Black and white are as different as chalk is from cheese, but the the truth is that cheese is whiter than chalk a man and an old woman the woman and the old man some men and some old women there are some books on the table some of the books in the shop are priceless
If the dropped h leads to V-V, it may reappear, or lead to r-insertion I tried to give her his letter Tessa has lost it
H-dropping does not occur on lexical words in RP English! Harry hurt his head Nor does it occur on stressed structural words He hurt his head, not not hers But some lexical words are spelled with a “silent” h – honest, hour --- hotel? herb?
Mary and Bruce and quicker than me but slower than you
am is are was were have has had does did can will must I think I can do it Jane will have finished by now When does she leave work?
We must get some more What was I saying Where were the children
That’s not what i said That isn’t what I said You can’t do that
The first 2 columns show whether the word takes 0 or i when it is weak. If it takes final i this should be regarded as the 'happY' vowel, i.e. it may be tensed to í, especially if it is followed by a vowel in the next word - look in column 4. Column 3 shows forms which lose their initial h except at the beginnings of utterances
Columns 4-8 show words which change before vowels, and the changes concerned. An arrow means "becomes". Column 6 applies only to non-rhotic accents; the rhotic accents will always have a final -r in these words. Also, many American accents do not change 0 to u as in column 5. Columns 7 and 8 only concern the words the and a (an). The change in the before vowels does not take place in many American accents. Finally, column 9 shows those words which retain their STRONG vowel at the end of utterances, BUT REMAIN UNSTRESSED.