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5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two1 Personal Protective Equipment and Tool Safety Joe Nail.

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2 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two1 Personal Protective Equipment and Tool Safety Joe Nail

3 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two2 Introduction to PPE Employees must be protected from harm. Common methods for doing this are Engineering Controls, Work Practices, Administrative Controls and, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Sometimes one or more of the above is used and at times all are used to provide adequate protection. When only PPE is used, the PPE is the only thing protecting the employee from the danger. This unit discusses basic types of PPE and the employer requirements.

4 What is personal protective equipment?  Personal protective equipment, or PPE, is designed to protect employees from serious workplace injuries or illnesses resulting from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards. Besides face shields, safety glasses, hard hats, and safety shoes, PPE includes a designed to protect employees from serious workplace injuries or illnesses resulting from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards. Besides face shields, safety glasses, hard hats, and safety shoes, PPE includes a variety of devices and garments such as goggles, coveralls, gloves, vests, earplugs, and respirators. variety of devices and garments such as goggles, coveralls, gloves, vests, earplugs, and respirators. 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two 3

5 Employer’s Responsibilities (OSHA Subpart I: ) What Kind of PPE Approved PPE Maintained PPE Training to use PPE What Kind of PPE Approved PPE Maintained PPE Training to use PPE 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two4 OSHA’s primary PPE standards are in Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910 Subpart I, and equivalent regulations in states with OSHA-approved state plans, but you can find PPE requirements elsewhere in the General Industry Standards. For example, 29 CFR , OSHA’s Fire Brigades Standard, has requirements for firefighting gear. In addition, 29 CFR covers the construction industry. OSHA’s general PPE requirements mandate that employers conduct a hazard assessment of their workplaces to determine what hazards are present that require the use of PPE, provide workers with appropriate PPE, and require them to use and maintain it in sanitary and reliable condition. As an employer, you must assess your workplace to determine if hazards are present that require the use of PPE.

6 (d) Hazard Assessment  (2)The employer shall verify that the required workplace hazard assessment has been performed through a written certification that identifies:  The workplace evaluated;  The person certifying that the evaluation has been performed;  The date(s) of the hazard assessment; and,  Which identifies the document as a certification of hazard assessment

7 New Employee Orientation 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two6

8 Employer’s Responsibilities  If such hazards are present, you must select PPE and require employees to use it, communicate your PPE selection decisions to your employees, and select PPE that properly fits your workers. You must also train employees who are required to wear PPE on how do the following:  Use PPE properly,  Be aware of when PPE is necessary,  Know what kind of PPE is necessary,  Understand the limitations of PPE in  protecting employees from injury,  Don, adjust, wear, and care for PPE, and  Maintain PPE properly. 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two (f) Training

9 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two8 Employee’s Responsibilities  Inspect Maintain Report Defects Employees should look at their equipment on a daily basis to make sure it is good working order. This is the responsibility of each employee. PPE, especially eye wear and face masks, should be cleaned daily by the person who wears it. The employee must reports any problems with PPE, as well as other protective equipment, as soon as it is detected.

10 (f) Training  (2)Workers must demonstrate an understanding of the training and the ability to use PPE properly, before being allowed to perform work requiring the use of PPE:  (4)Verify that each employee has received and understood the required training through a written certification that contains:  The name of each employee trained,  The date(s) of training, and that  Identifies the subject of the certification

11 (a) General requirements  Employers shall select and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees' hands are exposed to hazards such as those from:  Skin absorption of harmful substances;  Severe cuts or lacerations;  Severe abrasions;  Punctures;  Chemical burns;  Thermal burns; and  Harmful temperature extremes

12 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two11 Introduction to PPE  Hand Protection

13 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two12 Introduction to PPE  Head Protection Webbing: 1 inch clearance Early Hard Hats were made of metal

14 (a) General requirements  (1)Ensure that each employee wears a protective helmet when working in areas where there is a potential for injury to the head from falling objects

15 Classes and types of Hard hats  Type I hard hats - intended to reduce the force of impact resulting from a blow to the top of the head  Type II hard hats - designed to provide protection against both side impact (lateral) and blows to the top of the head Classes  G (old A)  General  2,200 volts  E (old B)  Electrical  20,000 volts  C (same)  Conductive

16 (b) Criteria for protective helmets  (1)Protective helmets purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z

17 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two16 Introduction to PPE  Care of a Hard Hat

