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An Alpine Official as a Referee or a Jury Advisor (Start/Finish Referee) An Alpine Official as a Referee or a Jury Advisor (Start/Finish Referee)

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1 An Alpine Official as a Referee or a Jury Advisor (Start/Finish Referee) An Alpine Official as a Referee or a Jury Advisor (Start/Finish Referee)

2 GENERAL INFORMATION: DETERMINING AN ATHLETE’S AGE CLASS An athlete’s competition age class is calculated by their actual age on December 31 of the competition season. The current competition season is July 1, 2014 – June 30, An athlete’s competition age class will be determined by their actual age on December 31, 2014.

3 USSA CONCUSSION POLICY Any USSA athlete – including those with the new USSA Club Participant membership – suspected of having sustained a concussion – including those with the new USSA Club Participant membership – must be removed immediately from participation in USSA sporting events (e.g. sanctioned training, practice, camps, competitions or tryouts). The athlete will be prohibited from further participation until evaluated and cleared in writing to resume participation. Upon removal of an athlete from participation for a suspected concussion, the USSA TD or member coach making the removal must inform USSA Competition Services at Athletes medically cleared to resume participation must provide medical clearance. (A “Head Injury Evaluation” is available in the “Master Packet of Forms”.) If necessary, properly executed medical clearance can be presented to and accepted by an on-site Jury. For athletes under the age of 18, the “Concussion Medical Evaluation Form” requesting return to training/competition must be signed by the respective athlete’s parent/legal guardian.

4 MEMBERSHIP & CERTIFICATIONS Jury members, Jury Advisors (Start and Finish Referee), Chief of Course and Course Setters must be current members of USSA as a Coach/Official or Official Jury members must be appropriately certified; Referee and Assistant Referee (speed events) must be certified Referees for all levels of competition: scored and non-scored Jury Advisors for scored events must either be a certified Referee, Jury Advisor or Chief of Race Jury Advisors for non-scored events should either be a certified Referee, Jury Advisor or Chief of Race. When online Competition Official certification becomes available, Jury Advisors for non-scored events must – at a minimum – be certified Competition Officials. Coaches must be Coach members in order to participate in any capacity at any USSA event – scored or non-scored; this includes serving as an on-hill coach.

5 COACHES’ USSA MEMBERSHIP REQUIREMENT Except in specific instances where the event has been pre- approved, coaches must have current USSA Coach membership in order to participate in any capacity at any USSA-sanctioned event This requirement includes on-hill coaching ROC may require that coaches present current membership cards*! *Digital membership cards stored on phones or computers are acceptable.

6 REFEREE / JURY ADVISOR FOR ALPINE OFFICIALS Sources of InformationSources of Information Duties and Responsibilities of the RefereeDuties and Responsibilities of the Referee During the RaceDuring the Race Race-Day ScenariosRace-Day Scenarios

7 Resources and References FIS ICR Precisions ftp://ftp.fisski.ch Rules of FIS Points WC & COC rules FIS Equipment Rules Calendar & bylaws USSA Competition Guide USSA Equipment Rules Region/Division links Region/Division/State Handbooks AO Manual

8 Glossary of Job Descriptions Forms Study Guide and Update USSA Competition Regulations (ACR) USSA Course Specifications USSA Code of Conduct FIS ICR and its Precisions Reference Materials

9 The Role of the “Connection Coach” One or two are appointed depending on type and level of event Serve as liaison between all Team Captains and the Jury Serve as on-hill “Eyes of the Jury” May supervise yellow flag zones in DH and SG* Have voice but no vote in Jury matters/decision *Depending on terrain, Jury may also choose to appoint Connection Coach(es) for Giant Slalom events

10 REFEREE FOR ALPINE OFFICIALS Duties and Responsibilities of the Referee

11 Draws start numbers Receives start and finish reports Signs and posts the Report by the Referee Referee’s Job Description USSA/FIS Referee’s Job Description USSA/FIS Reviews GJ cards for Faults and other notes, e.g. interference Attends Jury meetings: votes and verifies the vote with his/her signature!

