Presentation on theme: "West Thurston Fire IMS/ Accountability. Objectives Review and Practice the Incident Command System (ICS/IMS). Understand the accountability management."— Presentation transcript:
West Thurston Fire IMS/ Accountability
Objectives Review and Practice the Incident Command System (ICS/IMS). Understand the accountability management process designed to control and direct all resources that are committed to the incident. Understand Roles, Responsibility & Expectations Review Policy Discuss Fireground Strategy & Tactics Review Fire Conditions Ask Questions now
There was No Life Hazard…. Until the Fire Department Arrived
Firefighter Expectations IF YOU ARE CAUGHT FREELANCING YOU WILL BE PLACED ON PROBATION UNTIL YOU CAN BE RETRAINED. DO NOT PROCEED UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO. TAKE ORDERS FROM ONLY ONE LEADER IF SAFETY or IC tell you to ABANDON the Structure, should you?
All Firefighter(s)/Companies will arrive at Temporary Staging Combat Ready Passport with all Company members and matching helmet shields. Full PPE NO EXCEPTIONS SCBA in Standby Mode Hand tools Axe, Hallogan, Pike pole, Saw. You should’nt have an open hand. All other requested tools/ equipment.
Elements of a Team/ Company How many firefighters minimum required to be a Team/ Co. Maintain- Visual, Audible, Physical Means, Safety Guide Rope Sight, Sound, Touch Passport/ Helmet shields
Common Definitions Strategic mode: Transitional, Offensive, Defensive Initiate (has), Establish, Assume, Terminate Command Fire Attack, Standby Team, Back-up Team, Ventilation, Search Team, Rescue Team. Temporary Staging: Is a Firefighter Ready area, and area for SCBA/air, hose, tools & equipment, rehab, gross decontamination located at command post. Incident Time Line: Dispatch maintains an incident time line in 10 minute increments starting with the initial time of call and reports each increment back to the IC. Base: Is a parking lot for Apparatus generally on Large scale incidents Rehab:is a location established for firefighter to Rest,re-hydrate, and obtain medical evaluation.
Common Instructions/Orders? If Command arrives first, then the first arriving Engine proceed to the scene. If you are Offensive how many Engines do you need? “E1-1 from Command” Park your Apparatus away from the scene (1-2 blocks) and standby. “E1-1 from Command” Park you Apparatus and report to (bring manpower forward to) Temporary Staging. Avoid “Command from E1-1” approaching where would you like me. If you receive no orders what do you do?
Passport Accountability System E1-1 A. Stallard M. Bennett RIDGEWAY E. Smith E1-1 FIREFIGHTER OPERATOR OFFICER RADIO DESIGNATOR E1-1 OFFICER Firefighters E1-1 OPERATOR or APPARATUS Passport TM
Passport- Up at the Beginning of each Shift and Remove at End E1-1 R. SMITH BENNETT DEVERT BETTS E1-1 FIREFIGHTER OPERATOR OFFICER Passport TM E1-1 FIREFIGHTER OPERATOR OFFICER Passport TM FIREFIGHTER Primary w/ CompanyReserve (Station) Backup in Apparatus Note: Maximum of 6 tags per Passport
Piggybacking and Makeup (phantom)Teams E1-2 STALLARD BENNETT RIDGEWAY Passport TM TEAM A BURNS BARROWS R.STONE Passport TM WILBURN Passport TM SPRINT14 R.STONE BARROWS BURNS POV Personnel
Helmet Shields White = Company/Team Officer Orange = Firefighter
IMS Roles and Responsibilities Incident Commander Strategy Resources Risk Management Accountability Risk Management Safety Division Supervisor (Geographical) TacticsAccountability Risk Management Safety Company Officer (Team Leader) *One per team Task Implementation Accountability Risk Management Safety
WHO am I……. Officer X has been assigned Division “A” and given an interior assignment as back-up. He/she was given helmet shields and Passport that say Team “A” however he arrived on E1-1. What is his/her Radio Designator? Who does he/she report changing fire conditions to?
Role/ Responsibility Strategy/ Tactics/ Tasks Incident Commander Strategy/ G&O Resources Risk Assessment Accountability Safety Size-up 360 Conditions/ Location /Time Establishes/ Assumes Command Offensive fire attack From side C “Offensive from side C charlie” Division/ Group Supervisor Tactics/ G&O Risk Management Accountability Safety Size-up Conditions/ Location/ Time Status Apposing hose lines E1-1 Extend 2-21/2” Lines through the rear loading doors Company Officer Task Implementation Risk Management Accountability Safety Size-up Conditions/Location/ Time Locate seat of fire attack Extends ’ 21/2” lines, orders company to take forcible entry tool/saw
Safety Officers Role The Role and responsibility of the Incident Safety Officer (ISO) or “Safety” is on-scene firefighter safety. (not commanding tactics) ISO has ultimate authority for FF Safety and can stop unsafe acts, call for abandonment, withdraw. (must notify IC) The ISO has ultimate authority when it comes to FF Safety. Can ISO enter an IDLH environment? Can you establish more than one ISO?
