2Objectives Review and Practice the Incident Command System (ICS/IMS). Understand the accountability management process designed to control and direct all resources that are committed to the incident.Understand Roles, Responsibility & ExpectationsReview PolicyDiscuss Fireground Strategy & TacticsReview Fire ConditionsAsk Questions now
3There was No Life Hazard…. Until the Fire Department Arrived
4Firefighter Expectations IF YOU ARE CAUGHT FREELANCING YOU WILL BE PLACED ON PROBATION UNTIL YOU CAN BE RETRAINED.DO NOT PROCEED UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.TAKE ORDERS FROM ONLY ONE LEADERIF SAFETY or IC tell you to ABANDON the Structure, should you?
5All Firefighter(s)/Companies will arrive at Temporary Staging Combat Ready Passport with all Company members and matching helmet shields.Full PPENO EXCEPTIONSSCBA in Standby ModeHand tools Axe, Hallogan, Pike pole, Saw.You should’nt have an open hand.All other requested tools/ equipment.
6Elements of a Team/ Company How many firefighters minimum required to be a Team/ Co.Maintain- Visual, Audible, Physical Means, Safety Guide RopeSight, Sound, TouchPassport/ Helmet shields
7Common Definitions Strategic mode: Transitional, Offensive, Defensive Initiate (has), Establish, Assume, Terminate CommandFire Attack, Standby Team, Back-up Team, Ventilation, Search Team, Rescue Team.Temporary Staging: Is a Firefighter Ready area, and area for SCBA/air, hose, tools & equipment, rehab, gross decontamination located at command post.Incident Time Line: Dispatch maintains an incident time line in 10 minute increments starting with the initial time of call and reports each increment back to the IC.Base: Is a parking lot for Apparatus generally on Large scale incidentsRehab:is a location established for firefighter to Rest,re-hydrate, and obtain medical evaluation.
8Common Instructions/Orders? If Command arrives first, then the first arriving Engine proceed to the scene.If you are Offensive how many Engines do you need?“E1-1 from Command” Park your Apparatus away from the scene (1-2 blocks) and standby.“E1-1 from Command” Park you Apparatus and report to (bring manpower forward to) Temporary Staging.Avoid “Command from E1-1” approaching where would you like me.If you receive no orders what do you do?
9Passport Accountability System RADIO DESIGNATORE1-1 OFFICERFirefightersE1-1 OPERATOR orAPPARATUSOFFICERE. SmithFIREFIGHTERM. BennettFIREFIGHTERA. StallardOPERATORRIDGEWAYPassport TMPassport TM
10Passport- Up at the Beginning of each Shift and Remove at End Primary w/ Company Reserve (Station) Backup in ApparatusE1-1E1-1E1-1123456OFFICERBETTSOFFICERFIREFIGHTERBENNETTFIREFIGHTERFIREFIGHTERR. SMITHFIREFIGHTERFIREFIGHTERDEVERTOPERATORFIREFIGHTEROPERATORPassport TMPassport TMPassport TMNote: Maximum of 6 tags per Passport
11Piggybacking and Makeup (phantom)Teams STALLARDBENNETTRIDGEWAYPassport TMPOV PersonnelTEAM AR.STONER.STONEBARROWSWILBURNPassport TMSPRINT14BURNSBARROWSBURNSPassport TM
13IMS Roles and Responsibilities Incident CommanderStrategyResourcesRisk ManagementAccountabilitySafetyDivision Supervisor(Geographical)TacticsCompany Officer (Team Leader)*One per teamTask Implementation
14WHO am I…….Officer X has been assigned Division “A” and given an interior assignment as back-up.He/she was given helmet shields and Passport that say Team “A” however he arrived on E1-1.What is his/her Radio Designator?Who does he/she report changing fire conditions to?
15Role/ Responsibility Strategy/ Tactics/ Tasks Incident Commander Strategy/ G&OResourcesRisk AssessmentAccountabilitySafetySize-up360Conditions/ Location/TimeEstablishes/ Assumes CommandOffensive fire attackFrom side C“Offensive from side C charlie”Division/ Group SupervisorTactics/ G&ORisk ManagementConditions/ Location/ TimeStatusApposing hose linesE1-1Extend 2-21/2” Lines through the rear loading doorsCompany OfficerTask ImplementationConditions/Location/TimeLocate seat of fire attackExtends ’ 21/2” lines, orders company to take forcible entry tool/saw
16Safety Officers RoleThe Role and responsibility of the Incident Safety Officer (ISO) or “Safety” is on-scene firefighter safety. (not commanding tactics)ISO has ultimate authority for FF Safety and can stop unsafe acts, call for abandonment, withdraw. (must notify IC)The ISO has ultimate authority when it comes to FF Safety.Can ISO enter an IDLH environment?Can you establish more than one ISO?