18 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two17 Introduction to PPE  Eye Protection  Glasses  Goggles Z

19 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two18 Introduction to PPE  Face Protection

20 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two19 PPE Protection against the effects of noise exposure shall be provided when the sound levels exceed those shown in Table G-16. Hearing Protection: Reusable and Disposable Ear Muffs Reusable Ear Plugs Ear Protection and Communication

21 Table G-16 Exposure Hours per DaySound Level in dBA / /2110 ¼ or less115 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two20

22  Ensure that each affected employee uses protective footwear when working in areas where there is:  A danger of foot injuries due to falling or rolling objects, or  Objects piercing the sole, and  Where such employee's feet are exposed to electrical hazards (a) General requirements

23 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two22 Introduction to PPE FFFFoot Protection

24 (b) Criteria for protective footwear  (1)Protective footwear purchased after July 5, 1994 shall comply with ANSI Z , "American National Standard for Personal Protection-Protective Footwear,"

25 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two24 Introduction to PPE FFFFoot Protection(continued)

26 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two25 Introduction to PPE FFFFoot Protection(continued)

27 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two26 Safety Harness  Limits a fall to only a feet  Must be supplied by employer  Employee MUST be trained on how to use  Requires a written program

28 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two27 Introduction to PPE  Respiratory Protection

29 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two28 Respiratory Protection  Filter Respirators  Air-Purifying-particles and gases  Particulate-dusts and mists Atmosphere-Supplying-Respirators Supplied Air Self Contained

30 (c)(1) Respiratory protection program  Where respirators are required you need:  Written program  Worksite-specific procedures  Required elements:  Training  Fit testing  Medical evaluations  Care and maintenance  Procedures for respirator selection  Procedures for routine & emergency use

31 (c)(2) Where respirator use is not required:  (i)If voluntary respirator use is permissible, provide the respirator users with the information contained in Appendix D and,  (ii)Establish and implement those elements of a written respiratory protection program* necessary to ensure that any employee using a respirator voluntarily is medically able to use that respirator  (ii)That the respirator is cleaned, stored, and maintained so that its use does not present a health hazard to the user *Written program not required for voluntary use of dust masks

32 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two31 Introduction to PPE  Atmosphere Supplying Respirators

33 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two32 SCBA  Self Contained Breathing Apparatus  Used in Low Oxygen Environments like Confined Spaces as defined by OSHA

34 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two33 Part Two-Hand Tools  Defective Tools  Wrong Tool for the Job  Improperly Maintained Tool  Tool in the Wrong Place  Incorrect Body Positioning

35 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two34 Hand Tools  Defective Tools

36 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two35 Hand Tools  Wrong Tool for the Job

37 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two36 Hand Tools  Incorrect Use

38 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two37 Hand Tools  Wrong Place (storage practices)  Wrong Body Positioning

39 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two38 Hand Tools  Screwdrivers

40 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two39 Hand Tools  Wrenches

41 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two40 Hand Tools  Pliers

42 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two41 Hand Tools  Hammers and Mallets

43 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two42 Hand Tools  Chisels and Punches

44 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two43 Hand Tools  Knives

45 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two44 Hand Tools  Electric Tools and Electrical Safety

46 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two45 Hand Tools  Pneumatic Tools

47 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two46 Hand Tools  Gasoline Powered Tools and Equipment

48 General Safety Precautions  Keep all tools in good condition with regular maintenance  Use the right tool for the right job  Inspect each tool for damage before use  Operate according to the manufacturer’s instructions  Provide and use proper personal protective equipment 47

49 General Safety Precautions Responsibility of the employer  PPE provision and monitoring  Safe work procedures  Safe condition of tools including personal tools 48

50 Hand Tools  Non powered  Largest hazard  Misuse  Improper maintenance  Safe use  Direction of knives and blades  Sharp knives and blades  Safe working surfaces 49

51 Power Tools  Classification by power source  Electric  Pneumatic  Liquid Fuel  Hydraulic  Powder Actuated 50

52 Power Tools (cont.)  (d)  Upper blade guard  Lower blade guard  Automatically returns to starting position 51

53 Power Tools (cont.)  (d)(2)  Equipped with a momentary contact “on-off” control and may have a lock-on control provided.  However, that turnoff must be accomplished by a single motion of the same finger or fingers that turn it on. 52

