Presentation on theme: "Source 1 Theodore Roosevelt in hunting costume. Source 2 Photos taken by a U.S. colonial administrator of a tribal Filipino in the U.S.-led police force."— Presentation transcript:
Source 1 Theodore Roosevelt in hunting costume. Source 2 Photos taken by a U.S. colonial administrator of a tribal Filipino in the U.S.-led police force. U.S. Imperialism Museum Activity Chris Endy, Department of History, Cal State Los Angeles,
Source 3 Philippine Assembly, established by U.S. colonial administrators in 1907 Source 4 Harper’s Weekly, 1898
Source 5 Portrait of Emilio Aguinaldo, leader of the Filipino revolution against Spain and then the United States. Captured by U.S. troops in Source 6 Theodore Roosevelt, telegram to Washington, 7 July 1898, two days after his Rough Riders fabled charge up San Juan Hill, and one day after the outbreak of yellow fever in the U.S. camps. We are within measurable distance of a terrible military disaster…. We must have help—thousands of men, batteries and food and ammunition…. The mismanagement has been beyond belief…. The lack of transportation, food and artillery has brought us to the very verge of disaster.” (Source, Pérez, War of 1898, 92). Source 7 President George W. Bush, 17 September 2002 “All our history says we believe in liberty and justice for all, that when we see oppression we cry.... Our history shows that we’re not a nation which conquers; we’re a nation which liberates.” Source 8 A U.S. Army medic describing the Cuban revolutionary troops I think that 80 percent of them are the worst specimens of humanity I ever saw…. a majority of them are ignorant and very filthy.” (Source, Pérez, War of 1898, 95).
Source 9 The Platt Amendment (1901), a set of U.S. demands incorporated into the Cuban constitution in 1902 and lasting until Article I. That the government of Cuba shall never enter into any treaty or other compact with any foreign power or powers which will impair or tend to impair the independence of Cuba, nor in any manner authorize or permit any foreign power or powers to obtain by colonization or for military or naval purposes or otherwise, lodgement in or control over any portion of said island. Article III. The Government of Cuba consents that the United States may exercise the right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence, the maintenance of a government adequate for the protection of life, property, and individual liberty… Article VII. That to enable the United States to maintain the independence of Cuba, and to protect the people thereof, as well as for its own defense, the government of Cuba will sell or lease to the United States lands necessary for coaling or naval stations.... Source 10 -From a Cuban history of the war, written in General García [Calixto García, a Cuban revolutionary general) received numerous visits at his headquarters. American commanders and officers, marines and naval officers, newspaper reporters and representatives of foreign governments consulted with him. American troops conducted frequent movements, while their officers were completely disoriented. They besieged us with questions and heaped attention upon us. They needed us; they knew that without our cooperation, their failure was imminent.” (Source, Pérez, War of 1898, 81). Source 11 -Stephen Crane, war journalist and novelist, 14 July It becomes necessary to speak of the men’s opinions of the Cubans. To put it shortly, both officers and privates have the most lively contempt for the Cubans. They despise them. They came down here expecting to fight side by side with an ally, but this ally has done little but stay in the rear… manifesting an indifference to the cause of Cuban liberty which could not be exceeded by some one who had never heard of it. (Source, Pérez, War of 1898, 81).
Source 12 Source 13 Senator Albert J. Beveridge, Republican from Indiana, speaking in September 1898 on “The March of the Flag.” It is a mighty people that He has planted on this [United States] soil; a people sprung from the most masterful blood of history; a people perpetually revitalized by the virile, man- producing working-folk of all the earth; a people imperial by virtue of their power, by right of their institutions, by authority of their Heaven-directed purposes—the propagandists and not the misers of liberty….. Shall the American people continue their march toward the commercial supremacy of the world? Shall free institutions broaden their blessed reign as the children of liberty wax in strength, until the empire of our principles is established over the hearts of all mankind? Have we no mission to perform, no duty to discharge to our fellow-man? Has God endowed us with gifts beyond our deserts and marked us as the people of His peculiar favor…? The commercial supremacy of the Republic means that this Nation is to be the sovereign factor in the peace of the world. For the conflicts of the future are to be conflicts of trade—struggles for markets—commercial wars for existence. And the golden rule of peace is impregnability of position and invincibility of preparedness.... Source 14 Platform of the American Anti-Imperialist League, adopted in Chicago, 18 October Much as we abhor the war of "criminal aggression" in the Philippines, greatly as we regret that the blood of the Filipinos is on American hands, we more deeply resent the betrayal of American institutions at home. The real firing line is not in the suburbs of Manila. The foe is of our own household. The attempt of 1861 was to divide the country. That of 1899 is to destroy its fundamental principles and noblest ideals.
1. What is the “thesis” of the drawing or photograph? 2. What details in the image perhaps reveal the motives or assumptions of the artist or photographer? 3. What questions does your image raise? What more do you want to know?