week (The Day of the Lord) 3.5 Years Beginning of Birth Pangs (Matt 24:4-14) The Great Tribulation (Matt 24:15-28) Abomination of Desolation Rapture of the Church Return of Christ

9 The Olivet Discourse: Prophecies about the Temple and the Return of Christ Coming of the Son of Man (Matt 24:29-31; Mark 13:24- 27; Luke 21:25-27) Coming of the Son of Man (Matt 24:29-31; Mark 13:24- 27; Luke 21:25-27) The return of the Son of Man to earth will climax all the hopes and longings of Israel. It will only come after the predicted time of tribulation, accompanied by the re-gathering of dispersed Israel. Israel’s national deliverance is a recurring theme of Jewish eschatological hope (Deut 30:3-4; Isa 11:12; 27:13; 56:8; Jer 23:3; 31:8; Ezek 11:17; 20:34, 41; 28:25; 34:13; cf Rom 11:26). The return of the Son of Man to earth will climax all the hopes and longings of Israel. It will only come after the predicted time of tribulation, accompanied by the re-gathering of dispersed Israel. Israel’s national deliverance is a recurring theme of Jewish eschatological hope (Deut 30:3-4; Isa 11:12; 27:13; 56:8; Jer 23:3; 31:8; Ezek 11:17; 20:34, 41; 28:25; 34:13; cf Rom 11:26). Signs of nearness, but unknown time (Matt 24:32-41; Mark 13:28-32; Luke 21:28-33) Signs of nearness, but unknown time (Matt 24:32-41; Mark 13:28-32; Luke 21:28-33) When Israel sees these things beginning to happen, she can recognize that her “redemption is drawing near” (Luke 21:28) and that “the Kingdom of God is near” (Luke 21:31). When Israel sees these things beginning to happen, she can recognize that her “redemption is drawing near” (Luke 21:28) and that “the Kingdom of God is near” (Luke 21:31).

10 The Olivet Discourse: Prophecies about the Temple and the Return of Christ Five parables to teach watchfulness and faithfulness (Matt 24:42 – 25:30; Mark 13:33-37; Luke 21:34-36) Five parables to teach watchfulness and faithfulness (Matt 24:42 – 25:30; Mark 13:33-37; Luke 21:34-36) Journeying Master and Slaves Journeying Master and Slaves Head of House and Thief Head of House and Thief Master and Faithful Slave Master and Faithful Slave Bridegroom and Ten Virgins Bridegroom and Ten Virgins Talents Talents Judgment at the Son of Man’s coming (Matt 25:31-46) Judgment at the Son of Man’s coming (Matt 25:31-46) The throne on which the Son of Man will sit when He comes will be located on the earth, in Jerusalem. This throne is the throne of His father David to which He is heir (Luke 1:32-33). From there He will judge the survivors of the period of the Great Tribulation (Matt 24:21-22; Mark 13:19-20; Matt 24:29; Mark 13:24). The throne on which the Son of Man will sit when He comes will be located on the earth, in Jerusalem. This throne is the throne of His father David to which He is heir (Luke 1:32-33). From there He will judge the survivors of the period of the Great Tribulation (Matt 24:21-22; Mark 13:19-20; Matt 24:29; Mark 13:24). 1 st, 2 nd, and 4 th emphasize watchfulness 3 rd and 5th emphasize faithfulness

11 Arrangements for Betrayal Plot by the Sanhedrin to arrest and kill Jesus (Matt 26:1- 5; Mark 14:1-2; Luke 21:37 – 22:2) Plot by the Sanhedrin to arrest and kill Jesus (Matt 26:1- 5; Mark 14:1-2; Luke 21:37 – 22:2) The Sanhedrin met to plan how it could implement the decision which had already been made (John 11:53). The Sanhedrin met to plan how it could implement the decision which had already been made (John 11:53). Because of Jesus’ great popularity, they decided to wait until after the feast, when many of the pilgrims would have returned home. Because of Jesus’ great popularity, they decided to wait until after the feast, when many of the pilgrims would have returned home. This plan was changed, however, when they received an unexpected offer of cooperation from one of the Twelve. By this God ensured that the Lamb of God would be slain on the Passover and not after. This plan was changed, however, when they received an unexpected offer of cooperation from one of the Twelve. By this God ensured that the Lamb of God would be slain on the Passover and not after. Judas’ agreement to betray Jesus (Matt 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11; Luke 22:3-6) Judas’ agreement to betray Jesus (Matt 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11; Luke 22:3-6) Scripture does not tell us how Satan deceived Judas. Perhaps he thought that by his action he could force Jesus to the throne. There is some question whether Judas thought his action would lead to Christ’s crucifixion. Scripture does not tell us how Satan deceived Judas. Perhaps he thought that by his action he could force Jesus to the throne. There is some question whether Judas thought his action would lead to Christ’s crucifixion.