12 Report by the Referee Report by the Referee This form must be completed for each classification gender for each run Posted on Scoreboard/ Official Notice Board with date and time of posting as well as expiration time Bib # as well as named athlete must be reviewed by Team Captains regardless of whether or not they feel one of their competitors may have committed a fault (DSQ) Protest period is 15 minutes! SKI AREA USA #### YOUR RACE DATE LEVEL MEN GS McBride, Brett USA 12 J. WILSON STRADDLE :00 15: S/REFEREE

13 Referee: A Member of the Jury Tenure of the JuryRadios for all USSA/FIS USSA/FIS Technical DutiesJury Minutes USSA/FIS USSA/FIS , Organizational DutiesCourse Inspection USSA/FIS / USSA/FIS DH USSA/FIS DH USSA/FIS SL (see 614.3) USSA/FIS GS 904 (see 614.3) USSA/FIS SG 1004 (see 614.3) Disciplinary Duties USSA/FIS

14 WHAT IS DUE PROCESS? Due process is "the conduct of formal proceedings according to established rules and principles for the protection and enforcement of private rights, including notice and the right to a fair hearing before a tribunal with the power to decide the case." The Jury shall provide the athlete a full and complete opportunity to present his or her side of the case before imposing any sanctions. USSA/FIS : & 646.2

15 Equipment Rules USSA/FIS Additional rules Ski Stand Height Ski Boot Height Ski Radius Ski Profile Length Ski Length Helmets – required for USSA and FIS DH, SG, GS, SL Competitors and Forerunners Protective Armor – Forearms, Shins & Knees, Back Protectors

16 COMPETITION EQUIPMENT Equipment is the responsibility of the athlete and in the case of a minor, their parents or guardians. Equipment must be maintained and utilized in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. Protests against equipment at a USSA non-FIS event must be handled in accordance with current USSA Equipment Control/Protest Guidelines. Protests against equipment at a FIS event must be handled in accordance with current FIS rules. Equipment violations are subject to disqualification and other sanctions as determined by the Jury. Sanction may be against the individual competitor, or the competitor’s coach if it is determined that he/she is complicit in the use of equipment known to be in violation of the rules.

17 EQUIPMENT CONTROL: USSA non-FIS Events Skis must be marked by the manufacture with both the length and the radius. Unmarked skis will be grounds for disqualification. USSA scored alpine events, competition equipment will be subject to unannounced control. USSA non-scored technical events (GS and SL), equipment control will be dealt with only on a protest basis. In the case of all speed events (SG and DH, scored and non-scored) where the Jury has allowed control of equipment at the start for compliance, the athlete will not be allowed to start if their equipment does not meet the current marked specifications. Unless clear violation of equipment rules exists, e.g. no helmet, attached helmet camera, missing or broken ski brakes, GS skis in a SG, etc., the Start Referee must not refuse an athlete’s right to start. An athlete in a USSA non-FIS event is also allowed to personalize their helmet with the application of bling, stickers, helmet camera mount, etc. The Start and Finish Referees’ responsibility to monitor equipment and communicate to the Jury is critical in this process and should be reviewed by the TD at each event. TD instructions to these individuals must be clear. It is essential that the Start and Finish Referee communicate with and report their findings to the competition Jury.

18 EQUIPMENT PROTESTS: The athlete must compete or intend to compete on the suspect equipment. The Coach or Team Captain who observes the equipment that is suspect must alert the Start Referee of his imminent intention to protest the equipment being used by that competitor. The Coach or Team Captain must formalize the protest, at the end of the run, with the written protest and the $100 (one hundred USD) protest fee. If the athlete has started, the Start Referee alerts the Finish Referee and the Jury, that there is a pending protest against equipment. The equipment must be evaluated or confiscated for evaluation when the competitor arrives in the finish. Finish Referee should stop the competitor with suspect equipment and confiscate the suspect equipment pending the filing of the formal protest and Jury review. Confiscation should be witnessed and third-party access to the confiscated equipment must be avoided. Equipment protests cannot be considered or accepted if the suspect equipment has left the finish area.

