Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byPhillip Branton Modified over 3 years ago

1
Project Management Risk Management

2
Outline 1.Introduction 2.Definition of Risk 3.Tolerance of Risk 4.Definition of Risk Management 5.Certainty, Risk, and Uncertainty 6.Risk Management Process 7.Risk Planning 8.Risk Assessment 9.Risk Identification 1.Introduction 2.Definition of Risk 3.Tolerance of Risk 4.Definition of Risk Management 5.Certainty, Risk, and Uncertainty 6.Risk Management Process 7.Risk Planning 8.Risk Assessment 9.Risk Identification

3
Outline 10.Risk Analysis 11.The Monte Carlo Process 12.Risk Handling 13.Selecting the Appropriate Response Mechanism 14.Risk Monitoring 15.Some Implementation Considerations 16.The Use of Lessons Learned 17.Dependencies between Risks 18.The Impact of Risk Handling Measures 19.Risk and Concurrent Engineering 10.Risk Analysis 11.The Monte Carlo Process 12.Risk Handling 13.Selecting the Appropriate Response Mechanism 14.Risk Monitoring 15.Some Implementation Considerations 16.The Use of Lessons Learned 17.Dependencies between Risks 18.The Impact of Risk Handling Measures 19.Risk and Concurrent Engineering

4
Basic Concept Risk management focuses on : Known unknowns Proactive management Risk management focuses on : Known unknowns Proactive management

5
The alternative to proactive management is reactive management, also called crisis management. This requires significantly more resources and takes longer for problems to surface. Basic Concept

6
Risk Management Risk management focuses on the future Risk and information are inversely related Risk management focuses on the future Risk and information are inversely related

7
Risk Management (CONT.) Historically, we focused our attentions on schedule and cost risk management. Today, our primary emphasis is on technological risk management: Can we design it and build it? What is the risk of obsolescence? Historically, we focused our attentions on schedule and cost risk management. Today, our primary emphasis is on technological risk management: Can we design it and build it? What is the risk of obsolescence?

8
Definition Of Risk(1/2) Risk = f(Likelihood, Impact ) Likelihood is the probability of occurrence Impact is the amount at stake event

9
Definition of Risk(2/2) Risk = f(Hazard, Safeguard )

10
Risk is a Function of its Components

11
Tolerance For Risk Risk avoider Risk neutral Risk lover Risk avoider Risk neutral Risk lover

12
Risk Types

13
Definition of Risk Management Risk management is the act or practice of dealing with risk. It includes: planning for risk, assessing risk issues, developing risk handling strategies, and monitoring risk to determine how they have changed. Risk management is the act or practice of dealing with risk. It includes: planning for risk, assessing risk issues, developing risk handling strategies, and monitoring risk to determine how they have changed.

14
Decision-Making Categories Complete uncertainty Relative uncertainty (partial information) Complete certainty Complete uncertainty Relative uncertainty (partial information) Complete certainty

15
Maximin Approach Maximax Approach Minimax regret Approach Insufficient Reason Approach Developing and Using Payoff Tables Establishing the procedure to follow Construct the Payoff table Decision-making under certainty Decision-making under complete uncertainty Decision-making under risk Expected Monetary Value (EMV) Approach Expected Opportunity Loss (EOL) Approach Expected Value of Perfect Information (EVPI) Approach

16
Five Steps To Develop Payoff Table List all the alternatives. List the future consequences of each alternative. Identify the payoffs associated with each combination. Assess the degree of certainty that these combinations will materialize Decide on a decision criterion. List all the alternatives. List the future consequences of each alternative. Identify the payoffs associated with each combination. Assess the degree of certainty that these combinations will materialize Decide on a decision criterion.

17
Decision-Making under Certainty(1/2) A company wish to invest $50 M to develop a new product Three possible demand: Strong, Even, and Low Three ways or not to develop product A, B, and C A company wish to invest $50 M to develop a new product Three possible demand: Strong, Even, and Low Three ways or not to develop product A, B, and C

18
Decision-Making under Certainty(2/2) Note: 1. Profit in Million 2. S 3 is the best regarding how market is

19
Decision-Making under Risk (1/2) A company wish to invest $50 M to develop a new product Three possible demand: Strong, Even, and Low Three ways or not to develop product A, B, and C Probabilities are assigned to each possible state of nature A company wish to invest $50 M to develop a new product Three possible demand: Strong, Even, and Low Three ways or not to develop product A, B, and C Probabilities are assigned to each possible state of nature

20
Decision-Making under Risk (2/2) Note: 1. E 1 =56, E 2 =52, and E 3 =66 2. S 3 is the best choice

21
Decision-Making under Uncertainty (1/9) Uncertainty: Meaningful assignment of probabilities are not possible No single dominant strategy Maximax (Hurwicz) Maximin (Wald) Minimax (Savage) Laplace Decision Tree Uncertainty: Meaningful assignment of probabilities are not possible No single dominant strategy Maximax (Hurwicz) Maximin (Wald) Minimax (Savage) Laplace Decision Tree

22
Decision-Making under Uncertainty (2/9) Maximax (Hurwicz) Optimistic Choose the strategy with maximum profit Suitable for large company Choose S 3 because maximum profit (100M) is S 3 Maximax (Hurwicz) Optimistic Choose the strategy with maximum profit Suitable for large company Choose S 3 because maximum profit (100M) is S 3