12 The Last Supper Preparation for the Passover meal (Matt 26:17- 19; Mark 14:12-16; Luke 22:7-13) Preparation for the Passover meal (Matt 26:17- 19; Mark 14:12-16; Luke 22:7-13) These preparations came during the daylight hours on Thursday, the fourteenth of Nissan. Lambs were customarily sacrificed in the afternoon in preparation for the Passover supper, which was eaten in the evening. These preparations came during the daylight hours on Thursday, the fourteenth of Nissan. Lambs were customarily sacrificed in the afternoon in preparation for the Passover supper, which was eaten in the evening. Beginning of the Passover meal (Matt 26:20; Mark 14:17; Luke 22:14-16) Beginning of the Passover meal (Matt 26:20; Mark 14:17; Luke 22:14-16) This meal took place on the fifteenth of Nisan (Lev 23:5), that is, Thursday evening after sundown. This meal took place on the fifteenth of Nisan (Lev 23:5), that is, Thursday evening after sundown. Washing the disciples’ feet (John 13:1-20) Washing the disciples’ feet (John 13:1-20) Jesus’ actions during the supper were intended to be an example of self-sacrificing humility. Jesus’ actions during the supper were intended to be an example of self-sacrificing humility.

13 The Last Supper Identification of the betrayer (Matt 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; Luke 21:21-23; John 13:21-30) Identification of the betrayer (Matt 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; Luke 21:21-23; John 13:21-30) Judas was the disciples’ treasurer and the one who normally administered benevolences on their behalf. Most of the disciples apparently did not know that he was the betrayer. In fact, he evidently was seated in a place of honor near Jesus at the supper. Judas was the disciples’ treasurer and the one who normally administered benevolences on their behalf. Most of the disciples apparently did not know that he was the betrayer. In fact, he evidently was seated in a place of honor near Jesus at the supper. Dissension among the disciples over greatness (Luke 22:24-30) Dissension among the disciples over greatness (Luke 22:24-30) Jesus’ earlier words about the destruction of the Temple and His second coming evidently aroused ambition in the minds of the Twelve concerning their roles in the Kingdom. They had failed to learn Jesus’ oft repeated lessons on humility. He once again corrected their thinking, but did not correct their anticipations of the coming Kingdom. Jesus’ earlier words about the destruction of the Temple and His second coming evidently aroused ambition in the minds of the Twelve concerning their roles in the Kingdom. They had failed to learn Jesus’ oft repeated lessons on humility. He once again corrected their thinking, but did not correct their anticipations of the coming Kingdom.

14 The Last Supper First prediction of Peter’s denial (Luke 22:31-38; John 13:13-38) First prediction of Peter’s denial (Luke 22:31-38; John 13:13-38) There were evidently two predictions of Peter’s denial: There were evidently two predictions of Peter’s denial: The first, described by Luke and John, took place in the upper room (Luke 22:39; John 18:1). The first, described by Luke and John, took place in the upper room (Luke 22:39; John 18:1). The second, described by Matthew and Mark, took place at the Mount of Olives (Matt 26:34; Mark 14:30). The second, described by Matthew and Mark, took place at the Mount of Olives (Matt 26:34; Mark 14:30). Conclusion of the meal and the Lord’s Supper instituted (1 Cor 11:23-26; Matt 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:17-20) Conclusion of the meal and the Lord’s Supper instituted (1 Cor 11:23-26; Matt 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:17-20) The bread and the cup were part of the traditional Passover meal among the Jews. The bread and the cup were part of the traditional Passover meal among the Jews. The third of four cups passed during the supper related to the promise of Israel’s redemption (Exod 6:6-7); this was tied to Jesus’ imminent sacrifice. The third of four cups passed during the supper related to the promise of Israel’s redemption (Exod 6:6-7); this was tied to Jesus’ imminent sacrifice. The fourth cup relates to the promise of restoration, which will not realized until the establishment of the Kingdom of God. The fourth cup relates to the promise of restoration, which will not realized until the establishment of the Kingdom of God.

