Presentation on theme: "Some contextual remarks on being critical (1of2): Views: –Pre modern –Modern –Post modern Critical post modern Affirmative post modern –Integral –Non-dual."— Presentation transcript:
Some contextual remarks on being critical (1of2): Views: –Pre modern –Modern –Post modern Critical post modern Affirmative post modern –Integral –Non-dual ( containing, transcending all prev )
Some contextual remarks on being critical (2of2): but have different horizons ( where mine is slowly slowly losing its blur ) We all live under the same sky,
factors contributing to the rise of the new class: (1of2) secularization rise of vernacular languages breakdown of feudal & personal patronage corresponding growth of an anonymous market for the products & services of nc character & dev´t of emerging nc depended importantly on multi-national structure of European polities waning of the extended patriarchal family / rise of the smaller, nuclear family following the French revolution, mainly in France & Germany, there is a profound reformation & extension on secular, multi-class education (college, poly-technic, university)
factors contributing to the rise of the new class (2of2) education becomes increasingly separated from family system, also re values increasing influence of the state on education matters decreases localistic perspective education changes students´ attitude from casual > reflexive speech; from restricted > elaborated ones. Claims can refer decreasingly to formal authority / social status the latter tendency diverges from daily life / tends to question it, even when linked to upper classes.
typical for the new class: the new class is a world historical phenomenon It consists of intelligentsia ( ex: mba ) and intellectuals ( ex: dba ) foundations needed for the new class: - theory of its distinctive discourse - a general theory of capital, with the new class ´human capital´ and old class´ ´moneyed capital´ as special cases knowledge & knowledge systems are important in shaping social outcomes. These aren't disembodied eternal essences, but ideologies of special social classes knowledge systems are one of the best hopes for a humane reconstruction, as well as historically shaped forces that embody limits & pathologies conceptions of the new class: - benign technocrats (Galbraith) - the new class as master class (uses education, rather than money, to exploit others: Bakunin) - the new class as old class ally, uplifting quality of elite (Talcott Parsons) - the new class as servants of power / corrupt & weak (Chomsky) - the new class as flawed universal class (Gouldner). It´s self-seeking, but also is probably history's best card, even being morally ambiguous. It´s embryonic / emerging. It's also internally divided a class could be defined by its relation to means of production. With the new class the relation with cultural capital is important
thesis 1 – 16 1Defects in the Marxist scenario 2Peasants and vanguards 3New class, visible & invisible 4Arena's of context 5The New class as a cultural bourgeoisie 6The New class as a speech community 7Education and the reproduction of the New class 8Intelligentsia & intellectuals 9Old line bureaucrats, new staff intelligentsia 10Revolutionary intellectuals 11The alienation of intellectuals and intelligentsia 12The family in the reproduction of alienation 13Dilemma's of Marxism and the vanguard organization 14The flawed universal class 15The political context 16Consolations for a dying class
Intellectuals are well equipped (1of2) Intellectuals have the best cards in the foreseeable future to make a durable change for the better, due to –Their skills & knowledge on which modern production depends –Their sensitivity to interests of other stakeholders ecology
Intellectuals are well equipped (2of2) –That they're a strong force against all forms of censorship, thus enabling societal interests that transcends a kind of rationality invested in technology –That they're a stronger driving force behind cosmopolitanism than previous ruling classes ( due to their command of common code (´culture of critical discourse´), languages, membership of int´l org´s )
My perspective (1of2) The bottom line should be: does it reduce suffering, does it enhance life ( for all, on all stages of development ) There are only perspectives Not all perspectives are equal –The more it accommodates for various types of phenomena, ie from all native disciplines phenomenologyhermeneutics structuralismcultural anthropology autopoiesissocial autopoiesis empiricismsystems theory –The more value it has for a developmental perspective
My perspective (2of2) Some sources for this developmental perspective: –Bergson ( creative evolution ) –Gebser ( cultural transformational sequence ) –Marx( -dev´t in- techo-economic structure sets -dev´t in- cultural superstructure ) –Maslow ( hierarchy of self deployment ) –Nietzsche( immoralist phase > free thinker phase > ubermensch > independent man ) –Plato ( Eros, wisdom, good-true-beautiful ) –Plotinus ( the One overflows and creates a new reality by its superabundance ) –Schelling( spirit is the only -unfolding- reality ) –Whitehead( prehension ) –Wilber ( AQAL development ) –Wittgenstein ( philosophies are therapy ) –In general: all thinkers from / on eastern & western mysticism
back to the book..
Intellectuals are well equipped.. Likely, but they're badly flawed (1of5)
Intellectuals are well equipped.. Likely, but they're badly flawed (2of5) the new class replaces the moneyed class´ domination with its own version its culture of discourse fosters a purely theoretical stance re the world > speakers are held competent for showing ability to know & talk about the rules ( rather than walk them ) > doctrinal conformity, ritualism, sectarianism, inhibition of play / imagination / passion
Intellectuals are well equipped.. Likely, but they're badly flawed (3of5)
Dear President Bush, I call on you as President of the USA not to betray the Kyoto Protocol. The United States must live up to its commitment to the UN negotiations to prevent global warming. Sabotaging the Kyoto Protocol puts the USA into a position of environmental isolationism and makes it responsible for climate catastrophe. The US has one of the highest per capita CO2 emissions in the world. People around the world already faced with the first signs of climate change, suffering from floods and hurricanes, expect your country to be in the forefront of tackling climate change. An enormous potential of creativity, innovation and efficiency is there to be harvested once we have decided to really reduce CO2 emission. If you fail to reverse your decision to kill the Kyoto Protocol, future generations will not forgive you. President Bush, the science is clear and the international political will is there to tackle climate change. The US must join the world in fighting climate change. Sincerely, Intellectuals are well equipped.. Likely, but they're badly flawed (4of5)
Intellectuals are well equipped.. Likely, but they're badly flawed (5of5)
The road ahead..
is implicit criticism on Gouldner: he doesn´t show a way out pre modern > modern > affirmative post modern
deconstructing ineffective, uncaring, alienated views focus on values, ethics, morals focus on connections between techno-economic structures & culture gives hope by showing the contours of an emergent of a sustainable global society but: omits interior domain > how are things experienced..
pre modern > modern > post modern > integral is implicit criticism on Gouldner: he doesn´t show interiors ( culture, psychology )
native perspectives ( integral 1of5 )
major methodologies ( integral 2of5 )
validations ( integral 3of5 )
basic framework ( quadrants ) ( integral 4of5 )
lines of dev´t in basic framework ( integral 5of5 )
back to the book..
since the new class is emerging –its qualities are relatively unset, rendering a critique of flawedness premature –it has relatively much free space to determine its course, but does so under historically pressing / irreversible circumstances –on an individual level it means a large responsibility to be open, think, talk, walk –Gouldner´s critique is a clear wake up call, but doesn´t convince, due to lack of interior aspects Conclusion (2of4)
Conclusion (3of4) aspects of reality Gouldner leaves out –intersubjective ( cultural ) –subjective ( intentional ) –objective ( behavioral )
Conclusion (4of4) Why taking all aspects into account ? –ignoring them leads to flawed understanding –flawed understanding leads to feedback loops, with ignoring relevant information false consciousness ineffective action suffering Which leads to a conflict with my bottom line: does it reduce suffering, does it enhance life