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Anticipation Guide It is never right to kill another person Whiteboard

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1 Anticipation Guide It is never right to kill another person Whiteboard
Agree Disagree Whiteboard

2 Anticipation Guide It is sometimes acceptable to betray your friends
Whiteboard Agree Disagree

3 Anticipation Guide The more success and power you have, the more people dislike you. Whiteboard Agree Disagree

4 Anticipation Guide Political leaders usually act in the best interest of their countries Whiteboard Agree Disagree

5 Anticipation Guide No cause, political or otherwise, is worth dying for. Whiteboard Agree Disagree

6 Anticipation Guide If a political leader has done something wrong, it is okay to get rid of him or her by whatever means necessary Whiteboard Agree Disagree

7 Julius Caesar Background Information

8 The Tragedy of Julius Caesar
Most scholars agree that Shakespeare wrote The Tragedy of Julius Caesar in 1599. This play is based upon the assassination of Julius Caesar by his close friends and confidants.

9 Background Information
The Romans were superstitious. They believed that future events could be seen in dreams, the stars, and unnatural occurrences. Many Romans believed that fate controlled one’s life.

10 Background Information
In 503 BC, Rome ended the rule of the Tarquins, a series of harsh, cruel rulers. Rome decided to never again be under the rule of such an oppressive government. They refused ALL forms of government that consisted of kings or emperors, basically any ruler who achieves power based on inheritance instead of an election.

11 Rome’s Government: After the Tarquins
Rome set up a republic: A government in which officials are elected. The new government is made up of two parts: Two consuls (leaders) and a senate. + +

12 The Consuls were elected officials.
They appointed the Senate members who could be from any walk of life—noble or common.

13 Julius Caesar’s Rise to Power
Julius Caesar got into politics during a time in which the Consuls and the Senate were having problems. In this time of instability and arguing, he became an outspoken leader. Consuls Senate

14 Julius Caesar Pompey Crassus
In 60 BC the first triumvirate (3-person governing body) was formed. It consisted of Caesar, a famous general named Pompey, and a wealthy man named Crassus. Julius Caesar Pompey Crassus

15 After Crassus died, Pompey began to fear that Caesar was growing too powerful and popular.

16 At this time, Caesar and his army were far away from Rome, conquering many lands for the Roman Empire.

17 Pompey ordered Caesar back so that he would not have to fear Caesar and his powerful army. Instead, Caesar attacked Pompey, defeating his forces and killing him in the midst. Pompey

18 Caesar = Dictator for Life
Caesar returned to Rome and was accepted by the people for his military abilities. He was loved for all of the goods he brought back from his conquests, and he was elected Dictator for Life. This meant that he would rule Rome until his death, and the next leader would have to be elected. We Love Ceasar!!! Caesar = Dictator for Life

19 Many believed that Caesar wanted to be emperor instead of just Dictator for Life. If he was Emperor, Julius Caesar’s son would inherit the throne after his death.

20 Many feared that Caesar would bring back a style of governing similar to Tarquin’s. To prevent this, some members of the senate carried out a deceitful plan . . .

21 Civilizations: Struggles for Power
Write 10 facts about this video Yes, I will take this up for a grade

22 Shakespeare Background
Book Of Sonnets Shakespeare Background

23 Shakespeare Biography
Born in 1546 in Stratford-upon-Avon At 18: married Anne Hathaway Had three children Left for London to pursue career in theatre

24 Shakespeare Background
Wrote in bars and pubs because: Free light from candles Cheap food Inspiration

25 Types of Writings Shakespeare wrote Sonnets Three types of plays
Histories Tragedies Comedies

26 His plays remain popular today
Have been made into films and other plays

27 Sonnets 14 lines long Usually about love Written for either:
Written in iambic pentameter 3 quatrains 1 couplet Usually about love Written for either: An older female lover A young royal male

28 Histories Tell the history of the kings of England
Boring for American students Often ignored

29 Tragedies: Five Elements
Very Important People (kings, princes, movers and shakers in Renaissance society) Very Important Things (wars, coronations, marriages, battles as the story begins) Tragic Hero With a Tragic Flaw Tragic flaw- A personality defect that will cause the protagonist’s downfall Magic or Fantasy (ghosts, magical storms, witches) Hero Dies

30 Comedies End well, but not necessarily funny
Usually end in at least one marriage Confused gender/identity Magic or fairy involvement

31 Shakespearean Conventions
Blank Verse: Unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter 10 syllables/5 metric “feet” per line– unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable Rhythm of a heartbeat: da DUM da DUM shall I comPARE thee TO a SUMmer’s DAY?

32 Shakespearean Conventions
Soliloquy: long speech given by a character while alone on stage to reveal private thoughts

33 More Conventions Monologue: Longer speech made by one person on stage to others on stage Aside: Character’s quiet remark to another

34 Ms. Polson’s #1 Pet Peeve:
Shakespeare did not write in “Old” English; in fact, it is actually very similar to the English that we speak today. Old English Middle English

35 Shakespeare—Modern English

36 Totus mundus agit histrionem
The Globe Theater Where many of Shakespeare’s plays were performed Called the “Wooden O” because of its shape Totus mundus agit histrionem

37 The Globe Theater Open to audiences during summer months
Daytime performances only Audiences came from all classes Men and women attended performances

38 The Globe Theater The Heavens False ceiling over the stage
Housed actors and costumes during bad weather Designed with trap doors—actors could “fly” Good for creating sound effects

39 The Globe Theater Hell Trapdoors within the stage area
Used for special effects with actors Good for creating sound effects

40 Globe Theater “Groundlings” paid one cent to stand
Gentry paid more for seats in galleries Nobles sat in chairs on side of stage

41 Ms. Polson’s Pictures from the Globe Theater

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