Presentation on theme: "People Defining Development: Why is it so important?"— Presentation transcript:
People Defining Development: Why is it so important?
***Development – Change directed toward improving human welfare. Several international organizations assist in this – Doctors without Borders, UNESCO, UNICEF, Red Cross, and Religious or missionary groups. Poverty – The lack of tangible and intangible assets that contribute to life and the quality of life. These assets would aid in the overall health and wellness of a group of people (potable water, access to healthcare, food, education etc.) Invention – The discovery of something new. These are typically in response to a crisis, make health or industry better, etc.
***Diffusion – The spread of culture through contact ***Acculturation – A form of cultural exchange in which a minority culture becomes more like the dominant culture. **Assimilation – A form of cultural change in which a culture is thoroughly acculturated, or decultured, and is no longer distinguishable as having a separate identity.
Social impact Assessment – A study conducted to predict the potential social costs and benefits of particular innovations before change is undertaken. Modernization – A model of change based on the belief in the inevitable advance of science and Western secularism and processes, including industrial growth, consolidation of the state, bureaucratization, market economy, technological innovation, literacy and options for social mobility. **Social capital – The intangible resources existing in social ties, trust and cooperation.
**Male bias in development – The design and implementation of development projects with men as beneficiaries and without regard to the impact of the projects on women’s roles and status
Violence against Girls and Women throughout the Life Cycle Types of violence typically found in developing nations. Pre-birth Sex-selective abortion, battering during pregnancy, coerced pregnancy InfancyInfanticide, emotional and physical abuse, deprivation of food and medical care GirlhoodChild marriage, genital mutilation, sexual abuse, rape, deprivation of food and medical care, child prostitution AdolescenceDating/courtship, violence, forced prostitution, rape, sexual abuse in workplace/harassment. AdulthoodRape and partner abuse, partner homicide, sexual abuse and harassment. Old AgeAbuse and neglect of widows, elder abuse
Development aggression – The imposition of development projects and policies without the free, prior, and the informed consent of the affected people. Life project – Local people’s definition of the direction they want to take in life, informed by their knowledge, history and context. Extractive industry – A business that explores for, removes, processes and sells minerals, oils, and gas that are found on or beneath the earth’s surface and are nonrenewable.
**Cultural fit – A characteristic of informed and effective project design in which planners take local culture into account. **Traditional development anthropology – An approach to international development in which the anthropologist accepts the role of helping to make development work better by providing cultural information to planners Critical Development anthropology – An approach to international development in which the anthropologist takes a critical-thinking role and asks why and to whose benefit particular development policies and programs are pursued.
Development project – A set of activities designed to put development policies into action. Project cycle – The steps of a development project from initial planning to completion: Project identification, design, appraisal, implementation and evaluation.
The Development Project Cycle Project Identification Project Design Project Appraisal Project implementation Project evaluation Selecting a project to fit a particular purpose Preparing details of the project Assessing the project’s budgetary aspects Putting the project in place Assessing whether the project goals were fulfilled
Cultural Heritage and Development: Linking the Past and the Present to the future Promoting cultural heritage is a double edged sword through developing tourism, expansion of supportive infrastructure and development of local jobs. However, tourists have a tendency not to respect the sites and the local people.