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On my honor, I will never betray my badge, my integrity, my character, or the public trust. I will always have the courage to hold myself and others accountable.

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Presentation on theme: "On my honor, I will never betray my badge, my integrity, my character, or the public trust. I will always have the courage to hold myself and others accountable."— Presentation transcript:

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2 On my honor, I will never betray my badge, my integrity, my character, or the public trust. I will always have the courage to hold myself and others accountable for our actions. I will always uphold the constitution my community and the agency I serve. So help me God

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4 End to old ideas Long Arm of the Law Long Arm of the Law Police vs. “the bad guys” Police vs. “the bad guys” Kick Ass, Take Names - Not the philosophy for policing into the 21st century Kick Ass, Take Names - Not the philosophy for policing into the 21st century Code of Silence is no longer tolerated Code of Silence is no longer tolerated Officers have developed their own privately owned language (Cop Lingo) which might be judgmental and offensive to the community Officers have developed their own privately owned language (Cop Lingo) which might be judgmental and offensive to the community

5 Cop Lingo Attitude adjustment? Attitude adjustment? Physically harming a person to instill respect for the police Physically harming a person to instill respect for the police Routine call? Routine call? Service call with no extraordinary circumstances Service call with no extraordinary circumstances Good Rape? Good Rape? Rape with a credible victim Rape with a credible victim

6 Cop Lingo Crispy Critter? Crispy Critter? Arson or burn victim Arson or burn victim Stiff? Stiff? Dead person Dead person Road Kill? Road Kill? Person who has died as the result of a crash Person who has died as the result of a crash Pigeon? Pigeon? Victim of a con artist Victim of a con artist

7 Cop Lingo Cop Groupie? Cop Groupie? Woman who fraternizes with peace officers with the intention of having relationships with them Woman who fraternizes with peace officers with the intention of having relationships with them Bean Hole? Bean Hole? Food Port Food Port Snitch? Snitch? Informant, good or bad Informant, good or bad

8 Cop Lingo Crack Head? Crack Head? Addict Addict Dirt Bag? Dirt Bag? Anyone officers don’t like Anyone officers don’t like Puzzle Palace? Puzzle Palace? Headquarters Headquarters Dick? Dick? Detective Detective

9 Cop Lingo 548? 548? Calling someone an idiot by number (1096 = Mental patient) Calling someone an idiot by number (1096 = Mental patient) Dime? Dime? 10 years in jail or $10 in drugs 10 years in jail or $10 in drugs Dope? Dope? Any illegal narcotics Any illegal narcotics Dirty? Dirty? Guilty of a crime Guilty of a crime

10 Cop Lingo Hoopty or P.O.S.? Hoopty or P.O.S.? Car in crappy shape Car in crappy shape On the Box? On the Box? Lie Detector Test Lie Detector Test Whacked? Whacked? Killed, hit, assaulted Killed, hit, assaulted Bunko? Bunko? Con artist & fraud Con artist & fraud

11 What was the predominant ethnicity of the first American police officers. Why?

12 Black History Month Handout Read the handout in your group and decide on the possible negative/positive outcomes. What questions do you have about the columnist who wrote the article?

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14 HUMAN DNA If our DNA coding was stretched it would reach from New York to the California coastline. If our DNA coding was stretched it would reach from New York to the California coastline. Our DNA coding would fill 200 Manhattan size phonebooks with 1,000 pages each. Our DNA coding would fill 200 Manhattan size phonebooks with 1,000 pages each. All 100,000 of your genes are crammed into the 23 pairs of chromosomes in the nucleus of each of your cells! All 100,000 of your genes are crammed into the 23 pairs of chromosomes in the nucleus of each of your cells!

15 HUMAN DNA Children share 99.5% of their parents DNA Children share 99.5% of their parents DNA ALL of God’s people share over 99% of the exact same DNA!!! ALL of God’s people share over 99% of the exact same DNA!!!