19 EQUIPMENT PROTESTS/TESTING If approved testing devices are available, or compliance can be confirmed through checking the manufacturer’s marks, the Jury will then evaluate the equipment and render a decision regarding the equipment. The decision of the Jury shall be final. If approved testing devices are not available, or the Jury is unable to reach a consensus, the Jury must seal and ship the equipment to the USSA National Office for evaluation. USSA’s decision shall be final. The Jury will use the $100 (one hundred USD) protest fee to cover the initial shipping costs. The losing party will be charged by USSA for all expenses related to shipping and testing. Reimbursement must be submitted within 10 (ten) working days of notice of USSA’s decision. Acceptable equipment control devices for USSA non-FIS event alpine equipment evaluation include: Reliable Racing stand height calipers FIS-approved equipment-testing devices

20 EQUIPMENT CONTROL: FIS Events FIS event on-site equipment control may only be conducted by a FIS measurement expert using official FIS measuring tools Skis must be clearly marked with both the length and the radius. Unmarked skis will be grounds for disqualification In the case of a speed event (SG & DH) where the jury has allowed inspection of equipment at the start for compliance, the athlete will not be allowed to start if their equipment does not meet the current marked specifications Unless clear violation of equipment rules exists, e.g. no helmet, attached helmet camera or helmet camera mount, missing or broken ski brakes, GS skis in a SG, etc., the Start Referee must not refuse an athlete ’s right to start

21 SUSPECT EQUIPMENT/PROTESTS: FIS Events If protest is involved, Team Captain must notify Start Referee of intention to file a protest Start Referee notifies Jury and Finish Referee of protest or, if no protest is filed, of suspect equipment Protesting Team Captain must file written protest and pay applicable protest fee prior to Jury meeting Finish Referee confiscates equipment before it leaves finish area Third-party access to protested/suspect equipment must be avoided Equipment must be confiscated in front of witnesses and must be shipped (sealed) to FIS Losing party pays all costs

22 COMPETITORS’ PROTECTIVE MEASURES With exception of forearm protection used in SG, GS and SL and shin protection used in SL, body protection must be worn under the suit This includes knee braces If a knee brace is worn over the suit, it must be covered with fabric, e.g. a piece of an old suit

23 HELMETS Required for all events Soft ear protection only allowed in Slalom Helmets with spoilers or edges that protrude are not allowed (does not apply to Slalom headgear) USSA & FIS do not allow use of helmet-mounted cameras* USSA: Athletes with personalized helmets; e.g. bling, stickers, camera mounts, etc., are allowed to start FIS: NO CAMERAS / NO CAMERA MOUNTS

24 BACK PROTECTORS Back protectors are not mandatory. If used: The back protector must adapt to the anatomical bend of the athlete’s spine and lie flat against the body. The top edge of the back protector must be situated in the area of the spinal column and may not go above the 7th cervical vertebrae (C7). The maximum thickness must be in the middle part and may not exceed 45 mm; the thickness reduces at the edges of the back protector. Designs with the view to improve aerodynamic properties are forbidden. The back protector, as with knee braces, etc.*, must be worn underneath the competition suit. If a knee brace must be worn over the competition suit, it must be covered, e.g. with a piece of an old suit. *Exception forearm protection used in SG, GS and SL and shin protection used in SL

25 NECESSARY COURSE CHANGES: MADE/APPROVED BY JURY USSA/FIS In cases of necessary changes on the course, such as small relocation of gates An additional inspection or training run is not necessary. Details must be communicated to all Team Captains and competitors must be informed by the Referee at the start. (Start Referee)

26 USSA ALPINE OFFICIALS Referee: During the Race

27 “START STOP, YELLOW FLAG STOP” In order to stop competitor(s) already on course, Jury member calling “START STOP” is responsible for calling: “START STOP, YELLOW FLAG STOP!”

28 “START STOP!” USSA/FIS On command, Start Referee closes start Start Referee states, in concise manner via Jury radio: Bib # of last competitor started Bib # of competitor held at start Example: “START STOP confirmed, number 24 on course, number 25 at the start” Extra verbiage discouraged; Jury channel must be kept open!

