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Spanish Colonies Divide and conquer Alliances with converts Total war on holdouts biological factors Divide and conquer Alliances with converts Total war.

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Presentation on theme: "Spanish Colonies Divide and conquer Alliances with converts Total war on holdouts biological factors Divide and conquer Alliances with converts Total war."— Presentation transcript:

1 Spanish Colonies Divide and conquer Alliances with converts Total war on holdouts biological factors Divide and conquer Alliances with converts Total war on holdouts biological factors

2 Spanish Colonies Exploitative Integration Indenturing Native Americans Forced conversion Replacement with African slaves Exploitative Integration Indenturing Native Americans Forced conversion Replacement with African slaves

3 Spanish Colonies More Spanish men than women –rape of Native and African women –the image of the savage woman –call for polygamy & concubines –despised mulattos and mestizos More Spanish men than women –rape of Native and African women –the image of the savage woman –call for polygamy & concubines –despised mulattos and mestizos

4 Spanish Borderlands Conquerors and “Civilizers” Explored in 16th c. Colonized in 17th c.

5 Indians, Slavery and Africans Just War Theory The Encomienda system Slavery and ChristianitySlavery and Christianity Just War Theory The Encomienda system Slavery and ChristianitySlavery and Christianity

6 Valladolid 1547 Natural Law Gines de Sepulveda Bartolome de las CasasBartolome de las Casas

7 New France Port Royal Nova Scotia 1605 Quebec founded by Champlain 1608 by 1635 about 100 French in Quebec Company of 100, 1630’s 1757=65k pop Port Royal Nova Scotia 1605 Quebec founded by Champlain 1608 by 1635 about 100 French in Quebec Company of 100, 1630’s 1757=65k pop

8 New France

9 French Colonies Low Conflict Orientation Trade Orientation –gift exchange Jesuit Intellectualism Low Conflict Orientation Trade Orientation –gift exchange Jesuit Intellectualism

10 French Colonies Alliances and Politics Indian-French Intermarriage Alliances and Politics Indian-French Intermarriage

11 The Noble Savage Almost no French women Intermarriage with Native women Stereotype of the “noble savage” The Metis Almost no French women Intermarriage with Native women Stereotype of the “noble savage” The Metis

12 The English Colonies:

13 The English Colonies North-South Split –Geography –Climate –natural transport North-South Split –Geography –Climate –natural transport New England Virginia

14 English Colonies The Pragmatic Approach Initial dependence on Natives –mine and thine birth of the reservation –developme nt begets conflict The Pragmatic Approach Initial dependence on Natives –mine and thine birth of the reservation –developme nt begets conflict

15 English Colonies Most Women Settlers Emerging prohibition on intermarriage Both savage myths eventual hierarchy Mothers’ and children’s races Most Women Settlers Emerging prohibition on intermarriage Both savage myths eventual hierarchy Mothers’ and children’s races

16 The Southern Colonies Jamestown : 1606 Royally chartered corporations Claims extended to Pacific: 1609 Powhattan war 1624 &1644 Catholic grants in Carolinas: 1664 Jamestown : 1606 Royally chartered corporations Claims extended to Pacific: 1609 Powhattan war 1624 &1644 Catholic grants in Carolinas: 1664

17 New England The New Eden The Savage Wilderness Rapid immigration The New Eden The Savage Wilderness Rapid immigration

18 The Northern Colonies Massachusetts Bay to “Religious Non- conformists:” 1622 Mass Bay corp Migration Expansion into Connecticut 1640’s Prince Phillip and Wampanoag war 1680 Massachusetts Bay to “Religious Non- conformists:” 1622 Mass Bay corp Migration Expansion into Connecticut 1640’s Prince Phillip and Wampanoag war 1680

19 Churches in 1650 Religious diversity Colonial ID Religious diversity Colonial ID

20 Colonial Ethnography

21 Protestant Anxiety Individual calling –Conscience –Predestination –Lacked principal of order Signs of Election –Frugality –Hard work –Sobriety

22 The Indians as “Savages.” rich material lives rich and fluid cultural lives Wayward Puritans rich material lives rich and fluid cultural lives Wayward Puritans

23 Puritan Jeremiads Fall, Punishment Redemption Indians and the DevilIndians and the Devil Fall, Punishment Redemption Indians and the DevilIndians and the Devil


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