16 PURPOSE OF TRAINING IN CULTURAL DIFFERENCES AND DIVERSITY Pro-active approach enhances positive police-community relations Pro-active approach enhances positive police-community relations Reduces lawsuits Reduces lawsuits End to old ideas & myths End to old ideas & myths Improves professionalism & understanding Improves professionalism & understanding

17 Ohio’s Diversity From 92 countries, 808 immigrants became new American citizens at Value City Arena in From 92 countries, 808 immigrants became new American citizens at Value City Arena in In 2004, Ohio processed 14,211 citizenship applications, triple the number in In 2004, Ohio processed 14,211 citizenship applications, triple the number in “Nationwide, 450,000 immigrants are expected to take the oath this year.” “Nationwide, 450,000 immigrants are expected to take the oath this year.”

18 Diversity of the Dollar Bill?

19 Who Was Haym Solomon? Polish Jew – Savior of a Nation? 1776 arrested as a spy as part of the Sons of Liberty, 18 months Later sentenced to death but escaped War Chest was empty $25 million in today’s $ Bailed out the U.S. several more times

20 SENSITIVITY The ability to consider the feeling of others and address the party in a respectful and non-offensive manner

21 CULTURAL AWARENESS The opening of our minds and hearts to the ways of others The opening of our minds and hearts to the ways of others The mutual exchange of knowledge for the betterment of humanity The mutual exchange of knowledge for the betterment of humanity

22 Are people a product of their environment?

23 Why is cultural awareness important to you as a Law Enforcement Official? A police officer pulled over a car for a traffic violation. The driver appeared to be non-American. He stopped, then got out of the car and approached the officer’s car, shouting and waving his arms. The officer wondered if this person was dangerous or unstable, preparing to attack him/her.

24 In some cultures, you don’t inconvenience a police officer by making him/her get out of the car and come to you. Waiting for the officer or doing nothing is a tacit admission of guilt. In the context of the driver’s cultural norms, he was paying the officer the utmost respect by stepping out of the car. Waving his arms letting him know he is unarmed.

25 Diversity in American Law Enforcement

26 1891 New York 1910 L.A. Alice Wells

27 Marie Owens – Chicago PD Detective sergeant in 1891 Detective sergeant in 1891

28 Bass Reeves

29 Born enslaved in 1838 in Crawford County, Arkansas Born enslaved in 1838 in Crawford County, Arkansas Fled north into Indian Territory and lived with Seminole and Creek Indians. Fled north into Indian Territory and lived with Seminole and Creek Indians. Reeves and his family farmed until 1875 Reeves and his family farmed until 1875 Recruited by Judge Isaac Parker & U.S. Marshal James Fagan in 1875 Recruited by Judge Isaac Parker & U.S. Marshal James Fagan in 1875 Reeves arrested over 3,000 fugitives & killed at least 14 Reeves arrested over 3,000 fugitives & killed at least 14 At statehood became a member of the Muskogee, Oklahoma, police department at the age of 68 At statehood became a member of the Muskogee, Oklahoma, police department at the age of 68

30 Dayton PD First black police officer? First black police officer? Patorlman William Jenkins 1897 Patorlman William Jenkins 1897 Lucius Rice 1909 Sgt killed by gunfire 1939 Lucius Rice 1909 Sgt killed by gunfire 1939

31 Sheriff Collins First female Sheriff in Ohio – What year? First female Sheriff in Ohio – What year?

32 Understanding different life practices relating to race, religion, gender, age, physical ability/disability, sexual orientation, validity and integrity of those behaviors

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34 U.S. POPULATION As of Jan 11, 2006 As of Jan 11, 2006 U.S. 305,600,000 World 6,750,000,000 U.S. 305,600,000 World 6,750,000,000 Source:

35 THE WORLD’S POPULATION If we could shrink the earth’s population to the size of a village of precisely 100 people, with all the existing human ratios remaining the same, it would look something like the following:

36 How Many Would There Be? Europeans Europeans Asians Asians Africans Africans From the Western Hemisphere From the Western Hemisphere How many males vs. females How many males vs. females How many white vs. non-white How many white vs. non-white How many Christians vs. non-Christian How many Christians vs. non-Christian

37 THE WORLD’S POPULATION 57 Asians 21 Europeans 14 from the Western Hemisphere, both North and South both North and South 8 Africans 8 Africans

38 THE WORLD’S POPULATION 52 would be Female 48 would be Male 70 would be non-white 30 would be white 70 would be non-Christian 30 would be Christian

39 How Many Would There Be? How many heterosexuals vs. homosexuals How many heterosexuals vs. homosexuals How many will live in substandard housing? How many will live in substandard housing? How many will be wealthy? How many will be wealthy? How many can read? How many can read? How many have malnutrition? How many have malnutrition? How many have a college education? How many have a college education? How many own a computer? How many own a computer?

