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Figurative Language. Identifying Figurative Language 1. Does the author compare two things directly using the words like or as? John felt like a puppet,

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Presentation on theme: "Figurative Language. Identifying Figurative Language 1. Does the author compare two things directly using the words like or as? John felt like a puppet,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Figurative Language

2 Identifying Figurative Language 1. Does the author compare two things directly using the words like or as? John felt like a puppet, willing to do his brother’s bidding at any time. 2. Does the author compare two things indirectly? Noelle’s gaze was a blade that cut right through me. 3. Does the author describe an animal, object, or idea as if it were human? The rusty car relaxed in the grass with its hood caught in a yawn. Do the words describe something as if it were something different?

3 Theme A theme is the truth about life revealed in a story. Common themes: Greed causes problems and may leave us with less than we have. Be happy with what you have, and don’t compare your life with someone else's. For extra credit: turn in what you believe the theme of “Mirror, Mirror” is.

4 Tone/ Mood Tone is the writer's attitude toward the subject he or she is writing about. On the other hand, mood is the feeling the reader gets when reading the text. Having school uniforms is a good idea. Uniforms prevent sagging, risqué messages, and judging others based on their clothing. What is the tone? Mood?

5 Oxymoron Two contradictory words put together Examples: pretty ugly awfully good

6 Onomatopoeia When a thing or action sounds like its name. -Buzz -Hiccup -Hiss

7 Repetition When words are repeated multiple times. I'm beautiful in my way 'Cause God makes no mistakes I'm on the right track, baby I was born this way Don't hide yourself in regret Just love yourself and you're set I'm on the right track, baby I was born this way –Born This Way, Lady Gaga

8 Alliteration The repetition of a particular sound in the first syllables of a series of words or phrases. I'm beautiful in my way 'Cause God makes no mistakes I'm on the right track, baby I was born this way –Born This Way, Lady Gaga

9 Allusion A reference to biblical knowledge or Greek mythology. I'm beautiful in my way 'Cause God makes no mistakes I'm on the right track, baby I was born this way Don't hide yourself in regret Just love yourself and you're set I'm on the right track, baby I was born this way –Born This Way, Lady Gaga

10 Notice how in just a few stanzas multiple literary devices can be used? See if you can remember the literary devices in these two stanzas. DAC card anyone? I'm beautiful in my way 'Cause God makes no mistakes I'm on the right track, baby I was born this way Don't hide yourself in regret Just love yourself and you're set I'm on the right track, baby I was born this way –Born This Way, Lady Gaga

11 Hyperbole An extreme exaggeration I’m so hungry, I could eat a whole horse! I’m starving to death!

12 Imagery Using multiple senses to describe in vivid detail. The reader can visualize it.

13 Symbolism An object represents something else. The golden arches represent food, McDonalds! A country’s flag represents feelings of patriotism.

14 Irony-The opposite of what is expected Verbal Irony- when the speaker says one thing but means another. Situational Irony- A difference between what is expected and what actually comes true Dramatic Irony- When the reader knows something that characters in the book do not.

15 Simile Excerpt from Great Expectations by Charles Dickens Some medical beast had revived Tar-water in those days as a fine medicine, and Mrs. Joe always kept a supply of it in the cupboard; having a belief in its virtues correspondent to its nastiness. At the best of times, so much of this elixir was administered to me as a choice restorative, that I was conscious of going about, smelling like a new fence. On this particular evening the urgency of my case demanded a pint of this mixture, which was poured down my throat, for my greater comfort, while Mrs. Joe held my head under her arm, as a boot would be held in a bootjack. A simile uses like or as to compare two things that are somehow alike.

16 Metaphor All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts. Excerpt from As You Like It by William Shakespeare A metaphor compares two things without using the words like or as.

17 Personification Personification is giving non-human things human qualities. The sun smiled on our cookout. The train eats up the miles. A falling leaf danced on the breeze.

18 Guided Practice with Figurative Language Read the poem excerpt below and answer the questions that follow. Excerpt from “She walks in beauty, like the night” by Lord Byron She walks in beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies, And all that's best of dark and bright Meets in her aspect and her eyes; Thus mellow'd to that tender light Which Heaven to gaudy day denies.

19 Guided Practice with Figurative Language A. She walks in beauty, like the night B. And all that's best of dark and bright C. Meets in her aspect and her eyes D. Which Heaven to gaudy day denies 1. Which of the following lines is an example of a simile? A. Of cloudless climes and starry skies, B. And all that's best of dark and bright C. Meets in her aspect and her eyes D. Which Heaven to gaudy day denies 2. Which of the following lines is an example of personification?

20 Guided Practice with Figurative Language A. She walks in beauty, like the night B. And all that's best of dark and bright C. Meets in her aspect and her eyes D. Which Heaven to gaudy day denies 1. Which of the following lines is an example of a simile? A. Of cloudless climes and starry skies, B. And all that's best of dark and bright C. Meets in her aspect and her eyes D. Which Heaven to gaudy day denies 2. Which of the following lines is an example of personification?

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