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Last Days of Pompeii Gladiators
Samnis rectangular shield visored helmet, often with plumes sword greave on left leg big leather belt
Samnis (later called hoplomachi)
Thrax crested helmet with visor greaves on both legs arm protector small shield short, curved sword
Retiarius “netman” trident, net arm protector with high metal shoulder protector
Andabata heavily armed no eye holes in helmet
Myrmillo sword and rectangular shield greave on left leg
(or) Murmillo high crest resembled a fish
“Morituri te salutant.” “Those about to die salute you.” What did gladiators say to the editor before a fight began?
Lanista – manager of gladiators; owner of gladiatorial school training area and barracks (Pompeii)
Removal of Corpse after making sure gladiator is dead, slave hooks body
Editor – sponsor/giver of games paid for games determined which gladiators lived and died
gladiator raised finger to signal defeat
Tomb of the Augurs (in Tarquinia) – gladiatorial combats probably started as funeral games during the Republic
munera – funeral games/offerings 6 th -century BC Etruscan wall painting
During Empire, games helped determine a public official’s popularity. Pollice Verso Jean Leon Gerome (1872)
venatio = huntbestiarii = hunters
Identify the type of gladiator. r e t i a r i u s s a m n i s thrax
Vela/Velaria – awnings placed over amphitheater note vela above naumachia
Flavian Amphitheater (aka Colosseum) construction began around 72 AD by Vespasian Vespasian died in June 79 AD son Titus finished construction dedicated in 80 AD
Pretend that you're a gladiator....
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Types of Gladiators. The Murmillo Originally known as the Gallus, which depicted the fighting style of the Celts or Gaul. Originally known as the Gallus,
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By Doug Rives. First recorded Fight was at Forum Boarium 264 B.C. Two sons of Brutus Pera arranged fights to honor Father’s death.
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GLADIATORS STATUS Gladiators (named after the Roman sword called the gladius) were mostly unfree individuals (condemned criminals, prisoners of war,
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ROMAN GAMES AND GLADIATORS MR. MAJEWSKI GRHS GRADE 8.
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Terms: ludus/ludi; Ludi scaenici Ludi circenses munus/munera; venatio/venationes; damnatio ad bestias; munus gladiatorum; editor; lanista;
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Gladiators held the status of slaves, but were lauded like modern sports superstars. Their arena winnings could make them fabulously wealthy and attract.
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By: Cole Kendall. Julius Caesar wanted to show that he was the ultimate emperor so he locked people in the Colosseum.
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