Presentation on theme: "PHRASAL VERBS (MULTI-WORD VERBS) frazni ali večbesedni glagoli."— Presentation transcript:
PHRASAL VERBS (MULTI-WORD VERBS) frazni ali večbesedni glagoli
MEANING LITERAL (DOBESEDEN), examples: look up = pogledati gor look down = pogledati dol pick up = pobrati take off = odstraniti, dati stran IDIOMATIC (PRENESEN), examples: look up = poiskati informacijo v look down on = zaničevati pick up = mimogrede se naučiti take off = vzleteti
TYPES 1. VERB + ADVERB: (neprehoden tip) take off, be off, look out, fall out, go on ex. The plane took off at noon. Look out! The car is going to hit you
2. VERB + ADVERB + OBJECT (prehoden, ločljiv – separable): take sth off, look sth up, pick sth up, take sb out ex: Take your shoes off = Take off your shoes. BUT: Take them off.
3. VERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT (prehoden, neločljiv): look after sb/ sth, come across sb/ sth, look for sb/ sth, ex: Will you look after the baby/ after her.
4. VERB + ADVERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT: look forward to sth,put up with sb/ sth, look up to sb, look down on sb I really look forward to going on holidays.
examples Break down: 1. stop working (cars …) 2. lose control of feelings (people) Break into: 1. enter by force 2. start doing sth suddenly (laughter) Break out: 1.begin suddenly (wars, fires, diseases) 2. escape from a place Break up: stop (a relationship)
Bring about: cause to happen Bring sth out: publish Bring sb round: 1. cause to regain consciousness 2. persuade Bring sb up: raise a child bring sth up: vomit (food)
Carry on (with): continue Carry sth out: do, complete sth Fall behind: fail to keep up with Fall out: quarrel Hold sth back: control oneself, crowds … Hold on: wait (esp on the telephone) Hold sb/ sth up: delay (the traffic held me up
Get away : escape Get on: 1. make progress (also get along) 2. enter a bus, train (opp: get off) Get on with: have friendly relationship with Get through: 1. reach by telephone 2. manage to finish sth
Give sb/ sth away: 1. reveal sth/ betray sb 2. give sth free of charge Give sth back: return Give sth off: emit (a smell) Give out: come to an end (food) Give sth up: stop doing sth (a habit, sport) Give oneself up: surrender, give in
Go away: leave Go in for: enter a competition, exam Go on: continue, happen Go round: be enough for everyone Go through sth: examine in detail Call in: visit briefly Call off: cancel Call out: 1. shout; 2. send for help
Look after sb/sth: take care of sb/sth Look for sb/sth: search for Look forward to sb/sth: anticipate with pleasure Look into sth: investigate Look out (for): watch for Look through sth: examine quickly Look sth up: look for an address, name, word
Make sth of sb/sth: understand the nature or meaning of sb or sth Make sth up: 1. invent 2. put cosmetics on 3. end a quarrel Make up for sth: compensate Make up one’s mind: decide
Put sth away: put in a box, drawer … Put sth down: write down Put sth forward: propose Put sth off: postpone Put sb off: cause to lose interest in sth Put sth on: 1. dress oneself 2. increase in weight 3. make sth to begin to play Put sth out: extinguish (fire, cigarette) Put sb through: connect by phone Put sb up: provide a place to stay
Run across sth: find by chance Run after sb: chase Run away: escape, get away by running Run sb/sth down: 1. knock down by a vehicle 2. say bad things about sb, criticise run into sb/ sth: 1. meet by chance 2. collide with run out of: reach the end of (a supply money, food)
Set off: start a journey, set out Set sth up: start a business, erect Stand by sb: support sb, esp in a difficult situation Stand for sth: represent Stand in for sb: replace sb temporarily Stand up: rise to one’s feet Stand up to: defend oneself
Take after sb: look like sb Take sth away: remove Take sth down: write down Take sth off: remove (clothes) Take off: leave the ground, rise quickly Take sb out: take sb to a restaurant Take sth over: take control of sth Take sth up: begin a hobby, sport, job
Turn sb down: refuse an offer Turn sth down: reduce the volume, heat Turn sth on: switch sth on (lights, radio) opp: turn sth off Turn to sb: go to sb for help Turn up: arrive Turn sth up: increase the volume Turn sth out: produce sth