Presentation on theme: "Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) General RequirementsEye & Face ProtectionRespiratory ProtectionHead, Hand & FootProtectionHearing ProtectionOther Questions & Answers
2 Subpart I - Personal Protective Equip (OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132-140) Types of PPE:Hard hatsGogglesFace ShieldsSteel-toed ShoesRespiratorsApronsGlovesCFR is the Code of Federal Regulations1910 is Part 1910, Occupational Safety & Health Standards for General Industry.132 is the Section on Personal Protective Equipment
3 Other Types of PPE Personal protective equipment can also include clothing...… and accessories that put abarrier against workplace hazards.
4 Selecting the Proper PPE For A Particular Job Should Include: An in-depth evaluation of the equipment needed to protect employees against workplace hazardsUse of this information by management to set standard procedures for proper use of PPEDevelopment of employee training programs in the use and limitations of PPEProcedures for the maintenance of PPE
5 Personal protective equipment should NOT be used as a substitute for the use of:engineering,work practice, andadministrative controlof a process to ensure safety.
6 Wearing PPE doesn’t eliminate the hazard… If equipment failsexposure will occur.Equipment must be properlyfitted and maintained in aclean and serviceable conditionto reduce the possibility offailure.
7 Employers and employees must understand the equipment’s purpose … and its limitations.Equipment must not bealtered or removed eventhough it may beuncomfortable.It may simply not fit properly.
8 PPE - General Requirements (1910.132) Employers must ensure that PPE is:provided,used, andmaintainedin a sanitary and reliable conditionwherever it is necessary to prevent injury.The body must be protected from hazards caused by absorption, inhalation or physical contact.
9 PPE - General Requirements (1910.132) Many hazards canthreaten the torso:HeatSplashes (from hotmetals & liquids)ImpactsCutsAcidsRadiationA variety of protective clothing is available: Vests, Jackets,Aprons, Coveralls and Full Body Suits.
10 PPE - General Requirements (1910.132) Employers must assure employee-owned equipment is adequate, maintained and sanitizedPPE must be of safe design and construction for the work performedEmployers will do a hazard assessment of the workplace and determine types of PPE needed for the jobEmployers must certify in writing that a workplace hazard assessment was performed
11 PPE - General Requirements (1910.132) Defective or damaged PPE shall not be usedEmployees who use PPE must be trained to know:what types of PPE are necessary,when it must be used,how it is to be worn,what its limitations are, andhow to properly care for, maintain, and disposeof it. (And know how long it can be used.)
12 PPE - General Requirements (1910.132) Employers are required to certify in writing that employees have received PPE training - and that employees understand the trainingEach written certification shall contain:-- Name of employee trained-- Date(s) of training-- Subject trained
13 PPE - General Requirements (1910.132) PPE retraining is required when:Changes in the workplace make previous training obsoleteChanges in the types of PPE to be used make previous training obsoleteEmployees do not understand the trainingEmployees do not retain the trainingOnce again, written certification is required
14 Eye & Face Protection (1910.133) Required where there is reasonable probability ofpreventing injury when such equipment is used.Must be provided by employersMust also be worn by supervisors, management,visitors, etc.Must be a type of protection suitable for thework to be performedProtectors must be marked to distinctly identifythe manufacturer
15 Eye & Face Protection (1910.133) Protectors must meet the following minimumrequirements:Provide adequate protection against a particular hazardBe reasonably comfortable when worn underthe designated conditionsFit snugly without interfering with movement orvision of the wearerBe durableBe capable of being disinfectedBe easy to clean - and kept cleanBe in good repair
16 Eye & Face Protection (1910.133) Equipment shall be used with filter lenses thathave a shade number appropriate for the workbeing performed (to protect against lightradiation injuries).
17 OSHA and the NationalSociety to Prevent Blindnessrecommend emergencyeyewash stations be placedin all hazardous locations.First-aid instructions should beposted close to potential dangerspots (and delay can result inlasting eye damage).
18 Eye & Face Protection - Selection Persons wearing correctiveeyewear must wear face shields,goggles or spectacles of one ofthe following types:Spectacles with protective lensesproviding optical correctionGoggles worn over correctivespectacles without disturbingthe adjustment of the spectaclesGoggles that incorporate correctivelenses mounted behind theprotective lenses
19 Eye & Face Protection - Selection Eyewear limitations &precautions specified bythe manufacturer shouldbe:-- strictly observed-- communicated to theuser
20 Eye & Face ProtectionThe fitting of goggles & safety spectacles should be done by a person skilled in the procedure.Lenses of eye protectors must be kept clean.Daily inspection and cleaning of eye protectors is recommended.Pitted lenses reduce vision and should be replaced.Headbands should be checked for elasticity and replaced if worn-out or torn.Goggles & spectacles should be kept in a case when not worn.
