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.  I can drink and still be in control-Drinking impairs your judgment, which increases the likelihood that.

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Presentation on theme: ".  I can drink and still be in control-Drinking impairs your judgment, which increases the likelihood that."— Presentation transcript:



3  I can drink and still be in control-Drinking impairs your judgment, which increases the likelihood that you will do something you’ll later regret  I can sober up quickly if I have to- Time is the only thing sobers you up.  Beer is less intoxicating than other types of alcoholic beverage- One 12-ounce can of beer, one 4-ounce glass of wine or one normal mixed drink or cocktail are all equally intoxicating.

4  Bodyweight  Metabolism  Gender  Calorie intake  If you’re on any medication  Your mental and emotional state

5  The younger you start the higher chance you have to become addicted.  Male  White  Living on college campus

6 Psychological Perspective:  We drink for positive reasons: o to meet new friends, have fun, to de-stress  But the majority of people have had a negative experience resulting from drinking alcohol: o Throwing up, regretting doing something the next day, blacking out ---However, we keep drinking because we want to have a good time and we tend to ignore all the negative outcomes from past experiences (Capron).

7  Depression is the most common effect of long-term alcohol use.  Anger problems  Anxiety-abuse alcohol to self-medicate  Isolation-feel others don’t accept their drinking  Feeling of regret

8  Poor performance in school  loss of coordination  poor judgment  slowed reflexes  distorted vision  memory lapses

9  Hurts relationships with family and friends  Losing jobs  Getting into fights  Meeting new people because they are more outgoing when drunk

10  Weight gain  Liver damage  Destroys brain cells  Increase of risk of cancer of the esophagus, larynx, colon and the liver.  Memory loss due to blackouts  Muscle weakness

11  Slurred speech  Drowsiness  Vomiting  Diarrhea  Upset stomach  Headaches  Breathing difficulties  Distorted vision and hearing  Impaired judgment

12  Unintentional injuries  Intentional injuries such as firearm injuries, sexual assault, domestic violence  Increased on-the-job injuries and loss of productivity  Increased family problems, broken relationships  Alcohol poisoning  High blood pressure, stroke, and other heart-related diseases  Liver disease  Nerve damage  Cancer

13  Death  Injury  Assault  Sexual abuse  Unprotected sex  Academic problems  Health problems  Drunk driving  Vandalism  Suicide attempts  “An estimated 1,700 college students ages 18–24 years die every year from alcohol-related causes, including car crashes, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). “ 

14  Impairs psychomotor skills  Decreases on field performance  Decreases levels of functioning correctly  Impairs body’s temperature regulation system  Weakens heart function  Worsens asthmatic symptoms  Athletes who use alcohol at least once a week had an injury rate of 54.7% (O’Brien & Lyons, 2000)  Moderate use (2-3 drinks) can results a loss of motor coordination for up to 12 to 18 hours after drinking.

15 Practice and Muscle Recovery:  In order to build bigger and stronger muscles, your body needs sleep to repair itself after a workout.  Alcohol’s effects sleep: your body is deprived of human growth hormone or HGH.  HGH is part of the muscle building and repair process and the body’s way of telling itself your muscle needs to grow  Alcohol however can decrease the secretion of HGH by as much as 70%.

16  Alcohol effects your sleep cycle by disrupting the sequence and duration of normal sleep, reducing your brain’s ability to retain information.  Consuming five or more alcoholic beverages in one night can affect brain and body activities for up to three days

17  Are found binge drinking more than nonathletic students.  College athletes are drinking to get drunk every time.  Jason Ford a professor of sociology at the University of Central Florida describes athletes as being in a “special population” because of the circumstances they face on a daily basis. For example, balancing school, their performance, and relationships can put athletes in a stressful situation to turn to alcohol.  Heaviest day of drinking is Saturday during the season.  Team leaders are at the most risk for binge drinking.  Studies show that 52.4 athletes binge drink.  On average college athletes consume 5 drinks per weekend

18  Have a higher number of heavy drinking episodes over the span of a year than nonathletic students.(Yusko,2008)  Binge drink more than non-athletes on their heaviest day of drinking.

