Subregional Contexts Mekong subregion - unsettled history between Thailand, Burma, Kampuchea, Laos Indonesia-Malaysia - each country claims ownership of specific cultural icons (traditional dance [Pendet], song [Rasa Sayang]), textile design (batik), puppetry (wayang kulit), dagger (kris), national anthem (Negaraku) Indo-Pak relations - unending feud among people who originally lived in one country Gulf region - Saudi Arabia (Sunni) versus Iran (Shia) dynamics
Subregional Contexts These subregional tensions have underlying issues that are generally founded on perception of superiority (and aided by economic strength) of one country over the other(s). This perception (wrong in the first place) leads to stereotyping of people in a negative sense (backward, violent, etc.) that is a form of discrimination. Popular protests arise, that turn violent in some cases, based mainly on hate. Northeast Asia has the most difficult subregional situation as shown in the absence of any intergovernmental subregional structure.