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▶ Word Check ☞ Write the meanings of the words. 1 4 6 Issue & Debate * 총 33 문항, 각 문제당 3 점씩 배점 1. lawmaker2. attempt 3. fine4. controversy 5. bill6. mandate.

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Presentation on theme: "▶ Word Check ☞ Write the meanings of the words. 1 4 6 Issue & Debate * 총 33 문항, 각 문제당 3 점씩 배점 1. lawmaker2. attempt 3. fine4. controversy 5. bill6. mandate."— Presentation transcript:

1 ▶ Word Check ☞ Write the meanings of the words Issue & Debate * 총 33 문항, 각 문제당 3 점씩 배점 1. lawmaker2. attempt 3. fine4. controversy 5. bill6. mandate 7. fatal8. encourage 9. opponent10. mandatory 11. regulate12. punitive 13. measure14. impose 15. skeptical16. adverse 17. impact18. obligatory ▶ Phrase Check ☞ Choose the correct word or phrase for each blank. account, it is time, is, dangerous as, whether, rather than 19. to think about how we should deal with this matter. 우리가 어떻게 이 문제를 다루어야 하는지를 생각해야 할 시점입니다 20. Encouraging the use of bicycle helmets a global trend. 자전거 헬멧 착용을 독려하는 것은 전세계적인 추세이다. 21. Bicycles running on the road can be as motor cycles. 거리를 달리는 자전거들은 오토바이만큼이나 위험할 수 있다. 22. Brain injuries for more than 60 percent of bicycle-related accidents on the road. 뇌 부상이 길에서 일어나는 자전거 관련 사고의 60 퍼센트 이상을 차지한다. 23. such a punitive measure will work effectively is still in question. 그와 같은 벌금 부과가 효과적일지 는 여전히 의문이다. 24. It is more important to focus on promotion and education of safety measures for bicycle riders imposing fines. 벌금 부과보다 자전거 사용자들에 대한 안전 조치의 홍보와 교육에 집중하는 것이 더 중요하다.

2 ▶ Reading Comprehension ☞ Choose the best answer based on the article. Wearing Bike Helmet To fine or not to fine? A governing party lawmaker’s attempt to fine bicyclers who are not wearing a helmet is inviting a huge controversy among cyclists and experts of late. Representative. Kwon Young-se of the ruling Grand National Party (GNP) said he will propose a bill that mandates all cyclists to wear helmets and other safety gears when riding their bicycles. According to Kwon, the bill aims to reduce the cyclists’ fatal head injuries in traffic accidents involving bicycles. Statistics show that brain injuries account for more than 60 percent of bicycle-related accidents on the road. ”The bike users’ safety will become a big issue. It is time to think about how we should deal with this matter as we do with automobile and motorbike users,” Kwon said. Kwon also insists that encouraging the use of bicycle helmets is a global trend. He cites the case of some European countries including Iceland, Finland, and Sweden that already have mandatory helmet laws. Additionally, some experts argue that bicycles running on the road can be as dangerous as motor cycles and it is necessary to regulate wearing a helmet and other gears for the safety of bicycle riders. While many people agree that wearing a helmet is necessary for safety, there are voices expressing concerns. For them, whether such a punitive measure will work effectively is still in question. They say that it is too early for Korea. Opponents add that it is more important to focus on promotion and education of safety measures for bicycle riders rather than imposing fines. Some government officials also hold a skeptical point of view, since they are concerned that it will have an adverse impact on the bicycle boom, which has just started since the beginning of the year. The Lee Myung-bak administration has been promoting bicycle-related industries as part of its policies supporting the so called ‘green growth industries’ since the beginning of this year. Some fear the obligatory use of expensive bike gears may discourage the current bike boom Issue & Debate 25. What is the main idea behind the proposed bill to fine bicycle riders for not wearing helmets? ①. To make more money by way of helmet and other bicycle gear sales. ②. To prevent serous injury, in particular head injuries caused in bicycle accidents. ③. To make bicycle laws more similar to motorbike or scooter laws within Korea. ④. To bring Korea up to date with other foreign countries laws regarding bicycle safety. 26. Some experts believe that ____ ①. Riding bicycles is the one of the most dangerous forms of transportation within Korea. ②. Riding bicycles is not as dangerous as riding a motor cycle so we really shouldn't be worrying as much as we are. ③. Riding bicycles is just as dangerous riding motor cycles so laws for mandatory gear should be necessary and similar. ④. It is far too early for Korea to enforce a law of mandatory helmets because the older generations tend to think conservatively.