40 THE WORLD’S POPULATION 89 would be heterosexual 11 would be homosexual 6 people would possess 59% of the 6 people would possess 59% of the entire world’s wealth all 6 would be entire world’s wealth all 6 would be from the U.S. from the U.S. 80 would live in substandard housing

41 THE WORLD’S POPULATION 70 would be unable to read 50 would suffer from malnutrition 1 would be near death 1 would be near death 1 would be near birth 1 would be near birth 1 (only) would have a college education 1 would own a computer 1 would own a computer

42 OHIO POPULATION TOP 10 COUNTIES, PERCENT CHANGE IN DEMOGRAPHICS DELAWARE 64.3% WARREN 39.0% UNION 28.0% NOBLE 24.0% MEDINA 23.5% BROWN 20.9% FAIRFIELD 18.7% HOLMES 18.6% CLERMONT 18.5% VINTON 15.4%

43 PROACTIVE APPROACH REDUCED POLICE/COMMUNITY CONFLICT: pro-active organization promoting understanding of inter- cultural communication reduce community conflict and misunderstandings REDUCED POLICE/COMMUNITY CONFLICT: pro-active organization promoting understanding of inter- cultural communication reduce community conflict and misunderstandings

44 Police Code of Ethics

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47 POLICE CODE OF CONDUCT PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITIES OF A POLICE OFFICER: A police officer acts as an official representative of government who is required and trusted to work within the law PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITIES OF A POLICE OFFICER: A police officer acts as an official representative of government who is required and trusted to work within the law

48 POLICE CODE OF CONDUCT PERFORMANCE OF THE DUTIES OF A POLICE OFFICER: A police officer shall perform all duties impartially, without favor or affection or ill will and without regard to status, gender, race, religion, political belief or aspiration PERFORMANCE OF THE DUTIES OF A POLICE OFFICER: A police officer shall perform all duties impartially, without favor or affection or ill will and without regard to status, gender, race, religion, political belief or aspiration

49 POLICE CODE OF CONDUCT DISCRETION: A police officer will use responsibly, the discretion vested in the position and exercise it within the law DISCRETION: A police officer will use responsibly, the discretion vested in the position and exercise it within the law USE OF FORCE: A police officer will never employ unnecessary force or violence and will use only such force in the discharge of duty as is reasonable in all circumstances USE OF FORCE: A police officer will never employ unnecessary force or violence and will use only such force in the discharge of duty as is reasonable in all circumstances

50 POLICE CODE OF CONDUCT CONFIDENTIALITY: Whatever a police officer sees, hears or learns of that is of a confidential nature will be kept secret unless the performance of duty or legal provision requires otherwise CONFIDENTIALITY: Whatever a police officer sees, hears or learns of that is of a confidential nature will be kept secret unless the performance of duty or legal provision requires otherwise INTEGRITY: A police officer will not engage in acts of corruption or bribery nor will an officer condone such acts by other police officers INTEGRITY: A police officer will not engage in acts of corruption or bribery nor will an officer condone such acts by other police officers

51 POLICE CODE OF CONDUCT COOPERATION WITH OTHER OFFICERS AND AGENCIES: Police officers will cooperate with all legally authorized agencies and their representatives in the pursuit of justice COOPERATION WITH OTHER OFFICERS AND AGENCIES: Police officers will cooperate with all legally authorized agencies and their representatives in the pursuit of justice

52 POLICE CODE OF CONDUCT PERSONAL / PROFESSIONAL CAPABILITIES: Police officers will be responsible for their own standard of professional performance and will take every reasonable opportunity to enhance and improve their level of knowledge and competency PERSONAL / PROFESSIONAL CAPABILITIES: Police officers will be responsible for their own standard of professional performance and will take every reasonable opportunity to enhance and improve their level of knowledge and competency PRIVATE LIFE: Police officers will behave in a manner that does not bring discredit to their agencies or themselves PRIVATE LIFE: Police officers will behave in a manner that does not bring discredit to their agencies or themselves