19  One national study of varsity athletes found 87 percent of women had used alcohol in the previous 12 months  In season 26 percent of women drank alcohol at least once a week. During the offseason the percent drinking at least once a week jumped to 41 percent for women.  Soccer players most likely to binge Drink (Ford)

20  Stress  Celebration  Peer pressure  Want to feel apart of the team  Excessive time demands  Social status

21  Drink from Thursday to Sunday.  Found binge drinking less often that college athletes.  Students involved in Greek life are surrounded by alcohol.  93 percent of participates have used alcohol (Core survey)  On average, college freshmen report they drink more than five drinks per week and it usually increases within 12 months.  42.6 of non-athletes binge drink.

22  In a survey done by Core in 2001 the results showed:  Breaks the ice: 74.4%  Enhances social activity: 74.4%  Gives people something to do: 71.7%  Gives people something to talk about: 66.6%  Allows people to have more fun: 63.1%  Facilitates a connection with peers 61.7%  Facilitates sexual opportunities: 53.0%  Makes opposite gender sexier: 28.8%  Makes me sexier: 20.4%

23  Men binge drink more and can dilute alcohol better than women.  According to a Core survey, on average, male peers drink nine drinks compared to the female college students who only drink four drinks per week.  In the survey it also showed that frat members had 88 percent of members have used alcohol.

24  Studies showed that the female nonathletic students drank more heavily and on more occasions than female athletes. (David Yusko)  According to a Core survey it showed that 78 percent of participants in a sorority have used alcohol.  Women absorb alcohol into the bloodstream faster and metabolize it slower than men.  Non athlete females have been involved in more sexual activity then athletes. (Chen, Snyder, and Magner,2010)  Some consequences are unexpected pregnancy, Std’s, and sexual abuse.

25  approximately 70% of college students report alcohol use in the past month.  12.5 percent of the college students are alcoholics, compared to 10.2 percent of their non-college peers.  About 90% of the alcohol consumed by youth under the age of 21 in the United States is in the form of binge drinking.

26  Programs like-NIAAA-National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism  Alcohol policies in place to prevent the use of alcohol.  Peer counselors to help students.  Organizations and clubs on campus to inform students.

27  Alcohol and Athletes. (2008).Retrieved November 11,2013,  Butts, F. B. (2009). A study of alcohol responsibility among college athletes. Sport Journal, 12(3) Retrieved from  Capron, D. W., & Schmidt, N. B. (2012). Positive drinking consequences among hazardous drinking college students. Addictive Behaviors, 37(5), 663-667. doi:  Ford, J. A. (2007). Alcohol use among college students: A comparison of athletes and nonathletes. Substance use & Misuse, 42(9), 1367-1377. Retrieved from  Lorant, V., Nicaise, P., Soto, V. E., & d'Hoore, W. (2013). Alcohol drinking among college students: College responsibility for personal troubles. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 1-9. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-615  Patrick, M. E., & Maggs, J. L. (2011). College students' evaluations of alcohol consequences as positive and negative. Addictive Behaviors, 36(12), 1148-1153. doi:  Pedrelli, P., Bentley, K., Vitali, M., Clain, A. J., Nyer, M., Fava, M., et al. (2013). Compulsive use of alcohol among college students. Psychiatry Research, 205(1–2), 95-102. doi:  Stiefel, S. (2006). You booze, you lose. Joe Weider's Muscle & Fitness, 67(3), 224-228. Retrieved from  Yusko, D. A., Buckman, J. F., White, H. R., & Pandina, R. J. (2008). Alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs, and performance enhancers: A comparison of use by college student athletes and nonathletes. Journal of American College Health, 57(3), 281-290. doi:  Yusko, D. A., Buckman, J. F., White, H. R., & Pandina, R. J. (2008). Risk for excessive alcohol use and drinking-related problems in college student athletes. Addictive Behaviors, 33(12), 1546-1556. doi:  Wechsler, H., & Rohman, M. (1981). Extensive users of alcohol among college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 42(1),149.doi: :

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