3 ☞ Write True(T) or False(F). ▶ Writing ☞ Read the article and answer the following questions. 32. If you agree with the bill to fine bicycle riders who are not wearing a helmet, what are the bases of your opinion?. 33. Why is the government skeptical about the bike helmet bill? Issue & Debate 27. The word "Mandatory' in the article most closely means ____ ①. voluntary ②. optional ③. approved ④. required 28. Since wearing a helmet is widely accepted as necessary for safety and to prevent serious injury, why do some people still not want to make it a mandatory law? ①. Some fear that if they have to wear a helmet, they will look silly and don't want to be teased by their friends. ②. Some people believe that fining people for not wearing a helmet is counter-productive and will only make people want to ride 'helmetless' more often. ③. Some fear that helmets are just too expensive for Koreans at this time and a mandatory law will slow down the bicycle boom and more people will drive cars instead. ④. Some people argue that 40% of bicycle injuries are not head injuries so there should not be a law forcing them to wear a helmet while riding. 29. There are several countries around the world that have already adopted laws that make wearing helmets while riding bicycles mandatory. _____ 30. Research has shown that the most serious or prevalent injuries from bicycle accidents tend to deal with the brain. _____ 31. Wearing a helmet while riding a bicycle is widely regarded as unnecessary for safety. _____

4 ▶ Phrase Check ▶ Word Check ☞ Write the meanings of the words. ☞ Choose the correct word or phrase for each blank Issue & Debate account, it is time, is, dangerous as, whether, rather than 19. It is time to think about how we should deal with this matter. 우리가 어떻게 이 문제를 다루어야 하는지를 생각해야 할 시점입니다 20. Encouraging the use of bicycle helmets is a global trend. 자전거 헬멧 착용을 독려하는 것은 전세계적인 추세이다. 21. Bicycles running on the road can be as dangerous as motor cycles. 거리를 달리는 자전거들은 오토바이만큼이나 위험할 수 있다. 22. Brain injuries account for more than 60 percent of bicycle-related accidents on the road. 뇌 부상이 길에서 일어나는 자전거 관련 사고의 60 퍼센트 이상을 차지한다. 23. Whether such a punitive measure will work effectively is still in question. 그와 같은 벌금 부과가 효과적일지 는 여전히 의문이다. 24. It is more important to focus on promotion and education of safety measures for bicycle riders rather than imposing fines. 벌금 부과보다 자전거 사용자들에 대한 안전 조치의 홍보와 교육에 집중하는 것이 더 중요하다. * 총 33 문항, 각 문제당 3 점씩 배점 1. lawmaker [ 입법자 ]2. attempt [ 시도하다 ] 3. fine [~ 에게 벌금을 과하다 ]4. controversy [ 논란 ] 5. bill [ 법안 ]6. mandate [~ 에 권한을 주다 ] 7. fatal [ 치명적인 ]8. encourage [ 고무시키다 ] 9. opponent [ 상대, 반대자 ]10. mandatory [ 의무적인 ] 11. regulate [ 규제하다 ]12. punitive [ 처벌을 위한 ] 13. measure [ 조치, 수단 ]14. impose [ 부과하다 ] 15. skeptical [ 회의적인 ]16. adverse [ 불리한 ] 17. impact [ 영향 ]18. obligatory [ 의무적인 ]

