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The Determinist Argument: All our actions are caused by forces over which we have no control. And if we have no control over our actions, we are not free.

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Presentation on theme: "The Determinist Argument: All our actions are caused by forces over which we have no control. And if we have no control over our actions, we are not free."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Determinist Argument: All our actions are caused by forces over which we have no control. And if we have no control over our actions, we are not free. Responses:Responses: Libertarianism: some actions are free because they are not causally determinedLibertarianism: some actions are free because they are not causally determined Compatibilism: even if all actions are causally determined, we can still be freeCompatibilism: even if all actions are causally determined, we can still be free

2 Libertarianism: Some human acts are undetermined 1. Argument from experience: we are conscious of deliberating and thinking of ourselves as free to have done otherwise Objection: this could be self-deceptionObjection: this could be self-deception 2. Indeterminism: like sub-atomic events, free actions are only probable, not determined Objection: if free actions are random or only probable events, then we could not control or be responsible for themObjection: if free actions are random or only probable events, then we could not control or be responsible for them

3 More Libertarian Arguments 3.The impossibility of self-prediction: any prediction of our own behavior would affect (and thus change) that behavior Objection: predicting what we will do does not necessarily affect what we doObjection: predicting what we will do does not necessarily affect what we do 4. Moral accountability: if we are not free, then moral responsibility makes no sense Objection: maybe regret, guilt, and moral responsibility are unjustifiedObjection: maybe regret, guilt, and moral responsibility are unjustified


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