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Personal Protective Equipment and Tool Safety

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Presentation on theme: "Personal Protective Equipment and Tool Safety"— Presentation transcript:

1 Personal Protective Equipment and Tool Safety
Joe Nail 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

2 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Employees must be protected from harm. Common methods for doing this are Engineering Controls, Work Practices, Administrative Controls and, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Sometimes one or more of the above is used and at times all are used to provide adequate protection. When only PPE is used, the PPE is the only thing protecting the employee from the danger. This unit discusses basic types of PPE and the employer requirements. 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

3 What is personal protective equipment?
Personal protective equipment, or PPE, is designed to protect employees from serious workplace injuries or illnesses resulting from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards. Besides face shields, safety glasses, hard hats, and safety shoes, PPE includes a variety of devices and garments such as goggles, coveralls, gloves, vests, earplugs, and respirators. 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

4 Employer’s Responsibilities (OSHA Subpart I:1910.132-140)
What Kind of PPE Approved PPE Maintained PPE Training to use PPE OSHA’s primary PPE standards are in Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910 Subpart I, and equivalent regulations in states with OSHA-approved state plans, but you can find PPE requirements elsewhere in the General Industry Standards. For example, 29 CFR , OSHA’s Fire Brigades Standard, has requirements for firefighting gear. In addition, 29 CFR covers the construction industry. OSHA’s general PPE requirements mandate that employers conduct a hazard assessment of their workplaces to determine what hazards are present that require the use of PPE, provide workers with appropriate PPE, and require them to use and maintain it in sanitary and reliable condition. As an employer, you must assess your workplace to determine if hazards are present that require the use of PPE. 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

5 (d) Hazard Assessment (2)The employer shall verify that the required workplace hazard assessment has been performed through a written certification that identifies: The workplace evaluated; The person certifying that the evaluation has been performed; The date(s) of the hazard assessment; and, Which identifies the document as a certification of hazard assessment

6 New Employee Orientation
4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

7 Employer’s Responsibilities
(f) Training If such hazards are present, you must select PPE and require employees to use it, communicate your PPE selection decisions to your employees, and select PPE that properly fits your workers. You must also train employees who are required to wear PPE on how do the following: Use PPE properly, Be aware of when PPE is necessary, Know what kind of PPE is necessary, Understand the limitations of PPE in protecting employees from injury, Don, adjust, wear, and care for PPE, and Maintain PPE properly. 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

8 Employee’s Responsibilities
Inspect Maintain Report Defects Employees should look at their equipment on a daily basis to make sure it is good working order. This is the responsibility of each employee. PPE, especially eye wear and face masks, should be cleaned daily by the person who wears it. The employee must reports any problems with PPE, as well as other protective equipment, as soon as it is detected. 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

9 (f) Training (2)Workers must demonstrate an understanding of the training and the ability to use PPE properly, before being allowed to perform work requiring the use of PPE: (4)Verify that each employee has received and understood the required training through a written certification that contains: The name of each employee trained, The date(s) of training, and that Identifies the subject of the certification

10 1910.138(a) General requirements
Employers shall select and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees' hands are exposed to hazards such as those from: Skin absorption of harmful substances; Severe cuts or lacerations; Severe abrasions; Punctures; Chemical burns; Thermal burns; and Harmful temperature extremes

11 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Hand Protection 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

12 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Head Protection Early Hard Hats were made of metal Webbing: 1 inch clearance 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

13 1910.135(a) General requirements
(1)Ensure that each employee wears a protective helmet when working in areas where there is a potential for injury to the head from falling objects

14 Classes and types of Hard hats
Type I hard hats - intended to reduce the force of impact resulting from a blow to the top of the head Type II hard hats - designed to provide protection against both side impact (lateral) and blows to the top of the head Classes G (old A) General 2,200 volts E (old B) Electrical 20,000 volts C (same) Conductive

15 1910.135(b) Criteria for protective helmets
(1)Protective helmets purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z

16 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Care of a Hard Hat 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

17 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Eye Protection Glasses Goggles Z 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

18 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Face Protection 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

