Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

21stCentury College English: Book 3 How I Got Smart Unit 1.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "21stCentury College English: Book 3 How I Got Smart Unit 1."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 21stCentury College English: Book 3 How I Got Smart Unit 1

3 How many of these idioms do you know? If any of them are unfamiliar to you, hypothesize about what they might mean. Then as you listen to the passage, a) circle the idioms you hear in the dialogue, and b) check to make sure your hypotheses are correct. love at first sightfall in lovemake a pass at sb. puppy loveflirt with sb.have a crush on sb. lovebirdsbe head over heels in love sweep sb. off his/her feet Pre-reading Activities Check-up

4 love at first sightfall in lovemake a pass at sb. puppy loveflirt with sb.have a crush on sb. lovebirdsbe head over heels in love sweep sb. off his/her feet Pre-reading Activities Script How many of these idioms do you know? If any of them are unfamiliar to you, hypothesize about what they might mean. Then as you listen to the passage, a) circle the idioms you hear in the dialogue, and b) check to make sure your hypotheses are correct.

5 Man: Do you remember the first time you fell in love? Woman: You mean puppy love, or the real thing? Man: Either one! After all, when you’re going through it, puppy love feels like the real thing. Woman:Let’s see. When I was a sophomore in high school, I had a crush on my biology teacher. Man: A biology teacher, oh my! That was ambitious of you! Did you let him know how you felt? Woman:You mean did I flirt with him or something? No, of course not, I was too shy for that. But I surely worked hard on my biology homework! Pre-reading Activities

6 Reading Analysis I. Introduction to the story A misconception: teachers were child prodigies. One example of the author to show how wrong the misconception is: Cupid’s arrow hit me and I began to enjoy going to school. An incident changed the whole course: Just like normal kids, I hated compulsory education with a passion. A misconception: teachers were child prodigies. One example of the author to show how wrong the misconception is: Cupid’s arrow hit me and I began to enjoy going to school. An incident changed the whole course: Just like normal kids, I hated compulsory education with a passion.

7 Reading Analysis II.The whole story The beginning The beginning The beginning The beginning The major part of the story The major part of the story The major part of the story The major part of the story The ending The ending The ending The ending Para. 4-7 Paras Para Para

8 Reading Analysis The beginning It was Debbie, a top student and the apple of the teacher’s eye, who was the princess of my heart. As she came into my life, I felt the intellectual gulf between her and me. A strong will developed in me to bridge the gulf: With a volume of encyclopedia, I ventured into the world of knowledge to become a Chief Brain so as to sweep my princess off her feet with a surge of erudition.

9 Reading Analysis The major part There are four episodes: Episode 1: Effects: Episode 2: Effects: Episode 3: Effects: Episode 4: Effects: There are four episodes: Episode 1: Effects: Episode 2: Effects: Episode 3: Effects: Episode 4: Effects: I told her about whats and hows of anchovies. I made quite an impression on her. I told her about Aleutian Islands and the Aleuts. Debbie’s eyes widened in amazement. I helped her with a crossword puzzle. This took Debbie’s breath away. I talked in detail about the albatross in class. My knowledge surprised everyone, including the teacher.

10 Reading Analysis The ending While I was successful in my efforts to bridge the intellectual gap between Debbie and me, I failed to perceive that she was going steady with a basketball player. I felt hurt and betrayed. Then the next year Debbie was transferred to another school and she became only a memory. In time I recovered from my wounds.

11 Reading Analysis III. The after events of the story The story was over and the original incentive was gone. But the event changed the whole course of my life: the pursuit for knowledge became ongoing and I got smart by continuing to pore over encyclopedias.