54 Power Tools (cont.)  Momentary Contact “on/off” switch  Drills  Tappers  Fasteners  Drivers  Grinders – Greater than 2” in dia.  Disc and Belt Sanders  Reciprocating Saws 53

55 Power Tools (cont.)  Positive “on/off” controls  Disc Sanders – w/ discs 2” in dia. Or less  Routers  Trimmers  Shears  Jig Saws – w/ blade ¼” wide or less 54

56 Power Tools (cont.) ON POSITION OFF POSITION 55

57 Power Tools (cont.)  Never carry tools by cords  Never pull cords to disconnect  Disconnect tools when not in use or during maintenance  Secure work with vice or clamp  Allows two hands for working  Follow users manual instructions 56

58 Power Tools (cont.)  Proper apparel  NO loose clothing, hair, or jewelry  Tag all damaged tools “Out of Service” or discard them  Keep blades and knives sharpened 57

59 Electric Tools (cont.) 58

60 Electric Tools (cont.) 59

61 Powered Abrasive Wheels  Flying fragments  Wear proper PPE  Ring test – (c)(7)  Mounting  Follow manufacturer’s instructions 60

62 Abrasive Wheels (cont.) Maximum RPM 61

63 Abrasive Wheels (cont.) 180 deg 62

64 Powder Actuated Tools  (e)  Meet ANSI A10.3 – 1970  PPE  Eye Protection  Head and face depending on conditions  Proper training required 63

65 Powder Actuated Tools (cont.)  (e)  Fasteners used in tool specifically designed for that tool  Designed for the material that is being driven into Concret e Concrete/wo od Wood Specific size = Specific operation 64

66 65 Charges used in powder actuated tools Right size charge with right size fastener

67 Powder Actuated Tools (cont.)  Tools must be inspected before use  Defective tools taken out of service immediately  Tools not loaded until just before intended firing Loaded or empty tools are never to be pointed at anyone 66

68 Powder Actuated Tools (cont.)  (e)(7) Fasteners not driven into:  Very hard or brittle materials  Cast iron  Glazed tile  Surface-hardened steel  Glass block  Live rock  Face brick  Hollow tile 67

69 Powder Actuated Tools (cont)  Inspection:  Make sure it’s clean  All parts must operate freely  The barrel is free from obstructions 68

70 Powder Actuated Tools (cont)  Firing  Keep hands clear of the barrel  5 pounds of force against working material  Misfires  Wait 30 seconds  Try firing again  Wait another 30 sec.  Remove the cartridge  Place in water 69

71 Powder Actuated Tools (cont)  Defects  Tag “do not operate”  Remove from service 70

72 “FATAL FACT” Employee killed when struck in head by a nail fired from a powder actuated tool. Tool operator was attempting to anchor a plywood form in preparation for pouring a concrete wall. 71

73 “FATAL FACT” Employees performing remodeling operations building a wall. Operator was attempting to anchor plywood to a 2”x 4” stud. The nail penetrated the stud and struck the victim. One worker killed when struck by a nail from a powder-actuated tool. 72

74 Pneumatic Tools  Appropriate PPE  Eye Protection  Hearing Protection  Other Employees 73


76 5/3/2015Industrial Safety Lecture Two75 REVIEW  1. What must your employer provide in addition to the appropriate PPE?  2. What is the employee’s responsibility before using PPE?  3. What is the greatest danger when wearing loose fitting clothing on the job?  4. How long should you shower if you come into contact with a dangerous chemical?  5. How much clearance should a hard hat webbing provide between your head and the top of the shell?  6. Give the type of eye protection that protects from debris approaching from multiple angles?  7. What units are used to measure noise?  8. In what areas should disposable ear plugs NOT be used?  9. Before entering a confined space, the workers safety harness is attached to a __________.  10. What kind of respirator is worn in areas that contain little or no oxygen?  11. What is the first thing to do before using any tool?  12. Which of the “jaws” is the strongest on the crescent wrench?  13. What is the name given to the wrench that IS meant to be struck with a hammer?  14. What do you call the condition of wear that refers to a badly worn striking surface?  15. When should you use a mallet in place of a hammer?  16. What is the difference between a regular knife and a safety knife?  17. What is the most important feature of an electrical power tool?  18. What is the greatest hazard with electrical tools?  19. State the purpose of a dead man switch.  20. When using compressed air for removing dirt, what should the maximum pressure be? 

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