19 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
PPE Protection against the effects of noise exposure shall be provided when the sound levels exceed those shown in Table G-16. Hearing Protection: Reusable and Disposable Reusable Ear Plugs Ear Muffs Ear Protection and Communication 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

20 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Table G-16 Exposure Hours per Day Sound Level in dBA 8 90 6 92 4 95 3 97 2 100 1 1/2 102 1 105 1/2 110 ¼ or less 115 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

21 1910.136(a) General requirements
Ensure that each affected employee uses protective footwear when working in areas where there is: A danger of foot injuries due to falling or rolling objects, or Objects piercing the sole, and Where such employee's feet are exposed to electrical hazards

22 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Foot Protection 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

23 1910.136(b) Criteria for protective footwear
(1)Protective footwear purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z , "American National Standard for Personal Protection-Protective Footwear,"

24 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Foot Protection(continued) 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

25 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Foot Protection(continued) 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

26 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Safety Harness Limits a fall to only a feet Must be supplied by employer Employee MUST be trained on how to use Requires a written program 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

27 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Respiratory Protection 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

28 Respiratory Protection
Filter Respirators Air-Purifying-particles and gases Particulate-dusts and mists Atmosphere-Supplying-Respirators Supplied Air Self Contained 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

29 1910.134(c)(1) Respiratory protection program
Where respirators are required you need: Written program Worksite-specific procedures Required elements: Training Fit testing Medical evaluations Care and maintenance Procedures for respirator selection Procedures for routine & emergency use

30 1910.134(c)(2) Where respirator use is not required:
(i)If voluntary respirator use is permissible, provide the respirator users with the information contained in Appendix D and, (ii)Establish and implement those elements of a written respiratory protection program* necessary to ensure that any employee using a respirator voluntarily is medically able to use that respirator (ii)That the respirator is cleaned, stored, and maintained so that its use does not present a health hazard to the user *Written program not required for voluntary use of dust masks

31 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Introduction to PPE Atmosphere Supplying Respirators 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

32 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
SCBA Self Contained Breathing Apparatus Used in Low Oxygen Environments like Confined Spaces as defined by OSHA 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

33 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Part Two-Hand Tools Defective Tools Wrong Tool for the Job Improperly Maintained Tool Tool in the Wrong Place Incorrect Body Positioning 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

34 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Defective Tools 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

35 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Wrong Tool for the Job 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

36 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Incorrect Use 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

37 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Wrong Place (storage practices) Wrong Body Positioning 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

38 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Screwdrivers 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

39 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Wrenches 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

40 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Pliers 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

41 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Hammers and Mallets 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

42 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Chisels and Punches 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

43 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Knives 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

44 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Electric Tools and Electrical Safety 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

45 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Pneumatic Tools 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

46 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
Hand Tools Gasoline Powered Tools and Equipment 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two

47 General Safety Precautions
Keep all tools in good condition with regular maintenance Use the right tool for the right job Inspect each tool for damage before use Operate according to the manufacturer’s instructions Provide and use proper personal protective equipment

48 General Safety Precautions
Responsibility of the employer PPE provision and monitoring Safe work procedures Safe condition of tools including personal tools

49 Hand Tools Non powered Largest hazard Safe use Misuse
Improper maintenance Safe use Direction of knives and blades Sharp knives and blades Safe working surfaces

50 Power Tools Classification by power source Electric Pneumatic
Liquid Fuel Hydraulic Powder Actuated

51 Power Tools (cont.) 1926.304(d) Upper blade guard Lower blade guard
Automatically returns to starting position

52 Power Tools (cont.) 1926.300(d)(2)
Equipped with a momentary contact “on-off” control and may have a lock-on control provided. However, that turnoff must be accomplished by a single motion of the same finger or fingers that turn it on.