29 WHEN A “START STOP” or “START STOP/YELLOW FLAG STOP” IS CALLED: Ski Patrol assigned to the event and in radio contact with the Jury, is now on alert that a competitor may require medical assistance. If the Jury / Eyes of the Jury / Jury Advisor call for medical assistance, Ski Patrol assigned to the event first verifies that the course is clear, i.e.: no racer is on course, Once Ski Patrol assigned to the event has verified that it has a clear course, it responds to the call for medical assistance. SKI PATROL ASSIGNED TO THE EVENT ARE THE FIRST RESPONDERS - NOT COACHES / TRAINERS / OFFICIALS / PARENTS / other ATHLETES!

30 REOPENING THE COURSE The individual (Jury member, eyes of the Jury or Jury Advisor) who called the “START STOP” or “START STOP, YELLOW FLAG STOP” is responsible for releasing the course hold. The course is reopened at the direction of the Jury: either from top to bottom, bottom to top or from the position where the incident requiring the “START STOP” occurred. The Technical Delegate is responsible for confirming that all Jury members, Jury Advisors, and Eyes of the Jury have reviewed and are aware of “start stop” and “start stop/yellow flag stop” procedures.

31 INTERDICTION TO CONTINUE ON COURSE: DOWNHILL, SUPER G, GIANT SLALOM USA/FIS If a competitor misses a gate, he must no longer continue through further gates USA/FIS If a competitor comes to a complete stop (e.g. after a fall), he must no longer continue through previous or further gates. USA/FIS These rules are valid in all FIS and USSA-scored events with a fixed start interval (DH, SG, GS).

32 INTERDICTION TO CONTINUE ON COURSE: SLALOM A competitor may hike to complete passage of a missed gate in Slalom: -as long as the competitor does not interfere with the run of the following competitor or -has not been passed. A competitor who has been passed may not continue on course!

33 WHO CAN TAKE A SECOND RUN? U In non-scored events, competitors who do not start (DNS), do not finish (DNF) or who are disqualified (DSQ) in their first run should be allowed to take their second run at the end of the field. U In non-scored events where each run counts individually, these competitors start the second run in their original start position. U In scored non-FIS events, competitors who do not finish (DNF) or who are disqualified (DSQ) in their first run should be allowed to take their second run at the end of the field. U U627.7**In FIS events, competitors who are disqualified (DSQ), did not start (DNS), or did not finish (DNF) their first run are prohibited from taking a second run. U627.7** **Exception: In Alpine Combined (AC), when technical event (SL) precedes the speed event (DH or SG), rule does not apply.

34 USSA ALPINE OFFICIALS START REFEREE Jury Advisor at the Start

35 Start Referee: Jury Advisor at the Start Job Duration USSA/FIS Reruns USSA/FIS 623 No advantage, No DSQ USSA/FIS Supplies reserve bibs USSA/FIS Reports to Referee & the Jury USSA/FIS , 613.7

36 Rules of the Start USSA/FIS , 613 Delayed Start: Not present when called to start – sanction which could include DSQ! USSA/FIS Valid/False Start: In the Gate; DNS within allowed time - disqualified USSA/FIS 613.7

37 START COMMANDS: Fixed Interval Events (GS, SG, DH): 10 seconds before the start, the starter will tell each competitor “10 Seconds” 5 seconds before the start, he should count “5, 4, 3, 2, 1” and then gives the start command “GO” Non-Fixed Interval Event (SL): As soon as the starter has received the order for the next start, he gives the competitor the warning “Ready” or “Racer Ready” A few seconds later, the starter gives the start command “GO”

38 USSA ALPINE OFFICIALS Finish Referee Jury Advisor at the Finish

39 Finish Referee: Jury Advisor at the Finish Reports to Referee & Jury USSA/FIS Job duration USSA/FIS Knows rules of finish USSA/FIS 615 Supervises Finish Controller*, timing and crowd USSA/FIS Ensures protection is on timing equipment USSA/FIS , Communicates with start USSA/FIS 611.1, Determines valid finishes USSA/FIS Finish Referee assumes the duties of the Finish Controller if one is not appointed.

