Presentation on theme: "Globalization of the Engineering Enterprise C. D. Mote, Jr. Regents Professor & Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering NSF Engineering Globalization."— Presentation transcript:
Globalization of the Engineering Enterprise C. D. Mote, Jr. Regents Professor & Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering NSF Engineering Globalization Workshop May 16-18, 2012 Arlington, VA
Cold War Era – pre 1990 – pre “Globalization Period” a.Idea: control information & innovation to protect advantage i.“Isolation and secrets” ii.nationally focused – protect national advantage iii.global forays for national benefit b.Few: national players i.separated by distance, oceans, information, facilities, technical capabilities – Iron Curtain – isolation was good c.Strategy: win by playing defense i.control information to stop others from advancing (scoring) ii.you score less but win by stopping adversaries from scoring Context
Post-Cold War Era – post 1990 – Globalization Era a.Idea: utilize advantage to accelerate innovation - because information cannot be controlled i.“partnerships and engagement” globally ii.global access (markets, talents, manf.. ) for partnership advantage iii.global forays for partnership benefit b.Many: national players and wanabees globally i.connected by Internet, information, high quality facilities, talent, advanced capabilities, communications c.Strategy: win by playing offense i.“score as fast as possible” for others can’t be stopped from scoring ii.prepare to move on as others catch up – cannot protect advantage iii.180 O paradigm shift from Cold War strategy Context
Predicting the Future Predicting the future is a futile process. “The great thing in this world is not so much where we stand, as in what direction we are moving.” - Oliver Wendell Holmes We are already on that road.
Mega-trends Mega-trends are driven by Critical enablers like Internet & communications Outcomes & Drivers like globalization and a connected world Enablers form the foundation. Drivers are routes to the future – to the Outcomes.
Globalization Innovation Partnerships and Engagement Expanding opportunities & increasing demand for talent Expanding access to higher education Great Global Problems Global Drivers of Engineering
Globalization Era to ~ 2050 a.More level playing field among nations i.No nation or group of nations will dominate S&T ii.U.S. share global S&T will decrease b.U. S. share of global S&T productivity i.26 % in 2005 down to 18% by ii.Awareness of global trends and advancements - Up iii.Technology forecasting and data mining - Up iv.Balance the need for information control with the benefits of open S&T communications. Mega-trend for Engineering 1 Coffey and Ramberg, “Globalization of S&T: Key Challenges Facing DOD,” Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, February 2012.
Global focus is increasing monotonically What’s changing with Globalization? a.Increasingly broad global distribution of significant researchers, innovators, opportunities and advances b.Publications in Science show international author collaborations Up: 20% in 1980 and 55-60% in c.Growing global collaboration: global character of challenges; distributed expertise and facilities; massive data being generated; cost sharing d.Global connectivity accelerates cooperation for both developed and developing countries. e.Global major challenges - terrorism, water, food, pandemics, natural and man-made disasters, nuclear,
Industry v. government: the conundrum - a.Industry has global focus i.past “outsourcing” – looks externally more than internally ii.Industry invests, recruits, researches, creates, designs, manufactures and sells globally – wherever it makes sense iii.Few “national companies” remain anywhere b.Governments have constituent focus – “all politics is local” i.Pressed to look internally not externally ii.Look externally to serve internal purposes iii.Refers to local industry as “our” companies c.Outcome – Gov & Ind talk past each other Engineering & Innovation
Universities have a foot in each camp – global and national a.Must operate on a global platform while serving local (national/state) constituents b.Private universities have freer global hand than public ones c.Universities are still finding their way with many global experiments Engineering & Innovation
Mega-trend for Engineering Talent (“high quality” workforce): a.Sir Francis Bacon said “knowledge is power” - Today “current knowledge” is especially powerful b.Globalization of people driven by the demand for talent c.Global talent in short supply but high demand – this is everyone’s problem
Innovation – the global rage ticket to the market economy What’s changing with Globalization? a.Accelerating change b.Compete on quality, productivity, value added, markets c.Engineering tools: IT services, software, networks, reliability d.Business tools: supply chains, distributed suppliers and subsidiaries e.Communications, teams, systems, cyber f.Innovation requires global partnerships
Mega-trend for Engineering Partnerships and Engagement Pre-globalization: advantage gained through “isolation and control” of information for innovation control. Playing Defense Post-globalization: advantage through forming “partnerships and engagement” for innovation creation. Playing Offense
Mega-trend for Engineering Global partnerships and engagement a. Accelerate creation of innovation b. Assemble talent, resources and capabilities i.Limited-term partnership with focused purpose c. Must engage, have impact and do it today d.Key to playing offense
Trust – the under appreciated foundation of every partnership What’s changing with Globalization? a.Most important precondition of any partnership i.Especially in global partnerships – no common cultural base b.Trust takes time c.Trust is everything absolutely everything. d.Culture determines competitiveness and achievement of goals 1 e.Ensure trust before agreements or prepare to regret not doing so. S&T Strategies of Six Countries: Implications for the U.S., NRC, 2010, ISBN 10:
Education – broad, flexible and continuing What’s changing with Globalization? a.Talent & current, in-demand expertise are the coin of the global realm b.Commodity talent in plentiful supply and cheaper elsewhere c.Special talents in high global demand d.Life-long learning in new fields is likely essential e.Flexibility, agility and team skills in demand
Mega-trend for Engineering Great global problems : a. National and great global problems have merged i. environmental degradation, climate change, …… b. Universities becoming more globally focused c. Isolationist sentiments are down, though not out. d. Connectedness has steeled linkages to global problems
INNOVATION Globalization of the Engineering Enterprise --> profound a.National prosperity & innovation essentially in every country b.National engineering competitiveness global companies and focus c.Personal engineering careers flexibility & current talent d.Engineering contributions to quality of life, prosperity, and security mandatory Concluding Summary
Impact of Globalization on Engineering - profound Concluding Remarks a.National Prosperity – focus on innovation b.National Engineering competitiveness –> global companies c.Personal engineering careers – competition & current talents d.Contributions of engineering to quality of life, prosperity and security e.Culture of engineering
Mega-trend for Engineering Globalization a. Flat World b.Connecting people, universities, countries, businesses c. Trickle-down & trickle-up values d. Countries build global alliances e. Businesses build global alliances (supply chains, manuf...) f.People build global alliances g. Research universities either engage globally or get left behind
Globalization of Engineering RESPONSE TO THESE TRENDS Individuals, governments, corporations and universities Individuals Increased responsibilities and opportunities Engage globally for opportunity and quality of life Talent is in short supply and great demand To have talent is to have opportunity Education is growing everywhere.
Globalization of Engineering RESPONSE TO THESE TRENDS (continued) Corporations: Global companies – no longer national Access to markets, talent, favorable cost considerations and other incentives encourage global expansion of multinational corporations. Not free of problems like IP and property protections, local business practices
Mega-trend for Engineering Universities are natural centers of innovation - services for and beyond campuses - U.S. business and engineering school experiences -Students start create entirely new lines of business - think: Apple, Microsoft and Google. - expand university-wide culture of innovation - extend support to community and beyond
Globalization of Engineering RESPONSE TO THESE TRENDS (continued) Universities (continued): Global partnerships brought to undergraduate education and development of communities. Aid developing higher education systems. Expectation of capacity building.