The Five Tactical Priorities Life Safety Incident Stabilization Property Conservation/ Salvage Environmental Considerations Personnel Safety, Welfare, and Accountability
Divisions and Groups DivisionPPE, Radio, Vest,Status Board, Passports, Name Tags Geographical: side of a building, floor of a high-rise, large area such as brush fire. GroupPPE, Radio, Vest,Status Board, Passports, Name Tags Assigned by Function: Search, Ventilation,Salvage, Overhaul, Extrication Groups and Divisions are NEVER assigned one under the other they are both assigned Supervisors and are on the same level in the command structure.
Identifying Divisions around buildings Procedure: Side A,B,C,D (Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta) A side is Address, Front or Main entrance Sides identified clockwise Can a Division Supervisor be assigned the responsibility of more than just the front side? Can IC designate Side E,F,G?
Side A (Alpha) Side C (Charlie) Side D (Delta) Side B (Bravo) How do we describe Divisions around buildings?
View 4 Sides…. Consider 7 areas
Lucky Number = 7 Four sides PLUS three that KILL
The Three That Kill Structure Fire Above – Failure to recognize and factor danger of working below a structure fire. Hostile Smoke/Fire Event – Failure to recognize and factor danger of deteriorating or escalating fire conditions. Structure fire Below – Failure to recognize and factor danger of working above a fire (contents or structure).
Division 3 Division 2 Division 0-1 Division 1 Division 0-2 Roof Division Odd shapes, Multiple Floors Sub-floors/Basement A B C D E Ground Level
Division Supervisors: Where are Division Supervisors generally located? Full PPE, Radio, Vest, Status Board Do Division Supervisors enter an IDLH environment?
SIZE UP (Four Box Progression) BOX 1- ARRIVAL REPORT BOX 2- BIG SIX SIZE-UP BOX 3- SIZE UP REPORT BOX 4- COMMAND POST
Size-Up (Four Box Progression) BOX 1 ARRIVAL REPORT – SITUATION SNAPSHOT\ – DECLARE SIDE A – WATER SUPPLY – INITIATE COMMAND – INVESTIGATION MODE “Engine 1-2 arrived, HOUSE FIRE; Side A is Street side; First Tender Water supply; E1-2 HAS Command; Investigating.”
BOX 2- BIG SIX SIZE-UP Get Team Going Value/Time/Size F-S-VO-PO-E-A Identify Hazards Draft Initial Plan Pre-Connect Side A Walk Around 1. Fire 2. Smoke 3. Verified Occupants 4. Potential Occupants 5. Exposures 6. Access Power Lines
BOX 3 SIZE UP REPORT Occupancy Snapshot Big Six Report Call the Play (TRPOD) Summon Resources Team Leader or CP Large two story wood framed house, smoke venting from side A on Floor 2; fire and smoke venting from side C on floor 2; floor 1 clear; Occupants out; No Exposures; Access from Side A
Big SIX Report F- Fire S- Smoke VO- Verified Occupants PO- Potential Occupants E- Exposures A- Access
Call The Play (Operational Mode) TRIPOD T- Transitional R- Rescue I- Investigating P- Preparing O- Offensive D- Defensive “ E1-2 will be transitional from side A on floor 2.” “R1-2 will be in Rescue Mode from side A on Floor 1.” “E1-1 Investigate side C and report” “E1-3 Prepare for Offensive from Side A on Floor 2.” “E1-4 Defensive”
Summon Resources “Engine 1-3 lay driveway supply” “All other apparatus Base on Sargent Road 1 block north of scene.” “All personnel report to Temporary Staging at the command post.”
BOX 4- Command Post Establish Command Capture Resources Provide Support Coordinate Objectives Manage Span of Control
Command Modes “HAS COMMAND” – Informal and Mobile – Retain your designator (E1-2) “Establish Command” – Manage from command post – Name and locate command post
Command Modes “Assume Command” – Transfer of formal command – Perhaps relocate command post “Terminate Command” – Command post not necessary – Demobilize
Size-up, Conditions, Strategic Mode
Scene setup Command Post Flank of Fire Stay on the windward side Corner of Structure Away from hose & apparatus evolutions Temporary Staging Located at or near CP until formal staging is established. Can you designate more than one staging area? If so do you need a staging area manager for each?
