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West Thurston Fire IMS/ Accountability

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1 West Thurston Fire IMS/ Accountability

2 Objectives Review and Practice the Incident Command System (ICS/IMS).
Understand the accountability management process designed to control and direct all resources that are committed to the incident. Understand Roles, Responsibility & Expectations Review Policy Discuss Fireground Strategy & Tactics Review Fire Conditions Ask Questions now

3 There was No Life Hazard…. Until the Fire Department Arrived

4 Firefighter Expectations

5 All Firefighter(s)/Companies will arrive at Temporary Staging Combat Ready
Passport with all Company members and matching helmet shields. Full PPE NO EXCEPTIONS SCBA in Standby Mode Hand tools Axe, Hallogan, Pike pole, Saw. You should’nt have an open hand. All other requested tools/ equipment.

6 Elements of a Team/ Company
How many firefighters minimum required to be a Team/ Co. Maintain- Visual, Audible, Physical Means, Safety Guide Rope Sight, Sound, Touch Passport/ Helmet shields

7 Common Definitions Strategic mode: Transitional, Offensive, Defensive
Initiate (has), Establish, Assume, Terminate Command Fire Attack, Standby Team, Back-up Team, Ventilation, Search Team, Rescue Team. Temporary Staging: Is a Firefighter Ready area, and area for SCBA/air, hose, tools & equipment, rehab, gross decontamination located at command post. Incident Time Line: Dispatch maintains an incident time line in 10 minute increments starting with the initial time of call and reports each increment back to the IC. Base: Is a parking lot for Apparatus generally on Large scale incidents Rehab:is a location established for firefighter to Rest,re-hydrate, and obtain medical evaluation.

8 Common Instructions/Orders?
If Command arrives first, then the first arriving Engine proceed to the scene. If you are Offensive how many Engines do you need? “E1-1 from Command” Park your Apparatus away from the scene (1-2 blocks) and standby. “E1-1 from Command” Park you Apparatus and report to (bring manpower forward to) Temporary Staging. Avoid “Command from E1-1” approaching where would you like me. If you receive no orders what do you do?

9 Passport Accountability System

10 Passport- Up at the Beginning of each Shift and Remove at End
Primary w/ Company Reserve (Station) Backup in Apparatus E1-1 E1-1 E1-1 1 2 3 4 5 6 OFFICER BETTS OFFICER FIREFIGHTER BENNETT FIREFIGHTER FIREFIGHTER R. SMITH FIREFIGHTER FIREFIGHTER DEVERT OPERATOR FIREFIGHTER OPERATOR Passport TM Passport TM Passport TM Note: Maximum of 6 tags per Passport

11 Piggybacking and Makeup (phantom)Teams

12 Helmet Shields White = Company/Team Officer Orange = Firefighter

13 IMS Roles and Responsibilities
Incident Commander Strategy Resources Risk Management Accountability Safety Division Supervisor (Geographical) Tactics Company Officer (Team Leader) *One per team Task Implementation

14 WHO am I……. Officer X has been assigned Division “A” and given an interior assignment as back-up. He/she was given helmet shields and Passport that say Team “A” however he arrived on E1-1. What is his/her Radio Designator? Who does he/she report changing fire conditions to?

15 Role/ Responsibility Strategy/ Tactics/ Tasks
Incident Commander Strategy/ G&O Resources Risk Assessment Accountability Safety Size-up 360 Conditions/ Location /Time Establishes/ Assumes Command Offensive fire attack From side C “Offensive from side C charlie” Division/ Group Supervisor Tactics/ G&O Risk Management Conditions/ Location/ Time Status Apposing hose lines E1-1 Extend 2-21/2” Lines through the rear loading doors Company Officer Task Implementation Conditions/Location/ Time Locate seat of fire attack Extends ’ 21/2” lines, orders company to take forcible entry tool/saw

16 Safety Officers Role The Role and responsibility of the Incident Safety Officer (ISO) or “Safety” is on-scene firefighter safety. (not commanding tactics) ISO has ultimate authority for FF Safety and can stop unsafe acts, call for abandonment, withdraw. (must notify IC) The ISO has ultimate authority when it comes to FF Safety. Can ISO enter an IDLH environment? Can you establish more than one ISO?

17 The Five Tactical Priorities
Life Safety Incident Stabilization Property Conservation/ Salvage Environmental Considerations Personnel Safety, Welfare, and Accountability

18 Divisions and Groups Division
PPE, Radio, Vest,Status Board, Passports, Name Tags Geographical: side of a building, floor of a high-rise, large area such as brush fire. Group Assigned by Function: Search, Ventilation,Salvage, Overhaul, Extrication Groups and Divisions are NEVER assigned one under the other they are both assigned Supervisors and are on the same level in the command structure.

