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1 MARC Machine Readable Cataloging Presentation by: Khalid Mahmood Dept. of Library & Information Science, Punjab University, Lahore.

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Presentation on theme: "1 MARC Machine Readable Cataloging Presentation by: Khalid Mahmood Dept. of Library & Information Science, Punjab University, Lahore."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 MARC Machine Readable Cataloging Presentation by: Khalid Mahmood Dept. of Library & Information Science, Punjab University, Lahore

2 2 FIELD Group of one or more data elements defined and manipulated as a unit. e.g. Title Field Imprint Field Series Field

3 3 TAG Labels for fields. e.g. 245 Title Proper 260 Imprint

4 4 INDICATORS Two characters at the beginning of each field. They provide additional information about the field. e.g. 245 Title Proper Indicator 1 0 No title added entry 1 Title added entry Indicator 2 0-9Non-filing characters

5 5 SUBFIELD Data elements within fields. e.g. Imprint field contains: Place of Publication Publisher Date of Publication Shown as: $a, $b, $x

6 6 REPEATABLE FIELD A field that may occur more than once in a record. e.g. Author Field Subject Field

7 7 RECORD The collection of fields containing all data elements of a given unit of information. e.g. A Book A Map A Serial Title

8 8 LEADER Data elements that provide information for the processing of the record. Contains numbers or coded values. Fixed length of first 24 characters. Generated automatically by computer.

9 9 LEADER 00-04Logical record length 05Record status 06Type of record 07Bibliographical level 08Type of control 09Undefined 10Indicator count 11Subfield code count 12-16Base address of data 17Encoding level 18Descriptive cataloging form 19Linked record requirement 20Length of the length-of-field portion 21Length of the starting-character-position portion 22Length of the implementation-defined portion 23Undefined

10 10 DIRECTORY A series of entries that contain the tag, length, and starting location of each variable field within a record. Contains 12 characters for each field. Constructed automatically. Starting Fieldcharacter Tag length position

11 11 VARIABLE FIELDS 0XXControl information, numbers, codes 1XXMain entry 2XXTitles, statement of responsibility, edition, imprint 3XXPhysical description 4XXSeries statements 5XXNotes 6XXSubject added entries 7XXAdded entries other than subject or series 8XXSeries added entries 9XXLocal use

12 12 MARC FILE 01054nam a s1984 ii eng 9(DLC) a7bcbccorignewd2encipf19gy-gencatlg a cRs aI E aDLCcDLCdDLC aa-ii---00aLAW00a /32a aSeth, H. B.10aHindu undivided family under direct tax laws /cby H.B. Seth and B.G. Gandhi ; foreword by M.S. Yajnik. a2nd ed. aIndore :bWadhwa,c1984. axl, 307 p. ;c25 cm. aSpine title: H.U.F. under direct tax laws. a"Latest case law upto May 1984": p. [xxix]-xl. aIncludes index. 0aJoint familyxTaxationzIndia. 0aInheritance and transfer taxxLaw and legislationzIndia.1 aGandhi, B. G. eAPF/OVR bc-LLhLAW INDISeth 1984 tCopy 1wBOOKS

13 13 DATA ENTRY IN MARC

14 14 DATA ENTRY IN MARC

15 15 OUTPUT IN MARC

16 16 WHY MARC FORMATS DIVERGE? Purpose of development Different cataloguing standards Different subject control and classification systems Different official languages Different language scripts Different character sets and codes Technical differences


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