12 L1. misconception n. —wrong idea based on a failure to understand a situation Examples: The medicine company held a press to change the misconception about its new product.The medicine company held a press to change the misconception about its new product. Vocabulary building mis -referring that the action is done wrongly or badly mislead — to cause to believe sth. that is not true —to cause to behave in a wrong way misreport —to provide information that is not completely true or correct misjudge —to form an unfair or incorrect opinion or idea about sth./sb. miscount —to reach a total, when counting, which is not correct

13 L2-L5 Who else but a bookworm, with none of the normal kid’s tendency to play rather than study, would grow up to be a teacher anyway? Paraphrase Who else would ever grow up to be a teacher at all except a bookworm who, unlike other kids, likes to study but not to play? bookworm n. —a person devoted to reading tendency n. —part of a person’s character that makes him like (to do) sth. Examples: He’s always had a tendency towards fast cars.He’s always had a tendency towards fast cars. His tendency to exaggerate is well known.His tendency to exaggerate is well known. anyway ad. —(often used in conversation without adding much meaning to what is being said) in any case, anyhow Examples: Why don’t we get rid of the car since we don’t use it anyway?Why don’t we get rid of the car since we don’t use it anyway? What was he doing with so much of the company’s money in his personal account anyway?What was he doing with so much of the company’s money in his personal account anyway?

14 Who else but a bookworm, with none of the normal kid’s tendency to play rather than study, would grow up to be a teacher anyway? Paraphrase Who else would ever grow up to be a teacher at all except a bookworm who, unlike other kids, likes to study but not to play? rather than Meaning: Meaning:to say what someone does not do or does not intend to do in contrast to what they actually do rather than Rules: 1)The word or phrase introduced by rather than is generally in the same form as the one parallel to it in the main clause; 2) When the main clause has an infinitive, rather than can be followed by an infinitive with “to” (which is more formal) or without “to”, while a V-ing form is also possible; 3) When the main clause has a verb in the past tense, rather than can be followed by either a verb in the past tense if the two verbs are parallel, or an infinitive if something yet to happen is implied. rather than Examples: He was pitied rather than disliked by his friends.He was pitied rather than disliked by his friends. He likes starting early rather than staying late.He likes starting early rather than staying late. Why don’t you wear the black shoes rather than the brown ones?Why don’t you wear the black shoes rather than the brown ones? I’d like to stay at home this evening rather than go/to go/going out.I’d like to stay at home this evening rather than go/to go/going out. Rather than cause trouble, he left.Rather than cause trouble, he left.

15 L5. … the image they have of me as an enthusiastic devotee of books and homework during my adolescence was a bit out of focus. devotee n. —a person who strongly admires a particular person or extremely interested in sth. Examples: The hotel was surrounded by a large crowd of devotees of the movie star.The hotel was surrounded by a large crowd of devotees of the movie star. adolescence n. —a period between childhood and adulthood Examples: The author describes his joys and sorrow of his adolescence.The author describes his joys and sorrow of his adolescence. out of focus — not sharply defined Examples: The children’s faces were badly out of focus in the photograph.The children’s faces were badly out of focus in the photograph. Though I’ve known him for several years, his personality is still a bit out of focus to me.Though I’ve known him for several years, his personality is still a bit out of focus to me. the image they have of me = the image of me which they have

16 L9. … while the fish were biting Paraphrase when it was time to play Idioms with “fish” fish in troubled waters —to try to take advantage of a confused situation like a fish out of water —completely unfamiliar with one’s surroundings fish or cut bait —to proceed with an activity or abandon it altogether

17 L11. Cupid aimed his arrow and struck me right in the heart. Cupid: in Roman mythology, son of Venus, goddess of love. His counterpart in Greek mythology was Eros, god of love. He appears as a mischievous boy who indiscriminately wounds both gods and humans with his arrows, thereby causing them to fall deeply in love. Cupid is commonly represented in art as a naked, winged infant, often blindfolded, carrying a bow and a quiver of arrows. Paraphrase? Text-related information I fell in love.

18 L12. … if only to gaze at the lovely face in English II. Make a sentence with “if only to” ? if only to Usage: to introduce what one thinks a fairly good reason for doing something, although one realizes it may not be a very good reason, meaning even if the only reason is... if only to Examples: I’ll have a glass myself, if only to prevent you from drinking it all.I’ll have a glass myself, if only to prevent you from drinking it all. I think you should get a job if only to stop yourself getting so bored at home.I think you should get a job if only to stop yourself getting so bored at home. if only to Translation: 哪怕只是为了...