23
Decision-Making under Uncertainty (3/9) Maximin (Wald) Concerns how much he can afford to lose Pessimistic Suitable for small company Choose S 2 because maximize the minimum payoff (50M) from 40, 50, -50 Maximin (Wald) Concerns how much he can afford to lose Pessimistic Suitable for small company Choose S 2 because maximize the minimum payoff (50M) from 40, 50, -50

24
Decision-Making under Uncertainty (4/9) Minimax (Savage) Sore loser Minimize maximum regret Subtract all elements in each column from the largest element Maximum regret is the largest regret for each strategy Minimize the maximum regret Choose S 2 or S 2 because minimize the maximum regret from 50, 50, 140 Minimax (Savage) Sore loser Minimize maximum regret Subtract all elements in each column from the largest element Maximum regret is the largest regret for each strategy Minimize the maximum regret Choose S 2 or S 2 because minimize the maximum regret from 50, 50, 140

25
Decision-Making under Uncertainty (5/9)

26
Decision-Making under Uncertainty (6/9) Laplace Transform the decision making under uncertainty into decision making under risk Make priori assumption based on Bayesian statistics Assuming the probability for each strategy is 1/3 Choose S 1 because maximize the expected value from 60, 53.3, 43.3 Laplace Transform the decision making under uncertainty into decision making under risk Make priori assumption based on Bayesian statistics Assuming the probability for each strategy is 1/3 Choose S 1 because maximize the expected value from 60, 53.3, 43.3

27
Decision-Making under Uncertainty (7/9) 1/3

28
Decision-Making under Uncertainty (8/9) Decision Tree

29
Decision-Making under Uncertainty (9/9) Decision Tree Example Direction of computation

30
Risk Management Processes Risk planning Risk assessment Risk identification Risk analysis/quantification Risk handling Risk monitoring Risk planning Risk assessment Risk identification Risk analysis/quantification Risk handling Risk monitoring

31
Poor Risk Management Risk Planning Technical Inability Customer Expectations Actual Performance Performance Time

32
Risk Assessment The problem definition stage of risk management Identify and analyze program issues in terms of probability and consequences The problem definition stage of risk management Identify and analyze program issues in terms of probability and consequences

33
Life Cycle Risk Analysis

34
Types Of Risks (General) Business risks Insurable (pure) risk Direct property damage Indirect consequential loss Legal liability Personnel Business risks Insurable (pure) risk Direct property damage Indirect consequential loss Legal liability Personnel

35
Types Of Risk (PMI Method) External – unpredictable External – predictable Internal – non-technical Internal – technical Legal External – unpredictable External – predictable Internal – non-technical Internal – technical Legal

36
Risk Types at Boeing Financial risks Market risks Technical risks Production risks Financial risks Market risks Technical risks Production risks

37
Risk Quantification STAGE ISTAGE IIGUID- ANCE WARHEAD COST MANU. TEST DESIGN HIGH MEDIUM LOW LEGEND PROGRAM SUMMARY

38
Risk Handling Assumption (retention) Avoidance Control (mitigation) Transfer Assumption (retention) Avoidance Control (mitigation) Transfer

39
Future Risks Customer’s Knowledge Experienced Inexperienced Simple Complex Contract Type INCREASING RISKS

40
How Much Risk Is Acceptable? High tolerance for risk Medium tolerance for risk Low tolerance for risk High tolerance for risk Medium tolerance for risk Low tolerance for risk

41
Degrees of Downstream Risk R&D Manufacturing Marketing Time Low Risk

42
Degrees of Downstream Risk R&D Manufacturing Marketing Information Exchange Time Moderate Risk

43
Degrees of Downstream Risk R&D Manufacturing Marketing Time High Risk

44
The Risk-Reward Matrix Low High Reward Medium Risk High Low Medium Quality of Resources Needed Quality of Resources Needed Low Medium High

45
Project Procedural Documentation Guidelines High Low Tolerance for Risk Rigid Policies/ Procedures Assumption Reduction Transfer Avoidance Which Method to Use?

46
Prioritization of Risks Schedule Cost Technical Performance or Quality First (Highest ) Priority Second Priority Third Priority

47
Risk Interdependencies

48
Specification Limit On Characteristic B Interacting Risks Product Feature A Product Feature B Desirable Undesirable Desirable

49
Risk Categories at Boeing

50
Tolerance for Risk

51
Risk Control Measures Intensity of Controls Risk Intensity Standard Controls High Range of Controls Low Extreme

52
Investment in Risk Management

53
Risk Controls Schedule Length Risk Controls Appropriate Too Long Low High Too Many Risk Management Filters and Gates No Risk Plan

Similar presentations

Presentation is loading. Please wait....

OK

Operations Management Decision-Making Tools Module A

Operations Management Decision-Making Tools Module A

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on marketing download Ppt on general election 2014 Ppt on track feed battery charger Ppt on library management system project in java Ppt on bmc remedy training Ppt on any one mathematician euclid Ppt on preparation and properties of alcohols and phenols Ppt on network theory business Ppt on obesity and infertility Ppt on polynomials in maths class