Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Grammar Introduction. Parts of Speech  There are only eight kinds of words. They are the parts of speech. Nouns Pronouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Conjunctions.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Grammar Introduction. Parts of Speech  There are only eight kinds of words. They are the parts of speech. Nouns Pronouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Conjunctions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Grammar Introduction

2 Parts of Speech  There are only eight kinds of words. They are the parts of speech. Nouns Pronouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Conjunctions Interjections Prepositions

3 Parts of a Sentence  Only five parts of a sentence. Subject  Simple/Complete Predicate  Simple/Complete Direct Object Indirect Object Subject Complement  Predicate nominative/adjective

4 Sentence Structure Subject Action Verb Linking Verb Subject Complement Direct Object Indirect Object

5 Phrases  There are three types of phrases. Prepositional Appositive Verbal  Gerund  Participle  Infinitive

6 Clauses TThere are two types of clauses. Independent Dependent SSentences can be termed as: Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex

7 Clauses - continued  Sentences can also be classified as: Declarative Imperative Interrogative Exclamatory

8 Punctuating Clauses D, I I D I, cc I I; I I, I = comma splice IccI = run-on sentence

9 Patterns adj n n v Adv v Adv adv v Prep adj n Adv adj n -x- conj -x-

10 Practice  Action is the foundational key to all success (Pablo Picasso). n lv adj adj n prep adj n. S P SC(pn) prep phrase – to all success 1 Independent Clause; 1 simple, declarative Sentence

11 Practice  I couldn’t wait for success, so I went ahead without it (Jonathan Winters). Pron hv adv v prep n, conj Pron v adv prep n S P S P prep phrase – for success prep phrase – without it 2 independent clauses; 1 compound, declarative sentences (I, cc I)

12 Practice  I don’t know the key to success, but the key to failure is trying to please everybody (Bill Cosby). Pron hv adv v adj n prep n, conj adj n prep n hv v n S P DO prep phrase – to success prep phrase – to failure infinitive phrase – to please everybody 2 Independent Clause; 1 Compound, Declarative Sentences (I, cc I)

13 Practice  In order to succeed, your desire for success should be greater than your fear of failure (Bill Cosby). Prep n, adj n prep n hv v n conj adj n prep n. S P DO prep phrase - in order to succeed infinitive phrase – to succeed, prep phrase – for success prep phrase – of failure 1 independent clause, 2 dependent clauses; 1 complex, declarative sentence (D, I D)

14 Practice  In order to succeed, you must fail, so that you know what not to do the next time (Anthony J. D’Angelo). Prep n, pron hv v, conj pron v pron adv n adj adj n S P, S P DO prep phrase – In order to succeed infinitive phrase – to succeed,,infinitve phrase – what not to do the next time 2 independent clauses, 1 dependent clause; 1 compound-complex, declarative sentence (D, I, conj I)

15 Practice  Success is that old ABC, ability, break, and courage (Charles Luckman). n lv adj adj n adj(n, n, conj, n) S P SC(pn) Appositive – ability, break, and courage 1 independent clause; 1 simple, declarative sentence

16 Practice  The thermometer of success is merely the jealousy of the malcontents (Salvador Dali). Adj n prep n lv adv adj n prep adj n S P SC(pn) prep phrase – of success prep phrase – of the malcontents 1 independent clause; 1 simple, declarative sentence

17 Practice  It is not enough to have a good mind; the main thing is to use it well (Rene Descartes). Pron lv adv adj n; adj adj n lv n S P SC(pa); S P SC(pn) infinitive phrase – to have a good mind, infinitive phrase – to use it well 2 independent clauses; 1 compound, declarative sentences (I;I)

18 Practice  Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic (Arthur C. Clarke). Adj adv adj n lv adj prep n S P SC(pa) prep phrase – from magic 1 independent clause; 1 simple, declarative sentence