Scene Set-up/ Flow of Personnel CP Temp Staging Rehab AirTools Base
Fireground Progression First Company Arrival NO NO KNOWN RESCUE ENTRY ! IDLH Atmosphere Fire Attack Pump Operator Wearing SCBA & Radio
Fireground Progression If Command Officer Arrives Second IDLH Atmosphere Fire Attack Command Officer & Pump Operator Wearing SCBA
Fireground Progression Second Company Arrival IDLH Atmosphere Fire Attack Standby Team
Fireground Progression Third Company Arrival IDLH Atmosphere Fire Attack Back-up Team RIT Team
A Structure on FIRE…. is a Structure under active DEMOLISHION
Fight Fire Safely & Aggressively Know Your Limitations If you don’t feel comfortable with a task SAY SO. Fight Fire SAFELY& AGGRESSIVELY Trust Your GUT Everyone on the Scene/Fireground is responsible for SAFETY
But No Stupidity “Black Fire Conditions”
Avoid Confusion, Understand Limitations, Be Alert for Failure The IC must leave the tactical and task assignments to Division Supervisors and Company Officers. If IC gets involved after establishing Strategy/Tactical Goals and Objectives with Division Supervisors. The entire incident scene runs the risk of total confusion. If you question the capabilities of a Company STOP- match task to Companies capabilities. If you don’t understand orders ask questions until it’s clear. If you don’t understand strategy, tactic, or task ask questions until you do (face-to-face)
Communication: Exchange of personnel/Relief Teams. Relief Team/Company:A Company assigned to relieve an operational Company. Example: “93 rd Command from Division A (Adam)” “Division A from Command Go ahead” “Division A Requesting a relief Team of four (4) for Back-up to relieve E11-1”. “Command copy Relief Team of 4, I’ll be sending “Team 1113”. “Division A copy sending Team 1113.” Command from Division A, Command go ahead Division A. Team 1113 has arrived” “Command copy Team 1113 arrived at Division A” When relieved who does E11- 1 report to? Who Does Team 1113 Report to? Who is designated Staging Manager if not assigned? If formal staging is established who does Division A request relief teams from? When staging established who does Division A request additional teams/recourses from?
Radio Communications: When do you need to talk on Radio: When a Safety issue arises When you have completed your task When you cannot complete your task. When you need additional resources When you need to request/pass on important information.
Radio Communication: Never answer radio “Go Ahead” The radio is always answered with you designator first. To contact E-1 apparatus driver? You are a Division Supervisor and you want to exchange teams (a staging area manager has been established. Who do you contact?
Communicating Benchmarks & Strategy: IC shall announce over the radio to dispatch and scene, the overall strategy Any changes in strategy and assignments of RIT, Safety Officer, Divisions & Groups. Division/Group Supervisors shall acknowledge arrival of companies from Command/Staging.
Roll Call or PAR Capitol and all units at 93 rd Ave Incident clear the air for an emergency roll call. Division A from Command “Roll Call” Command from Division “A” Alpha All personnel accounted for ”. The Division/Group Supervisor must match name tags to faces. Capitol from 93 rd Command Roll Call Complete all personnel accounted for. Normal traffic may resume.
Size-Up, Conditions, Strategy
Emergency Fireground Signals Abandon: To immediately exit the structure or hazardous area due tyo safety concerns for emergency personnel, without regard for removing hoselines or any other equipment. Withdraw: To exit the structure or hazardous area, removing hoselines and emergency equipment due only to change in strategy. Evacuate: To remove occupants of a structure or hazardous area in an organized manner. Emergency Traffic Tone: A high/low tone generated over a primary operational frequency which indicates emergency radio traffic is to follow (WIP)
“Abandonment” Procedure When in the opinion of any personnel operating on the scene, the ABANDONMENT of the structure or hazardous area becomes necessary, he/she shall immediately notify the Incident Commander (IC) of Incident Safety Officer (ISO) of the need to ABANDON. When in the opinion of the (IC) or (ISO) a structure or area must be ABANDONED, the following shall occur: The (IC) shall: Announce “All units operating at XXX incident, ABANDON the building/area”.Activate the emercency traffic tone and sound the air horn for 10 seconds if so equipped and then repeat the message. Notify CAPCOM of the ABANDOMENT procedure and request the frequency be restricted to “Emergency Traffic Only”.
Abandonment Signal- continued All emergency vehicle operators at the scene shall respond by sounding the apparatus air horn for a continuous ten 10 second blast (10 seconds only). All Personnel shall immediately ABANDON the structure or hazardous area. Hose lines and emergency equipment shall be left behind, unless it is needed to facilitate a safe retreat. All crews will report to their Division Supervisor IMMEDIATELY. Following the ABANDONMENT procedure, the (IC) shall: Institute a PAR or Roll-Call, Division Supervisors must match FF’s with name-tags face to face. Notify CAPCOM “ABANDONMENT is complete, we have a PAR, normal radio traffic may resume.
Staging/ Rehab Standard When FF’s are sent back to staging for Air the Staging Manager/IC. Should look at and talk to FF’s, check their SCBA and PASS. FF’s should re-hydrate with 8oz. of water each tank. After two tanks the FF’s should report to Rehab for rest, re-hydration, and medical eval. No more than Three bottles
Assume/Passing Command Ranking Officers will determine if they assume Command. If adequate manpower exists ranking officers, may be IC Aide, or other.