19 L and that year I ground up enough pencils to fuel a campfire. Question 1: What does the sentence mean? Question 2: Why did the author grind so many pencils?

20 L14. beyond my wildest dreams —(in a way that is) better than what one expected or hoped for Examples: The salary was beyond my wildest dreams. The salary was beyond my wildest dreams. Translate:得到一台计算机的生日礼物远远超出了我的期望。 Key: A computer as my birthday gift is far beyond my wildest dreams.

21 L15. We were separated not only by five rows of desks, but by about 50 I.Q. points. Translate into Chinese : ? Key: 将我们隔开不仅有五排课桌,还有约 50 分的智商。

22 L16. the apple of one’s eye —a person or thing that is the main object of sb.’s love and attention Examples: Alice is the apple of her parents’ eye. Alice is the apple of her parents’ eye. Translate: The girls in the class were rather hostile to Jenny simply because she was the apple of their teacher’s eye. Key:班里的女孩对简尼怀有敌意,就因为她是老师的宝贝。

23 L20. intellectual gulf —difference in mental ability gulf n. —area of division or difference, esp. between opinions Examples: There is a widening gulf between the middle classes and the poorest sections of society.There is a widening gulf between the middle classes and the poorest sections of society. It is hoped that the peace plan will bridge the gulf between the government and the rebels.It is hoped that the peace plan will bridge the gulf between the government and the rebels.

24 L22. scheme v. make plans (for); plan in a deceitful way n.1. a formal, official or business plan 2. a clever, dishonest plan Examples: Behind the scenes, a small group was scheming to remove the chairman from office.Behind the scenes, a small group was scheming to remove the chairman from office. The government’s Youth Training Scheme soon ran into difficulties.The government’s Youth Training Scheme soon ran into difficulties. The criminal was planning a scheme to rob the bank.The criminal was planning a scheme to rob the bank.

25 L25. volume n. 1. one of a set of books of the same kind ( 一套书的 ) 一册、 一卷 2. (of) 体积;容积 3. 音量 Examples: I have a set of Dickens’ works in 24 volumes.I have a set of Dickens’ works in 24 volumes. The tank has a volume of 4,000 cubic feet (立方英尺).The tank has a volume of 4,000 cubic feet (立方英尺). She turned down the volume on the TV.She turned down the volume on the TV.

26 L28. venture n. —a plan of action, esp. in business, which is new and might be difficult and so involves uncertainty or the risk of failure. Examples: We are looking abroad for more profitable business ventures.We are looking abroad for more profitable business ventures.

27 L29. henceforth ad. —from this time onwards Examples: The governor declared that, henceforth, the first of June would be a holiday.The governor declared that, henceforth, the first of June would be a holiday. The memo said, “Henceforth, all salary raises must be approved by the president.”The memo said, “Henceforth, all salary raises must be approved by the president.”

28 L30. I would become Chief Brain in English II and sweep my princess off her feet with a surge of erudition. erudition n. —much of specialist knowledge e.g.The debate requires not only skills of speech but also erudition on the subject. Paraphrase: I would become the most intelligent person in English II, and would impress her and make her feel attracted to me with a sudden and great increase in my learning. sweep sb. off his/her feet — make sb. feel suddenly and strongly attracted to you in a romantic way Examples: John was swept off his feet by the appearance of a beautiful girl at his door.John was swept off his feet by the appearance of a beautiful girl at his door.