19 Identifying Divisions around buildings
Procedure: Side A,B,C,D (Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, Delta) A side is Address, Front or Main entrance Sides identified clockwise Can a Division Supervisor be assigned the responsibility of more than just the front side? Can IC designate Side E,F,G?

20 How do we describe Divisions around buildings?
Side C (Charlie) Side B (Bravo) Side D (Delta) Side A (Alpha)

21 View 4 Sides…. Consider 7 areas

22 Four sides PLUS three that KILL
Lucky Number 7 4 + 3 = 7 Four sides PLUS three that KILL

23 The Three That Kill Structure Fire Above Hostile Smoke/Fire Event
Failure to recognize and factor danger of working below a structure fire. Hostile Smoke/Fire Event Failure to recognize and factor danger of deteriorating or escalating fire conditions. Structure fire Below Failure to recognize and factor danger of working above a fire (contents or structure).

24 Odd shapes, Multiple Floors Sub-floors/Basement
Roof Division C Division 3 D Division 2 B Division 1 E Ground Level Division 0-1 Division 0-2 A

25 Division Supervisors:
Where are Division Supervisors generally located? Full PPE, Radio, Vest, Status Board Do Division Supervisors enter an IDLH environment?

26 SIZE UP (Four Box Progression)

27 Size-Up (Four Box Progression)
BOX 1 ARRIVAL REPORT SITUATION SNAPSHOT\ DECLARE SIDE A WATER SUPPLY INITIATE COMMAND INVESTIGATION MODE “Engine 1-2 arrived, HOUSE FIRE; Side A is Street side; First Tender Water supply; E1-2 HAS Command; Investigating.”

28 BOX 2- BIG SIX SIZE-UP Get Team Going Value/Time/Size F-S-VO-PO-E-A
Identify Hazards Draft Initial Plan Pre-Connect Side A Walk Around 1. Fire 2. Smoke 3. Verified Occupants 4. Potential Occupants 5. Exposures 6. Access Power Lines

29 BOX 3 SIZE UP REPORT Occupancy Snapshot Big Six Report
Call the Play (TRPOD) Summon Resources Team Leader or CP Large two story wood framed house, smoke venting from side A on Floor 2; fire and smoke venting from side C on floor 2; floor 1 clear; Occupants out; No Exposures; Access from Side A

30 Big SIX Report F- Fire S- Smoke VO- Verified Occupants
PO- Potential Occupants E- Exposures A- Access

31 Call The Play (Operational Mode)
TRIPOD T- Transitional R- Rescue I- Investigating P- Preparing O- Offensive D- Defensive “ E1-2 will be transitional from side A on floor 2.” “R1-2 will be in Rescue Mode from side A on Floor 1.” “E1-1 Investigate side C and report” “E1-3 Prepare for Offensive from Side A on Floor 2.” “E1-4 Defensive”

32 Summon Resources “Engine 1-3 lay driveway supply”
“All other apparatus Base on Sargent Road 1 block north of scene.” “All personnel report to Temporary Staging at the command post.”

33 BOX 4- Command Post Establish Command Capture Resources
Provide Support Coordinate Objectives Manage Span of Control

34 Command Modes “HAS COMMAND” “Establish Command” Informal and Mobile
Retain your designator (E1-2) “Establish Command” Manage from command post Name and locate command post

35 Command Modes “Assume Command” “Terminate Command”
Transfer of formal command Perhaps relocate command post “Terminate Command” Command post not necessary Demobilize

36 Size-up, Conditions, Strategic Mode

37 Size-up, Conditions, Strategic Mode

38 Size-up, Conditions, Strategic Mode

39 Size-up, Conditions, Strategic Mode

40 Size-up, Conditions, Strategic Mode

41 Scene setup Command Post Flank of Fire Stay on the windward side
Corner of Structure Away from hose & apparatus evolutions Temporary Staging Located at or near CP until formal staging is established. Can you designate more than one staging area? If so do you need a staging area manager for each?

42 Scene Set-up/ Flow of Personnel
Base CP Temp Staging Air Tools Rehab

43 Fireground Progression First Company Arrival
Attack NO NO KNOWN RESCUE ENTRY ! IDLH Atmosphere Pump Operator Wearing SCBA & Radio

44 Fireground Progression If Command Officer Arrives Second
Pump Operator Wearing SCBA Fire Attack IDLH Atmosphere

45 Fireground Progression Second Company Arrival
Attack IDLH Atmosphere Standby Team

46 Fireground Progression Third Company Arrival
IDLH Atmosphere Fire Attack RIT Team Back-up Team

47 A Structure on FIRE…. is a Structure under active DEMOLISHION

48 Fight Fire Safely & Aggressively
Know Your Limitations If you don’t feel comfortable with a task SAY SO. Fight Fire SAFELY& AGGRESSIVELY Trust Your GUT Everyone on the Scene/Fireground is responsible for SAFETY