40 VALID FINISHES ICR states that in case of a fall at the finish where competitor does not come to a full stop, the time can be taken without both of the competitor’s feet having crossed the finish line for the registered time to become valid, the competitor must immediately cross the finish line with or without skis ICR states Finish line must be crossed: on both skis, or on one ski, or with both feet in case of a fall between the last gate and the finish line. In this case, the time is taken when any part of the competitor’s body stops the timekeeping system. ACR U , U629.4 state that a binding release more than 2 gates above the Finish line in SL, GS or SG or more than 1 gate above the Finish line in DH shall be considered as a clear DSQ.

41 LOSS OF ONE SKI – FIS Only If a competitor loses a ski without having committed a gate fault or without coming to a complete stop, he may continue, as long as he: - does not interfere with the run of the next competitor or, - has not been passed by the next competitor. Also see details in ICR Art , , 804.3,

42 REFEREE FOR ALPINE OFFICIALS Race-Day Scenarios

43 Race-day Scenarios: Part I Seed points of top 8 significantly lower than rest of the field. What can the Jury do? USSA/FIS Four hairpins but not a flush in sight. USSA/FIS Jury can’t find an applicable rule. What should the jury do? USSA/FIS A coach reports that ski stack height is too high. What can the Jury do? USSA/FIS 641.1, 644

44 Tie at flip position. What do we do? USSA/FIS Race-day Scenarios: Part II – FLIP 30 is Standard Flip 15 instead of 30 USSA/FIS PlBib T25 15T19 StBib

45 By the Numbers: How is this done? 1.Rank all first-run competitors in time order fastest to slowest) 2.Remove DSQ competitors from the field unless being given a provisional second run 3.Break all ties, regardless of where they occur, by ranking the tied competitor(s) with the higher bib number(s) before the tied competitor(s) with the lower bib number(s) 4.Verify the number of competitors that are to be reversed (bibbo) 5.Check for a tie at the reversal position 6.If a tie has occurred at the reversal position – 30 or 15, include those ties in the reversal number. 7.Reverse correct number of competitors including ties, if applicable This will result in the lower bib number starting first and the racer with the fastest first run time starting 31/16 (with a 3-way tie at the reversal position, the racer with the fastest first run time would start 32/17, etc. When ties occur elsewhere in the field other than in reversed group, tied racer(s) with higher bib number(s) will start prior to tied racer(s) with lower bib number(s).

46 Race Day Scenarios: Part III Minimum/Maximum number of gates Minimum/Maximum number of gates DH USSA/FIS 701 GS USSA/FIS * DH USSA/FIS 701 GS USSA/FIS * SL USSA/FIS U , * SG USSA/FIS U , * SL USSA/FIS U , * SG USSA/FIS U , * Racer misses start and requests provisional USSA/FIS 613.6, *Minimum = direction changes for both FIS and USSA FIS SL and SG gate count calculations are different than USSA’s Minimum DH start interval USSA/FIS

47 Race Day Scenarios: Part IV ‘START STOP!’ is called. What is happening now? USSA/FIS Three electronic timers but no hand timing. What do you do? USSA/FIS Required vertical drop can’t be met. Will race score? USSA U ; U , U ; U , U ; U & USSA Application Vertical Drop, Minimum Time and Minimum Penalties FIS – If exception not granted by FIS, vertical drop requirements must be met or race will be reviewed and scored as ENL category not FIS category!

48 Race Day Scenarios: Part V A racer commits a gate fault His racing speed carries him over Finish Line The racer hikes back over the line and completes passage of the missed gate WHEN WAS HIS TIME TAKEN? USSA/FIS WHAT IS HIS STATUS? USSA/FIS 661.4, U629.4

49 Race Day Scenarios: Part VI It has been determined that bibs were switched for two racers. What should the Jury consider prior to arriving at a decision? Is there a rule that should be considered? What is their status?

50 Race Day Scenarios: Part VI What should the Jury consider prior to arriving at a decision? DID THEY GAIN AN ADVANTAGE! USSA/FIS A competitor shall only be disqualified if his mistake would result in an advantage for him with regard to the end result, unless the Rules state otherwise in an individual case. i.e. gate fault, early/late start. If no advantage has been gained, what is their status? MAY BE SANCTIONED – DEFINITELY NOT DSQ!

51 Race Day Scenarios: Part VII Race Day Scenarios: Part VII - There is an offset in bib #’s and start #’s. - Bib #109 actually starts #3. - Gate Judge Card lists a fault for Bib #3. What must the Referee verify?