17The Five Tactical Priorities Life SafetyIncident StabilizationProperty Conservation/ SalvageEnvironmental ConsiderationsPersonnel Safety, Welfare, and Accountability
18Divisions and Groups Division PPE, Radio, Vest,Status Board, Passports, Name TagsGeographical: side of a building, floor of a high-rise, large area such as brush fire.GroupAssigned by Function: Search, Ventilation,Salvage, Overhaul, ExtricationGroups and Divisions are NEVER assigned one under the other they are both assigned Supervisors and are on the same level in the command structure.
19Identifying Divisions around buildings Procedure: Side A,B,C,D (Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta)A side is Address, Front or Main entranceSides identified clockwiseCan a Division Supervisor be assigned the responsibility of more than just the front side?Can IC designate Side E,F,G?
20How do we describe Divisions around buildings? Side C(Charlie)Side B(Bravo)Side D(Delta)Side A (Alpha)
22Four sides PLUS three that KILL Lucky Number 74 + 3 = 7Four sides PLUS three that KILL
23The Three That Kill Structure Fire Above Hostile Smoke/Fire Event Failure to recognize and factor danger of working below a structure fire.Hostile Smoke/Fire EventFailure to recognize and factor danger of deteriorating or escalating fire conditions.Structure fire BelowFailure to recognize and factor danger of working above a fire (contents or structure).
25Division Supervisors: Where are Division Supervisors generally located?Full PPE, Radio, Vest, Status BoardDo Division Supervisors enter an IDLH environment?
26SIZE UP (Four Box Progression) BOX 1- ARRIVAL REPORTBOX 2- BIG SIX SIZE-UPBOX 3- SIZE UP REPORTBOX 4- COMMAND POST
27Size-Up (Four Box Progression) BOX 1 ARRIVAL REPORTSITUATION SNAPSHOT\DECLARE SIDE AWATER SUPPLYINITIATE COMMANDINVESTIGATION MODE“Engine 1-2 arrived, HOUSE FIRE;Side A is Street side;First Tender Water supply; E1-2 HAS Command; Investigating.”
28BOX 2- BIG SIX SIZE-UP Get Team Going Value/Time/Size F-S-VO-PO-E-A Identify HazardsDraft Initial PlanPre-Connect Side AWalk Around1. Fire2. Smoke3. Verified Occupants4. Potential Occupants5. Exposures6. AccessPower Lines
29BOX 3 SIZE UP REPORT Occupancy Snapshot Big Six Report Call the Play (TRPOD)Summon ResourcesTeam Leader or CPLarge two story wood framed house, smoke venting from side A on Floor 2; fire and smoke venting from side C on floor 2; floor 1 clear; Occupants out; No Exposures; Access from Side A
30Big SIX Report F- Fire S- Smoke VO- Verified Occupants PO- Potential OccupantsE- ExposuresA- Access
31Call The Play (Operational Mode) TRIPODT- TransitionalR- RescueI- InvestigatingP- PreparingO- OffensiveD- Defensive“ E1-2 will be transitional from side A on floor 2.”“R1-2 will be in Rescue Mode from side A on Floor 1.”“E1-1 Investigate side C and report”“E1-3 Prepare for Offensive from Side A on Floor 2.”“E1-4 Defensive”
32Summon Resources “Engine 1-3 lay driveway supply” “All other apparatus Base on Sargent Road 1 block north of scene.”“All personnel report to Temporary Staging at the command post.”
33BOX 4- Command Post Establish Command Capture Resources Provide SupportCoordinate ObjectivesManage Span of Control
34Command Modes “HAS COMMAND” “Establish Command” Informal and Mobile Retain your designator (E1-2)“Establish Command”Manage from command postName and locate command post
35Command Modes “Assume Command” “Terminate Command” Transfer of formal commandPerhaps relocate command post“Terminate Command”Command post not necessaryDemobilize
41Scene setup Command Post Flank of Fire Stay on the windward side Corner of StructureAway from hose & apparatus evolutionsTemporary StagingLocated at or near CP until formal staging is established.Can you designate more than one staging area?If so do you need a staging area manager for each?