53 Power Tools (cont.) Momentary Contact “on/off” switch Drills Tappers
Fasteners Drivers Grinders – Greater than 2” in dia. Disc and Belt Sanders Reciprocating Saws

54 Power Tools (cont.) Positive “on/off” controls
Disc Sanders – w/ discs 2” in dia. Or less Routers Trimmers Shears Jig Saws – w/ blade ¼” wide or less

55 Power Tools (cont.) OFF POSITION ON POSITION

56 Power Tools (cont.) Never carry tools by cords
Never pull cords to disconnect Disconnect tools when not in use or during maintenance Secure work with vice or clamp Allows two hands for working Follow users manual instructions

57 Power Tools (cont.) Proper apparel NO loose clothing, hair, or jewelry
Tag all damaged tools “Out of Service” or discard them Keep blades and knives sharpened

58 Electric Tools (cont.)

59 Electric Tools (cont.)

60 Powered Abrasive Wheels
Flying fragments Wear proper PPE Ring test – (c)(7) Mounting Follow manufacturer’s instructions

61 Abrasive Wheels (cont.)
Maximum RPM

62 Abrasive Wheels (cont.)
180 deg

63 Powder Actuated Tools 1926.302(e) Meet ANSI A10.3 – 1970 PPE
Eye Protection Head and face depending on conditions Proper training required

64 Powder Actuated Tools (cont.)
Fasteners used in tool specifically designed for that tool Designed for the material that is being driven into Concrete Concrete/wood Wood Specific size = Specific operation

65 Charges used in powder actuated tools
Right size charge with right size fastener

66 Powder Actuated Tools (cont.)
Tools must be inspected before use Defective tools taken out of service immediately Tools not loaded until just before intended firing Loaded or empty tools are never to be pointed at anyone

67 Powder Actuated Tools (cont.)
(e)(7) Fasteners not driven into: Very hard or brittle materials Cast iron Glazed tile Surface-hardened steel Glass block Live rock Face brick Hollow tile

68 Powder Actuated Tools (cont)
Inspection: Make sure it’s clean All parts must operate freely The barrel is free from obstructions

69 Powder Actuated Tools (cont)
Firing Keep hands clear of the barrel 5 pounds of force against working material Misfires Wait 30 seconds Try firing again Wait another 30 sec. Remove the cartridge Place in water

70 Powder Actuated Tools (cont)
Defects Tag “do not operate” Remove from service

71 “FATAL FACT” Employee killed when struck in head by a nail fired from a powder actuated tool. Tool operator was attempting to anchor a plywood form in preparation for pouring a concrete wall.

72 “FATAL FACT” Employees performing remodeling operations building a wall. Operator was attempting to anchor plywood to a 2”x 4” stud. The nail penetrated the stud and struck the victim. One worker killed when struck by a nail from a powder-actuated tool.

73 Pneumatic Tools Appropriate PPE Other Employees Eye Protection
Hearing Protection Other Employees

74 Pneumatic Tool Connections
UNACCEPTABLE ACCEPTABLE HOSE CLAMP

75 Industrial Safety Lecture Two
REVIEW 1.  What must your employer provide in addition to the appropriate PPE? 2.  What is the employee’s responsibility before using PPE? 3.   What is the greatest danger when wearing loose fitting clothing on the job? 4.   How long should you shower if you come into contact with a dangerous chemical? 5.   How much clearance should a hard hat webbing provide between your head and the top of the shell? 6.   Give the type of eye protection that protects from debris approaching from multiple angles? 7.   What units are used to measure noise? 8.    In what areas should disposable ear plugs NOT be used? 9. Before entering a confined space, the workers safety harness is attached to a __________. 10. What kind of respirator is worn in areas that contain little or no oxygen? 11. What is the first thing to do before using any tool? 12. Which of the “jaws” is the strongest on the crescent wrench? 13. What is the name given to the wrench that IS meant to be struck with a hammer? 14. What do you call the condition of wear that refers to a badly worn striking surface? 15. When should you use a mallet in place of a hammer? 16. What is the difference between a regular knife and a safety knife? 17. What is the most important feature of an electrical power tool? 18. What is the greatest hazard with electrical tools? 19. State the purpose of a dead man switch. 20. When using compressed air for removing dirt, what should the maximum pressure be? 4/14/2017 Industrial Safety Lecture Two


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