Presentation on theme: "PHRASAL VERBS (MULTI-WORD VERBS)"— Presentation transcript:
1PHRASAL VERBS (MULTI-WORD VERBS) frazni ali večbesedni glagoli
2MEANING LITERAL (DOBESEDEN), examples: look up = pogledati gor look down = pogledati dolpick up = pobratitake off = odstraniti, dati stranIDIOMATIC (PRENESEN),examples: look up = poiskati informacijo vlook down on = zaničevatipick up = mimogrede se naučititake off = vzleteti
3TYPES VERB + ADVERB: (neprehoden tip) take off, be off, look out, fall out, go onex. The plane took off at noon.Look out! The car is going to hityou
42. VERB + ADVERB + OBJECT (prehoden, ločljiv – separable): take sth off, look sth up, pick sth up, take sb outex: Take your shoes off = Take off your shoes. BUT: Take them off.
53. VERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT (prehoden, neločljiv): look after sb/ sth, come across sb/ sth, look for sb/ sth,ex: Will you look after the baby/ after her.
64. VERB + ADVERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT: look forward to sth,put up with sb/ sth, look up to sb, look down on sbI really look forward to going on holidays.
7examples Break down: 1. stop working (cars …) 2. lose control of feelings(people)Break into: 1. enter by force2. start doing sth suddenly(laughter)Break out: 1.begin suddenly (wars, fires,diseases)2. escape from a placeBreak up: stop (a relationship)
8Bring about: cause to happen Bring sth out: publishBring sb round: 1. cause to regainconsciousness2. persuadeBring sb up: raise a childbring sth up: vomit (food)
9Carry on (with): continue Carry sth out: do, complete sthFall behind: fail to keep up withFall out: quarrelHold sth back: control oneself, crowds …Hold on: wait (esp on the telephone)Hold sb/ sth up: delay (the traffic held me up
10Get away : escapeGet on: 1. make progress (also get along)2. enter a bus, train (opp: get off)Get on with: have friendly relationship withGet through: 1. reach by telephone2. manage to finish sth
11Give sb/ sth away: 1. reveal sth/ betray sb 2. give sth free of chargeGive sth back: returnGive sth off: emit (a smell)Give out: come to an end (food)Give sth up: stop doing sth (a habit, sport)Give oneself up: surrender, give in
12Go away: leaveGo in for: enter a competition, examGo on: continue, happenGo round: be enough for everyoneGo through sth: examine in detailCall in: visit brieflyCall off: cancelCall out: 1. shout; 2. send for help
13Look after sb/sth: take care of sb/sth Look for sb/sth: search forLook forward to sb/sth: anticipate with pleasureLook into sth: investigateLook out (for): watch forLook through sth: examine quicklyLook sth up: look for an address, name, word
14Make sth of sb/sth: understand the nature or meaning of sb or sth Make sth up: 1. invent2. put cosmetics on3. end a quarrelMake up for sth: compensateMake up one’s mind: decide
15Put sth away: put in a box, drawer … Put sth down: write downPut sth forward: proposePut sth off: postponePut sb off: cause to lose interest in sthPut sth on: 1. dress oneself2. increase in weight3. make sth to begin to playPut sth out: extinguish (fire, cigarette)Put sb through: connect by phonePut sb up: provide a place to stay
16Run across sth: find by chance Run after sb: chaseRun away: escape, get away by runningRun sb/sth down: 1. knock down by avehicle2. say bad things aboutsb, criticiserun into sb/ sth: 1. meet by chance2. collide withrun out of: reach the end of (a supply money, food)
17Set off: start a journey, set out Set sth up: start a business, erectStand by sb: support sb, esp in a difficultsituationStand for sth: representStand in for sb: replace sb temporarilyStand up: rise to one’s feetStand up to: defend oneself
18Take after sb: look like sb Take sth away: removeTake sth down: write downTake sth off: remove (clothes)Take off: leave the ground, rise quicklyTake sb out: take sb to a restaurantTake sth over: take control of sthTake sth up: begin a hobby, sport, job
19Turn sb down: refuse an offer Turn sth down: reduce the volume, heatTurn sth on: switch sth on (lights, radio) opp: turn sth offTurn to sb: go to sb for helpTurn up: arriveTurn sth up: increase the volumeTurn sth out: produce sth