Presentation on theme: "“When Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him.” (John 13:27)"— Presentation transcript:
“When Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him.” (John 13:27)
“He called the twelve disciples together and sent them out two by two. He gave them authority over the evil spirits and ordered them, ‘Don't take anything with you on the trip except a walking stick…So they went out and preached that people should turn away from their sins. They drove out many demons, and rubbed olive oil on many sick people and healed them.”(Mark 6:7-13)
“The Lord …is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.” (2 Peter 3:9) “This is good, and pleases God our Savior, who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.” (1 Timothy 2:3-4)
“It was now two days before the Festival of Passover and Unleavened Bread. The chief priests and the teachers of the Law were looking for a way to arrest Jesus secretly and put him to death. ‘We must not do it during the festival,’ they said, ‘or the people might riot.’ Jesus was in Bethany at the house of Simon, a man who had suffered from a dreaded skin disease. While Jesus was eating, a woman came in with an alabaster jar full of a very expensive perfume made of pure nard. She broke the jar and poured the perfume on Jesus' head. Some of the people there became angry and said to one another, ‘What was the use of wasting the perfume? It could have been sold for more than three hundred silver coins and the money given to the poor!’ And they criticized her harshly.” (Mark 14:1-5)
“One of Jesus' disciples, Judas Iscariot---the one who was going to betray him---said, ‘Why wasn't this perfume sold for three hundred silver coins and the money given to the poor?’ He said this, not because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief. He carried the money bag and would help himself from it. But Jesus said, ‘Leave her alone! Let her keep what she has for the day of my burial. You will always have poor people with you, but you will not always have me.’” (John 12:6-8)
“She did what she could; she poured perfume on my body to prepare it ahead of time for burial. Now, I assure you that wherever the gospel is preached all over the world, what she has done will be told in memory of her.’ Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve disciples, went off to the chief priests in order to betray Jesus to them.” (Mark 14:8-10) What was the tipping point?
Peter: “Get behind me Satan!” Judas: “Leave her alone!”
“The time was near for the Festival of Unleavened Bread, which is called the Passover. The chief priests and the teachers of the Law were afraid of the people, and so they were trying to find a way of putting Jesus to death secretly. Then Satan entered into Judas, called Iscariot, who was one of the twelve disciples. So Judas went off and spoke with the chief priests and the officers of the Temple guard about how he could betray Jesus to them. They were pleased and offered to pay him money. Judas agreed to it and started looking for a good chance to hand Jesus over to them without the people knowing about it. The day came during the Festival of Unleavened Bread when the lambs for the Passover meal were to be killed.” (Luke 22:1-7)
Often identified as a Zealot (Simon the Zealot) Iscariot: a form of the title sicarii, meaning "dagger-men," (Judas the Daggerman) The Zealots believed that if they turned Israel back to God and incited war against the Romans, the Messiah would arise to lead them and establish His Kingdom $$$ - “…the thirty pieces of silver – the magnificent sum they thought I was worth…” (Zechariah 11:13)
“A dominant teaching in the Eastern Orthodox Church is that Judas wasn’t primarily interested in 30 pieces of silver. Rather, Judas was a hyper-patriotic, misguided disciple. In betraying Jesus, Judas was trying to force Jesus’ hand. He believed that Jesus was the Messiah but did not believe in the way in which Jesus was the Messiah. He believed with all his being that when push came to shove Jesus would engage in victorious warfare and overthrow the Roman government. He believed that Jesus came to preserve his (Judas’) nationalistic, militaristic view of The Kingdom. He (Judas) was the one who would be least open to Jesus’ gospel of suffering. Judas forced Jesus’ hand because he believed that surely the Messiah would rise up and fight.” – Greg Boyd
“Jesus and his disciples were at supper. The Devil had already put into the heart of Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, the thought of betraying Jesus.” (John 13:2)
“Jesus knew that the Father had given him complete power; he knew that he had come from God and was going to God. So he rose from the table, took off his outer garment, and tied a towel around his waist.” (John 13:3-4) Power over, me-first, defeat our enemies vs. power under, others-first, serve and suffer to win our enemies
“After Jesus had said this, he was deeply troubled and declared openly, ‘I am telling you the truth: one of you is going to betray me.’ The disciples looked at one another, completely puzzled about whom he meant. One of the disciples, the one whom Jesus loved, was sitting next to Jesus. Simon Peter motioned to him and said, ‘Ask him whom he is talking about." So that disciple moved closer to Jesus' side and asked, ‘Who is it, Lord?’” (John 13:21-25)
“Jesus answered, ‘I will dip some bread in the sauce and give it to him; he is the man.’ So he took a piece of bread, dipped it, and gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. Jesus said to him, ‘Hurry and do what you must!’ None of the others at the table understood why Jesus said this to him. “Since Judas was in charge of the money bag, some of the disciples thought that Jesus had told him to go and buy what they needed for the festival, or to give something to the poor. Judas accepted the bread and went out at once. It was night.” (John 13:26-30)