53 An officer’s values and beliefs affect his/her conduct An officer’s values and beliefs affect his/her conduct An officer’s conduct affects community perception of the police department An officer’s conduct affects community perception of the police department Community perception affects an officer’s conduct Community perception affects an officer’s conduct Understanding cultural differences makes our job easier Understanding cultural differences makes our job easier

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55 DEFINITIONS

56 RACISM Prejudice and/or discrimination against people based on the social construction of race. Differences in physical characteristics (e.g. skin color, hair texture, eye shape) are used to support a system of inequities.

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58 Sikhism Monotheism - (Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Baha'i Faith) Monotheism - (Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Baha'i Faith) 5 th largest in the world 5 th largest in the world Principal beliefs are faith and justice Principal beliefs are faith and justice "Realization of Truth is higher than all else. Higher still is truthful living“ – Guru Nanak "Realization of Truth is higher than all else. Higher still is truthful living“ – Guru Nanak God has no gender in Sikhism, God is “without form” God has no gender in Sikhism, God is “without form”

59 Sikhism Equality of all humans and rejects discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, and gender Equality of all humans and rejects discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, and gender A warrior culture with only 2% of India being Sikh; but make up nearly 30% of Indian Army officers A warrior culture with only 2% of India being Sikh; but make up nearly 30% of Indian Army officers Traditional weapons like sabres and chakram/quoits still used Traditional weapons like sabres and chakram/quoits still used Congressional Medal of Honor, or equivelent, in every major war Congressional Medal of Honor, or equivelent, in every major war

60 Tajdeep Singh Rattan “I am willing to lay down my life for America. In return, I ask only that my country respect my faith”

61 RELIGIOUS BIGOTRY Prejudice and/or discrimination against people based on their religious beliefs and/or practices.

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63 HOMOPHOBIA/HETEROSEXISM Prejudice and/or discrimination against people who are or who are perceived to be lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT). While homophobia is usually used to describe a blatant fear or hatred of LGBT people, heterosexism is a broader term used to describe attitudes and behaviors based on the belief that heterosexuality is the norm and/or that homosexuality is wrong.

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66 STEREOTYPE An oversimplified generalization about a person or group of people without regard for individual differences. Even seemingly positive stereotypes that link a person or group to a specific positive trait can have negative consequences.

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68 ABELISM Prejudice and/or discrimination against people with mental and/or physical disabilities.

69 AGEISM Prejudice and/or discrimination against people because of their real or perceived age. Although ageism is often assumed to be bias against older people, members of other groups, such as teens, are also targets of prejudice and/or discrimination based on their age.

70 ANTI-SEMITISM Prejudice and/or discrimination against Jews. Anti-Semitism can be based on hatred against Jews because of their religious beliefs and their group membership (ethnicity).

71 CLASSISM Prejudice and/or discrimination against people because of their real or perceived social and economic status.

72 ISLAMOPHOBIA Prejudice and/or discrimination against people who are or who are perceived to be Muslim or of Arab descent, and a fear or dislike of Islamic culture. Prejudice and/or discrimination against people who are or who are perceived to be Muslim or of Arab descent, and a fear or dislike of Islamic culture.

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75 Kareem Rashad Sultan Khan

76 SEXISM Prejudice and/or discrimination against people based on their real or perceived sex. Sexism is based on a belief (conscious or unconscious) that there is a natural order based on sex. Prejudice and/or discrimination against people based on their real or perceived sex. Sexism is based on a belief (conscious or unconscious) that there is a natural order based on sex.

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78 XENOPHOBIA Prejudice and/or discrimination against anyone or anything that is perceived to be foreign or outside one’s own group, nation or culture. Xenophobia is commonly used to describe negative attitudes toward foreigners and immigrants.