29 L38. I breathed a sigh of relief. relief n. — feeling of comfort at the end of anxiety, fear, or pain Examples: This medicine will give a little relief.This medicine will give a little relief. It was a great relief to me when I heard he was safe.It was a great relief to me when I heard he was safe. Note:Relief also refers to money, clothing, food and other aid that is made available to help poor people or people who are victims of a disaster. Translate the sentence: ?Key:我松了口气。

30 L39. get sth. in — manage to say sth. about a subject Examples: I’ll get my suggestion in at the start of the meeting.I’ll get my suggestion in at the start of the meeting. I finally managed to get a word in (插话).I finally managed to get a word in (插话).

31 L49. play right into one’s hands — do something which gives sb. an advantage Examples: In the basketball game, Jerry’s foul played right into the opponents’ hands.In the basketball game, Jerry’s foul played right into the opponents’ hands. Mary and Bobby both wanted the last piece of cake, but Bobby played into Mary’s hands by trying to grab it. (Father gave the cake to Mary because Bobby tried to grab it.)Mary and Bobby both wanted the last piece of cake, but Bobby played into Mary’s hands by trying to grab it. (Father gave the cake to Mary because Bobby tried to grab it.)

32 L54. … file into the building Paraphrase: … walk into the building one behind another in a line

33 L55. step it up —(infml) increase the size or speed of ( 非正式语 ) 加快 ; 增加 Examples: The police are stepping up their efforts to fight crime.The police are stepping up their efforts to fight crime. The pace of the reforms is being stepped up.The pace of the reforms is being stepped up.

34 L56. seal n.1 )海豹 ; 2 )印记,印章 vt.1 )盖章于; 2 )封,密封 Examples: Some seals can bark like a dog.Some seals can bark like a dog. The flap (信封口盖) of the envelope has the company’s seal on it.The flap (信封口盖) of the envelope has the company’s seal on it. The secretary sealed (= stamped an official mark on) the company’s official letters.The secretary sealed (= stamped an official mark on) the company’s official letters. If you want to keep the jam for a long time, you must seal the jar well.If you want to keep the jam for a long time, you must seal the jar well.

35 L61. stump vt. —put an unanswerable question to; puzzle Stump as a verb that means “puzzle” has its origin in the stumps (树桩) that American settlers had to pull from the earth after felling trees – some stumps were so big and deep-rooted that the pioneers didn’t know what to do. They stumped them.Stump as a verb that means “puzzle” has its origin in the stumps (树桩) that American settlers had to pull from the earth after felling trees – some stumps were so big and deep-rooted that the pioneers didn’t know what to do. They stumped them. Examples: The question has stumped philosophers since the beginning of time.The question has stumped philosophers since the beginning of time.Translate: We’re all completely stumped — we can’t work out how he escaped. Key: 我们都困惑不解 — 想不出他到底是怎样逃掉的。

36 L66. And so it went, that glorious, joyous, romantic sophomore year. Question 1: What does the “it” stand for? Question 2: The word “went” could be best replaced by ____. A) escapedB) moved C) passed byD) traveled Translate into Chinese: ?Key: 那个光辉灿烂的、充满欢乐的、富有浪漫色彩的二年 级就这样继续着。

37 L67. relish vt. get pleasure out of, enjoy greatly n. If you do something with relish, you do it eagerly and with a lot of enjoyment. Examples: My grandmother has always relished life.My grandmother has always relished life. The reporter seemed to relish asking all those personal questions.The reporter seemed to relish asking all those personal questions. Kate lit a cigarette and inhaled with relish.Kate lit a cigarette and inhaled with relish. Charles described with great relish how he got his revenge on Malcolm.Charles described with great relish how he got his revenge on Malcolm.

38 L67. hang on (sb.’s words) — listen very carefully to sb. Examples: Ann hangs on every word of her history teacher and takes very careful notes.Ann hangs on every word of her history teacher and takes very careful notes. He told them stories around the campfire, the boys hanging fascinated on his words.He told them stories around the campfire, the boys hanging fascinated on his words.