“Jesus had known from the beginning which of them did not believe and who would betray him.” John 6:64 “You have heard that it was said, 'Love ( agape ) your neighbor and hate your enemy.' But I tell you: Love ( agape ) your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. If you love only those who love you, what reward will you get?” (Matthew 5:42-44)
“As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. Jesus said to him, ‘Hurry and do what you must!’” (John 13:27) “Simon, Simon! Listen! Satan has received permission to test all of you, to separate the good from the bad, as a farmer separates the wheat from the chaff. But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith will not fail.’” (Luke 22:31-34) 1 Corinthians 2:6-8
God Humans Non-Humans
“Get up, let us go. Look, here is the man who is betraying me!’ Jesus was still speaking when Judas, one of the twelve disciples, arrived. With him was a large crowd armed with swords and clubs and sent by the chief priests and the elders. The traitor had given the crowd a signal: ‘The man I kiss is the one you want. Arrest him!’ Judas went straight to Jesus and said, ‘Peace be with you, Teacher,’ and kissed him. Jesus answered, ‘Be quick about it, friend!’ Then they came up, arrested Jesus, and held him tight.” (Matthew 26:46-50) “Simon Peter, who had a sword…” (John 18:10) “Don’t you know that I could call on my Father for help, and at once he would send me more than twelve armies of angels?” (Matthew 26:53)
Both had a wrong view of the Kingdom Both were rebuked by Jesus Both were the subjects of Satan’s intent focus Both had their feet washed by Jesus Both tried to force Jesus to usher in a kingdom of force and power Both betrayed Jesus Both repented?
“When Judas, the traitor, learned that Jesus had been condemned, he repented* and took back the thirty silver coins to the chief priests and the elders. ‘I have sinned by betraying an innocent man to death!’ he said. ‘What do we care about that?’ they answered. ‘That is your business!’ Judas threw the coins down in the Temple and left; then he went off and hanged himself.” (Matthew 27:3-5) * metamelomai (not metanoia): regret or remorse
“Now is the time for this world to be judged; now the ruler of this world will be overthrown. When I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw everyone to me.” (John 12:31-32)
NRS John 3:19 "And this is the judgment, that the light has come into the world, and people loved darkness rather than light because their deeds were evil. 20 For all who do evil hate the light and do not come to the light, so that their deeds may not be exposed. 21 But those who do what is true come to the light, so that it may be clearly seen that their deeds have been done in God."
“Unbelief, by shutting the door on God’s love, turns his love into judgment. For this is the meaning of judgment, that man shuts himself off from God’s love. There would be no judgment at all were it not for the event of God’s love. And with the mission of the Son this judgment has become a present reality.” ( The Gospel of John: A Commentary, Rudolph Bultmann, p. 154)
“Judgment is for him nothing more nor less than the fact that the ‘light’, the Revealer, has come to the world. This saving event is [turned into] judgment, for the reason that men…have shut themselves off from the ‘light’.” (Bultmann, p 157)
NRS John 5:22 The Father judges no one but has given all judgment to the Son, 23 so that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. Anyone who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him. 24 Very truly, I tell you, anyone who hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life, and does not come under judgment, but has passed from death to life.
NRS John 12:44 Then Jesus cried aloud: "Whoever believes in me believes not in me but in him who sent me. 45 And whoever sees me sees him who sent me. 46 I have come as light into the world, so that everyone who believes in me should not remain in the darkness. 47 I do not judge anyone who hears my words and does not keep them, for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 The one who rejects me and does not receive my word has a judge; on the last day the word that I have spoken will serve as judge, 49 for I have not spoken on my own, but the Father who sent me has himself given me a commandment about what to say and what to speak.
What is the “word” that will be the judge on “the last day”? In context: Believing (and liking!) Jesus’ revelation of the Father
“Now that you have known me,’ he said to them, ‘you will know my Father also, and from now on you do know him and you have seen him.’ Philip said to him, ‘Lord, show us the Father; that is all we need.’ Jesus answered, ‘For a long time I have been with you all; yet you do not know me, Philip? If you have seen me, you have seen the Father. Why, then, do you say, 'Show us the Father'?’” (John 14:7-9)
“Revelation becomes judgment by exposing the individual’s response to Jesus…to remain in the darkness means the darkness of misperception of God.” – Sigve Tonstad
“But when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunder had ceased, he sinned once more and he hardened his heart, he and his officials. So the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he would not let the Israelites go, just as the LORD had spoken through Moses. Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh; for I have hardened his heart...” (Exodus 9:34-35; 10:1)
“The character of the judgment is revelatory, not judicial...When revelation can do no more, it is over; it is finished; the Revealer is not a judge but the Revealer, and when he can do no more as Revealer, he must cease and desist.” - Sigve Tonstad