21 Employees who are assigned personal protective equipment for extended periodsof time should keep that equipment cleaned anddisinfected regularly.PPE that has been previouslyused should be disinfectedbefore it is issued to anotheremployee.
22 Respiratory Protection - 1910.134 OSHA standards require employers to establish and maintaina respiratory protective program whenever respirators arenecessary to protect the health of employees.Three classes of respiratory protective devices:Air-purifyingAtmosphere- or air-supplyingCombination air-purifying & air-supplying
23 Class 1 - Air-Purifying Devices Clean contaminated atmosphereUse chemical filters to remove specific gasesand vapors before they are inhaledUse is limited to those environments where theair contaminant level is within specifiedlimits of the filter (device)Do not protect against oxygen deficiency (theatmosphere where the percentage ofoxygen by volume is less than 19.5%oxygen)
25 Class 1 - Air-Purifying Devices Filter/cartridges provide some protection from:Airborne particulatesDustMistMetal fumesSmokeLow concentrations of gases & vapors
26 Class 1 - Air-Purifying Devices GAS MASKSprovide respiratory protection against certain gases,vapors and particulate matterdesigned solely to remove specific contaminantshave restricted usagemust be used with sufficient oxygen to support lifemay be used for escape only (from atmospheres thatare immediately dangerous to life or health) butnever for entry into such environmentsare color-coded to specify use
27 Class 1 - Air-Purifying Devices POWERED AIR-PURIFYINGRESPIRATORSprotect against particulates, gases and vapors orparticulates AND gases AND vapors (all of these)use filters, chemical cartridge, both, or a canisteruses a powered source to blow air across the air-cleaningelement (supplying purified air to the respirator)
28 Class 2 - Atmosphere- or Air-Supplying Devices Provide atmosphere independent ofambient airThree groups:Supplied-air respiratorsSelf-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)Combination SCBA & supplied-air respirators
29 Class 3 - Combination Air-Purifying & Atmosphere-Supplying Devices Provides protection if airsupply fails.Available in continuous-flow or pressure-demand flowMost often used with high-efficiency filter as theair purifying elementUse in the filtering mode is allowed for escape onlyThese respirators recommended for asbestos work
30 Respiratory Protection - 1910.134 Standard operating procedures must be written for the selection, use and care of respiratorsRespirators must be selected based on the hazards to which the worker is exposedThe individual issuing the respirator must be trained to insure the proper respirator is issuedTo select the correct respirator, many factors must be considered: type of hazard, location, employee’s health, work activity, & respirator characteristics, capabilities and limitations
31 Respiratory Protection - 1910.134 The user must be trained in selection, use and maintenance of the respiratorEvery respirator user shall receive instructions and demonstrations - with practice - in wearing, adjusting and fitting the respirator properlyRespirators will be cleaned and disinfected regularly (each day, or more often, if necessary)Respirators will be stored in a “convenient, clean, and sanitary location” (to assure it functions properly when used)
32 Respiratory Protection - 1910.134 Routinely inspect respirators during cleaning and replace worn and/or deteriorated partsRespirators for emergency uses shall be thoroughly inspected at least once a month and after each useWork area surveillance to determine the degree of employee exposure or stress will be performedThe respirator program will be regularly inspected and evaluated for effectiveness
33 Respiratory Protection - 1910.134 Approved or accepted respirators shall be used when they are availableRespirators are approved as a whole unit with specific componentsOSHA recognizes a respirator as approved if it has been jointly approved by:-- NIOSH-- Mine Safety & Health Administration(MSHA)
34 Respiratory Protection - 1910.134 Finally:Employees will not be assigned to tasks requiring respirators unless they are physically able to perform the work and use the equipmentA physician shall determine the employee’s health and physical conditions pertinent to wearing respirators (Medical status will be reviewed periodically)
35 Head Protection - 1910.135 Head injuries are caused by falling or flying objects, or by bumping the headHead Protection - protective hats -must do 2 things:-- Resist penetration-- Absorb the shock of a blowProtective hats are also used to protect againstelectrical shock.
36 Head Protection - 1910.135 Types and classes: Type 1 - Helmets, full brim, not lessthan 1 and 1/4 inches wideType 2 - Helmets, no brim, with apeak extending forward from thecrownClass A - General Service, limitedvoltage protection
37 Head Protection - 1910.135 Types and classes: Class B - Utility Service, high-voltage helmetsClass C - Special Service, no-voltage protectionFirefighters must have headprotection with ear flaps &chin strap meeting (e)(5)
38 Class A Helmets Intended to protect against impact hazards. Used in: MiningConstructionShipbuildingTunnelingLumberingandManufacturing
39 Class B Helmets Protect the wearer’s head from impact and penetration by falling or flyingobjects and from high-voltage shockand burn.Used extensively by electricalworkers.