39 L69. making my presence felt The make + noun/pronoun + past participle structure is used when the logical subject of the verb in the past participle form is unknown, less important or when it involves the general public or people in general.The make + noun/pronoun + past participle structure is used when the logical subject of the verb in the past participle form is unknown, less important or when it involves the general public or people in general. Examples: They went to the Ambassador to make themselves known to him.They went to the Ambassador to make themselves known to him. I can make myself understood in French.I can make myself understood in French. She had to shout to make herself heard above the sound of the music.She had to shout to make herself heard above the sound of the music.

40 Coleridge was an English lyrical poet, critic, and philosopher. His Lyrical Ballads, written with William Wordsworth, heralded ( 预示 ) the English Romantic movement, and his Biographia Literaria (1817) is the most significant work of general literary criticism produced in the English Romantic period. Samuel Taylor Coleridge 柯尔律治(1772—1834) Text-related information

41 L77. appetite n. 1. one’s desire to eat and one’s feeling about how much to eat 2. (for) a strong desire Examples: The child’s appetite was ruined by too much candy.The child’s appetite was ruined by too much candy. The stout man has a large appetite.The stout man has a large appetite. He has an enormous appetite for classical music.He has an enormous appetite for classical music.

42 L79. sneak a look at — look secretly at sneak — vt. take secretly (often without permission) Examples: sneak a chocolate from the boxsneak a chocolate from the box sneak a look through the keyholesneak a look through the keyhole

43 L81. perceive vt. — notice, be conscious of Examples: If you perceive something, you see, notice or become aware of it, esp. when it is not obvious to other people.If you perceive something, you see, notice or become aware of it, esp. when it is not obvious to other people. I perceived a note of unhappiness in her voice.I perceived a note of unhappiness in her voice. He wasn’t able to perceive the danger of their situation.He wasn’t able to perceive the danger of their situation.

44 L81. go steady with sb. — date sb. regularly and exclusively Examples: They’d been going steady with each other for three years before they got married.They’d been going steady with each other for three years before they got married.

45 L83. revelation n. — the act of revealing sth., usually of great significance Examples: The revelation that the world is round surprised them.The revelation that the world is round surprised them. This is quite a revelation to me; I had no idea that you were a priest.This is quite a revelation to me; I had no idea that you were a priest.

46 L87. betray vt. —be disloyal or unfaithful to Examples: I thought he was too good to betray his friends.I thought he was too good to betray his friends. The general betrayed his country by giving away vital military secrets.The general betrayed his country by giving away vital military secrets. To betray some information, especially a secret, is to make it known. Examples: He betrayed the news to all his friends. He betrayed the news to all his friends. If someone betrays your trust, they make you question your confidence in them. Examples: By failing to fulfill his promise, he has betrayed my trust.By failing to fulfill his promise, he has betrayed my trust. To betray one’s feelings, thoughts or a particular characteristic is to show them without intending to. Examples: Her red face betrayed her nervousness.Her red face betrayed her nervousness. Although she often seems quite cold and harsh, her smiling eyes betray her true nature.Although she often seems quite cold and harsh, her smiling eyes betray her true nature.

47 L87. Like Agamemnon, but with less drastic consequences, thank God. Agamemnon 阿伽门农 Agamemnon was, in Greek mythology, king of Mycenae, and commander of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. After a ten-year siege (围困), Troy fell and Agamemnon returned in triumph to Mycenae. His wife Clytemnestra greeted him with words of love, but while he was in his bath she killed him with the assistance of her lover. His death was avenged (复仇) seven years later by his son Orestes. Paraphrase: I felt like Agamemnon, but, luckily enough, things did not end up as drastically as with Agamemnon — I was not killed. Text-related information

48 L89. in time — 1) eventually 2) at or before the right or necessary time Examples: Fred and Jim did not like each other at first, but in time they became friends.Fred and Jim did not like each other at first, but in time they became friends. Will you be home in time to see the children before they go to bed?Will you be home in time to see the children before they go to bed?

49 L91. no more than —just, only The phrase no more than is used to emphasize that someone or something is not very important, valuable or impressive, or that they are hardly worth considering.The phrase no more than is used to emphasize that someone or something is not very important, valuable or impressive, or that they are hardly worth considering. Examples: They thought slaves were no more than commodities.They thought slaves were no more than commodities. The white sails were no more than a speck upon the waters.The white sails were no more than a speck upon the waters.