19 Practice  I love the smell of napalm in the morning ( Apocalypse Now ). Pron v adj n prep n prep adj n S P DO prep phrase – of napalm prep phrase – in the morning 1 independent clause; 1 simple, declarative sentence

20 Practice  The ability to destroy a planet is insignificant next to the power of the Force ( Star Wars ). N lv adj prep adj n prep adj n S P SC(pa) Infinitive phrase – The ability to destroy a planet prep phrase – next to the power prep phrase – of the Force 1 independent clause, 1 dependent clause; 1 complex, declarative sentence

21 Practice  I’ll make him an offer [that] he can’t refuse ( The Godfather ). Pron hv v pron adj n [conj] pron hv adv v S P IO DO S P no phrases, appositives, or verbals 2 independent clauses; 1 compound, declarative sentence (I;I OR I, conj I)

22 Practice  Either he’s dead, or my watch has stopped ( A Day at the Races ). Conj pron lv adj, conj adj n hv v S P SC(pa), S P no phrases, appositives, or verbals 2 independent clause; 1 compound, declarative sentence (I, c I)

23 Practice  It just so happens that your friend here is only mostly dead ( The Princess Bride ). Pron adv adv av conj adj n adv lv adv adv adj S P S P SC(pa) no phrases, appositives, or verbals 1 independent clause, 1 dependent clause; 1 complex declarative sentence (I D)

24 Practice  Well, Princess, it looks like you managed to keep me here a while longer ( The Empire Strikes Back ). Interj, n(noun of address), pron lv conj Pron av n S P, S P DO Infinitive phrase – to keep me here a while longer 1 independent clause; 1 complex, declarative sentence

25 Practice  Go ahead, make my day ( Sudden Impact ).  [You] Go ahead; [You] make my day. V adv, v adj n [S] P, [S] P DO no phrases, appositives, or verbals 2 independent clauses; 1 compound, imperative sentences (I;I)

26 Practice  This one goes to eleven ( This Is Spinal Tap ). Adj n av prep n S P Prep phrase – to eleven 1 independent clause; 1 simple declarative sentence

27 Practice  Stupid is, as stupid does ( Forrest Gump ). N bv, conj n bv S P S P no phrases, appositives, or verbals 2 independent clauses; 1 compound declarative sentence (I, conj I)

28 Practice  Don’t call me a mindless philosopher, you overweight glob of grease ( Star Wars )! Hv adv av pron adj adj n, pron adj n prep n [S] P IO DO Noun phrase – you overweight glob of grease prep phrase – of grease 1 independent clause; 1 simple, exclamatory sentence

29 Practice  Not one couple in a century has that chance, no matter what the story books say ( The Princess Bride ). Adv adj n prep adj n av adj n, conj pron adj adj n av S P DO, DO S P Prep phrase – in a century 2 independent clause; 1 compound, declarative sentence (I, conj I)

30 Practice  Laugh it up, fuzzball ( The Empire Strikes Back ). Av pron adv, n(noun of address) [S] P DO no phrases, appositives, or verbals 1 independent clause; 1 simple, imperative sentence

31 Practice  You got that number to that truck-driving school, Truck Masters ( Top Gun )? Pron v adj n prep adj adj n, n S P DO Prep phrase – to that truck-driving school, Truck Masters gerund – truck-driving appositive – Truck Masters 1 independent clause; 1 simple interrogative sentence

32 Practice  You mocked me once, never do it again ( The Princess Bride )! Pron av pron adv, adv av pron adv S P DO, P DO no phrases, appositives, or verbals 1 independent clause; 1 simple, imperative sentence

33 Practice  Luke, I am your father ( The Empire Strikes Back ). n(noun of address), pron lv adj n S P SC(pn) no phrases, appositives, or verbals 1 independent clause; 1 simple, declarative sentence