42Scene Set-up/ Flow of Personnel BaseCPTemp StagingAirToolsRehab
43Fireground Progression First Company Arrival AttackNONO KNOWN RESCUEENTRY !IDLHAtmospherePumpOperatorWearingSCBA & Radio
44Fireground Progression If Command Officer Arrives Second PumpOperatorWearingSCBAFireAttackIDLHAtmosphere
45Fireground Progression Second Company Arrival AttackIDLHAtmosphereStandbyTeam
46Fireground Progression Third Company Arrival IDLHAtmosphereFireAttackRITTeamBack-upTeam
47A Structure on FIRE….is a Structure underactive DEMOLISHION
48Fight Fire Safely & Aggressively Know Your LimitationsIf you don’t feel comfortable with a task SAY SO.Fight Fire SAFELY& AGGRESSIVELYTrust Your GUTEveryone on the Scene/Fireground is responsible for SAFETY
51Avoid Confusion, Understand Limitations, Be Alert for Failure The IC must leave the tactical and task assignments to Division Supervisors and Company Officers. If IC gets involved after establishing Strategy/Tactical Goals and Objectives with Division Supervisors. The entire incident scene runs the risk of total confusion.If you question the capabilities of a Company STOP- match task to Companies capabilities.If you don’t understand orders ask questions until it’s clear.If you don’t understand strategy, tactic, or task ask questions until you do (face-to-face)
55Communication: Exchange of personnel/Relief Teams. Relief Team/Company:A Company assigned to relieve an operational Company.Example:“93rd Command from Division A (Adam)”“Division A from Command Go ahead”“Division A Requesting a relief Team of four (4) for Back-up to relieve E11-1”.“Command copy Relief Team of 4, I’ll be sending “Team 1113”.“Division A copy sending Team 1113.”Command from Division A, Command go ahead Division A. Team 1113 has arrived”“Command copy Team 1113 arrived at Division A”When relieved who does E11-1 report to?Who Does Team 1113 Report to?Who is designated Staging Manager if not assigned?If formal staging is established who does Division A request relief teams from?When staging established who does Division A request additional teams/recourses from?
56Radio Communications: When do you need to talk on Radio:When a Safety issue arisesWhen you have completed your taskWhen you cannot complete your task.When you need additional resourcesWhen you need to request/pass on important information.
57Radio Communication: Never answer radio “Go Ahead” The radio is always answered with you designator first.To contact E-1 apparatus driver?You are a Division Supervisor and you want to exchange teams (a staging area manager has been established.Who do you contact?
58Communicating Benchmarks & Strategy: IC shall announce over the radio to dispatch and scene, the overall strategyAny changes in strategy and assignments of RIT, Safety Officer, Divisions & Groups.Division/Group Supervisors shall acknowledge arrival of companies from Command/Staging.
59Roll Call or PARCapitol and all units at 93rd Ave Incident clear the air for an emergency roll call.Division A from Command “Roll Call” Command from Division “A” Alpha All personnel accounted for ”.The Division/Group Supervisor must match name tags to faces.Capitol from 93rd Command Roll Call Complete all personnel accounted for. Normal traffic may resume.
66Emergency Fireground Signals Abandon: To immediately exit the structure or hazardous area due tyo safety concerns for emergency personnel, without regard for removing hoselines or any other equipment.Withdraw: To exit the structure or hazardous area, removing hoselines and emergency equipment due only to change in strategy.Evacuate: To remove occupants of a structure or hazardous area in an organized manner.Emergency Traffic Tone: A high/low tone generated over a primary operational frequency which indicates emergency radio traffic is to follow (WIP)
67“Abandonment” Procedure When in the opinion of any personnel operating on the scene, the ABANDONMENT of the structure or hazardous area becomes necessary, he/she shall immediately notify the Incident Commander (IC) of Incident Safety Officer (ISO) of the need to ABANDON.When in the opinion of the (IC) or (ISO) a structure or area must be ABANDONED, the following shall occur:The (IC) shall:Announce “All units operating at XXX incident, ABANDON the building/area”.Activate the emercency traffic tone and sound the air horn for 10 seconds if so equipped and then repeat the message.Notify CAPCOM of the ABANDOMENT procedure and request the frequency be restricted to “Emergency Traffic Only”.
68Abandonment Signal- continued All emergency vehicle operators at the scene shall respond by sounding the apparatus air horn for a continuous ten 10 second blast (10 seconds only).All Personnel shall immediately ABANDON the structure or hazardous area. Hose lines and emergency equipment shall be left behind, unless it is needed to facilitate a safe retreat. All crews will report to their Division Supervisor IMMEDIATELY.Following the ABANDONMENT procedure, the (IC) shall:Institute a PAR or Roll-Call, Division Supervisors must match FF’s with name-tags face to face.Notify CAPCOM “ABANDONMENT is complete, we have a PAR, normal radio traffic may resume.
69Staging/ Rehab Standard When FF’s are sent back to staging for Air the Staging Manager/IC. Should look at and talk to FF’s, check their SCBA and PASS.FF’s should re-hydrate with 8oz. of water each tank. After two tanks the FF’s should report to Rehab for rest, re-hydration, and medical eval.No more than Three bottles
70Assume/Passing Command Ranking Officers will determine if they assume Command. If adequate manpower exists ranking officers, may be IC Aide, or other.