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Anticipation Guide It is never right to kill another person It is never right to kill another person Whiteboard AgreeDisagree.

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Presentation on theme: "Anticipation Guide It is never right to kill another person It is never right to kill another person Whiteboard AgreeDisagree."— Presentation transcript:

1 Anticipation Guide It is never right to kill another person It is never right to kill another person Whiteboard AgreeDisagree

2 Anticipation Guide It is sometimes acceptable to betray your friends It is sometimes acceptable to betray your friends Whiteboard AgreeDisagree

3 Anticipation Guide The more success and power you have, the more people dislike you. The more success and power you have, the more people dislike you. Whiteboard AgreeDisagree

4 Anticipation Guide Political leaders usually act in the best interest of their countries Political leaders usually act in the best interest of their countries Whiteboard AgreeDisagree

5 Anticipation Guide No cause, political or otherwise, is worth dying for. No cause, political or otherwise, is worth dying for. Whiteboard AgreeDisagree

6 Anticipation Guide If a political leader has done something wrong, it is okay to get rid of him or her by whatever means necessary If a political leader has done something wrong, it is okay to get rid of him or her by whatever means necessary Whiteboard AgreeDisagree

7 Julius Caesar Background Information

8 The Tragedy of Julius Caesar Most scholars agree that Shakespeare wrote The Tragedy of Julius Caesar in Most scholars agree that Shakespeare wrote The Tragedy of Julius Caesar in This play is based upon the assassination of Julius Caesar by his close friends and confidants. This play is based upon the assassination of Julius Caesar by his close friends and confidants.

9 Background Information The Romans were superstitious. The Romans were superstitious. They believed that future events could be seen in dreams, the stars, and unnatural occurrences. They believed that future events could be seen in dreams, the stars, and unnatural occurrences. Many Romans believed that fate controlled one’s life. Many Romans believed that fate controlled one’s life.

10 Background Information In 503 BC, Rome ended the rule of the Tarquins, a series of harsh, cruel rulers. In 503 BC, Rome ended the rule of the Tarquins, a series of harsh, cruel rulers. Rome decided to never again be under the rule of such an oppressive government. Rome decided to never again be under the rule of such an oppressive government. They refused ALL forms of government that consisted of kings or emperors, basically any ruler who achieves power based on inheritance instead of an election.

11 Rome’s Government: After the Tarquins Rome set up a republic: Rome set up a republic: A government in which officials are elected. A government in which officials are elected. The new government is made up of two parts: The new government is made up of two parts: Two consuls (leaders) and a senate. ++

12 The Consuls were elected officials. The Consuls were elected officials. They appointed the Senate members who could be from any walk of life—noble or common. They appointed the Senate members who could be from any walk of life—noble or common.

13 Julius Caesar’s Rise to Power Julius Caesar got into politics during a time in which the Consuls and the Senate were having problems. Julius Caesar got into politics during a time in which the Consuls and the Senate were having problems. In this time of instability and arguing, he became an outspoken leader. In this time of instability and arguing, he became an outspoken leader. Senate Consuls

14 In 60 BC the first triumvirate (3- person governing body) was formed. In 60 BC the first triumvirate (3- person governing body) was formed. It consisted of Caesar, a famous general named Pompey, and a wealthy man named Crassus. It consisted of Caesar, a famous general named Pompey, and a wealthy man named Crassus. Julius Caesar PompeyCrassus

15 After Crassus died, Pompey began to fear that Caesar was growing too powerful and popular. Crassus Caesar

16 At this time, Caesar and his army were far away from Rome, conquering many lands for the Roman Empire.

17 Pompey ordered Caesar back so that he would not have to fear Caesar and his powerful army. Instead, Caesar attacked Pompey, defeating his forces and killing him in the midst. Pompey

18 Caesar returned to Rome and was accepted by the people for his military abilities. He was loved for all of the goods he brought back from his conquests, and he was elected Dictator for Life. This meant that he would rule Rome until his death, and the next leader would have to be elected. Caesar = Dictator for Life We Love Ceasar!!!

19 Many believed that Caesar wanted to be emperor instead of just Dictator for Life. If he was Emperor, Julius Caesar’s son would inherit the throne after his death.