52 Race Day Scenarios: Part VIII A course worker steps out in front of a racer. What must the racer do? Stop immediately Report interference to nearest Gate Judge Racer or coach must request a rerun Ski down the side of the course to the Finish Only a Jury member can grant a provisional rerun Rerun is “provisional” until ratified by the Jury

53 Race Day Scenarios: Part IX The Start Referee believes an athlete is competing on equipment – skis/boots/bindings that do not conform to the rules. -Can the on-site Jury verify the validity of the equipment? A Team Captain files a protest against a competitor’s equipment. -How must the Jury handle this situation? -What must be done with the suspect equipment? -Who covers the costs? -Can this process be undertaken after the competitor equipment leaves the race arena? Answers are not provided in the hopes that group discussion will result in a better understanding of how to handle this type of situation!

54 Race Day Scenarios: Part X A competitor arrives at the start with a camera attached to his helmet. What must the Start Referee do? What must the Start Referee do if the camera is attached to the skis? What must the Start Referee do If the camera is worn on a chest pack? What must the Start Referee do if a helmet only has camera mounts? Answers are not provided in the hopes that group discussion will result in a better understanding of how to handle this type of situation!

55 NEW ITEMS FOR This is only a partial review, additional items contained in: “ REVIEW & UPDATE FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION – ALPINE”

56 COURSE SETTING SPECIFICATIONS

57 CHILDREN’S COURSE SETTING SPECIFICATIONS as of 08/25/14

58 USSA MEMBERSHIP CLASSIFICATIONS Effective , USSA is offering two new membership classifications: USSA Club Volunteer membership is available to those 15 and older and requires periodic background screening. It is designed for parents and club volunteers who undertake a leadership role in USSA clubs, divisions, regions, competitions and club training sessions. This membership is a good stepping-stone to becoming a USSA Coach or Official and is fully upgradeable during the season. USSA Club Volunteer is not eligible for official’s certification. USSA Club Participant membership is designed for young athletes who are training with a club program and may be competing in non-USSA competitions. It is also perfect for club volunteers or parents who are starting to become active in support of club activities and events as well as those forerunning sanctioned events. USSA Club Participant is eligible to forerun but not to compete in sanctioned events.

59 EVENT FACTORS Factors used for calculating race penalties for USSA/FIS scored events for the season are as follows: DH:1250SL:720GS:980SG:1080 AC: 1150

60 CAN A COMPETITOR FINISH AFTER LOSING ONE SKI? If a competitor loses a ski without having committed a gate fault or without coming to a complete stop, he may continue, as long as he: - does not interfere with the run of the next competitor or, - has not been passed by the next competitor. Also see details in ICR Art , , 804.3, Please note this is a FIS rule!

61 KOMBI RULES Youth Kombi competitions must be set using appropriately homologated hills. SL/GS format (technical orientation) using a hill homologated for GS and GS/SG format (speed orientation) using a hill homologated for SG. Athletes must use the helmet that meets the standards for the faster discipline being contested. U1259.3: There is no minimum or maximum number of turns required. U1259.6: The Jury should decide on the number of runs by the first Team Captains’ meeting. U1259.7: (Strike and add 2 following rules) U : Except as specifically modified, the rules for SL (800) also apply to non-scored SL/GS Kombi for U16 and younger. U : Except as specifically modified, the rules for GS (900) also apply to non-scored GS/SG Kombi for U16 and younger.

62 SECOND RUN – USSA Scored Events Competitors who are classified DNF or DSQ in the first run of a USSA-scored competition may take a second run at the end of the field. Appropriateness depends on, but is not limited to field size, snow conditions, and visibility. Coaches’ discretion advised In cases of force majeure, the Jury may terminate a competition prior to DNF/DSQ second-run starts.

63 SUPER or ALPINE COMBINED The name of the “Super Combined” event (1 run of speed/1 run of Slalom), has been changed to” “Alpine Combined”.

64 Welcome to the USSA Alpine Officials’ Referee / Jury Advisor Program Thank you for your efforts to help USSA Alpine Officials provide events that are fun and fair for all competitors!


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