49 But No Stupidity “Black Fire Conditions”


51 Avoid Confusion, Understand Limitations, Be Alert for Failure
The IC must leave the tactical and task assignments to Division Supervisors and Company Officers. If IC gets involved after establishing Strategy/Tactical Goals and Objectives with Division Supervisors. The entire incident scene runs the risk of total confusion. If you question the capabilities of a Company STOP- match task to Companies capabilities. If you don’t understand orders ask questions until it’s clear. If you don’t understand strategy, tactic, or task ask questions until you do (face-to-face)




55 Communication: Exchange of personnel/Relief Teams.
Relief Team/Company:A Company assigned to relieve an operational Company. Example: “93rd Command from Division A (Adam)” “Division A from Command Go ahead” “Division A Requesting a relief Team of four (4) for Back-up to relieve E11-1”. “Command copy Relief Team of 4, I’ll be sending “Team 1113”. “Division A copy sending Team 1113.” Command from Division A, Command go ahead Division A. Team 1113 has arrived” “Command copy Team 1113 arrived at Division A” When relieved who does E11-1 report to? Who Does Team 1113 Report to? Who is designated Staging Manager if not assigned? If formal staging is established who does Division A request relief teams from? When staging established who does Division A request additional teams/recourses from?

56 Radio Communications:
When do you need to talk on Radio: When a Safety issue arises When you have completed your task When you cannot complete your task. When you need additional resources When you need to request/pass on important information.

57 Radio Communication: Never answer radio “Go Ahead”
The radio is always answered with you designator first. To contact E-1 apparatus driver? You are a Division Supervisor and you want to exchange teams (a staging area manager has been established. Who do you contact?

58 Communicating Benchmarks & Strategy:
IC shall announce over the radio to dispatch and scene, the overall strategy Any changes in strategy and assignments of RIT, Safety Officer, Divisions & Groups. Division/Group Supervisors shall acknowledge arrival of companies from Command/Staging.

59 Roll Call or PAR Capitol and all units at 93rd Ave Incident clear the air for an emergency roll call. Division A from Command “Roll Call” Command from Division “A” Alpha All personnel accounted for ”. The Division/Group Supervisor must match name tags to faces. Capitol from 93rd Command Roll Call Complete all personnel accounted for. Normal traffic may resume.

60 Size-Up, Conditions, Strategy

61 Size-Up, Conditions, Strategy

62 Size-Up, Conditions, Strategy

63 Size-Up, Conditions, Strategy

64 Size-Up, Conditions, Strategy

65 Size-Up, Conditions, Strategy

66 Emergency Fireground Signals
Abandon: To immediately exit the structure or hazardous area due tyo safety concerns for emergency personnel, without regard for removing hoselines or any other equipment. Withdraw: To exit the structure or hazardous area, removing hoselines and emergency equipment due only to change in strategy. Evacuate: To remove occupants of a structure or hazardous area in an organized manner. Emergency Traffic Tone: A high/low tone generated over a primary operational frequency which indicates emergency radio traffic is to follow (WIP)

67 “Abandonment” Procedure
When in the opinion of any personnel operating on the scene, the ABANDONMENT of the structure or hazardous area becomes necessary, he/she shall immediately notify the Incident Commander (IC) of Incident Safety Officer (ISO) of the need to ABANDON. When in the opinion of the (IC) or (ISO) a structure or area must be ABANDONED, the following shall occur: The (IC) shall: Announce “All units operating at XXX incident, ABANDON the building/area”.Activate the emercency traffic tone and sound the air horn for 10 seconds if so equipped and then repeat the message. Notify CAPCOM of the ABANDOMENT procedure and request the frequency be restricted to “Emergency Traffic Only”.

68 Abandonment Signal- continued
All emergency vehicle operators at the scene shall respond by sounding the apparatus air horn for a continuous ten 10 second blast (10 seconds only). All Personnel shall immediately ABANDON the structure or hazardous area. Hose lines and emergency equipment shall be left behind, unless it is needed to facilitate a safe retreat. All crews will report to their Division Supervisor IMMEDIATELY. Following the ABANDONMENT procedure, the (IC) shall: Institute a PAR or Roll-Call, Division Supervisors must match FF’s with name-tags face to face. Notify CAPCOM “ABANDONMENT is complete, we have a PAR, normal radio traffic may resume.

69 Staging/ Rehab Standard
When FF’s are sent back to staging for Air the Staging Manager/IC. Should look at and talk to FF’s, check their SCBA and PASS. FF’s should re-hydrate with 8oz. of water each tank. After two tanks the FF’s should report to Rehab for rest, re-hydration, and medical eval. No more than Three bottles

70 Assume/Passing Command
Ranking Officers will determine if they assume Command. If adequate manpower exists ranking officers, may be IC Aide, or other.

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