40 Class C Helmets Designed for lightweight comfort & impact protection. Usually made from aluminumand offers no dielectricprotection.Used in: ConstructionManufacturingOil fieldsRefineriesChemical plants
41 Head Protection - 1910.135 Materials used in helmets should be -- Water-resistant-- Slow burningEach helmet consists of a shell and suspensionVentilation is provided by a space between theheadband and shell
42 Head ProtectionHelmets should come with instructions explainingthe proper method of adjusting and replacingthe suspension and headbandThe manufacturer’s name, ANSI designation, andclass type should be inside the helmet’s shellThe shell should be one-piece, seamless, and designedto resist the impact of falling materialHeadband/sweatband material must not irritate skinAll components should be visually inspected daily (fordents, cracks, penetration, etc.)
43 Hand ProtectionEmployers shall select and require employees to useappropriate hand protection when employee’s handsare exposed to hazards - such as:Skin absorption of harmful substancesSevere cuts or lacerationsSevere abrasionsPuncturesChemical burnsThermal burnsHarmful temperature extremes
44 Employers need to determine what hand protection their employees need.How? Study workactivities to determine:Dexterity requiredDuration,Frequency &Degree of exposureto hazardsandPhysical stresses appliedAlso, know the performance characteristics of gloves to aspecific hazard
45 Hand ProtectionBefore purchasing gloves, employers should requestdocumentation from the manufacturer that glovesmeet appropriate test standards for the anticipatedhazard(Example: Chemical hazard, determine toxicproperties of the chemical and the abilityof the chemical to pass through the gloveProtective devices should be selected to fit the jobEmployees should know the limitations of the glove-type they use
46 Gloves should be theRIGHT TYPE for the job you are doingRIGHT FIT - not too loose, not too tight &allow for quick removalIN GOOD CONDITION(always check for cracks, holes,good flexibility and grip. Keepgloves clean and in good condition.)
47 Foot Protection - 1910.136 Foot guards, safety shoes, boots or leggings protect from:-- Falling or rolling objects-- Sharp objects-- Molten metal-- Hot surfacesand-- Wet, slippery surfacesSafety shoes should be sturdy and have an impact-resistant toe.
48 Foot ProtectionLeggings protect the lower leg and feet from molten metalor welding sparksHeat-resistant soled shoes protect against hot surfacesFoot guards (Aluminum alloy, fiberglass, or galvanized steel)can be worn over work shoes, BUT may catch onsomething and cause workers to tripIn some shoes, metal insoles protect against puncture woundsSafety shoes and boots come in a variety of styles and materials
49 The SAFETY SHOE has protective features you need to do your job safely:Ankle Snug(to prevent sparksfrom gettinginside shoe)Instep Protection (Madeof Aluminum, Steel,Fiber or Plastic)Steel ToeInsulation(against heat or cold,waterproof & chemical-resistant)Special Materials(Soles made of either leather,rubber, cord or wood)Puncture Protection(With spring steel in sole)
50 Foot ProtectionSafety footwear is classified by ability to meetminimum requirements for compression &impact tests.Protective footwear purchased prior to July 5, 1994must comply with ANSI Z , USAStandard for Men’s Safety-Toe FootwearProtective footwear purchased after July 5, 1994must comply with ANSI Z , AmericanNational Standard for Personal Protection-Protective Footwear
51 Hearing Protection - 1910.95 Hearing loss Impairment Physical stress Exposure to high levels of noise can cause:Hearing lossImpairmentPhysical stressPsychological stressPermanent hearing damageThere is no cure for noise-induced hearing loss --prevention is the only way to avoid hearing damage.
52 Hearing ProtectionTypes of ear protection available include:-- Preformed or molded ear plugs-- Cotton,Foam orFiberglass earplugs-- EarmuffsPlain cotton earplugs are ineffective as protection againsthazardous noise.Non-disposable earplugs should be cleaned after each use.
53 Earmuffs need a perfect seal around the ear to be effective.Glasses...… sideburns,long hair,facial movements, such as chewing… all can reduce hearing protection.
54 For extremelynoisy situations...… earplugs and earmuffs should be worn.When used together, earplugs & earmuffs change thenature of sounds … reducing all of them.
56 HOUR 5 QUIZ . 4. Electrical workers use this Class of 1. Eye and face protectors must meet helmet extensively:all but one of the following requirements: a. Class Aa. Be durable b. Class Bb. Be comfortable in all conditions c. Class Cc. Be in good repair d. Class Dd. Provide adequate protection against e. Almost any class can be useda particular hazarde. Be easy to clean Gloves should be:a. Right type, right fit, and in2. First aid instructions should be posted good conditionclose to potential danger spots b. Right type, right fit, andTrue________ False________ worn in well to do the worksafely3. Goggles and spectacles should be c. Custom made for the userkept in a case when not worn d. Be capable of meetingTrue________ False________ manufacturer’s test standardsfor the anticipated hazarde. Both a and b abovef. Both a and d above
57 Hour 5 Quiz - Answers 1. B. 2. True. 3. True. 4. B. 5. F. (Both A and D are correct)