15 Discourses and Prayers from the Upper Room to Gethsemane Questions about His destination, the Father, and the Holy Spirit answered (John 14:1-31) Questions about His destination, the Father, and the Holy Spirit answered (John 14:1-31) Though delivered to the same group as the earlier discourse on the Mount of Olives, this one is quite different. Though delivered to the same group as the earlier discourse on the Mount of Olives, this one is quite different. The earlier discourse focused on the nation of Israel, of which the Twelve were members. The earlier discourse focused on the nation of Israel, of which the Twelve were members. This discourse focused on the state of the Twelve and other believers during the time of Jesus’ absence. The anticipations of the latter group, many of whom were not Israelites, were quite different from those of Israel. This discourse focused on the state of the Twelve and other believers during the time of Jesus’ absence. The anticipations of the latter group, many of whom were not Israelites, were quite different from those of Israel. The vine and the branches (John 15:1-17) The vine and the branches (John 15:1-17) The vine as a symbol for Israel was well known from the OT, but the generation of Jesus’ first coming did not receive, much less, abide in Him. Only through this spiritual relationship were the disciples able to bear fruit after Jesus’ departure. The vine as a symbol for Israel was well known from the OT, but the generation of Jesus’ first coming did not receive, much less, abide in Him. Only through this spiritual relationship were the disciples able to bear fruit after Jesus’ departure. Opposition from the world (John 15:18 – 16:4) Opposition from the world (John 15:18 – 16:4) Jesus imminent departure made this warning necessary. As long as Jesus was present, the persecution fell on Him, not the Twelve. After He left, they would have to rely on the Holy Spirit. Jesus imminent departure made this warning necessary. As long as Jesus was present, the persecution fell on Him, not the Twelve. After He left, they would have to rely on the Holy Spirit.

16 Discourses and Prayers from the Upper Room to Gethsemane Coming and ministry of the Spirit (John 16:5-15) Coming and ministry of the Spirit (John 16:5-15) The coming of the Spirit at Pentecost would mark a new age in which the Spirit would minister: The coming of the Spirit at Pentecost would mark a new age in which the Spirit would minister: to the world, concerning sin, righteousness, and judgment; to the world, concerning sin, righteousness, and judgment; to believers as “a guide into all the truth.” to believers as “a guide into all the truth.” Prediction of joy over His resurrection (John 16:16-22) Prediction of joy over His resurrection (John 16:16-22) After the disciples experienced tremendous sorrow over Jesus’ death, they would experience tremendous joy over seeing Him alive again. After the disciples experienced tremendous sorrow over Jesus’ death, they would experience tremendous joy over seeing Him alive again. Promise of answered prayer and peace (John 16:23-33) Promise of answered prayer and peace (John 16:23-33) More preparation for the disciples in light of Jesus’ impending death. More preparation for the disciples in light of Jesus’ impending death.

17 Discourses and Prayers from the Upper Room to Gethsemane Jesus’ prayer for His disciples and all who will believe (John 17:1-26) Jesus’ prayer for His disciples and all who will believe (John 17:1-26) This is Jesus high priestly prayer (cf. Rom 8:34; Heb 7:25). It is a preview of Jesus’ ongoing ministry of intercession as our advocate (1 John 2:1). The three parts of the prayer are: This is Jesus high priestly prayer (cf. Rom 8:34; Heb 7:25). It is a preview of Jesus’ ongoing ministry of intercession as our advocate (1 John 2:1). The three parts of the prayer are: His prayer for His own glorification (John 17:1-5) His prayer for His own glorification (John 17:1-5) His prayer for the disciples (John 17:6-19) His prayer for the disciples (John 17:6-19) His prayer for future believers (John 17:20-26) His prayer for future believers (John 17:20-26)

18 Discourses and Prayers from the Upper Room to Gethsemane Second prediction of Peter’s denial (Matt 26:30- 35; Mark 14:26-31; Luke 22:39-40a; John 18:1) Second prediction of Peter’s denial (Matt 26:30- 35; Mark 14:26-31; Luke 22:39-40a; John 18:1) The third of the four watches in the night (12:00AM to 3:00 AM) was called “cockcrowing.” The cock would crow early in the period and again toward the end. Mark refers specifically to the second crowing, Matthew’s reference is more general. The third of the four watches in the night (12:00AM to 3:00 AM) was called “cockcrowing.” The cock would crow early in the period and again toward the end. Mark refers specifically to the second crowing, Matthew’s reference is more general. Before dawn Peter would deny Jesus 3 times. Before dawn Peter would deny Jesus 3 times. Jesus’ three agonizing prayers in Gethsemane (Matt 26:36-46; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:40b- 46) Jesus’ three agonizing prayers in Gethsemane (Matt 26:36-46; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:40b- 46) As bad as the physical pain and desertion by His friends would be, this is not what Jesus dreaded most. Rather, it was the ultimate horror of separation from the Father. He prayed for deliverance from this cup, but only if it was the Father’s will. As bad as the physical pain and desertion by His friends would be, this is not what Jesus dreaded most. Rather, it was the ultimate horror of separation from the Father. He prayed for deliverance from this cup, but only if it was the Father’s will.

19 Next Time: Part Twelve: The Death of Christ


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