Presentation on theme: "Power Presentations CHAPTER 19 EPILOGUE. Image Expansion It is 1901, and the nation is at a crossroads. Its population and economy are growing. It is."— Presentation transcript:
Image Expansion It is 1901, and the nation is at a crossroads. Its population and economy are growing. It is also gaining territories and becoming a world power. But there are serious problems at home. You’re anxious to see how your national leaders will address these issues. How would you solve these problems?
Which problem–homelessness, poor sanitation, poverty, or child labor–is most important? Are domestic issues more important than international ones? What should government, business, or other organizations do to address these issues?
1876 Rutherford B. Hayes becomes president. To World 1892 Immigration center opens on Ellis Island. 1882 Thomas Edison installs electric lights in New York City. 1896 Supreme Court decides Plessy v. Ferguson 1898 U.S. defeats Spain in Spanish-American War. 1901 President William McKinley is assassinated and Theodore Roosevelt becomes president. 1912 Woodrow Wilson is elected president. 1920 Women gain the right to vote. 1917 U.S. enters World War I. Map 1862 The Homestead Act encourages western settlement. Image
Back to Home Back to U.S. 1914 First World War breaks out in Europe. 1896 First modern Olympic games are held in Athens, Greece. 1885 Berlin Conference on African affairs divides Africa among European nations. 1869 Suez Canal opens in Egypt. 1918 Allies defeat Central Powers to win World War I. 1900 Boxer Rebellion begins in China. 1910 Mexican Revolution begins.
Main Idea Why It Matters Now The changes that the United States underwent helped transform it into the modern nation it is today. Map During the second half of the 19th Century, the nation experienced tremendous growth.
Factors What factors contributed to industrial growth in the United States? Back to Home growing population Improved transportatio n new inventions plentiful natural resources Investment capital
What drew large numbers of people to the West in the decades after 1860? What urban problems did reformers try to solve? How were the new immigrants different from earlier immigrants?
Back to Home Recognizing Effects Think About the goals of the act the impact on the land use and independence of the Plains people How were the effects of the Dawes Act different from what was intended?
Main Idea Why It Matters Now Americans continue to participate in a mass culture and issues of race continue to affect society. Around the turn of the century, mass culture emerged and the nation continued to grapple with racism. Image
Factors What factors contributed to the emergence of a mass culture at the turn of the century? world’s fairs spectator sports newspapers movies and shows urban parks advertising
How did life on the frontier provide greater opportunities for women? What were Jim Crow laws? What did Chinese immigrants and Mexican immigrants have in common?
Back to Home Solving Problems What could have been done to end racial discrimination against nonwhites in the United States around 1900? Think About attitudes of whites about nonwhites the efforts of nonwhites to find jobs and security competition for jobs
Main Idea Why It Matters Now During the late 1800s and early 1900s, Populists and progressives worked for social reform. Many of the reforms supported by Populists and progressives remain in place today.
GoalsReforms What were some examples of progressive reforms? direct primary initiative referendum recall To expand democracy: To protect social welfare: To create economic reform: aid to the unemployed minimum wage laws break up trusts regulate industry
What problems in the late 1800s led farmers to take political action? What did President Roosevelt mean by a “square deal” and how did he try to achieve it? What were three progressive amendments and what did each do?
Back to Home Recognizing Effects In what ways do the reforms that Theodore Roosevelt promoted affect your life today? Think About the quality of the food you eat natural resources that have been preserved
Main Idea Why it Matters Now The United States extended its global influence and fought with the Allies in World War I. The United States continues to be a global power today.
What are the causes of U.S. expansion overseas in the late 1800s? To seek markets and raw materials To establish a military presence overseas United States Expansion A belief in the superiority of American culture
How did the Roosevelt Corollary change U.S. foreign policy? What were the long-term causes of World War I? Why did many Americans oppose joining the League of Nations?
Back to Home Forming Opinions Did the United States betray its democratic principles when it established overseas colonies? Think About the public’s response to yellow journalists and U.S. military victories the work of the Anti-Imperialist League
1 What caused conflict between Native Americans and white settlers on the Great Plains? 2 Why was the late 1800s known as the Gilded Age? 3 Where did most immigrants to the United States come from around 1900? 4 What is mass culture? 5 Why was Plessy v. Ferguson an important Supreme Court decision?
6 Why did farmers favor a free silver policy? 7 What problems did progressivism address? 8 Why did Americans become interested in overseas expansion in the late 1800s? 9 What territories did the United States take control of as a result of the Spanish-American War? 10 Why did the U.S. Senate reject the Treaty of Versailles?
Sequencing Events 19th Amendment grants women the right to vote, 1920 Passage of Homestead Act, 1862 Hayes elected president, 1876 Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896 Spanish-American War, 1898 Chinese Exclusion Act made permanent, 1902 Roosevelt Corollary, 1904 NAACP founded, 1909 Wilson elected president, 1912 U.S. enters World War I, 1917 Allies win World War I, 1918 Red Scare, 1919 Back to Home
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