20 Many feared that Caesar would bring back a style of governing similar to Tarquin’s. To prevent this, some members of the senate carried out a deceitful plan... plan...

21 Civilizations: Struggles for Power Write 10 facts about this video Write 10 facts about this video Yes, I will take this up for a grade Yes, I will take this up for a grade

22 SHAKESPEARE BACKGROUND Book Of Sonnets

23 Shakespeare Biography Born in 1546 in Stratford-upon-Avon Born in 1546 in Stratford-upon-Avon At 18: married Anne Hathaway At 18: married Anne Hathaway Had three children Had three children Left for London to pursue career in theatre Left for London to pursue career in theatre

24 Shakespeare Background Wrote in bars and pubs because: Wrote in bars and pubs because: Free light from candles Cheap food Inspiration

25 Types of Writings Shakespeare wrote Shakespeare wrote Sonnets Sonnets Three types of plays Three types of plays Histories Histories Tragedies Tragedies Comedies Comedies

26 His plays remain popular today His plays remain popular today Have been made into films and other plays Have been made into films and other plays

27 Sonnets 14 lines long 14 lines long Written in iambic pentameter Written in iambic pentameter 3 quatrains 3 quatrains 1 couplet 1 couplet Usually about love Usually about love Written for either: Written for either: An older female lover An older female lover A young royal male A young royal male

28 Histories Tell the history of the kings of England Tell the history of the kings of England Boring for American students Boring for American students Often ignored Often ignored

29 Tragedies: Five Elements 1. Very Important People (kings, princes, movers and shakers in Renaissance society) (kings, princes, movers and shakers in Renaissance society) 2. Very Important Things (wars, coronations, marriages, battles as the story begins) (wars, coronations, marriages, battles as the story begins) 3. Tragic Hero With a Tragic Flaw Tragic flaw- A personality defect that will cause the protagonist’s downfall 4. Magic or Fantasy (ghosts, magical storms, witches) 5. Hero Dies

30 Comedies End well, but not necessarily funny End well, but not necessarily funny Usually end in at least one marriage Usually end in at least one marriage Confused gender/identity Confused gender/identity Magic or fairy involvement Magic or fairy involvement

31 Shakespearean Conventions Blank Verse: Unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter Blank Verse: Unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter 10 syllables/5 metric “feet” per line– unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable 10 syllables/5 metric “feet” per line– unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable Rhythm of a heartbeat: da DUM da DUM Rhythm of a heartbeat: da DUM da DUM shall I comPARE thee TO a SUMmer’s DAY?

32 Shakespearean Conventions Soliloquy: long speech given by a character while alone on stage to reveal private thoughts Soliloquy: long speech given by a character while alone on stage to reveal private thoughts

33 More Conventions Monologue: Longer speech made by one person on stage to others on stage Monologue: Longer speech made by one person on stage to others on stage Aside: Character’s quiet remark to another Aside: Character’s quiet remark to another

34 Ms. Polson’s #1 Pet Peeve: Shakespeare did not write in “Old” English; in fact, it is actually very similar to the English that we speak today. Shakespeare did not write in “Old” English; in fact, it is actually very similar to the English that we speak today. Old English Middle English

35 Shakespeare—Modern English

36 The Globe Theater Where many of Shakespeare’s plays were performed Where many of Shakespeare’s plays were performed Called the “Wooden O” because of its shape Called the “Wooden O” because of its shape Totus mundus agit histrionem

37 The Globe Theater Open to audiences during summer months Open to audiences during summer months Daytime performances only Daytime performances only Audiences came from all classes Audiences came from all classes Men and women attended performances Men and women attended performances

38 The Globe Theater The Heavens The Heavens False ceiling over the stage False ceiling over the stage Housed actors and costumes during bad weather Housed actors and costumes during bad weather Designed with trap doors—actors could “fly” Designed with trap doors—actors could “fly” Good for creating sound effects Good for creating sound effects

39 The Globe Theater Hell Hell Trapdoors within the stage area Used for special effects with actors Good for creating sound effects

40 Globe Theater “Groundlings” paid one cent to stand “Groundlings” paid one cent to stand Gentry paid more for seats in galleries Gentry paid more for seats in galleries Nobles sat in chairs on side of stage Nobles sat in chairs on side of stage

41 Ms. Polson’s Pictures from the Globe Theater


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