Presentation on theme: "Warm-up #8 1)Create a KWL for knights. Include at least three things you know and want to know. We’ll do the learn column later."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up #8 1)Create a KWL for knights. Include at least three things you know and want to know. We’ll do the learn column later.
Do Now Work on your Knight handout. As a group share answers from your worksheet. You will also need a half or whole sheet of loose leaf paper (title = Medieval Quiz #1)
Knights and Samurai Venn Use your Knights worksheet and Life of Samurai worksheets (from the Japan section of your notebook) to compare and contrast knights with samurai. At the bottom answer question 1c, 2a, 2b, 2c from the Chapter 9.4 Assessment.
Warfare Wars were common during the Middle Ages. –M–Most were private fights between feudal lords, or lords and vassals, and were local conflicts but a few were large-scale events involving entire regions For nobles, wars were an opportunity for glory and wealth. For most people of the Middle Ages, however, war was a major cause of suffering and hardship. The church –t–tried to limit the suffering caused by war by prohibiting acts of violence near churches and other holy buildings. –f–forbade violence against cattle and agricultural equipment as well as certain types of persons, including clergy, women, merchants, and pilgrims.
Warfare: Armor Knights in the Middle Ages wore armor in battle and were heavily armed. Armor was made of chain mail—small, interlocking metal links stitched to a knee-length leather shirt. The knight would also wear an iron helmet and carry a sword, a large shield, and a lance. When gunpowder was invented during the late Middle Ages, overlapping metal plates replaced chain mail. Plate armor was so heavy that knights had to be hauled onto their horses with cranes.
Pair-Share Why do you think that wearing armor was unpopular by the 1700s?
Becoming a Knight To become a knight, a boy had to belong to the noble class and had to pass through two stages of training. Page- The first stage began at about the age of seven. The page would learn knightly manners and how to use and care for weapons. Squire- the second stage usually the boy was a teenager. The squire would take care of the knight's horse, armor, and weapons. When ready, the squire would accompany the knight into battle. If the squire proved himself to be a skilled and courageous fighter, he would be knighted in an elaborate religious ceremony.
Knight Life: Code of Honor Chivalry was a system of rules that dictated knights' behavior towards others. Knights were expected to be courageous in battle and to fight fairly. If a knight used tricks and strategy to overcome an opponent, he was considered a coward. A knight was expected to be loyal to his friends and to keep his word. He was required to treat his conquered foes gallantly. A knight was also expected to be courteous to women and the less powerful. A knight was required to extend courtesy only to people of his own class.
Pair-Share Compare and contrast chivalry to bushido.
Knight Life A knight's coat of arms identified him A coat of arms was a symbol that represented his personal characteristics. A coat of arms was passed along from one generation to the next.
Knights Reader and Worksheet Read the text and use it to answer the questions on your worksheet. Please use complete sentences where appropriate.
Knights & Samurai Japanese samurai and European Knights never actually met, but they had much in common. Both had to take vows of loyalty to their lords. Both were expected to be disciplined and honorable. Both had codes of honor – Samurai had: Bushido – Knights had: Chivalry
Europe & Japan Differ Although Samurai and Knights were very similar in many ways, their cultures were mostly different. JapanEurope Shintoism/Confucianism/________Christianity Art: focused mainly on nature Art: focused mainly on religious themes SeppukuForgiveness Their feudal systems seemed similar but the cultures that lay behind them were different.
Japanese and European Feudalism Europe Both Japan Christianity Religious themes in art and literature No ritual suicide Chivalry – focused on protecting women, old, and children. Women were not allowed to be warriors. Monarch has much power Peasants are tied to the land. Heavy metal armor. Warrior class (respected by society) Warriors from upper class Warriors have a code of honor. Peasants/merchants at bottom on social hierarchy. Only upper class owns land (nobles and daimyo) Peasants work the land to feed the entire population while remaining poor. Buddhism and Confucianism Nature praised in art and literature Ritual suicide for warriors Bushido Women could be samurai Emperor is a figurehead with little power. Feudalism lasted longer until the late 1800s. Flexible leather armor
Compare and Contrast Foldable Draw a Samurai & Knight Samurai Knight Left: List Samurai’s & Japan’s unique qualities Middle: List Japan’s & Europe’s similarities Right: List Knights & Europe's unique qualities Samurai Similarities Knights