50 L92. incentive n. —encouragement to greater activity, motivating factor, stimulus Cf. incentive vs. stimulus Incentive means a stimulus to action, but incentive applies to a cause which encourages action or activity while stimulus refers to something, either physiological or psychological, that causes a reaction or growth.Incentive means a stimulus to action, but incentive applies to a cause which encourages action or activity while stimulus refers to something, either physiological or psychological, that causes a reaction or growth. Examples: Our bonus payments provide an incentive to work harder.Our bonus payments provide an incentive to work harder. Tax incentives have been very effective in encouraging people to save or invest more of their income.Tax incentives have been very effective in encouraging people to save or invest more of their income. The tip of the tongue is sensitive to salt and sweet stimuli.The tip of the tongue is sensitive to salt and sweet stimuli. Foreign investment has been a stimulus to the industry.Foreign investment has been a stimulus to the industry.

51 L93. pore over —study or give close attention to Examples: Bill pored over his notes the night before the exam.Bill pored over his notes the night before the exam. The architect pored over his designs carefully.The architect pored over his designs carefully.

52 L94. Having tasted of the wine of knowledge, I could not now alter my course. Paraphrase:? Having experienced the power of knowledge, I could not bring myself to stop reading.

53 L97. the Pierian spring (Greek mythology) a spring considered a source of inspiration; drinking its water is supposed to give poetic inspiration.(Greek mythology) a spring considered a source of inspiration; drinking its water is supposed to give poetic inspiration.

54 English poet Alexander Pope is known for the brilliant verse and stinging satire he wrote during the early and mid-18th century. Pope emulated the classical style of the poets of antiquity and further developed the poetic form known as the heroic couplet. He first earned fame with the work An Essay on Criticism (1711), in which he wrote the now famous line, “To err is human, to forgive divine.” Alexander Pope 柏蒲 ( ) ( ) Text-related information

55 L35. aardvark n. —(Afrikaans for “earth pig”), common name for a burrowing, ant-eating mammal. The aardvark is found throughout much of Africa, from the southern part of Egypt to the Cape of Good Hope 土豚,非洲食蚁兽 Text-related information

56 L35. asteroid n. —one of the many small or minor planets that are members of the solar system; starfish 小行星;海星 Text-related information

57 L36. anchovy n. — any of several small, bony, schooling fishes related to the herring. One of the world’s most important commercial fishes, the anchovy population off Chile and Peru has been severely depleted in the last several years by over-fishing and climatic changes 鳀鱼,凤尾鱼 Text-related information

58 The Aleutian Islands are a chain of volcanic islands of southwest Alaska, U.S.A. Characterized by fairly uniform temperatures, high winds, heavy rainfall, and persistent fog, the Aleutians are practically without trees but covered with a luxuriant growth of grasses, sedges, and many flowering plants. Text-related information

59 The 3.4 m wingspan of the wandering albatross, one of the largest birds, is an adaptation allowing long distance flight over vast expanses of open ocean. The wandering albatross lives for up to 30 years and may not breed until the age of 15, when a single egg is laid and incubated for 65 to 79 days. Albatross信天翁 Text-related information

60 bullfinch红腹灰雀

61 The pterosaurs were the first non-insect animals to develop flapping flight. Evidence suggests that some pterosaurs were partially warm-blooded. Pterosaurs flew in prehistoric skies beginning in the Triassic Period ( 三叠纪 ) and continuing through the Jurassic Period ( 侏罗纪 ) until their extinction at the end of the Cretaceous Period ( 白垩纪 ). Triassic PeriodJurassic Period Cretaceous PeriodTriassic PeriodJurassic Period Cretaceous Period pterodactyl翼手龙 Text-related information


Download ppt "21stCentury College English: Book 3 How I Got Smart Unit 1."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google