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80 SILVESTRE S. HERRERA Drafted in 1944 at the age of 27 with his 4 th child on the way. Lived in Arizona. Drafted in 1944 at the age of 27 with his 4 th child on the way. Lived in Arizona....."Son, you don't have to go, they can't draft you”...."Son, you don't have to go, they can't draft you” Not an American citizen Not an American citizen Born in Camargo, Chihuahua, Mexico Born in Camargo, Chihuahua, Mexico Legally, Silvestre was a Mexican National and didn't owe service to the United States Legally, Silvestre was a Mexican National and didn't owe service to the United States

81 SILVESTRE S. HERRERA "I thought, I'm going anyway. I didn't want anybody to die in my place... I felt that I had my adopted country that had been so nice to me. I thought, I have an American wife and the kids and one on the way." "I thought, I'm going anyway. I didn't want anybody to die in my place... I felt that I had my adopted country that had been so nice to me. I thought, I have an American wife and the kids and one on the way." Part of the first American unit to have landed in Europe during World War II Part of the first American unit to have landed in Europe during World War II Under heavy fire his one man charge captured 8 enemy soldiers. Under heavy fire his one man charge captured 8 enemy soldiers. When not in battle he studied to take his citizenship test! When not in battle he studied to take his citizenship test!

82 Later they again came under fire by a machine gun nest taking countless American lives. They were separated by a mine field. Later they again came under fire by a machine gun nest taking countless American lives. They were separated by a mine field. Alone Silvestre entered the mine field to attack the enemy. Alone Silvestre entered the mine field to attack the enemy. A mine exploded severing his leg below the knee. A mine exploded severing his leg below the knee. He attacked again and another mine exploded below him costing him his other leg. He attacked again and another mine exploded below him costing him his other leg. Yet he continued to fight. Yet he continued to fight.

83 Silvestre's courage and fighting spirit became legendary, but it also presented the United States with a problem. The young hero still was not an American citizen. Silvestre's courage and fighting spirit became legendary, but it also presented the United States with a problem. The young hero still was not an American citizen. He was asked if he wanted to call home to tell them he had survived the attack? He was asked if he wanted to call home to tell them he had survived the attack? He is the only person in the world authorized to wear the Medal of Honor and Mexico's equivalent He is the only person in the world authorized to wear the Medal of Honor and Mexico's equivalent

84 Pro-active approach enhances and embraces positive police- community relations Pro-active approach enhances and embraces positive police- community relations Reduction in frequency of lawsuits Reduction in frequency of lawsuits Greater personal/organizational benefits Greater personal/organizational benefits End to old ideas End to old ideas Police image & perception. Police image & perception.

85 Pro-active approach enhances and embraces positive police- community relations Pro-active approach enhances and embraces positive police- community relations

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87 Hindu There is one God, with many manifestations in different religions- all lead to God Eternal, unchanging, infinite, immanent, and transcendent reality which is the Divine Ground of all matter, energy, time, space, being, and everything beyond in this Universe Brahman religious belief is just seen as different paths to the one god

88 Hindu Is Christianity much different? Christians believe in angels, demons, and saints that are inferior to God Christians do not consider these beings as gods, though they are sometimes the object of prayer and veneration. Christians believe in the trinity

89 All forms of prejudice can be both conscious (overt and intentional) and unconscious (tacit and based on assumptions and “norms”).

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95 ANTI-BIAS An active commitment to challenging prejudice, stereotyping and all forms of discrimination.

96 BIAS An inclination or preference either for or against an individual or group that interferes with impartial judgment.

97 BIGOTRY An unreasonable or irrational attachment to negative stereotypes and prejudices.

98 DIVERSITY Means different or varied. The population of the United States is made up of people from diverse “races,” cultures and places.

99 MULTICULTURAL Means many or multiple cultures. The United States is multicultural because its population consists of people from many different cultures.

100 PREJUDICE Prejudging or making a decision about a person or group of people without sufficient knowledge. Prejudicial thinking is frequently based on stereotypes.

101 CULTURE The patterns of daily life learned consciously and unconsciously by a group of people. These patterns can be seen in language, governing practices, arts, customs, holiday celebrations, food, religion, dating rituals and clothing, to name a few.

102 DISCRIMINATION The denial of justice and fair treatment by both individuals and institutions in many arenas, including employment, education, housing, banking and political rights. Discrimination is an action that can follow prejudicial thinking.


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