5 ▶ Reading Comprehension ☞ Choose the best answer based on the article Issue & Debate 25. What is the main idea behind the proposed bill to fine bicycle riders for not wearing helmets? [2] ①. To make more money by way of helmet and other bicycle gear sales. ②. To prevent serous injury, in particular head injuries caused in bicycle accidents. ③. To make bicycle laws more similar to motorbike or scooter laws within Korea. ④. To bring Korea up to date with other foreign countries laws regarding bicycle safety. 26. Some experts believe that ____ [3] ①. Riding bicycles is the one of the most dangerous forms of transportation within Korea. ②. Riding bicycles is not as dangerous as riding a motor cycle so we really shouldn't be worrying as much as we are. ③. Riding bicycles is just as dangerous riding motor cycles so laws for mandatory gear should be necessary and similar. ④. It is far too early for Korea to enforce a law of mandatory helmets because the older generations tend to think conservatively. Wearing Bike Helmet To fine or not to fine? A governing party lawmaker’s attempt to fine bicyclers who are not wearing a helmet is inviting a huge controversy among cyclists and experts of late. Representative. Kwon Young-se of the ruling Grand National Party (GNP) said he will propose a bill that mandates all cyclists to wear helmets and other safety gears when riding their bicycles. According to Kwon, the bill aims to reduce the cyclists’ fatal head injuries in traffic accidents involving bicycles. Statistics show that brain injuries account for more than 60 percent of bicycle-related accidents on the road. ”The bike users’ safety will become a big issue. It is time to think about how we should deal with this matter as we do with automobile and motorbike users,” Kwon said. Kwon also insists that encouraging the use of bicycle helmets is a global trend. He cites the case of some European countries including Iceland, Finland, and Sweden that already have mandatory helmet laws. Additionally, some experts argue that bicycles running on the road can be as dangerous as motor cycles and it is necessary to regulate wearing a helmet and other gears for the safety of bicycle riders. While many people agree that wearing a helmet is necessary for safety, there are voices expressing concerns. For them, whether such a punitive measure will work effectively is still in question. They say that it is too early for Korea. Opponents add that it is more important to focus on promotion and education of safety measures for bicycle riders rather than imposing fines. Some government officials also hold a skeptical point of view, since they are concerned that it will have an adverse impact on the bicycle boom, which has just started since the beginning of the year. The Lee Myung-bak administration has been promoting bicycle-related industries as part of its policies supporting the so called ‘green growth industries’ since the beginning of this year. Some fear the obligatory use of expensive bike gears may discourage the current bike boom.

6 ☞ Write True(T) or False(F). ▶ Writing ☞ Read the article and answer the following questions. 32. If you agree with the bill to fine bicycle riders who are not wearing a helmet, what are the bases of your opinion?. 33. Why is the government skeptical about the bike helmet bill?. * Answers 32~33 will vary Issue & Debate 27. The word "Mandatory' in the article most closely means ____ [4] ①. voluntary ②. optional ③. approved ④. required 28. Since wearing a helmet is widely accepted as necessary for safety and to prevent serious injury, why do some people still not want to make it a mandatory law? [3] ①. Some fear that if they have to wear a helmet, they will look silly and don't want to be teased by their friends. ②. Some people believe that fining people for not wearing a helmet is counter-productive and will only make people want to ride 'helmetless' more often. ③. Some fear that helmets are just too expensive for Koreans at this time and a mandatory law will slow down the bicycle boom and more people will drive cars instead. ④. Some people argue that 40% of bicycle injuries are not head injuries so there should not be a law forcing them to wear a helmet while riding. 29. There are several countries around the world that have already adopted laws that make wearing helmets while riding bicycles mandatory. [T] 30. Research has shown that the most serious or prevalent injuries from bicycle accidents tend to deal with the brain. [T] 31. Wearing a helmet while riding a bicycle is widely regarded as unnecessary for safety. [F]


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