34 Practice  She picks our clothes out for us, makes our lunches, cuts the crust off the ends of our bread ( Fresh Prince of Bel-Air ). Pron av adj n adv prep pron, av adj n, av adj n prep adj n prep adj n S P DO, P DO, P DO Prep phrase – for us, prep phrase – off the ends prep phrase – of our bread 1 independent clause; 1 simple, declarative sentence

35 Practice  Nurse, if I gave you a direct order to betray him ( Star Trek )? n(noun of address), conj Pron av pron adj adj n n pron S P IO DO Infinitve phrase – a direct order to betray him [1 independent clause,] 1 dependent clause; 1 simple, interrogative sentence  [Would you do it?]

36 Practice  Snakes, Why’d it have to be snakes ( Raiders of the Lost Ark )? N Adv hv pron av n n S P DO Noun phrase – Snakes Infinitive phrase – to be snakes 1 independent clause; 1 simple, interrogative sentence

37 Practice  You’re a beautiful woman, probably ( Doctor Who ). Pron lv adj adj n, adv S P SC(pn) no phrases, appositives, or verbals 1 independent clause; 1 simple, declarative sentence

38 Practice  The Force is with you, young Skywalker, but you are not a Jedi yet ( The Empire Strikes Back ). Adj n lv prep pron, n, conj pron lv adv adj n adv S P, S P SC(pn) Prep phrase – with you appositive – young Skywalker 2 independent clauses; 1 compound, declarative sentence

39 Practice  I always like to do the unexpected, [because] it takes people by surprise ( Doctor Who ). Pron adv av n adj n, [conj] pron av n prep n S P DO, S P DO Infinitve phrase – to do the unexpected prep phrase – by surprise 2 independent clause; 1 compound, declarative sentence (I;I OR I, [conj] I)

40 Practice  You lost today, kid, but that doesn’t mean you have to like it ( Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade ). Pron av adv, n(noun of address), conj pron hv adv av pron hv n pron S P, S P DO Infinitive phrase – you have to like it 2 independent clause; 1 compound, declarative sentence

41 Practice  Give yourself to the Dark Side ( Return of the Jedi ). Av pron prep adj adj n [S] P DO Prep phrase – to the Dark Side 1 independent clause; 1 simple, imperative sentence

42 Practice  It’s not the years, honey, it’s the mileage ( Raiders of the Lost Ark ). Pron lv adv adj n, n(noun of address) pron lv adj n S P DO, S P DO no phrases, appositives, or verbals 2 independent clause; 1 compound, declarative sentence

43 Practice  Rest is for the weary; sleep is for the dead ( Doctor Who ). N lv prep adj n; n lv prep adj n S P; S P Prep phrase – for the weary Prep phrase – for the dead 2 independent clauses; 1 compound, declarative sentence

44 Practice  It’s curious that you should be destined for this wand when its brother gave you that scar ( Harry Potter ). Pron lv adj conj pron hv hv av prep adj prep conj adj n av pron adj n S P SC(pa) S P S P IO DO Prep phrase – for this wand 1 independent clause, 2 dependent clauses; 1 complex, declarative sentence

45 Practice  Your little girlfriend gave me the stinkeye in art class yesterday ( Juno ). Adj adj n av pron adj n prep adj adj adv S P IO DO Prep phrase – in art class 1 independent clause; 1 simple, declarative sentence

46 Practice  For eight hundred years have I trained Jedi ( The Empire Strikes Back ). Prep adj adj n hv pron av n P S P DO Prep phrase – for eight hundred years 1 independent clause; 1 simple, declarative sentence [I have trained Jedi for eight hundred years.]

47 Practice  May the Force be with you ( Star Wars ). Hv adj n bv prep pron P S P Prep phrase – with you 1 independent clause; 1 simple, declarative sentence [The Force may be with you.]


Download ppt "Grammar Introduction. Parts of Speech  There are only eight kinds of words. They are the parts of speech. Nouns Pronouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Conjunctions."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google